Johann I, van der Marck-Arenberg, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg

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Johann I, van der Marck-Arenberg (von der Mark Edelherr von Arenberg), Lord of Sedan & Arenberg

German: Johann II von der Marck Arenberg Sedan, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg, Dutch: Heer Johan II van de Mark Arenberg Sedan Lummen, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg, French: Seigneur Jean II de la Marck Arimberg, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg
Also Known As: "Ardense Ever"
Birthdate: (59)
Birthplace: Virneburg, Mayen-Koblenz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Death: February 8, 1470 (59)
Immediate Family:

Son of Evrard II, de la Marck d'Arenberg, Lord of Sedan and Marie, Comtesse de Bracquemont
Husband of Countess Anna Agnes of Virneburg
Father of Everhard van der Marck-Arenberg, Lord of Arenberg; Robert de la Marck Arenberg, Burggraf von Bouillon; Wilhelm von der Marck Arenberg-Lummen, ('Met den baard'); Adolf von der Marck and Apollonia von der Marck
Brother of Elisabeth de La Marck
Half brother of Ludwig von der Marck, comte de Rochefort and Gottfried von Arenberg, seigneur de Sprimont

Occupation: pandsheer (leenman) van Bastnaken
Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
Last Updated:

About Johann I, van der Marck-Arenberg, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg

John I of La Marck, born in November 1410 and dead the February 8 1470 (or after 1480 ), is lord of Arenberg, lord of Sedan from 1440 until February 8, 1470 or 1480, Aigremont, Neufchatel, of Lumain and Braquemont, Lord of Daigni (1462) and chamberlain of King Charles VII . He is the son of Eberhard II von der Mark . John I of La Marck married Anna von Virneburg. His son Robert I of Marck-Arenberg succeeded to the throne of Sedan .

County of Mark County of Mark

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County of Mark Grafschaft Mark (de) State of the Holy Roman Empire

c. 1198–1807  →

Coat of arms

Map of the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle around 1560,

County of Mark highlighted in red

Capital Hamm Government Principality Historical era Middle Ages, Renaissance

•  Established 12th century 
•  United with Cleves 1391 
•  Joined
   Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle 1500 
•  Part of
   Jülich-Cleves-Berg 1521 
•  To Brandenburg 1614 
•  Awarded to Berg 1806 
•  To Prussia 1815 

The County of Mark (German: Grafschaft Mark, French: Comté de La Marck colloquially known as Die Mark) was a county and state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle. It lay on both sides of the Ruhr river along the Volme and Lenne rivers.

The Counts of the Mark were among the most powerful and influential Westphalian lords in the Holy Roman Empire. The name Mark is recalled in the present-day Märkischer Kreis district in lands south of the Ruhr in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The northern portion (north of the Lippe river) is still called Hohe Mark ("Higher Mark"), while the former "Lower Mark" (between the Ruhr and Lippe Rivers) is—for the most part—merged in the present Ruhr area.

Contents [hide] 1 Geography 2 Coat of arms 3 History 4 Counts de la Mark 4.1 House of Hohenzollern

5 See also 6 Further reading 7 External links


The County of the Mark enclosed an area of approximately 3,000 km² and extended between the Lippe and Aggers rivers (north-south) and between Gelsenkirchen and Bad Sassendorf (west-east) for about 75 km. The east-west flowing Ruhr separated the county into two different regions: the northern, fertile lowlands of Hellweg Börde; and the southern hills of the Süder Uplands (Sauerland). In the south-north direction the southern part of the county was crossed by the Lenne. In the region of the Lower Lenne was the County of Limburg (1243–1808), a fiefdom of Berg.

The seat of the Counts of the Mark von de Marck or de la Marck was originally the Burg Altena in the Sauerland region, but moved to Burg Mark near Hamm in the 1220s. The county was bordered by Vest Recklinghausen, the County of Dortmund, the Bishopric of Münster, the County of Limburg, Werden Abbey, and Essen Abbey.

Coat of arms[edit]

Mark wapen.svg

The coat of arms of the county was "Or a fess chequy Gules and Argent of three". These arms have been used by the city of Hamm since 1226. Many other places in the area include the red and white checkered fess in their arms as a reference to the county and often to their founders.


View of Altena Castle and Lenne in Altena

Originally belonging to a collateral line of the counts of Berg at Altena, the territory emerged under the name of Berg-Altena in 1160. About 1198 Count Frederick I purchased the Mark Oberhof, a parish land (Feldmark) on the territory of the Edelherren of Rüdenberg, liensmen of the Cologne archbishop Philip von Heinsberg. Here Frederick had the Mark Castle (Burg Mark) erected as the residence of the new "Counts of the Mark". The nearby town of Hamm was founded by his son Adolf I, Count of the Mark in 1226, it soon became most important settlement of the county and was often used as residence.

In the 1288 Battle of Worringen, Count Eberhard II fought on the side of Duke John I of Brabant and Count Adolph V of Berg against his liege, the Cologne archbishop Siegfried II of Westerburg, titular Duke of Westphalia. As Brabant and its allies were victorious, the County of Mark gained supremacy in southern Westphalia and became independent of the Archbishopric of Cologne. The territory of Mark was for long restricted to the lands between the Ruhr and Lippe rivers ("Lower Mark"). New territories in the north ("Higher Mark") were gained during the 14th century in wars against the Prince-Bishopric of Münster.

In 1332 Count Adolph II married Margarete, the daughter of Count Dietrich VIII of Cleves. Adolph's younger son Adolph III upon the death of Dietrich's brother Count John acquired the County of Cleves on the western banks of the Rhine in 1368. In 1391 Adolph III also inherited the Mark from his elder brother Engelbert III and united both counties as "Cleves-Mark" in 1394.

In 1509 the heir to the throne of Cleves-Mark John III the Peaceful married Maria, the daughter of Duke William IV of Berg and Jülich. In 1511 he succeeded his father-in-law in Jülich-Berg and in 1521 his father in Cleves-Mark, resulting in the rule of almost all territories in present North Rhine-Westphalia in personal union, except for the ecclesiastical states. The dynasty of Jülich-Cleves-Berg became extinct in 1609, when the insane last duke John William had died. A long dispute about the succession followed, before the territory of Mark together with Cleves and Ravensberg was granted to the Brandenburg Elector John Sigismund of Hohenzollern by the 1614 Treaty of Xanten (generally accepted in 1666). It then became part of the Kingdom of Prussia after 1701.

In 1807 the County of the Mark passed from Prussia to France in the Treaties of Tilsit. In 1808 Napoleon then gave Mark to the elevated Grand Duchy of Berg, which was divided into four departments along the lines of Napoleonic France. Mark was in the Ruhr Department until the collapse of French power in 1813, when it returned to Prussia.

The Prussian administrative reform of 30 April 1815 placed Mark within Regierungsbezirk Arnsberg, Province of Westphalia. The Hohenzollern Prussian sovereigns remained Counts of the "Prussian County of the Mark" until 1918. The "County of the Mark" has no official meaning anymore, but is used to informally refer to the region in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Counts de la Mark[edit]

A 1791 map of the County of Mark by German cartographer Friedrich Christoph Müller (1751–1808)

The House of La Marck is a cadet branch of Berg dynasty. Another surviving line of the House of Berg (more senior but less prominent in European History) became counts of Isenberg, then count of Limburg and Limburg Styrum. 1160–1180 Eberhard I, son of Adolf IV, Count of Berg 1180–1198 Frederick I, son of Eberhard I 1198–1249 Adolph I, son of Frederick I. First Count of the House to name himself Count de La Marck in 1202; he scarcely used the titles of Berg and Altena 1249–1277 Engelbert I 1277–1308 Eberhard II 1308–1328 Engelbert II 1328–1347 Adolph II 1347–1391 Engelbert III 1391–1393 Adolph III, brother of Engelbert III, Count of Cleves since 1368 and former Bishop of Münster and Archbishop of Cologne 1393–1398 Dietrich 1398–1448 Adolph IV, son of Adolf III, also Count of Cleves 1394–1417, Duke of Cleves 1417–1448 1437–1461 Gerhard, brother of Adolf IV – Regent in the County, not allowed to use the title Count de la Mark in his own rights 1448–1481 John I, son of Adolph IV, also Duke of Cleves since 1448 1481–1521 John II "The Babymaker", son, also Duke of Cleves 1521–1539 John III "the Peaceful", son, also Duke of Jülich-Berg since 1511 1539–1592 William "the Rich", son, also Duke of Jülich-Berg, Duke of Guelders 1538–1543 1592–1609 John William, son, also Duke of Jülich-Berg

Line extinct

House of Hohenzollern[edit] 1614–1619 John Sigismund of Hohenzollern 1619–1640 George William, son 1640–1688 Frederick William I, son 1688–1713 Frederick I, son, King in Prussia from 1701 1713–1740 Frederick William I, son, King in Prussia 1740–1786 Frederick II, son, King of Prussia from 1772 1786–1797 Frederick William II, nephew, King of Prussia 1797–1807 Frederick William III, King of Prussia

To France by the 1807 Treaty of Tilsit, incorporated into Grand Duchy of Berg

See also[edit] de la Marck (French spelling of the family name which is often used in English)

Further reading[edit] Julius Menadier: Die Münzen der Grafschaft Mark. Dortmund 1909. Aloys Meister: Die Grafschaft Mark, Festschrift zum Gedächtnis der 300-jährigen Vereinigung mit Brandenburg-Preußen. 2 Bde., Dortmund 1909. Margarete Frisch: Die Grafschaft Mark. Der Aufbau und die innere Gliederung des Gebietes besonders nördlich der Ruhr. Aschendorff, Münster in Westfalen 1937. Margret Westerburg-Frisch (Hrsg.): Die ältesten Lehnbücher der Grafen von der Mark (1392 und 1393). Veröffentlichungen der Historischen Kommission Westfalens, Bd. 28: Westfälische Lehnbücher, Bd. 1, Münster in Westfalen 1967. Uta Vahrenhold-Huland: Grundlagen und Entstehung des Territoriums der Grafschaft Mark. Dortmund 1968. Norbert Reimann: Die Grafen von der Mark und die geistlichen Territorien der Kölner Kirchenprovinz (1313–1368). Historischer Verein, Dortmund 1973. Ernst Dossmann: Auf den Spuren der Grafen von der Mark. Mönnig, Iserlohn 1983, ISBN 3-922885-14-4. Oliver Becher: Herrschaft und autonome Konfessionalisierung. Politik, Religion und Modernisierung in der frühneuzeitlichen Grafschaft Mark. Klartext-Verlag, Essen 2006, ISBN 3-89861-512-X. Stephanie Marra: Grafen von der Mark, Herzöge von Kleve-Mark und Jülich-Kleve (Hof). In: Werner Paravicini (Hrsg.): Fürstliche Höfe und Residenzen im spätmittelalterlichen Reich, Bd. 3, Thorbecke, Ostfildern 2007, ISBN 3-7995-4522-0. online Text

  • Birth date 1410; Death date 1470


House of La Marck

Counts of Marck—Arenberg

See also: House of Arenberg

  • 1.Eberhard I (d. about 1378)
    • 1.Erard II von der Mark, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg
      • 1.Johann II von der Mark, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg
        • 1.Erard III von der Mark (+ 1496), Lord of Arenberg whose issue will die into the house of Ligne
        • 2.Robert I de la Marck (+ 1487), Lord of Sedan, chatellain de Bouillon
          • 1.Robert II de la Marck (1460-1536), Lord of Sedan, Duke of Bouillon
            • 1.Robert III de la Marck (1491-1537), Lord of Sedan, Duke of Bouillon
              • 1.Robert IV de la Marck (1520–1556), Duke of Bouillon, Earl of Braine & Maulevrier, Lord of Sedan.
                • 1.Henri Robert de la Marck (1539-1574), Duke of Bouillon, sovereign Prince de Sedan,
                  • 1.Guillaume Robert de la Marck (1563-1588), Pr of Sedan, Dke de Bouillon, Marquess of Cotron
                    • 1.Charlotte de la Marck (1574-1594), Dss of Bouillon, Pss de Sedan oo Henri de La Tour D'Auvergne
          • 2.Erard de la Marck (1472-1538), Prince-bishop of Liège 1506-1538
        • 3.William von der Marck Le Sanglier des Ardennes
          • 1.Johann I von der Marck, Baron of Lummen
            • 1.Johann II von der Marck, Baron of Lummen (1500-1552)
              • 1.William II de la Marck, Baron of Lummen, admiral of the Gueux de mer(1542–1578)
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Johann I, van der Marck-Arenberg, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg's Timeline

November 1410
Virneburg, Mayen-Koblenz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Age 25
Age 25
Age 27
Age 29
Age 34
Of Neufchateau,Luxembourg,Belgium
February 8, 1470
Age 59