Johann Martin Houser

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Johann Martin Houser

Also Known As: "John"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Lancaster, Lancaster, PA, United States
Death: April 22, 1777 (45)
Bedford County, Pennsylvania, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Johannes Ulrich Hauser and Feronica Hauser
Husband of Elizabeth Houser
Father of John Houser; Martin Houser; Veronica Houser; Jacob Houser; Anna C Good and 2 others
Brother of Elizabeth Hauser; Valentine Von Hauser; Margaret Von Hauser; Magdalene Von Hauser and Christian Hauser
Half brother of Hans Hauser; Jacob Hauser; Andrew Hauser; Elizabeth Von Hauser and Salome Ebersole

Managed by: Jeffrey Reynolds Barnhart
Last Updated:

About Johann Martin Houser

DAR# A057587

Colonial America Lancaster County

married 1754 in Lower Paxton, Dauphin, PA

Martin Houser (1731-1800) - My ancestor. He could possibly be the Georg Martin Hauser who came on the Phoenix in 1751, or perhaps another immigrant, or perhaps born here. Richard Warren Davis, Mennonite researcher, thinks that he and Henry Hauser of Shenandoah County, VA were sons of Martin Hauser of Wachenheim, Germany; this Martin died before 1738 at Wachenheim. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob Hess, a Mennonite. (I will try to get a copy of the release from Christian Hess's estate to further document this.) He was taxed at Warwick Twp, Lancaster Co, PA in 1759. He may be the one who warranted 50 acres in Derry Twp, Dauphin/Lebanon Co, PA, and who was taxed there in 1769. He bought land in what is now Lower Paxton Twp, Dauphin Co, PA, in 1770 and lived there the rest of his life. His wife and children named in a deed disposing of his estate are as follows:

Elizabeth Houser of Swatara Township, widow and relict of Martin Houser Jacob Houser of Bald Eagle Township, Centre County, and Barbara his wife (my ancestor) Martin Houser of Allen Township, Cumberland County, and Anne his wife Jacob Good of Swatara Township, Dauphin County, in right of his wife Ann Good (deceased) Daniel Houser of Paxton Township, Dauphin County, and Anne his wife John Houser of Paxton Township, Dauphin County

Y-DNA testing shows that he is not related to the Mennonite brothers Ulrich Hauser (1693-1754) and Hans Hauser (1699-1774) who settled in Lampeter Twp, Lancaster Co, PA, and who were sons of the Mennonite Christian Huser/Hauser (b. ca 1658) and wife Verena Haldiman, who left Signau, Canton Bern, Switzerland and fled to Monsheim, Germany, ca. 1699 to escape the persecution of the Anabaptists.

Here is what I wrote about this Martin in my article in the 2010 PA Mennonite Heritage magazine:

Family tradition, however, recounts that he arrived in this country as a redemptioner, and was compelled to work for someone for seven years after arrival to pay for his passage. A notice placed in Pensylvanische Berichte, the German-language newspaper published by Christopher Sauer at Germantown, Pa., on 22 January 1757 reads as follows:

Martin Haußer eine Meile von Lancaster auf Jacob Mayers Platz mache bekant, daß \ich ein heilbraun Pferd zu \einem Vieh halte. Wer die übrige Nennzeichen anzeigen kan, und Eigner i\t, kan es abholen gegen Zahlung billiger Unko\ten.[1]

It is believed that Jacob Mayer who lived “one mile from Lancaster” was the Jacob Meyer (c1720/21-1793), first married to Adi/Addy/Edith Erisman (d. bef. 1759), second to Anli/Ann (d. 1777), and third to Anna. This man is known to have lived one mile west of Lancaster near Rohrerstown, in Manheim Township, Lancaster County. He is believed to have been a Mennonite, and a native of Pennsylvania. Whether Martin Hauser was indentured to Jacob Meyer for seven years, or whether he tenanted there after his period of service, is not known, but this 1757 article marks the first post-immigration record of Martin Hauser in America.

In 1759, Martin Hauser appears on the assessment list for Warwick Township, Lancaster County. About this time he married to Elizabeth Hess, daughter of Jacob Hess and Veronika (Bär?) Hess. Elizabeth was born and raised on her father’s 200 acre tract one mile east of Lititz, in Warwick Township, Lancaster County, and was a granddaughter of Hans and Magdalena Hess, immigrants of 1717, who have been featured in a previous edition of Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage. Her maternal grandparents are believed to be Hans Jakob and Barbara (Frederick) Bär, Mennonites from Hausen, Canton Zürich, Switzerland, by way of Ittlingen, Germany, who settled early in Lancaster County. Elizabeth’s father, a farmer, who also had interests in smithing and shoemaking, served the Lord as a Mennonite deacon, and died in 1741 when Elizabeth was only six years old. Her mother died in 1760.[2]

On 15 December 1761, Martin Howser and Elizabeth his wife joined her siblings in signing a deed to dispose of their interests in the 200 acre property of her late father, Jacob Hess. At that time they were still living in Warwick Township.[3]

By 1770, "Martian Houser" is enumerated in Paxtang township, now Lower Paxton Township, Dauphin County, Pa.[4] That same year, on May 15, Martin Houser purchased from John Collier and his wife Margaret, a tract of 214 ½ acres, ostensibly in Hanover Township, but in reality the land was located in what became Lower Paxton Township. The property had been patented to Samuel Neave in 1762.[5]

Robert Ellenberger, a great-great-great-grandson of Martin and Elizabeth, remembered his ancestors in an undated manuscript (circa 1930):

[Martin Houser] purchased the farm now owned by his great grandson Jonathan Miller in Lower Paxton Township Dauphin Co Pa. where many of his descendants are buried. The grave yard is still standing there. . . Grandfather Houser and all his children were members of Mennonite Church . . . There are no other Housers related as grandfather Houser had no Bros. Martin Houser died in 1800 his wife Elizabeth Houser died in 1803. Both are buried in the old grave yard near the old mansion where the brethren met once a year [sic] or every four weeks to preach, pray and praise the Lord, read His Word in simplicity and truth. Martin Houser enlisted April 1, 1779 as a soldier in Revolutionary War, under Capt John Rutherford Pa Archives II series Vol. XIII Page 364.[6]

Available records challenge the long-held belief that this Martin Houser was a soldier in the American Revolution. He paid a fine of £30.0.0 as one of the “Delinquents of the Fourth Battalion of Lancaster County Militia” in 1777, to Joshua Elder, Esq. Martin Houser and Jacob Houser are consistently enumerated as members of the 3rd class of Captain John Rutherford’s Company, Third Class, Fourth Battalion of Lancaster County Militia on December 26, 1778 and October 28, 1779. It is believed that these entries refer to the sons of Martin Houser Sr., and that Martin Jr. was the man by that name included in a “detachment under command of Captain John Rutherford, marched to Bedford County April, 1779, for the protection of the inhabitants.” It seems much more likely that as a devout Mennonite, Johann Martin Hauser would have paid a fine rather than serve in a local militia during the Revolution. His sons, Martin Jr., who apparently identified with the German Reformed Church and Jacob, whose family came under United Brethren influence, are much more likely candidates for this record of service.[7] Even so, Martin Jr. paid militia fines after the end of the war, for the period 1785-1788, amounting to £7, for the Dauphin County militia, and Jacob Houser paid fines for failure to serve from 1781 to 1783, and 1787 to 1788, amounting to a little over £12.[8]

Martin Houser is consistently assessed in Lower Paxton Township in 1777, 1780, 1785, 1786, 1787, 1793, 1795, and 1799.[9] During these years, his landholdings vary from 212 to 200 acres. In 1795, Martin is assessed as having two dwellings made of log, a log back building, and a log barn. At the time, he owned three cows. In 1799, Martin was assessed with a one-story log house, one barn, five stables, and a spring house, with three horses and seven cows.

John Parthemore Sr., the Overseer of Roads for Paxtang Township, Lancaster County, “warned” Martin Houser to assist with maintaining the roads, on Nov. 11, 1782, and Houser worked on the “Hanover Road from Harris Hill towards Hanover” the following day.[10]

Undocumented family notes indicate that Johann Martin Hauser was born on 12 June 1731, and died on 22 April 1800.[11] These dates fit well with the facts, as letters of administration on his estate were granted to Daniel Houser, his son, and Jacob Good, a son-in-law, in Dauphin County Court on 12 May 1800. The administration bond was valued at £2000. [12] When the administrators presented their accounting of the estate, it was noted that "there appears to be a balance in the hands of the Accountants of two hundred and nine pounds three shillings and ten pence," which, after court costs, was distributed among the heirs.[13] This cash, however, paled in value to the homestead property, sometimes called a "plantation."

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[1] Thus, “Martin Hausser, one mile from Lancaster at Jacob Mayer’s place, makes known that he holds a light brown horse with his cattle. Whoever can identify the horse’s details, and is the owner, can fetch it for the payment of incidental expenses.” I wish to publicly thank Marilyn Moorehead, a regular sleuth at the Centre County Library and Historical Museum in Bellefonte, for alerting me to this item in Hocker, Genealogical Data Relating to the German Settlers of Pennsylvania and Adjacent Territory. [2] Hess, Irvin David. John (Hans) Hess of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and His Descendants, 1685-1977. Yuma, Ariz.: The Compiler, 1977. The Hess Historians are currently undertaking the 2nd edition of an extensive genealogical study of the descendants of Hans and Magdalena Hess, immigrants of 1717. More information can be obtained by contacting Joanne Hess Siegrist, beechdale@dejazzd.com, or (717) 656-6429. Also, see Best, PMH, _____. [3] Lancaster County, PA Deed Book G, page 346. [4] Kelker, Luther Reily. History of Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, With Genealogical Memoirs. New York: The Lewis Publishing Co., 1907. Vol. 1, p 395. [5] Lancaster County, PA Deed Book N, page 244. [6] Ellenberger, Robert B. "The Housers." Undated manuscript in vertical surname file of the State Library, Harrisburg, Pa., under "Houser." [7] Pennsylvania Archives, 2nd Ser., Vol. 13, p. 363; 3rd Ser., Vol. 6, p. 328; 5th Ser., Vol. 7, pp. 375, 380, 389, 401, 407, 516, 1003. [8] Ibid., 3rd Series, Vol. 6, p. 549, 598; Vol. 7, p. 154, 159. [9] Kelker, p. 399, 730, 768, 864, also original assessments of Lower Paxton Twp, LDS Film #21286. [10] Egle, William Henry. Notes and Queries, 3rd Ser., Vol. 1, No. 2, p. 125. [11] Lee, J. Marvin. Descendants of Jacob and Barbara Shirk Houser. Houserville, Pa.: The Author, 1976. 3rd ed. These dates also appear in the Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society's card file. [12] Rice, Philip A., Jodi A. Germani, Jean A. Dellock. Dauphin Co., PA Vital Records. (Laughlintown, Pa.: Southwest Pennsylvania Genealogical Services, 1991), Vol. 1, p 435. [13] Dauphin County, PA Orphans Court Book B, p 196.

Here are other early Mennonite Hausers in PA and MD:

- Jacob (1759-1846) who moved from Bucks County to Ontario, Canada; his wife was Susannah Kolb and they had many children. His father is said to have disappeared during the French and Indian War - Isaac (born ca 1720?), a Mennonite minister at Beaver Creek, Washington Co, MD. He had a son named Abraham and also a son named Isaac Jr. John Hauser of Bedford County may be from this line. - Abraham (1740-1825), of the Church of the Brethren; lived in Md., Kentucky, and Claremont County, Ohio; married Nancy Rohrer. He is not the son of Isaac, above; not sure how to make the connection. - Henrich (c1737-1795); wife Magdalena; res. Shenandoah Co, VA; his children went to Ohio. He may be a brother of my Martin. He had sons Martin and Jacob and I'd like


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@R353582229@ North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. 1,61157::0

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Book Title: Lineage Book of the Charter Members of the DAR Vol 029 1,61157::2014188

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@R353582229@ North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. 1,61157::0

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Book Title: Lineage Book of the Charter Members of the DAR Vol 029 1,61157::2014188

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Place: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Year: 1749; Page Number: 425 1,7486::3436183

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@R353582229@ Pennsylvania, Septennial Census, 1779-1863 Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. 1,2702::0

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1,2702::507313

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@R353582229@ U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc 1,7486::0

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Place: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Year: 1749; Page Number: 425 1,7486::3436183

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@R353582229@ Pennsylvania, Tax and Exoneration, 1768-1801 Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. 1,2497::0

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Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission; Records of the Office of the Comptroller General, RG-4; Tax & Exoneration Lists, 1762-1794; Microfilm Roll: 316 1,2497::1470894

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Johann Martin Houser's Timeline

1731
June 12, 1731
Lancaster, Lancaster, PA, United States
1749
1749
Age 17
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1754
1754
Paxton, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
1756
1756
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
1759
1759
Warwick Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
1760
February 1760
Pennsylvania, United States
December 15, 1760
Warwick Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
1765
1765
Pennsylvania, United States
1775
November 19, 1775
Lower Paxton Township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania