Historical records matching John Davy, Physician of the British Forces
About John Davy, Physician of the British Forces
John Davy FRS (1790 – 1868) was a British doctor, chemist, and brother of the noted chemist Sir Humphry Davy, and cousin of Edmund Davy.
John Davy was born in Penzance, Cornwall. He assisted his older brother Humphry at the Royal Institution of Great Britain for two years before heading to Edinburgh University, where he earned his degree in medicine in 1814. Davy is perhaps most noted for his discovery of phosgene in 1812, a compound he also named. He also discovered silicon tetrafluoride.
Upon graduation, Davy joined the British Army Medical Department and became Inspector General of Hospitals. He used his position to travel to a great number of the English colonies, including Malta, India, Ceylon, and Barbados.
In 1834 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. From 1836 to 1840 he produced nine volumes on the collected works of his brother. After a brief time spent living in the West Indies, Davy returned to England, where he died in 1868.
In 1863 he discovered that eggshells have about 8,000 pores that are large enough for oxygen to flow in and carbon dioxide to flow out by pumping pressurized air into an underwater egg and watching thousands of tiny bubbles appear on the surface of the shell.
Davy, John (1821). An Account of the Interior of Ceylon, and of Its Inhabitants: With Travels in that Island. London: Longman, Hunt, Rees, Orme, and Brown. Davy, John (1839). Researches, physiological and anatomical. London: Smith, Elder, and Company. Davy, John (1839-1840). The Collected Works of Sir Humphry Davy. Bristol: Thoemmes Press.- published in nine volumes Davy, John (1855). The Angler and His Friend: Or, Piscatory Colloquies and Fishing Excursions. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. For Rees's Cyclopaedia he contributed articles about Chemistry, but the topics are not known.
^ John Davy (1812). "On a Gaseous Compound of Carbonic Oxide and Chlorine". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 102: 144–151. DOI:10.1098/rstl.1812.0008. ISSN 0261-0523. JSTOR 107310. ^ Mingo, Jack; Erin Barrett. "Just Curious, Jeeves". Emeryville, CA. ISBN 1-930108-01-X. External links
Davy's account of his discovery of phosgene
DAVY, JOHN, M.D. (1790–1868), physiologist and anatomist, was the second son of Robert Davy, by Grace Millett, and the younger brother of Sir Humphry Davy [q. v.] He was born at Penzance on 24 May 1790. In his childhood he appears to have been helped by his brother, and both of the boys acknowledged the great assistance derived from their mother. John Davy was chiefly educated at the preparatory schools of Penzance. He afterwards studied medicine at Edinburgh, where he took his M.D. degree in 1814. When Humphry Davy advanced theories as to the constitution of muriatic acid, which were opposed to the teaching of Berthollet, and attacked by Dr. Murray, John Davy supported his brother's views. He made experiments in the laboratory of Edinburgh University, in the presence of many men of science, and obtained results which entirely confirmed the theory of Humphry Davy.
Davy entered the army as a surgeon, and saw a great deal of foreign service. He became inspector of hospitals. He usually made careful notes, and studied especially the characters of the natives who came under his notice, and who were not infrequently under his medical care. In 1821 he published ‘An Account of the Interior of Ceylon and of its Inhabitants, with Travels in that Island.’ Davy married in 1830 Margaret, daughter of Mr. Archibald Fletcher, by whom he left issue. Davy attended on his brother Humphry during his convalescence at Ravenna in 1827, and was again present at his brother's death in 1829 [see Davy, Sir Humphry]. Davy in 1836 edited ‘Memoirs of Sir Humphry Davy,’ and also (in 1839) his collected works. In the same year Davy published ‘Researches, Physiological and Anatomical,’ and in 1842 his ‘Notes and Observations on the Ionian Islands, with some Remarks on Constantinople and Turkey, and on the System of Quarantine as at present conducted’ (2 vols.). In 1849 Davy published his ‘Lectures on Chemistry’ and ‘Discourses on Agriculture.’ He resided for about three years (before 1854) in the West Indies, and in that year he published a volume entitled ‘The West Indies before and since Slave Emancipation, comprising the Windward and Leeward Islands Military Command.’ As inspector-general of army hospitals, in 1862 he published ‘On some of the more important Diseases of the Army, with contributions to Pathology,’ and in the following year ‘Physiological Researches.’ Up to 1863 Davy had published 152 memoirs and papers in various medical journals and in the ‘Transactions of the Royal Society.’ He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1834. He was, like his brother, a great lover of fishing, and he published ‘The Angler and his Friends, or Piscatory Colloquies and Fishing Excursions’ (1855), in which he pleasantly describes the deep delight he took in angling over the charming scenes of the lake districts of Westmoreland and Cumberland.
Davy died at Lesketh-how, near Amble- side, on 24 Jan. 1868. The attachment of the two brothers was very great. In Sir Humphry Davy's will there were several bequests to his brother. Sir Humphry desired that the service of plate presented for the discovery of the safety-lamp should be sold to endow a prize medal, if his brother should not be ‘in a condition to use it.’ John Davy made a bequest in accordance with this wish, and a prize, worth about 30l. a year, was founded by the Royal Society for the best chemical discovery in Europe or America.
[Proc. Royal Society, vol. xviii.; Boase and Courtney's Bibl. Cornub. i. 111, iii. 1152; Annals of Philosophy, vol. i. (N.S.); Paris's Life of Davy; Phil. Trans. of the Royal Society; Cat. of Scientific Papers, Royal Society; Researches, Physiological and Anatomical, 1839; Gent. Mag. 1868; Annual Obituary, 1829; Polwhele's Biographical Sketches; Bence Jones's The Royal Institution; Weld's History of the Royal Society, 1848.]
John Davy FRS (1790 – 1868) was a British doctor, amateur chemist, and brother of the noted chemist Sir Humphry Davy, and cousin of Edmund Davy. John Davy was born in Penzance, Cornwall. He assisted his older brother Humphry at the Royal Institution of Great Britain for two years before heading to Edinburgh University, where he earned his degree in medicine in 1814. Davy is perhaps most noted for his discovery of phosgene in 1812, a compound he also named. He also discovered silicon tetrafluoride.
John Davy, Physician of the British Forces's Timeline
May 24, 1790
Penzance, Cornwall, England
January 24, 1868
Lasketh-How, Cumberland, England