John B. C. Lucas, US Congress

Is your surname Lucas?

Research the Lucas family

John B. C. Lucas, US Congress's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


John Baptiste Charles Lucas

Also Known As: "John", "Baptiste", "Charles", "Lucas"
Birthplace: Pont-Audemer, Normandy, France
Death: Died in near St. Louis, Missouri
Place of Burial: Calvary Cemetery and Mausoleum Saint Louis St. Louis City Missouri
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Edouard Lucas
Husband of Ann Lucas
Father of Lt. Robert Lucas; Charles Lucas; Adrien Lucas; Anne Hunt; William Lucas and 1 other

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About John B. C. Lucas, US Congress

John Baptiste Charles Lucas (August 14, 1758 – August 17, 1842) was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

John B. C. Lucas was born in Pont-Audemer, Normandy, France. He attended the Honfleur and Paris Law Schools, and graduated from the law department of the University of Caen in 1782. He practiced law in France until 1784, when he immigrated to the United States, settled near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He engaged in agricultural pursuits.

Lucas was a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1792 to 1798. He served as judge of the Court of Common Pleas in 1794.

Lucas was elected as a Republican to the Eighth and Ninth Congresses and served until his resignation in 1805, before the assembling of the Ninth Congress. He moved to St. Louis (then part of the Louisiana Territory), having been appointed district judge for the District of Louisiana (which became Missouri Territory in 1812), and served from 1805 until 1820, when he resigned. He also served as commissioner of land claims of northern Louisiana from 1805 to 1812. He resumed agricultural pursuits and died near St. Louis in 1842. He was buried at Calvary Cemetery.

While in Missouri he donated land in downtown St. Louis in 1816 for a courthouse that is now part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. When courthouse was abandoned in 1930 as the court functions relocated to larger quarters, his descendents fought unsuccessfully to get the courthouse back. The Gateway Arch arches over the courthouse. Five of Lucas' sons were to die violently, including Charles Lucas, who was killed in a duel with Senator Thomas Hart Benton. Born in France, Lucas happened to meet Benjamin Franklin, the U.S. Ambassador to the French court. Fascinated by Franklin's conversations on the new democracy & the vast opportunities of a new frontier, he decided to emigrate to America. He arrived in 1784 & moved to St. Louis in 1805 where he was appointed Commissioner of Land Claims & Judge of the Territorial Court by Thomas Jefferson. Judge Lucas was the father of 6 sons & 1 daughter. One of his sons was killed in a duel with Thomas Hart Benton & another was killed in the War of 1812. Judge Lucas continued to increase his real estate holdings & developed a large legal practice.

view all

John B. C. Lucas, US Congress's Timeline

Pont-Audemer, Normandy, France
Age 30
September 25, 1792
Age 34
Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States
Age 36
Age 38
Age 40
Age 42
Age 84
near St. Louis, Missouri
Calvary Cemetery and Mausoleum Saint Louis St. Louis City Missouri