Johann Niel Bohun

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Johann Niel Bohun

Also Known As: "Johann Diehl Bohne", "Johan Boon", "Johann Niel Bohun;Boone"
Birthdate: (53)
Birthplace: Obermoschel, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Death: 1764 (53)
Maryland, Colonial America
Place of Burial: Maryland, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Pieter Bohn (Bone, Booner) Boone; Peter Diehl Bohne and Anna Christine Bohne
Husband of Anna Maria (Mary) Dicker Boone; Unknown Bohne; ? Anna Maria Bohun and Mary Bohun
Father of Nicholaus Boone; Nicholas Bohun and John Boon, I

Managed by: Private User
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About Johann Niel Bohun

Johann Niel Bohun arrived from Germany in Philadelphia in 1741. He purchased land in Frederick County, Maryland in 1746.

In the year of Our Lord 1741 the sailing vessel Marlborough, skippered by Thomas Bell, left the port city of Rotterdam for the Americas. The Marlborough made one stop in Crewes, England before starting the long voyage across the Atlantic Ocean arriving in the port city of Philadelphia on September 23, 1741.

Records were not as detailed in the 1740s so we do not know how many passengers made the voyage as only the names of men over the age of sixteen were kept and the name of Johann Diehl Bohne listed among them. It is believed that his second wife, Mary and three sons: Nicholas (by his first wife, no information is known about her), Jacob, and Abraham, accompanied him on the journey from the Palatine region of Germany.

America in the 1740s was still a colony of England and all males over the age of sixteen were required to take an Oath of Allegiance to the Crown. The oath was administered at the Court House and present was The Honorable George Thomas, Esq., the Lieutenant Governor, and Samuel Hassell, Esq., Mayor of Philadelphia.

"We subscribers, natives, and inhabitants of the Palatine, upon the Rhine and places adjacent, having transported ourselves and families into this province of Pennsylvania, a colony subject to the Crown of Great Britain, in hopes and expectation of finding a retreat and peaceable settlement therein, do solemnly promise and engage that we will be faithful and bear true allegiance to His Present Majesty King George the Second and his successors - Kings of Great Britain, and will be faithful to the proprietor of this province and that we will deam ourselves peaceably to all His Majesty's subjects, and strictly observe and conform to the laws of England and of this province to the utmost of our power and the best of our understanding."

The signature of Johann Diehl Bohne is number 44th.

No record has been found of Johann Diehl Bohne after his arrival in 1741 until 1746 when his name appeared on the Maryland Land Records of Annapolis, Maryland. Due either to his inability to speak English or by others who tried to Anglicize his name, it appears on tax records, land purchases, and on his will, etc, in the following ways:

Theobald Boon, Johan Dalbone, Han Deall Bone, Till Bohn, Handeal Boon, Dewail Poon, Johan Handeal Bohun, Johann Diehl Bohne.

Johann Diehl Bohne was born in 1710-1711 and was 30 years old when he came to America. He had nine children. Mary Bohne was born about 1718 and died between 1764-1777.



WILL OF HAN DEALL BOONE, Son Nicholas, Administrator.

Frederick, Maryland, Liber A #1, folio 209

Made—Nov. 1, 1761; Filed Apr. 13, 1764

"In the Name of God Amen Whereas I, Han Deal Bone of Frederick County and Province

of Maryland Farmer being in good health of Body and of sound mind and memory and being

forthwith to depart on a voyage to Germany do make this my Last Will and 'testament as


Imprimis first of all I give and bequeath to my well beloved Son Nicholas all that tract of

land called No Whiskey lying in Frederick County in the Province of Maryland containing forty

acres of land to him and his heirs forever, he the said Nicholas paying unto my two sons John

and Adam when they come of age five pounds Current Money each.

Imprimis I also give and bequeath to my said Son Nicholas ten acres of land part of a Tract

of Land called Shear Spring adjoining to the aforesaid Tract of Land called No Whiskey to him

and his heirs forever and no more of my estate,

I also give and bequeath to my Son Jacob my Dwelling Plantation with one hundred and

twenty-five acres of land he paying to my Son Abraham fifty pounds Current Money at the end

of two years after he enters on said Land to him and his Heirs forever,

Imprimis I also order that my personal Estate shall be equally divided between my two Sons

viz John and Adam and my four Daughters viz Margret, Mary, Kathrine and Elizabeth,

Imprimis I also order and Will that my well beloved Wife Mary shall keep entire possession

of Dwelling Plantation, until my youngest Son is of Age.

Imprimis I do also nominate and appoint Joest Runkle and Daniel Zacharias Executors of

this Will and Testament hereby revoking all former Will or Wills by me heretofore made.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this first Day of November

seventeen hundred and sixty-one.


Signed Sealed published and declared by the above named Han Deall Bone as and for his

Last Will and Testament in the presence of us who have hereunto subscribed our Names as

Witnesses thereto in the presence of the said Testator and of each other.


(A photostat of his signature to the original will shows it to have been in German as Johann

Diel Bohn. This family has always pronounced it Boon even to this day. English clerks took

Bohn to be Bone in this case and copied it that way in the Will Book at Frederick, thereby

causing confusion as to his identity).

Copied from the Boone Book by Nellie Whedon.


The following was copied from Norma Lundgren's Family Tree on


The first imprint made by our family on American soil was made at the port of Philadelphia in 1741. A ship called the "Marlborough", under Thomas Bell, Master, docked with a load of immigrants from the Palatinate of Germany. The ships port of embarkation was Rotterdam, Holland and it made one stop at Cowes, France. The ship's lists show that there were 72 male passengers, 16 years of age and over, on board - one of which was Johann Diel Bohne. There are three separate lists available in the PA German Society publication of 1934: "PA German Pioneers". The list are kept at the PA Historical Society in Harrisburg, PA. From the PA Pioneers publication we find the first list is #82A which is: "A list of all mens names and ages from 16 years and upwards on board the Ship Marlborough, Thomas Bell, Master." On page 293 of Vol 1 of the PA Pioneers, we find in the second column, #16 the name "Dewaile Poon" and the age "30". Researcher Nellie Whedon says: "A photostat of the ships passenger list shows that Johann Diel Boone arrived in Philadelphia on the boat "Marlborough" in 1741. On the list of 72 names, he is number 47. His name is written in English and spelled phonetically as "Dewaile Poon", age 30. His middle name was used, and B is often mistaken for P when spoken by a German." Dr. John Calvin Wright, Director of the Federal Bureau of Vocational Education, Washington D.C. (a descendant of the son John) discovered these facts; the name of Johann on the passenger list of the "Marlborough"; his will on file in Frederick Co., MD.; the seat of the Bohne family in Germany; and in 1937, the exact location of his land in Frederick (now Carroll) Co., MD. The seat of the German Boone family is said to have been in the Palatinate Province of Pfalz, near the village of Obermoschel, 20 to 25 miles southwest of the town of Mainz, and on the banks of a small stream which empties into the Rhine, due north. While the German name is spelled Bohne (Johann's signature to his Oath of Allegiance in 1741), and Bohn (Johann's signature to his will in 1761, which a photostat shows), the pronunciation is Boone, even to this day among his descendants living in Maryland. It is not known where Johann and family spent the first few years after their arrival in America.

On April 10, 1750, 50 acres located near Frizellburg, now Carroll Co., MD., called "Boon's Content" were patented to Theobald Boon (Land Warrant No. 587, Prince Georges Co.) We know by his will that this was Johann Diel Bohn, whose name was often misspelled by public officials.

On March 28, 1752, at the request of Deal Boone, the following marks of his cattle and hogs were recorded: The left ear cropt and a nick on the right ear: (Land Record B, folio 545, 1748-52, Frederick, MD.)

On Sept. 16, 1752, he acquired 80 acres of the Resurvey on Shear Spring (Land Warrant No. 1970, Prince Georges Co.)

On Oct. 10, 1758, he acquired 40 acres of the tract "No whiskey" (Land Warrant No. 2821). At the time of his death in 1764, these three tracts of land. 80 perches (1/2 acre) were set aside on the "Shear Spring" tract as a family burial ground. Practically all trace of this is gone at present (1945). These three tracts remained in the family until 1777, until the death of his widow, Mary, or until the youngest son, Adam, became of age, as provided in the will of Johann. On Sept. 18, 1777, Jacob Boon (son) and wife Catrin deeded all their interest in "Shear Spring" and "Boon's Content" together with a lot in Frizellburg, to Mary Triplett of Baltimore (Liber R.P., folio 250).

(In 1782, Jacob and his younger brother, John, appeared in Bedford, now Franklin Co., VA., John going to Montgomery Co. in 1807 and living in the part that became Floyd Co. in 1831.) On March 18, 1783, Nicholas Boon (son) sold the tract "No whiskey", left to him by his father, to Michael Wagoner (Liber W.R. #4, folio 283). The Bohn-Boon land passed through various hands until it was inherited by Mrs. Edward Formwalt, who deeded it to his stepson, Mr. F. H. Haines, the present owner. (1945) Johann Diel Bohne made his will (page 9) in 1761 just before departing on a voyage to Germany. He probably died early in 1764, as a notation of his will states that it was "proved by P. Myers, and the other (witness) was dead 5th of April, 1764". The witnesses were Michael and Peter Myers. The will was filed April 13, 1764 (Liber A #1, folio 209) at Frederick and is also on file at Annapolis.

For some reason, the executors he named did not serve, and son Nicholas acted as administrator. A photostat of Johann's signature to the original will is in German as Bohn, though his name to his Oath of Allegiance has a final "e" Bohne. The penmanship is identical. Unfortunately, whoever wrote his will for him, spelled his name Bone, instead of Boon or Boone, and it is copied that way into the Will Book at Frederick. The omission of the one "o" caused confusion for years as to his identity.

Johann gave his age upon arrival from Germany in 1741 as 30 years, and his will was filed in 1764, hence his dates would be, 1711-1764, aged 53. Johann Diel Bohne, named his wife Mary, five sons and four daughters in his will. The birth year of only two of his children are known; dates from their tombstones in Kreider Cemetery, near Westminster, now Carroll Co., MD.; Margaret Pouder-Everly in 1743, and Catherine Sullivan in 1753. Nicholas was the eldest, as Abraham called him "half-brother" in his will in 1825. Thus Johann had a wife that died in Germany, after which he married Mary and had eight children by her, the eldest ones born in Germany. It appears that Mary died about 1877. Nicholas was naturalized in 1765, Nicholas, Jacob and John were on the Committee of Observation in Frederick Co. during the Revolutionary War. their names were on the list of Associators in the Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 11, page 164. Adam, son of Nicholas, was in the active service (page 16). Some unpublished Revolutionary War records of Maryland state that Abrum Boone" took an Oath of Fidelity and Support to the Government, along with others, in Frederick Co. in March 1778 (Nat'l Gen. Quar., Vol. 6, page 33).

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Johann Niel Bohun's Timeline

Obermoschel, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Age 45
Westminster, Carroll County, Maryland, Colonial America
April 5, 1764
Age 53
Maryland, United States
Age 53
Maryland, Colonial America