John Copley, 1st Baron Lyndhurst

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John Singleton Copley

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Boston, Suffolk Co., MA
Death: Died in London, England
Place of Burial: Highgate Cemetery (West) Highgate London Borough of Camden Greater London, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John Singleton Copley and Susannah Farnum Copley
Husband of Sarah Garay Brunsden and Georgiana Goldsmith
Father of Hon. Sophia Clarence Becket and Georgiana Susan Copley
Brother of Elizabeth Clarke Greene

Managed by: Michael Lawrence Rhodes
Last Updated:

About John Copley, 1st Baron Lyndhurst

Wikipedia Biographical Summary

John Singleton Copley, 1st Baron Lyndhurst PC KS FRS (21 May 1772 – 12 October 1863), was a British lawyer and politician. He was three times Lord Chancellor of Great Britain.

Background and education

Lyndhurst was born at Boston, Massachusetts, the son of painter John Singleton Copley and his wife Susanna Farnham (née Clarke), and was educated at a private school and Trinity College, Cambridge where he graduated as second wrangler.

Political and legal career

Called to the bar at Lincolns Inn in 1804, he gained a considerable practice. He was appointed a serjeant-at-law on 6 July 1813. In 1817 he was one of the counsel for Dr J. Watson, tried for his share in the Spa Fields riots. Lyndhurst's performance attracted the attention of Lord Castlereagh and other Tory leaders, and he entered parliament as member for Yarmouth in the Isle of Wight. He afterwards sat for Ashburton (1818–1826) and for Cambridge University (1826–1827).

In December 1818, Copley was made King's Serjeant and Chief Justice of Chester. He became Solicitor General on 24 July 1819 and was knighted in October, became Attorney General in 1824, Master of the Rolls in 1826 and Lord Chancellor in 1827. On his appointment to the latter post he was raised to the peerage as Baron Lyndhurst, of Lyndhurst in the County of Southampton. As solicitor-general he took a prominent part in the trial of Queen Caroline and was opposed to the Liberal measures which marked the end of the reign of George IV and the beginning of that of William IV. He was Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer from 1831 to 1834. During the Melbourne government from 1835 to 1841 he figured conspicuously as an obstructionist in the House of Lords. His former adversary Lord Brougham, disgusted at his treatment by the Whig leaders, soon became his most powerful ally in opposition. Lyndhurst held the chancellorship from 1827–1830, 1834–1835, and 1841-1846. As he was in regard to Catholic emancipation, so in the agitation against the Corn Laws, he opposed reform until Peel, his chief, gave the signal for concession.

After 1846 and the disintegration of the Tory party over Peel's adoption of free trade, Lord Lyndhurst did not attend parliament sessions as often, but he continued to take a lively interest in public affairs and to make speeches. His address to the House of Lords on 19 June 1854, on the war with Russia, made a sensation in Europe, and throughout the Crimean War he was a strong advocate of the energetic prosecution of hostilities. In 1859 he denounced Napoleon III. His last speech was delivered in the House of Lords at the age of eighty-nine.

Family

In 1819 Lord Lyndhurst married Sarah, daughter of Charles Brunsden and widow of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Thomas. She died in 1834 and three years later, in August 1837, he married Georgiana, daughter of Lewis Goldsmith. Since Georgiana came from a Jewish family, it may be her influence that led Lord Lyndhurst to support the Jewish Emancipation of 1858, when the law restricting the Parliamentary oath of office to Christians was changed, leading to the admission of Jews into parliament. He also advocated women's rights in questions of divorce. He died in London on 12 October 1863; since he left no son, in accordance with the times the title became extinct.

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'John Copley, 1st Baron Lyndhurst', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 29 October 2013, 14:49 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Copley,_1st_Baron_Lyndhurst&oldid=579288887> [accessed 31 October 2013]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- John Singleton Copley, Lord Lyndhurst (1772-1863)

This article was written by Theodore Martin and was published in 1887.

http://www.historyhome.co.uk/people/lyndhurs.htm

Birth: 1772 Death: Oct., 1863

British Statesman. 1st Baron Lyndhurst. Lord Chancellor of England. Born in Boston, Massachusetts, he was the son of artist John Singleton Copley. Educated at a private school and Cambridge University, he passed the bar at Lincolns Inn in 1804. In 1817, he entered parliament as member for Yarmouth in the Isle of Wight. In 1819 he became Solicitor-General and married the widow Mrs. Thomas. He became Attorney-General in 1824, Master of the Rolls in 1826 and Lord Chancellor in 1827, with the title of Lord Lyndhurst. He took a prominent part in the trial of Queen Caroline. He was lord chief baron of the exchequer from 1831 to 1834. He could astonish listeners by the power and brilliancy of his speeches in the House of Lords. His first wife died in 1834, and in August 1837 he had married Georgina, Goldsmith after which he strenuously supported the admission of Jews into parliament and womens' rights in divorce. His last speech was delivered in the House of Lords at the age of eighty-nine. He died in London in October, 1863. Since he left no male children his title became extinct. (bio by: Iola)


Family links:

Children:
 Sophia Clarence Copley Beckett (1828 - 1911)*
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Burial: Highgate Cemetery (West) Highgate London Borough of Camden Greater London, England


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Maintained by: Find A Grave Record added: Oct 08, 1999 Find A Grave Memorial# 6581 http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6581

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John Copley, 1st Baron Lyndhurst's Timeline

1772
May 21, 1772
Boston, Suffolk Co., MA
1828
April 15, 1828
Age 55
1863
October 12, 1863
Age 91
London, England
October 1863
Age 91
Highgate Cemetery (West) Highgate London Borough of Camden Greater London, England
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