About John Bunch
Not the same person who married Mary Barnard.
Slave of Samuel Harwood, Jr.
John Bunch, the probable patriarch of the oldest and most extensive Bunch lineage in America, first appears in records from Lancaster County on the Northern Neck of Virginia, dated to 1654. These records locate him around the area of present day Kilmarnock, Virginia. Somewhat later (1662), a John Bunch (probably the same person) acquired 450 acres of land in New Kent County, Virginia, across the Rappahannock River from Lancaster County. This parcel was probably located south of the York River in the general area of West Point, Virginia (perhaps near Barhamsville).
From subsequent records for early Virginia Bunches (and from current DNA evidence), John Bunch was probably an Afro-European mulatto. His father was likely born in western Africa and would have been one of the earliest Africans in English colonial Virginia. In the early colonial period, the instituion of racially based slavery had not been fully established and in many cases African "importees" were treated like European indentured servants: They were released after serving a specified period of bondage. This would explain how John Bunch came to be a free, land-owning African-American in seventeenth century colonial Virginia. It even appears from later records that some of John Bunch's descendants came to acquire African slaves of their own.
It remains a mystery how this African paternal line acquired a British surname, but one likely possibility is that John Bunch took his last name from his European mother. That the origins of the Virginia Bunch family were bound up with early (1662) anti-miscegenation laws in colonial Virginia is clearly shown by the case brought before the Virginia Council in 1705 by a later John Bunch (probably the son or grandson of the patriarch) and his intended spouse, Sarah Slayden.
Whether the issue begotten on a White woman by a Mulatto man can properly be called a Mulatto, that name I conceive being only appropriated to the Child of a Negro man begotten upon a white woman or a white man upon a negro woman, and as I am told the issue of a Mulatto by or upon a white person has another name viz. that of Mustee? _