John Cavenett, Snr [Free Settler "Brightman" 1840]

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About John Cavenett, Snr [Free Settler "Brightman" 1840]

Biography

John CAVENETT was born on June 4, 1807 in Devon County, England, United Kingdom.

John married Eliza SLUMAN on April 7, 1828 in Instow, Devon, England. Together they had the following children:

John and Eliza and family emigrated to Australia on "Brightman" in 1840 with Eliza and daughter Mary dying enroute.

John married Eliza WAER on November 17, 1841 in Holy Trinity Church, Adelaide, South Australia,. Together they had the following children:

He died on December 12, 1844 in Little Para, South Australia, Australia from Stroke and was buried on December 16, 1844.



In 1840 the English Farming Industry had passed through a quarter of a century of misfortunes, aggravated by a dis-ordered currency, bank failures and adverse seasons. Seed was still sown broadcast and hand labour was used for harvesting by scythe or sickle, threshing and winnowing.

Wheat was sold at 7/- a bushel, while the average weekly wage of an agricultural labourer in Devon was 8/- per week. Hearing favourable reports of the colony which had been proclaimed as South Australia on December 28th 1836, John and Eliza decided to apply for a free passage to South Australia. Their application (No. 8186) to James HAYCROFT on April 22nd 1840 stated that they were prepared to defray the charge for the passage of their children.

Before long they were advised that their embarkation number was 4958, and that the vessel on which they would be sailing was the "Brightman". A wooden mess bowl and platter, a bread basket and tin quart pot were provided for the use of steerage passengers. They had to take mattresses, blankets, towels, cutlery, and if possible, an iron kettle, a couple of saucepans, frying pan, teapot and tin pail. A sufficient stock of clothing for a four months' voyage was needed, as it was not possible to launder linen during the passage.

According to LLOYDts Shipping Records, the "Brightman" was a British ship-rigged vessel, built of teak at Calcutta in 1826, of 384 tons. The following movements of the "Brightman" have been extracted from ' 'Lloyd's List" of 1840. In each case the master's name is recorded as KNOCKELS:-

  • Sailed London August 17 for Port Adelaide;
  • Arrived Deal August 19. Sailed Deal August 19;
  • Arrived Plymouth August 25. Sailed Plymouth August 25.
  • Arrived Madeira September 7. Sailed Madeira September 7.
  • Arrived Port Adelaide December 13.

During the voyage Eliza and her elder daughter, Mary Anne, died. Thus John disembarked in the infant colony with his three young children — Henry, Eliza and John.

On 17th November 1841, John CAVENETT, widower, of Oxenbury Farm, Willungap was married to Eliza WAER, spinster, of Light Square, Adelaide, in Holy Trinity Anglican Church, by Chas. B. HOWARD, M. A. , Colonial Chaplain, in the presence of Adam TURPIN and Mary WAER.

Mary Ann, the daughter of John CAVANNAH, labourer, and Eliza (formerly WEIR) was born on December 9th 1842, and the birth registered on January 13th.

South Australia!s Second Census was taken in 1844. It revealed a total population of 17, 196, to which had been added an estimated 70 persons resident on Kangaroo Island, and 100 in the vicinity of Mt. Gambier, the remoteness of these areas rendering an actual count impracticable. Of the total 17, 196, there were, under the age of 21 years, 4, 293 males, and 4, 405 females. Of the persons of 60 years and upwards, there were 44 males and 18 females. The area under cultivation in 1844 was 28, 690 acres. There were 16 flour mills and 29 factories. The value of exports for the year of census was given at E66, 160.

On December 16th 1844, the death was registered by the Coroner, John W. NICHOLLS, of John CAVANNAH, aged 35 years. He had died of apoplexy (stroke) on December 12th. Entry 808 in the West Terrace Cemetery records states that John CAVANNAH, aged 40 years, of the Barracks, was buried on December 16th 1844, the funeral service being conducted by J. FARRELL, Colonial Chaplain.

As may be seen by the accompanying petition, John's widow, Eliza, was left in very difficult circumstances. The birth of Elizabeth, daughter of John CAVENAGH and Eliza (formerly WEAR), on February 18th 1845, was registered on Apirl 1st. The widowed Eliza continued to have misfortune, for her elder daughter, Mary Ann CAVANATT, died on August 14th 1849, aged 6b years, due to inflammation of the right thigh.

The person who informed the registrar for Eliza CAVANATT, widow, of Hindley Street, Adelaide, was Thomas GOODMAN, cabinet maker. At Holy Trinity Anglican Church, North Terrace, Eliza CAVENATT, 30, widow, married Thomas GOODMAN, 40, widower, on August 10th 1853. James FARRELL officiated in the presence of Thomas WEAR and Elizabeth BEST. The deaths of Eliza and Thomas were not registered in South Australia. Neither the marriage nor death of Eliza's daughter, Elizabeth, was registered in South Australia, so it would seem certain that they left the colony, probably during the Gold Rushes of the 1850's.

Immigration:

13 Dec 1840 CAVENETT John, Eliza Sluman (d@sea), Henry, Mary Ann (d@sea), Eliza, John arrived in SA 1840-12-13 aboard Brightman from London 40-08-15 via Plymouth, Cork

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John Cavenett, Snr [Free Settler "Brightman" 1840]'s Timeline

1807
June 4, 1807
Devon County, England, United Kingdom
1829
February 1, 1829
Instow, Devon, England, United Kingdom
February 1, 1829
Instow, Devon, England, United Kingdom
1831
May 27, 1831
Instow, Devon, England, United Kingdom
May 27, 1831
Instow, Devon, England, United Kingdom
1832
April 22, 1832
Instow, Devon, England, United Kingdom
April 22, 1832
Instow, Devon, England, United Kingdom
1834
November 23, 1834
United Kingdom