John Fielding Gregory

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John Fielding Gregory

Birthdate: (73)
Birthplace: Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England
Death: Died in Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut, USA
Place of Burial: Norwalk, Fairfield, Ct, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry (John) Gregory and Mary Abigail Gregory
Husband of Sarah St. John
Father of Sarah Mills; John Gregory; Jachin Gregory; Judah Gregory; Joseph Gregory and 2 others
Brother of Elizabeth Marvin; Perry; Judah Gregory; Perry Gregory; Edward Gregory and 5 others

Occupation: shoemaker, emmigrant 1635/ shoemaker, Tanner, Founder of Norwalk, CT, Immigrant
Managed by: Sheila Ann Keller
Last Updated:

About John Fielding Gregory

Immigration 1655 England To Norwalk, Fairfield Co., Connecticut, This person migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640)

John Gregory (also John Griggorie) (1612 – August 15, 1689) was a founding settler of Norwalk, Connecticut. He was a deputy of the General Court of the Connecticut Colony in the sessions of October 1659, October 1662, May 1663, May 1665, October 1667, May 1668, May and October 1669, October 1670, October 1671, May 1674, May 1675, October 1677, May 1679, October 1680, May 1681, October 1695. He was born in Nottinghamshire, England in 1612, the son of Henry Gregory[3] and Mary Goody Gregory. He emigrated with his father in the early 1630s. He is known to have lived in the New Haven Colony between 1639 and 1646. In 1644, he was admitted to the New Haven Court. His sons, Joseph and Thomas were born in New Haven in 1646 and 1648, respectively. Roger Ludlow purchased the land that would become Norwalk in 1640. Ludlow contracted with fourteen men for the original planting of Norwalk. In 1649, Richard Olmsted and Nathaniel Ely became the first two settlers. One of the fourteen was Richard Webb, whose wife was John Gregory's sister. John Gregory lived in the East Norwalk section of Norwalk, along what is now East Avenue. He was an active member of the community, holding office almost continuously during his life in Norwalk. He is listed on the Founders Stone bearing the names of the founding settlers of Norwalk in the East Norwalk Historical Cemetery When the New Haven Colony was absorbed into the Connecticut Colony in 1662, many of the Puritan settlers were displeased at the fact that the new colony's constitution didn't include certain restrictions on non-Puritan settlers.[4] The New Haven colonists believed that only members of the Puritan church should be allowed to vote, and that only the children of church members could be baptized.[4] In response, the New Haven Puritans sent Robert Treat and John Gregory to meet with Philip Carteret, the new Royal Governor of New Jersey. The group chose the present day site of Newark for a new settlement. In May 1666, the Puritan settlers, led by Treat, purchased the land directly from the Hackensack Indians.[4] Matthew Canfield was among the Norwalk settlers who left to settle Newark.

Henry Gregory. He presumably had a brief residence in or near Boston, perhaps in Roxbury, Pynchon's town. ... The earliest record mention I found of him in North America is: "January 16th, 1638. It is ordered that the three rod of grown yt (that) lyes betwixt John Woodcock's pale (fence) and Goodman Grigoris Lott shall be appropriated 2 rod of it to Goodman Grigory and one rod of it to Rich: Everit reserving 40 rod for a place for a meeting house wch is to be allowed out of Goodman Gregory Lott." ... It is probable that Henry went to Springfield (then called Agawam) Massachusetts many months before that -- perhaps in 1636, the year of its settlement, since he seemingly had an original grant of land -- grants of land were made to settlers with the understanding that if they did not remain five years they forfeited their holdings. On Mar. 14, 1642-3 the town decided to buy Henry's land, so his arrival at least as early as Mar. 1637-8 is indicated. ... The frequent early spelling Gregory shows that our ancestors then pronounced their name with a short i sound for the e. ... Henry's home lot contained about five acres, less 40 sq. rods for the church. As did each proprietor, he owned opposite his lot -- across Town St. -- land of the same frontage (10 rods) that ran northeasterly through a hassocky marsh and up a wooded ridge to the present School St. It contained 2 acres of marsh, 4 acres of wood lot. His house was of "attle and daub" or weather boarding (not logs) and was thatched. His chimney was of clay-daubed timber. ... When the red man was not furnishing excitement for out Puritan ancestors they sought diversion in law suits. Henry was a litigious as the average He often was in court as plaintiff, defendant or juror -- June 16, 1640, over pigs, same day over pumpkins, Sep 10, 1640 over pigs and hogs, Dec 1640 for slander, he and wife were witnesses in Feb 1641, same day Mrs Gregory fined 12s for swearing before God, Dec 24 1640 sold or pawned canoes. ... That Mrs. Gregory died between Feb 15, 1640-4 and Jan 5, 1641-42 is shown by the granting to Henry on the latter date of 8 rods in breadth of land in the second division of planting ground. It had been decided to give 8 rods to sinle men and 10 rods to married men. We can only guess from names of descendants that she was an Abigail, Phebe, Elizabeth or Hannah. ... Henry decided to move to southern Connecticut apparently to live near or with his son John or his daughters Elizabeth and Anne. .. Mar 14, 1643 record: "Henry Gregory beinge purposed to sell his lott and ppoundinge it to ye Plantation by his sonne Judah accordinge to order ... the estimation of Goodman Grigoris lot the 3rd of Aprill as follows: 3 acres broaken up - £3, 11 rod fencing at 2s 6d - £1-7-6, 29 rod fencing at 14d - £p;1-14, ye house - £3-00, total - £9-01-6." ... The next four or five years of Henry's life are shrouded in mystery, chiefly because in 1650 the records of Stratford, Ct., were burned. It seems likely that he lived in New Haven Ct -- perhaps with his son John -- before moving to Stratford, where he resided in 1647, and till his death. ... Henry, his sons John and Judah, and many descendants for seven generations were makers of shoes -- predecessors of the present shoe manufacturers whose machinery has suceeded the hand. Some of them tanned their own leather. ... 1651 and 1652 in Stratford there were land records for Henry, ones that indicate that Henry had livestock, and perhap was somewhat favored because of his advancing years. Henry Gregory died probably in 1655, because under date of June 19 that year of the Fairfield Probate Records is "The Court orders that the estate of Henry Gregory shall be distributed as followeth: the debts shall be payed, then the remainder shall be distributed to his children, only the eldest sonn liveing shall have a dubble portion and he the said eldest sonn being John Gregory is appointed to Administer the estate according to the above distribution. William Hill, Secretary." Preceding this order on the same page is the inventory of Henry's personal estate, followed by the names of the appraisers -- John Wells and Thomas ffairchild. The writing at the top of the page was obliterated by ink. Following is the decipherable part: 5 Pillowes, all the wooden ware, 3 Chayres & 1 wheel, 1 pair Skales, some pewter ware - (blur) 00-04-, 2 Iron pots, 1 skillit - (blur) 1-02-, 2 axes 1 drawing knife 1 meat knife - 00-04-00, 2 spones - 00-00-08, all the books - 00-04-00, 1 howe 1 pot hanger - 00-03-00, 1 sieth 1 Iron ringe - 00-01-06, 3 pound of rosen 1 baskitt - 00-02-06, 1 maat - 00-01-00, 1 coat - 01-00-00, old pacede (not clear) & agg - 00-05-00, Pease & hopps - 00-08-00, Lasts - 00-01-06. Four shillings is not a heavy investment in books, but there were more than the family Bible.Children: 1. John (b.~1612-1615 Nottinghamshire, d.8/15/1689 Norwalk, CT, m.1635 Sarah St. John? (unproven), 7 children) 2. Perry/Perrie (female -- b.~1616-1619 Nottinghamshire, d.>1650 -- perhaps in England)(p.41) 3. Judah (b.~1620 Nottinghamshire, d.9/4/1649 Stratford, CT, m.6/20/1643 Sarah Burt, 2 children)(p.51, p.52) 4. Elizabeth (b. Nottinghamshire, d.1/24/1680-81, Norwalk, CT, m.1635 Richard Webb, 0 children)(p.41, p.42) 5. Elizaphatt (male -- likely died after 1655 since Henry's will suggests a second son living)(p.42) 6. Anne (bap. St. Peter's parish 1/29/1625 Nottinghamshire, d.1/15/1714 Oyster Bay, NY, m.1-1646 William Crooker, 2-1670 John Rogers, 4 children)(p.42, p.52, p.53) 7. Triphosa (bap 9/23/1627 Nottinghamshire, bur. 10/2/1629 Nottinghamshire)(p.42) 8. William (bap 6/271630 Nottinghamshire, bur. 8/6/1635 Nottinghamshire)(p.43) 9. Abigail (bap 3/17/1632 Nottinghamshire, bur. 3/25/1633 Nottinghamshire)(p.43) SECOND GENERATION

p.43, John I -- also see p.44, p.45, p.46, p.47, p.48, p.49, p.50, p.51. John Gregory was born probably in Nottinghamshire about 1612 to 1615. He married Sarah St. John? (unproven). (Note that while several Gregory genealogists list Sarah's maiden name as St. John, this is disputed by St. John genealogists who find no possible record for her.) At the settlement of his father's estate he was called the eldest "living" son. This implies an older brother, dead. Judah was dead, but the date of Judah's marriage makes it likely that he was younger than John. Perhaps John did not go with his father to Springfield, Mass. He may have been the John Gregory who was a proprietor in Duxbury, Mass., in 1638. The Plymouth County Records, Vol I and II say "John Gregory is granted six acres of land at West end of the New Field, and the next garden place above Robert Paddock." This date is Jan 7, 1838/39. A Plymouth deed dated Oct 26, 1640 adds that Andrew Ringe bought from Matthew ffuller the garden place in Plymouth and six acres in the New Field which Matthew had lately bought of John Gregory. New Field seems to have been in what is now the town of Barnstable. ... The earliest mention of John, son of Henry Gregory, is the following from the New Haven Colony records: "At a General Court held at New Haven 24 of ffeb 1644 (1644/45) Jer. Whinill, Thomas James, Robert Martin, John Gregory and John Meggs were admitted members of the Court." This means that they became free burgesses and were church members. That John had not long been in town is indicated by the absence of his name from a list of those who took the oath of fidelity July 1 preceding. He was a shoe manufacturer, tanner and sealer of leather ... May 35, 1646, June 6, 1848, Jan 31, 1647/48 - court appearances about shoemaking. ... John lived in the Yorkshire quarter of New Haven which was northerly from where the old Yale buildings now are. There had had a cottage and six acres, acquired probably from John Evance ... Mar 2, 1646/47. The "seating's in the meeting house" of March 10 1646/47 show that John was in the 8th seat on the men's side and S. (Sarah) Gregory on the 8th seat on the women's side. ... In that church were christened two of John's sons -- Joseph July 26, 1646 and Thomas, March 19, 1648/49. ... On Jan 8 1648/49 ... complaints about fences gone, mentioning John Gregory and four others. John sold his house and six acres to Thomas Wheeler ... June 6, 1654. Between his New Haven and Norwalk, Ct. residences, John Gregory lived in his father's town, Stratford, Ct. ... land record of 1653. ... The double home lot of John Gregory was on the west side of Main St., between South Ave., and Birdsey St. The home of P. G. Darling in 1931 stood on it. It was opposite a lot on which William Crooker, John's brother-in-law, lived. Probably his sister Elizabeth, and her husband Richard Webb, induced John to join in the "planting" of Norwalk, Ct -- and Sarah's father may well have been one of the Matthew/Matthias Sention names on the same monument (a variation of the St. John spelling). ... We first learn of the presence there of John Gregory from the record of a town meeting held Apr 24, 1654 ... As his home lot was "No 1" and four acres of it was an original grant to him there seems little doubt that his was one of the earliest families that planted the town -- in 1651. John in Norwalk held office almost continuously -- 1660 voted "constubull", 1657 townsman, 1665-66 1669 selectman, 1659 1662-3 1665 1667-72 1674-5 1677 1679-81 deputy of Colonial Court (legislature), 1659 cow herder, 1674 sealer of leather. John Gregory took a leading part in the movement that resulted in the founding of Newark NJ intending to live there ... John acquired numerous parcels of land including Gregory's Point, which extended into the harbor, southerly from his home. It was later, for many years, called Dorlon's Point, but now the original name again is used. It is owned by the Norwalk Country Club. ... The early church records of Norwalk were destroyed by rats; so we do not know much about John's religious activities. ... Next to the deacon's pew the most important place was the round seat. John and seven others occupied that, showing he was a cheerful giver. (See the Norwalk records that remain, mostly from town meetings.) In the year of his death, 1689, John gave to his five sons most of his lands by deed. One parcel to Thomas and Jachin was "to equalize them with" John and Joseph. He "sot" his hand to his will Aug 15, 1689, making a big shaky J. Earlier he had signed his name. His books valued at nearly £5 do not indicate illiteracy. He left all his cattle, chattels and movable goods in house and shop to his wife Sarah "to be hers to dispose of after my death according to her own will and discretion among the children." He gave her his book of accounts and what bills of debt were owing him, also all lands not disposed of by deeds of gift. The remaining land was to be sold and the proceeds given to the two daughters. James Benedict was to have as much as John Benedict, to whom had been deeded land. They were sons-in-law. This trust imposed in his wife indicates that she was the mother of all the children. The will was acknowledged Aug 21; presented for probate by the widow Oct 9, 1689. That latter day she signed with a mark her own short will. "I, Sarah Gregory, widow of John of Norwalk, do choose my beloved friends Mr. Thomas Hanford (the minister) and Sergt. John Plat to distribute to my children according to instruction and directions I have left in their hand as to pertickular movables." As to the rest they had full power. John Fitch and James Betts were witnesses. Nov 1 1689, the sons John, "Jakin," Judah, Joseph and Thomas, and John and James "Benedick," signed an agreement and declared themselves satisfied with the "bequeathment" of their mother. The Benedict boys received the seven and a half acres of Gregory's Point. The inventory of Sarah's estate was taken 28 Oct 1689, by John Platt, sr. and Chris. Comstock

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John Fielding Gregory's Timeline

December 16, 1615
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England
March 1634
Age 18
Nottinghamshire, England
July 26, 1636
Age 20
Age 24
Norwalk, Fairfield Co, Connecticut
Age 27
July 26, 1646
Age 30
Age 32
New Haven, New Haven Colony
Age 34
New Haven, New Haven Colony, (Present Connecticut)
August 15, 1689
Age 73
Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut, USA