John Johannes Hottel

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John Johannes Hottel (Hodel)

German: Johannes Hottel
Also Known As: "Johannes Hodel", "John"
Birthplace: Altishofen, Willisau District, Lucerne, Switzerland
Death: August 11, 1760 (79)
Toms Brook, Shenandoah County, Virginia, United States
Place of Burial: Mount Olive, Shenandoah County, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Hans Hodel and Marie Hodel
Husband of Elisabetha Margaretha Hottel and Maria Margaretha Hottel
Father of Anna Margaretha Hottel; Barbara Anna Keller; Charles Carl Hottel; George Jerrick Huddle, I; Catherine Elisabetha Hottel and 2 others
Brother of Anna Maria Wäller; Mathias Leontius Hottel; Verena Hoedl; Clara Hoedl; Lisabeth Pfister and 2 others

Occupation: Miller
Managed by: Kevin Lawrence Hanit
Last Updated:

About John Johannes Hottel

was of Swiss lineage, a Palatinate immigrant Find a grave memorial

They spent their early years in the region of Alsheim bei Gronau,in the Rhineland-pfalz(Palatinate),southwest of Manheim and nortwest Speyer.Two years after death of first wife he married the second one.In 1712 they had a 10-acre farm including a 1/4 acre vineyard.June or July 1732 left Rotterdam.Arrived 11 Sep 1732 in Philadelphia,Pa aboard the ship "Pennsylvania Merchant" with Jno Steadman,Master.Henrick/Heinrich Hodel and Jerick Hodel/Hottel may belong in here.John.

In 1750 this family and Bowmans were granted land in what was Frederick Co now Shenandoah Co. first grants being from Thomas,Lord Fairfax.The following is paraphrased from The History of the Descendants of John Hottel and The New Hottel History - George Line These books are available for purchase at the Hottel-Keller Memorial Museum website:

Johannes Hodel was very likely born in Switzerland in approximately 1685. He and his wife, Elizabetha, were married by 1712 and spent their early years together in Germany in the region of Alsheim bei Gronau, in the Rhineland-Pfalz (Palatinate), southwest of Manheim and northwest of Speyer. Although the tax record for 1722 listed the land as poor, Johannes and Elizabeth made their home on a 10-acre farm that included a 1/4-acre vineyard. The couple had four children:

  • Anna Barbara (English name: Barbara), born Dec. 2, 1713
  • Johann Carl (English name: Charles), born Oct. 25, 1718
  • Johann Georg (English name: George), born Apr. 4, 1722
  • Catharina Elisabetha (English name: Elizabeth), born Nov. 17, 1725

On Dec. 22, 1726, a year after her last child was born, Elisabetha died and was buried at the Reformed Church in Alsheim bei Gronau.Two years later, on June 23, 1728, Johannes married Maria Margaretha Steph Rheinwald (English name: Margaret) in the Reformed Church in Meckenheim, Germany. They had one son, Johannes (English name: John Jr.), born October 27, 1731.

The following spring, Johannes and his family traveled down the Rhine River to Rotterdam, where they lived for approximately 3 months while arranging passage to America. In June or July of 1732, the family boarded the Pennsylvania Merchant and sailed to the New World, arriving in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on September 11, 1732.Johannes purchased one hundred acres of land in Oley Township, Pennsylvania on February 22, 1734. On March 23, 1742, the land was repossessed after he was unable to keep up the payments.Early in this period, daughter Barbara married George Keller (who had arrived in Philadelphia on October 11, 1732) in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.In the early 1740s, sons Charles and George traveled to Virginia to look for new land to establish a family homestead. Having found that suitable lands were available, they returned to Pennsylvania to help their father and his family move to Virginia, including their sister, Barbara, and her husband, George Keller.In Virginia they moved onto these new lands, built their first homes and began farming, all before they received land grants in 1750, in what was then Frederic County (now Shenandoah County). The first of those land grants was received from Thomas, Lord Fairfax in 1750.

It is uncertain if John Jr. moved with them or stayed in Pennsylvania. We know that John Jr. married Mary Magdalene Musselman in 1748, in Pennsylvania, and they had two sons: Michael born c. 1750 and Samuel born c. 1752. John Jr. then died in the late 1750s, before his father's death in Virginia.

Johannes lived the remainder of his years in Virginia. He died in 1760.

The Northern Neck Proprietary

The following is an excerpt from The New Hottel History - George Line , researched by Gae Grinnan Ward, with additional information by Nelson S. Kibler.

In 1660 Charles Stuart II was restored to the throne of England. To the loyal seven friends who endured exile with him, Charles gave the Northern Neck Proprietary. The gift was some six million acres, "all that entire Tract of Land, portion, and Territory lying in America and bounded by and within the heads of ... Rappahanocke and Patawmoeck Rivers, the Courses of said Rivers and Chesapayoake Bay."

Within a twenty-year period, Lord Culpeper (one of the ?loyal seven?) had bought out the interest of the six other Proprietors, becoming the sole Proprietor of the Northern Neck. In 1710, his widowed daughter Catherine, Lady Fairfax, inherited the Proprietorship of the Northern Neck. During the time she was Proprietor, Lady Fairfax received 425 pounds sterling annually in quitrents from Virginia. After the death of Catherine, Lady Fairfax, in 1719, the Proprietorship of the Northern Neck passed on to her son Thomas, Sixth Lord Fairfax.

At the time of the establishment of the Propriety, the Northern Neck of Virginia extended from the Chesapeake Bay to the headwaters of the Potomac and the Rappahannock rivers, a land mass area of about one million acres. Patents (grants of land) were issued by the Proprietors? agent in the colony and were approved on a kind of ?lease-hold? basis (tenants). The leaseholder was required to pay the Proprietors a fee (quitrent) in money or a commodity, as stated in the Patent Grant. Quitrents were paid to the agent of the Proprietors? annually on St. Michaelmas Day, the 29th of September.

In 1746 at the age of fifty-three, Thomas Lord Fairfax established his primary residence, Greenway Court Manor, in the Shenandoah Valley. From here he managed his vast, feudal Northern Neck holdings until his death in 1781. Lord Fairfax was not after quick wealth. He wanted guaranteed annual incomes that would go on benefiting Fairfaxes forever. For this reason he leased his land under two types of Patents. The first type was for 21 years at one shilling a year per each hundred acres. The second type was a ?three lives? lease (the lifetime of usually the husband, wife and youngest son). No quitrents were due the first year and thereafter the annual fee was minimal. The Patent required the leaseholder to build a cabin with a masonry chimney, fence and cultivate land and plant fruit trees.

After the death of Thomas Lord Fairfax in 1781, his vast Virginia holdings were inherited by his nephew, the Rev. Denny Martin, who lived in England. The Virginia government seized this opportunity to end the one hundred and twenty-one year feudal system of the Northern Neck Proprietary and started selling Fairfax-Martin lands to the leaseholders. Rev. Martin filed suit against Virginia to stop the selling of his land. This general confusion caused the leaseholders to stop paying quitrents and to form a ?Free State,? refusing to deal with Martin, Virginia, or any authority whatsoever. The suits went on for years. The end result was the private ownership of the great Fairfax domain.

John Huddle received a grant for 341 acres in Frederick County (now Shenandoah), Virginia ?whereon he lives? from Thomas Lord Fairfax in 1750. A portion of this document is shown below.

In his will, proved on 5 November 1760, John divided his estate between his son George and son-in-law, George Keller at the death of his wife Margaret. This indicated that John had a Twenty-one Year Lease. As assignees of John Huddle?s land, the quitrents would have been paid until the formation of the ?Free State.?

George Huddell was named in the suit, Hite vs. Lord Fairfax, dated 2 August 1750 as he had claimed land under Hite[1]. George received his first grant from Thomas Lord Fairfax for 400 acres ?whereon he lives? adjacent to John Huddle on Toms Brook and Funk?s Mill Run. Until 1772, George received grants from Fairfax for a total of 1,853 acres. His will was proved on 26 April 1787. His estate was divided between the three sons of his deceased eldest son John and his other children. George paid his quitrents until the formation of the ?Free State.?

George Keller received his first grant from Thomas Lord Fairfax in 1750 for 400 acres ?whereon he lives.? Until 1772, George received grants from Fairfax for a total of 608 acres. His will was proved on 28 March 1783 and indicates that his grants were the Three Lives Lease. George paid his quitrents probably until his death as the ?Free State? was formed about that time.

The agrarian background of the Germanic settlers on Lord Fairfax?s land would not allow them to become in arrears in their yearly quitrents. If the rents were not paid, they were evicted from the land, loosing everything they worked so hard to gain.

In addition to the dispute between Hite and Lord Fairfax, there was a dispute between the King and Virginia. Lieutenant Governor Gooche reckoned the sources of the Rappahannoc and the Potomac much narrower than Lord Fairfax, some five million acres less. To settle this dispute, the King ordered the appointment of commissioners for his lordship and the colony to select surveyors to run the lines and trace the disputed Shenandoah Valley boundaries on the ground. The survey started on the eastern side of the Blue Ridge and ran a line across the Shenandoah Valley through the mountains to the source of the Potomac. Colonel Peter Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson's father, was among the surveyors.

Lord Fairfax's claim amounted to twelve percent of the Colony of Viriginia. He appointed land agents and county surveyors to mark out the Fairfax holdings in the Shenandoah Valley. George Washington joined the ranks of men doing the survey. It was Washington's first frontier experience and he recorded his impressions in a journal. The Valley settlers were not cooperative. They did not want to pay Lord Fairfax for land they had already bought from Virginia. They pulled up stakes, snagged survey chains and did what they could to disrupt the work. Washington wrote, "I really think they seemed to be as Ignorant a Set of People as the Indians, they would never speak English but when spoken to they speak all Dutch..."

According to Daniel Bly, a researcher who specializes in old German records, posting at:

Johannes Hodel and Elizabetha lived at Alsheim-bei-Gronau in the German Rhineland from at least 1712 to 1726, when Elisabetha died 21 Dec. 1726. Johannes then married Margaretha Steffe, widow of Casper Rheinwald at nearby Meckenheim and lived there until they came to America in 1732.

Johannes and Elisabetha had: 1-Anna Barbara, b. Dec. 1713- m. Geo. Keller. 2-Johann Carl (Charles), b. Nov. 1718, married Barbara Funk in Virginia. 3-Johann Georg (George), b. 12 Apr. 1722. lived in Virginia but wife not known. 4-Catherine Elisabetha, b. 25 Nov. 1725.

George's son Henry was born in Virginia about 1748, married Anna Christina Hammann, daughter of Johann Jacob Hamman and Anna Margaretha who came from Lachen, Germany, very near Alsheim and Meckenheim. George and Anna Christina had ten children; Among them:Frederick Hottel, born 21 Sept. 1791, d. 1834 in Ohio Henry, father of Frederick died in Rockingham Co. Va. in late 1816. He was a miller by trade.

The original Swiss name is Hodel-- Johannes was probably born in Switzerland. In America the name became Huddle, Hottel nd Hottle. There is a Hottel Family Association and they recently published an update of the descendants of George Hottel.

Write to Hottel-Keller Memorial Inc. P. O. Box 33, Toms Brook, Va. 22660 also they have a news letter write to Gary Meeds 7404 Gatewood Court Alexandria, Va. 22307-2026 email-- lampliter@aol.comJohannes Hodel was born in the Rhineland-Pfalz (Palatinate) southwest of the city of Mannheim and northwest of the city of Speyer in present day Rodersheim-Gronau. His married father was possibly persecuted and exiled from Switzerland. He had a small farm and a small vinyard.

Kirchenbuch Alsheim Bei Gronau Reformed:The German language versions were provided by Herr Roland Paul, associate director of the Institut fur Pfalziche Gesch ichte und Volksunde in Kaiserslauten, Germany. They came from the original church records of the Reformed Church in Alsheim bei Gronau in the Palatinate of Germany. Herr Paul translated the German to English.The original translation of Herr Paul was provided on 25 July 1995. He read the information directly from the old church records as if he were reading the printed text.Some further insights were provided by Herr Paul:He said that the Hodel family was obviously well respected in their community. He based this on the stature of the people who were godparents of his children (i.e, a court recorder, a well respected businessman (the cooper), and the mayor). He said that were they just ordinary people, none of those people would have consented to be the godparents.He said the godfather of Johann Carl, Johann Carl Wolff was well respected as indicated by the word Herr before his name.

1713 born on 5th December on the 10th of December was baptized a young daughter named Anna Barbara, the father was Johannes Hodel, the mother Elisabetha, Godparents were Andreas Hodel and Anna Barbara Schmukerin from Fridelsheim.

1718 On the 2nd of November was baptized a young son, named Johann Carl, the father was Johannes Hodel, the mother Elisabetha, Godparents were Mr. Johann Carl Wolff, the present Clerk of the Court here (Alsheim) and Mrs. Catharina Mehnin.

1722 On the 12th of April was baptized a young son, named Johann Georg, the father was Johannes Hodel, the mother Elisabetha, Godparents were Johann Georg Schruger, cooper (barrelmaker) at Fridelsheim and Eva Cathearina his wife. 1725 On the 25th of November was baptized a young daughter, named Catharina Elisabetha, the father was Johannes Hodel, the mother Elisabetha, Godparents were, Mr. Jean Michet the present mayor here (Alsheim) and Catharina his wife.

1727 On the 22nd of November was Johannes Hodel's wife, Elisabetha buried, her age 40 years, 3 months, and 14 days.

On 23 June 1728, Johannes Hodel married Maria Margaretha Steph, daughter of Johannes Steph, and the widow of Caspar Rhinewald, at Meckenheim, about three miles south of the village of Alsheim in the Rhine Pfalz (Palatinate) Region of Germany.

On June 1732, they left Rotterdam on the ship Pennsylvania, John Stedman, Master. He arrived at Philadelphia on 11 September 1732, aged 46. He lived 18 years in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. (30,000 Names of German and Swiss Immigrants; Rupp, p. 73) , Palantines imported in the ship Pennsylvania, Jno Stedman, Master, from Rotterdam, last from Plymouth, seventy three males above sixteen; women and children, of both sexes and different ages, ninety eight; in all one hundred and seventy one. Johannes Hottel, Under sixteen; George Hottel, Heinrich Hottel, Johannes Hottel. (Pennsylvania Archives, Series 7, Volume, p. 45; List of Passengers imported in the Ship Pennsylvania, John Stedman, Master, from Rotterdam, last from Plymouth. Qualified Sept. 11, 1732, Johannes Hoorle.)

The original list is Herewith Published:

Johannes Hottle

Women and Children:

Margaret Holltle, Carl Hottel, Hendrik Hottel, Anna Hottel, Jerick Hottel, Johannes Hottel. John and Margaret Hottel came from Bucks County to Tom's Brook, Shennandoah County, Pennsylvania in 1750. They had sons John and Henry, who remained in Pennsylvania, leaving descendants near Allentown and Philadelphia; Charles and George, ancestors of Shenandoah Valley and western

John Hottel was born Johannes Hodel about 28 June 1681, and baptized on 6 July 1681, in the village of Altishofen, about 20 miles northwest of Luzern, in the middle of Switzerland, the third child of Hans Hodel and his wife, Marie Trachsler, both born in that same place.

As a married adult, Johannes Hodel was a small farm owner in Germany, with about ten acres of land, including the start of a vineyard, near the village of Alsheim bei Gronau. Alsheim is southwest of Ludwigshafen & Mannheim, west of Heidelberg, northwest of Speyer, and east of Kaiserslautern. The ruins of Gronau Castle are just outside the village of Alsheim---hence "bei Gronau."

Johannes Hodel married first to Elisabetha, born about September 8, 1686; she bore him four children: Barbara, Charles, George, & Elizabeth, before she died on December 21, 1726, and was buried at Alsheim bei Gronau on December 22, aged 40 years, 3 months, 14 days.

Johannes Hodel married second on June 23, 1728 to Maria Margaretha "Margaret", widow of Caspar Rheinwald, and daughter of Johannes Steph. She had one son from her first marriage: Johann Heinrich Rheinwald.

John & Margaret Hottel had one son, Johannes, shortly before they emigrated to America. The family then consisted of Johannes, 51, his wife Margaret, 30, his children: Barbara, 19, Charles, 14, George, 10, baby John, 1, and Margaret's son from her first marriage: Henry, 7. They probably traveled by boat down the Rhine River to Rotterdam. There they boarded the ship "Pennsylvania Merchant," probably in June 1732. They landed in Colonial America at Port Philadelphia on September 11, 1732, the year George Washington, father of our country, was born. The spelling of the family name was changed when they came to America simply because they sailed on a ship of English registry, where the clerk responsible for listing the passengers spoke no German. He wrote what he thought he heard these German passengers saying, and so Johannes Hodel became John Hottel. They settled for a while in the northern part of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, then followed the trail of many others down into the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, not later than 1745. They were active members of the Reformed or Lutheran faith.

The location of John Hottel's grave in Keller Cemetery is no longer known; but a descendent, John T. Hottel & his family, erected a new memorial monument in the cemetery. It was dedicated on September 11, 1982, 250 years to the day since the Hottel family arrived in America from Europe.

Please view the family website at

Johannes was living, as an adult in Alsheim bei Gronau, a small German town southwest of Mannheim. With his first wife, Elisabetha, he had four children: Anna Barbara, Johann Carl, Johann Georg and Catharina Elisabetha. His wife died after the birth of their daughter, Elisabetha. The children were ages 13, 8, 4 and 13 months. After her death Johannes remarried a widow, Marie Margaretha (steph) Rheinwald and they had a son, Johannes.

They left Alsheim and traveled down the Rhine River to Rotterdam. From here they boarded the Pennsylvania Merchant, which sailed about June or July 1732 arriving in Philadelphia on 11 September 1732. They lived in northern Bucks County, Pennsylvania for 18 years.

In 1750 Johannes, his wife Margaret, their daughter Barbara and her husband George Keller, as well as sons Charles and George moved to Mt. Olive, Shenandoah County, Virginia.

Their youngest son Johannes remained in Pennsylvania.

view all 16

John Johannes Hottel's Timeline

June 28, 1681
Altishofen, Willisau District, Lucerne, Switzerland
July 6, 1681
Altishofen, Willisau District, Lucerne, Switzerland
December 2, 1713
Alsheim, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
October 25, 1718
Alzheim, Mayen, Mayen-Koblenz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
April 4, 1722
Gronau, Bensheim, Darmstadt, Hessen, Germany
November 17, 1725
Bei, Gronau,, Alsheim, RP, Germany
October 27, 1731
Bucks,, Bucks County, PA, United States