John Lees Faulkner

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John Lees Faulkner

Birthplace: Whitby, Yorkshire, England
Death: Died in Tauranga, Bay of Plenty, North Island, New Zealand
Place of Burial: Tauranga, Bay of Plenty, North Island, New Zealand
Immediate Family:

Son of Jarvis (Gervas) Faulkner and Elizabeth Faulkner
Husband of Ruawahine Rirepeti Faulkner and Elizabeth Faulkner
Father of Joseph Te Kira John Faulkner; Elizabeth, Ruawahine Faulkner; Maria-Marea Maxwell (Paki); Jane Sellars; Alfred Arawhena Jarvis Phineas Faulkner and 9 others
Brother of Jane Faulkner; Elizabeth Booth Faulkner and Ann Faulkner

Occupation: Trader, Businessman
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About John Lees Faulkner

John Lees Faulkner (c1811 - 8 September 1882) was a New Zealand trader, shipbuilder and farmer. Image Credit: Tauranga City Libraries Image Number: 00-208.


John Lees Faulkner was born in Whitby, Yorkshire, England, probably some time between 1810 and 1812, the son of Jarvis Faulkner, a farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth (nee Lees). As a young man, working probably as a ship's carpenter, he sailed to Australia and then to New Zealand, arriving in the Bay of Islands about 1832; in January 1835 he purchased land there from Kiwikiwi. Faulkner began to trade with Maori from Tauranga and occasionally sailed to the Bay of Plenty. He met Ruawahine, sometimes known as Irihapeti (Elizabeth) or Puihi, daughter of Tawaho and Parewhakarau of Ngai Tukairangi, a hapu of Ngai Te Rangi, and she began to accompany him on his trips. They had had several children by 1840 when Faulkner decided to settle at Tauranga. In mid 1842 they were married by the CMS missionary, the Reverend Alfred Nesbit Brown; he also baptised their children. Ruawahine and John were to have 13 children.

After a brief residence at Maungatapu pa, Faulkner set up his home and trading post on land belonging to Ruawahine, near Otumoetai pa. From this base, close to the harbour entrance, he traded with the Bay of Islands and Auckland. Faulkner built the trading schooners Eliza (1846), Children (1849), Isabella (1851) and Maria Jane (1854), and often captained them. He used Maori crews, but by 1850 Tauranga Maori were successfully running their own trading vessels, several of which Faulkner had built. Later he was the owner, or part-owner, of the Marwell (1862–63), the Tauranga (1863–72), the Jane (1865–70) and the Mary Eliza (1872–73). Faulkner's trading store on the Otumoetai property, known as Okorore, flourished. Its success owed much to the mana of Ruawahine: Faulkner was accepted by local Maori, exchanging his valuable entrepreneurial skills for their protection. In 1860 he was appointed as Tauranga's first postmaster.

His position was not without its problems, however. He objected to the children following Maori custom and speaking Maori; at least two daughters were sent to the Reverend George Kissling's school in Auckland. Ruawahine died on 24 September 1855, and Faulkner married Elizabeth Humphries in Auckland on 26 January 1857; they had one child. In July 1863, at the beginning of the Waikato war, John and Elizabeth Faulkner and his two youngest children went to Auckland for a time. However, the close links between Maori and Pakeha, forged by the marriage of John and Ruawahine, survived the wars of the 1860s. Although one of Faulkner's stores was looted by British troops in 1864, Ngai Te Rangi protected his property.

Land which had belonged to Ruawahine was confiscated after the British campaign of 1864; in January 1865 Faulkner, on behalf of his children, lodged claims before the Native Land Court in Auckland for its return. Crown title for 88 acres was issued in 1871, along with the title for a half acre round the homestead. Faulkner also owned 10 acres on the beach front at Tauranga. He farmed some of his land, and his four-horse threshing machine was used for 20 years by the Maori of Otumoetai, Matakana, Papamoa, Matapihi, Maungatapu, Katikati and Te Puna.

The entrepreneurial skills which helped Faulkner gain such ready acceptance among the Maori were accompanied by an unshakeable honesty and integrity which gained him the respect of Maori and missionary alike. He died at Tauranga on 8 September 1882, 'universally respected' and 'without a single enemy.'

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John Lees Faulkner's Timeline

September 8, 1811
Whitby, Yorkshire, England
May 20, 1835
Age 23
Tauranga, Tauranga City, Bay Of Plenty, New Zealand
Age 25
Age 28
Tauranga, Bay of Plenty, North Island, New Zealand
Age 30
Age 34
Age 36
Tauranga, Tauranga City, Bay Of Plenty, New Zealand
November 3, 1850
Age 39
New Zealand
July 28, 1852
Age 40
Tauranga, Tauranga City, Bay Of Plenty, New Zealand
September 8, 1882
Age 71
Tauranga, Bay of Plenty, North Island, New Zealand