Sir John Gage, Knight

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Sir John Gage, Knight

Birthdate: (55)
Birthplace: Burstow, Surrey, England
Death: September 3, 1475 (51-59)
Burstow, Surrey, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John Gage, II and Joan Sudgrove
Husband of Edith Harcourt and Lady Eleanor Gage
Father of (Sir ?) William Gage

Occupation: Landowner, Knight
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir John Gage, Knight

Sir John Gage was the son of John Gage and Joan Sudgrove. He married Eleanor St. Clere, daughter of Thomas St. Clere and Margaret Hoo. He died on 30 September 1486. He was also reported to have died on 30 September 1475.

He lived at Burstow, Surrey, England. He acquired Burstow, Surrey and Penshurst, Kent by his marriage.

Children of Sir John Gage and Eleanor St. Clere

  • John Gage
  • William Gage d. 1496

Marriage and family - John married Eleanor, a daughter of Thomas St Clere and his wife Margaret Hoo. As Sir Thomas had no son, his three daughters were co-heirs to the extensive properties that he held at the time of his death in 1435.[2]


1. Sir John Gage was a major landowner and grandfather of the Tudor courtier Sir John Gage KG. Died 1475

  • Occupation Landowner
  • Spouse(s) Eleanor St Clere
  • Children [1] William Gage [2] John Gage

Background - He was a son of John Gage and his wife Joan, heiress of John Sudgrove of Sudgrove, Gloucestershire. The marriage of his parents appears in a pedigree that was compiled in 1627 from family deeds by Richard Hoskins of the Inner Temple. In 1416-7, John Sudgrove settled his lands at Miserden and Sudgrove on John and Joan Gage and Alice, his other daughter, with her husband John Bovey. Joan survived her husband and on 10 August 1438, she and her son John conveyed their lands in Cirencester, Nether Siddington, Miserden and Brimsfield to trustees. That transaction may have taken place in connection with the marriage of John the son.[1

Marriage and family - John married Eleanor, a daughter of Thomas St Clere and his wife Margaret Hoo. As Sir Thomas had no son, his three daughters were co-heirs to the extensive properties that he held at the time of his death in 1435.[2]

Sir John and Eleanor were the parents of:

  • William Gage
  • John Gage

In December 1445, the properties formerly held by Thomas St Clere were released from the King's hands into which they had been taken, despite Sir Thomas' attempts to deprive the King of his rights over the property and control of the marriages of its heiresses. By that stage, all three of Sir Thomas' daughters were married.[3]

A deed dated 8 July 1446 set out the agreed partition of Sir Thomas€™ lands between his three daughters and their husbands.[4] The agreement involved John and Eleanor Gage receiving the following share:

  • In Sussex: The manors of Heighton St Clere, Hoathly & Tarring St Clere, with the advowson of Tarring.
  • In Surrey: The manors of Burstow, Hedgecourt and Marden.
  • In Kent: The manor of Wodeland.[5] €œWoodland alias Week was a manor in the parish of West Kingsdown.[6]
  • In Buckinghamshire: The manor of Aston Chiverey in the parish of Aston Clinton.[7]
  • In Northamptonshire: The manor of Old (alias Wold).

Career - John Gage was appointed Escheator of Northamptonshire and Rutland in 1446[8] and described as "late escheator" of Rutland in 1448.[9] In November 1454, "John Gauge" was one of six men appointed to enquire into various details of the manor of Geddington.[10]In July 1461, he was granted the post of Receiver of the Duchy of Lancaster lands in Northamptonshire, Bedfordshire and Huntingdonshire "during good behavior".[11]

Evidence of how Hedgecourt Manor was managed by Sir John and his family has been extensively analyzed by the Felbridge & District History Group.[12]

Death and legacy - Inquisitions post mortem that were held after Sir John€™s death, which took place on 3 September 1475, established the contemporary extent of his landholdings.[13] On 28 November 1475, orders were issued to the escheators for Buckinghamshire, Surrey and Sussex stating that William Gage was the son and heir of Eleanor (late the wife of John Gage and one of the daughters and heirs of Thomas St Clere) and that William was now to have full seisin of those lands. The orders confirmed that Sir John had survived his wife and after her death held her lands for his own lifetime by courtesy of England.[14]

Various accounts, in Burke€™s Peerage[15] and elsewhere, report the year of Sir John€™s death as 1486. They appear to be based on a reference in the Visitation of Gloucestershire 1623 to a statement taken from “Howard 17, Herald€™s College€ to the effect that his inquisition post mortem was held on 30 September, 26 Edward IV (i.e. 1486).[16] However, 1486 cannot be the correct year because the records of his inquisitions post mortem are dated 1475. Moreover, 26 Edward IV is not a valid Regnal year, as Edward IV died on 9 April 1483.

References:

  • 1. Gage, John (1822). The History and Antiquities of Hengrave, in Suffolk. London. pp 225 - 6.
  • 2. Calendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous, Vol. 8, Nos. 114-117.
  • 3. Calendar of Patent Rolls, Reign of Henry VI, Vol. 4, page 443.
  • 4. Gage, John (1822). The History and Antiquities of Hengrave, in Suffolk. London. p 228.
  • 5. Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, 2nd series, Vol. 2, No. 210
  • 6. 'Parishes: Kingsdown', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 2 (1797), pp. 475-493. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=62829 Date accessed: 01 February 2014.
  • 7. 'The parishes of Aylesbury hundred: Aston Clinton', A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 2 (1908), pp. 312-319. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=62779 Date accessed: 01 February 2014.
  • 8. Calendar of Fine Rolls, Vol. 18, page 55.
  • 9. Calendar of Close Rolls, Reign of Henry VI, Vol. 5, page 5.
  • 10. Calendar of Patent Rolls, Reign of Henry VI, Vol. 6, page
  • 11. Somerville, Robert (1953). History of the Duchy of Lancaster. 1. London. P 588.
  • 12. The Early History of Hedgecourt Manor and Farm
  • 13. The National Archives: C140/52/26.
  • 14. Calendar of Fine Rolls, Vol. 21, No. 322
  • 15. Burkes Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, Clan Chiefs Scottish Feudal Barons. 2. London. 2003. p 1500.
  • 16. The Visitation of the County of Gloucester taken in the Year 1623, by Henry Chitty and John Phillipot. London. 1885. p 246.
*[http://www.thepeerage.com/p46014.htm#i460138 The Peerage]
  • page 131 of Sussex Archaeological Collections Relating to the History and ..., Volume 8 "Family of Hoo"
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Sir John Gage, Knight's Timeline

1420
1420
Burstow, Surrey, England
1456
1456
Age 36
Firle, Sussex, England
1475
September 3, 1475
Age 55
Burstow, Surrey, England
1939
April 22, 1939
Age 55
April 22, 1939
Age 55
April 22, 1939
Age 55
May 12, 1939
Age 55
May 12, 1939
Age 55