John Scott Biddle

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John Scott Biddle

Also Known As: "Johnny"
Birthplace: Philadelphia, PA, United States
Death: October 01, 2008 (83)
Jamestown, RI, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Brig. Gen. Nicholas Biddle and Sarah Biddle
Husband of Mary Biddle and Private
Father of Private and Sophie Biddle
Brother of Joanna Wharton Biddle; Nicholas Biddle, Jr.; Sarah Lee Stokes; Private and Nicholas Biddle

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About John Scott Biddle

John Scott Biddle (1925–2008) was a foremost yachting cinematographer and lecturer, establishing a film-making career that spanned more than forty years. His films captured not only the technical aspects of sailing but also the human story in events as tranquil as a Nova Scotia cruise and as grand as the America's Cup Races.

Early life

Biddle was born on June 7, 1925, near Philadelphia, the fourth of five children. His parents, were both from prominent Philadelphia families. His father was Brigadier General Nicholas Biddle (1893–1977), whose great-grandfather was Nicholas Biddle, President of the Second Bank of the United States. His mother was Sarah Lippincott Biddle (1894–1962) whose paternal grandfather Joshua Ballinger Lippincott (1813–1886) founded J.B. Lippincott Company, and maternal grandfather Joseph Wharton (1826–1909) founded the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.[1] Biddle’s father served a life-long term with the National Guard, was active in both World Wars, and was a well-noted, big-game hunter.[2] He was commissioned to travel the world and bring back specimens; some of his ‘trophies’ still reside at Philadelphia’s Academy of Natural Sciences. During Nicholas’ travels, he would film the hunts, then return home and allow young John to experiment with his movie camera and all his unexposed film.[citation needed]

By age eight, Biddle had backed the family car over a three foot wall, by ten had disassembled the family furnace, and by eleven, took his family to town frequently, having finally mastered driving.[citation needed] His colorful family included cousins Livingston L. Biddle, Jr. and Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle, Jr. While brother Wharton was taught classical piano by the up-and-coming Leonard Bernstein, John learned honky tonk spiced with Broadway standards and kept Philadelphia Main Line parties animated. He tinkered further with the camera at his family’s summer home in Jamestown, Rhode Island, where he also mastered the idiosyncrasies of ocean sailing. Focusing on his brothers, sisters and twelve cousins as subjects on and around Narragansett Bay, he refined his choice of angles, composition, containment of action within the frame and editing.[3]

School and military years

Biddle, and his many cousins, attended Meadowbrook School, then went on to Kent School in Connecticut. He turned 18 in 1943 and served in the infantry during World War II. A bad tooth sent him to the back of the lines during fighting in Belgium. There it was noticed that he could play piano and work a movie projector, so he was assigned to entertain the troops. Shortly thereafter, he discovered two thirds of his platoon had been killed in a firefight. His entertaining skills likely had spared his life another surprise: brother Nicholas Jr., who was fighting in the same region, learned that John was working at the back of the lines and flabbergasted him with a visit.[4] After the war, John attended Trinity College, then returned overseas to Germany with the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry during the Korean War.

Yachting cinematographer

In the 1950s, Biddle spent several years working as an engineer while snapping wedding and baby photos on the side. His father would have liked him to enter the family insurance business, Biddle, Bishop and Smith (now named Biddle & Company), but John saw a different path. After watching a John Jay skiing film, he imagined himself doing the same thing with sailing. The following June he embarked on the 1956 Bermuda Race aboard cousin Charles Wharton’s 51-foot cutter, Souvenir with his film camera along. He combined that footage with three other pieces he shot that summer, and booked himself into yacht clubs for his first lecture-show.[3]

For over four decades, Biddle shot films of dinghy races, Tall Ships events and everything in between. Over seventy types of boats were shown in his documentary-style presentations. 16 mm Bell and Howell in hand, he filmed 130 feet off the deck of square-riggers and fifteen feet underwater. He filmed from Greenland down to the Islands, from Greece to New Zealand. He shot ocean races like the Fastnet Race, classic sailing regattas like the Friendship Sloop Regatta, cruises, celebrations, native fishboat races, small boat races. To capture viewable images on the rolling, bouncy seas, he used (and later marketed) what he called the Biddlestick – a short stick which he attached to his movie cameras, allowing him to hold onto deck stays while keeping the camera steady. The device was a simple version of the monopod.

In addition to his annual show, Biddle made promotional films for boat manufacturers and sailboat classes, filmed a five-episode TV series for Mercury Marine called "Let’s Go Boating" narrated by Lloyd Bridges, and occasionally filmed for private clients.[5]


Each year, Biddle would film three to four events in the summer months, edit the mile of film into a 90 minute presentation in the fall, write a script for same, have music pulled for the film and personally edit the music to fit. In winter, he would begin a five month tour of the United States, Canada, Bermuda, the Caribbean (and occasionally Europe and Australia) where he would present his films in person as many as 100 times, primarily at yacht clubs. For many of Biddle's audience, his show presented the only opportunity to see the highlights of the past year's sailing events. One of the great attractions was his ability to catch the amusing and exhilarating aspects of sailing, not only on film, but in his quick-witted, dry-humored delivery peppered with terms like "callapso flapitis", referring to frantic moments on the boat.[5] Biddle was his own production company, performing the tasks of: contact agent, scheduler, publicist, copywriter, photo developer, poster designer, accountant, cinematographer, film editor, scriptwriter, music editor, driver, porter, set-up man and performer.

Family life

Biddle married Mary McMichael in 1961[6] in Jamestown, Rhode Island and they had two children, Sophie in 1964 and Scott in 1966. Mary assisted John in filming the early America's Cup races and received credit for having done so in those films. She had a stroke shortly after the birth of Scott and died five years later. Following this, Biddle managed to spend time at home with his children while continuing his career on the road and was able to include Sophie and Scott on trips to Bermuda, a cruise to Maine and trips to various lecture dates. In March 1977, he married Amy McKay van Roden in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania with three stepchildren: Winifred, Peter and Julie. After moving to Jamestown in 1980, Biddle became active with the Jamestown Community Chorus and chaired the Jamestown Talent Show for many years.[7]

Career highlights

Biddle filmed two races multiple times. The Bermuda Race he sailed 11 times to capture the stories that this pre-eminent, East Coast distance race delivered. Despite the race’s long history and prestige, Biddle is the only film-maker to have focused on it. He also filmed the international yacht racing event, the America's Cup, all ten times when 12-metre class boats were used, from 1958 to 1987. For this, he took footage of the Sparkman & Stephens test tanks, of the spring practices, the summer trials, the Newport balls, the dock happenings and the September finals. He was invited to shoot onboard the 12-metre yachts by mercurial skippers including Ted Turner, Dennis Conner, Ted Hood and Bus Mosbacher.[8] The rare invitations were granted because of his nautical proficiency and ability to get key shots while staying clear of onboard action.


During his career, Biddle created 140 sailing films which he placed into 41 annual lecture shows from 1956 to 1996. He made over 3,000 presentations to audiences as large as 3,000 people. In the summer of 2008, Biddle was nominated for induction into the America's Cup Hall of Fame at the Herreshoff Marine Museum in Bristol, Rhode Island.[9] He fell ill with cancer soon thereafter and died on October 1, 2008 at the age of 83.[7] The formal induction ceremony was held in April 2009.[10] Gary Jobson said of Biddle’s film-making achievement, “His film archive is one of the most comprehensive and important yachting libraries in existence”.[11]


  1. ^ "Mrs. Biddle, 68 of Philadelphia: Clubwoman Dies Wife of Insurance Executive". New York Times. July 18, 1962. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
  2. ^ "Biddle Family Papers". University of Delaware Library Special collections.
  3. ^ a b Roger Shope (July, 1982). "John Biddle: Film-maker to the sailing world". Sailing Magazine.
  4. ^ Biddle, Nicholas, Jr. Flying Through the Years. Parkesburg, Pennsylvania: Treasured Legacies, 2001. pp. 79, 84. Printed for private circulation.
  5. ^ a b Mag Bigoney (December, 1972). "John Biddle: Cinematographer of the Seven Seas". Yachting Magazine.
  6. ^ "John Biddle Fiance Of Mary McMichael". new York Times. March 15, 1961.
  7. ^ a b "John Scott Biddle, 83". The Jamestown Press. October 9, 2008. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
  8. ^ Sue Maffei Plowden (May 14, 2009). "John Biddle inducted into the America's Cup Hall of Fame". Jamestown Press. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
  9. ^ "John Biddle, 2009 Inductee". America's Cup Hall of Fame. Herreshoff Marine Museum. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
  10. ^ "America's Cup Hall of Fame 16th Annual Induction: Celebrating John Biddle the 2008 Inductee". News release (Bristol, Rhode Island). August 26, 2008.
  11. ^ Gary Jobson (October 1, 2008). "Eight Bells: John Biddle". Sailing Scuttlebutt web site. Retrieved March 28, 2011.

Further reading

  • The Greenwich Review, "John Biddle: One-Hand-For-The-Boat-And-One-For-The-Camera", by Donna Moffly, April 1974.
  • Town & Country, "Philadelphia's Young Voices Challenge the Establishment", by Ellen Kaye, October 1970.
  • Brigadier General Nicholas Biddle (1972). Military Memoirs. Wynnewood, Pennsylvania: Livingston Publishing Company.

John Scott Biddle, 83

John Scott Biddle, 83, of Beavertail Road, died Wednesday, Oct.1, 2008 at John Clarke Health Care Center in Middletown. He was the husband of Amy (McKay) Biddle of Philadelphia, whom he married in 1977.

Born in Philadelphia, Pa. on June 7, 1925, he was the son of the late Brigadier General Nicholas and Sarah (Lippincott) Biddle.

He served in the United States Army during WWII and during the Korean War with the First Philadelphia City Troop. He was a prominent yachting cinematographer, famous for his America's Cup coverage. A member of St. Matthew's Episcopal Church, he served as a lay reader and member of the choir for many years. He also sang with the Jamestown Community Chorus.

He is also survived by his daughter Sophie Biddle Hakim of Los Angeles, his son John Scott Biddle, Jr. of Northampton, Mass., his stepchildren, Winifred Lane vanRoden of New York, N.Y., Peter Cook vanRoden of Stamford, Conn. and Julia McKay vanRoden of Old Greenwich, Conn., as well as his siblings, Nicholas Biddle, Jr., and Sarah Lee Stokes of Philadelphia and Wharton Biddle of Jamestown; and eight grandchildren. He was also the brother of the late Joanna Biddle Johnson.

A funeral service was held Monday, Oct. 6, in St. Matthews Episcopal Church.

In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Jamestown Community Chorus, 99 Narragansett Ave., Jamestown, RI 02835 and St. Matthew's Church, 87 Narragansett Ave., Jamestown, RI, 02835.


Biography ==John was born in 1925. He was the son of Nicholas Biddle and Sarah Lippincott. He passed away in 2008.


<references />* Biddle Jr., Christopher Lippincott. Personal recollection, 4 Dec 2019.

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John Scott Biddle's Timeline

June 7, 1925
Philadelphia, PA, United States
October 1, 2008
Age 83
Jamestown, RI, United States