John Lackland, King of England

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John "Lackland" Plantagenet, King of England

Also Known As: "Johan sanz Terre", "Lackland", "Softsword", "Jean sans Terre", "Sword of Lat", "Soft-sword"
Birthplace: Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England
Death: Died in Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England
Place of Burial: Plot: The Quire, Worcester Cathedral, Worcester, Worcestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry II "Curtmantle", king of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, queen of France and England
Husband of Isabella of Gloucester and Isabelle of Angoulême, Queen Consort of England
Partner of Clementia le Boteler, Concubine of John "Lackland"; Agatha de Ferrers; Adella Plantagenet / Angevin, Concubine #1 of John "Lackland" of England; Clementia Pinel Concubine #2 of John "Lackland" of England; Hawise FitzWarin, Mistress of John "Lackland" and 2 others
Father of Henry III of England; Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall; Isabella of England, Holy Roman Empress; Eleanor of Leicester, Countess of Pembroke & Leicester; Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland and 12 others
Brother of Henry "The Young King"; Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony; Richard "the Lionheart", king of England; Philip, Prince of England; Eleanor of England, Queen consort of Castile and 3 others
Half brother of Marie Capet de France, comtesse de Champagne; Alice Alix de France de France, Comtesse de Blois; Geoffrey, Archbishop of York; William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury; Morgan, bishop of Durham and 2 others

Occupation: King of England
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About John Lackland, King of England

alternate birth location details

Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England

several sources also give his birth year as 1167

other possible death date ; 19 October 1216


From Medlands:

JOHN, son of HENRY II King of England & his wife Eléonore Dss d'Aquitaine (Beaumont Palace, Oxford 24 Dec 1166 or 1167-Newark Castle, Lincolnshire 18/19 Oct 1216, bur Worcester Cathedral[551]). The primary sources are contradictory regarding John´s year of birth. Robert of Torigny records the birth "1167…in vigilia Natalis Domini" of "Johannis filius regis Anglorum"[552]. Ralph de Diceto´s Abbreviationes Chronicorum record in 1166 that “Alienor regina” gave birth to “filium...Johannem”[553]. Matthew Paris records that “Alienor Anglorum regina” gave birth to “filium…Johannes”, stating neither the place nor the precise date but the passage is located in the middle of text which records events in 1166[554]. The Annals of Burton record the birth of “Regina…Johannem filium suum” in 1166[555]. The Annals of Dunstable record the birth of “Alienor…filium Johannem” at the end of the paragraph dealing with events in 1165 and immediately before the start of the paragraph for 1167, although it is likely that 1166 was intended as the text includes no separate entry for that year[556]. John was designated King of Ireland in 1177. Created Comte de Mortain 1189. His lands were placed under interdict by Baldwin Archbishop of Canterbury because of his first marriage[557]. He succeeded his brother Richard I in 1199 as JOHN King of England, crowned London 27 May 1199[558] and again 8 Oct 1200 with his second wife at Westminster Abbey[559]. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the coronation "VI Kal Jul" at Westminster Abbey in [1199] of "Johannes dominus Hiberniæ"[560]. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death "XV Kal Nov" [1216] of King John and his burial "Wignorniæ"[561]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “apud Newerk in crastino Sanctæ Luciæ virginis” in 1216 of “Johannes rex Angliæ”[562].

Betrothed (Auvergne 1173 before 2 Feb) to ALIX de Maurienne, daughter of HUMBERT III Comte de Maurienne & his third wife Klementia von Zähringen ([1166]-1174). The marriage contract between "Johanni filio Henrici…regis Angliæ" and "Humbertus comes Mauriensis et marchio Italiæ…filia…primogenita…Aalis" is dated 1173[563]. Ralph de Diceto´s Ymagines Historiarum record in 1173 the betrothal of “Henricus rex Angliæ, Johanni filio suo cognomento sine terra” and “septenni filiam primogenitam Humberti comitis de Moriana...ex relicta Henrici Saxonis ducis”[564]. Her parentage is specified by Matthew Paris when he records this betrothal. Although he does not give her first name, he calls her "filia primogenita"[565]. Benedict of Peterborough records the betrothal of "Humbertus comes de Mauriana…Aalis filiam suam majoram" and "rex…Johannis filii sui iunioris" at "Alvernium…Montem Ferratum" in 1173 before 2 Feb, and the agreement whereby John would inherit the county of Maurienne if Humbert had no sons by his wife[566].

m firstly (Betrothed 1176, Marlborough Castle 29 Aug 1189, divorced before 30 Aug 1199) as her first husband, ISABEL [Avise] Countess of Gloucester, daughter of WILLIAM FitzRobert Earl of Gloucester & his wife Havise de Beaumont ([before 1176]-14 Oct or [18 Nov] 1217, bur Canterbury Cathedral Church). An anonymous continuation of the Chronicle of Robert of Mont-Saint-Michel records (in order) "Comitissa Ebroicensis…uxor Guillelmi Comitis de Clara, tertia…in manu Dei et domini Regis" as the three daughters left by "Guillelmus Comes Glocestriæ" when he died[567]. The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Mabiliam comiti de Evereis in Normannia nuptam…Amiciam…Isabellam” as the three daughters of “comes Willielmus” and his wife, adding that Isabel married “Henricus rex…Johanni filio suo”[568]. Benedict of Peterborough records the betrothal in 1176 of "Johannem filium regis minimum" and "Willelmus filius Roberti filii regis Henrici primi comes Gloucestriæ…filiam ipsius comitis" and the agreement whereby John would inherit the county of Gloucester[569]. Her marriage is recorded by Matthew Paris, who specifies that it took place despite the prohibition of Baldwin Archbishop of Canterbury on the grounds of consanguinity, although he does not name her[570]. Benedict of Peterborough records the marriage in 1189 of "Johannes frater ducis [Normanniæ]" and "filiam comitis Gloucestriæ" at "Marlebegam IV Kal Sep"[571]. The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records that "comes Johannes frater eius [rege Ricardo]" married "filiam comitis Glocestriæ"[572]. The primary source which confirms her name as Isabelle has not yet been identified. She was recognised as Ctss of Gloucester in her own right from her marriage in [1189]. Matthew Paris records that the king divorced "uxorem suam Hawisam comitis Gloverniæ filiæ" [in 1200 from the context] because “affines erant in tertio gradu consanguinitatis”[573]. The Annales Londonienses record the divorce in 1200 of King John and "Hawysiam filiam comitis Gloverniæ", stating that they were "in tertio gradu consanguinitatis"[574]. King John appears to have kept her as a state prisoner after their divorce, but retained her title even after her nephew Amaury de Montfort was installed as Earl of Gloucester in 1199[575]. The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the second marriage of “Isabellam” and “Galfrido de Mandevile comiti Essexiæ”, and her third marriage to “Huberto de Burgo justiciario Angliæ”[576]. Her lands and title were confiscated on the death of her second husband, who died a rebel. She married secondly ([16/26] Jan 1214) as his second wife, Geoffrey de Mandeville Earl of Essex, and thirdly ([Sep] 1217) as his second wife, Hubert de Burgh, who was created Earl of Kent in 1227. The Annals of Waverley record the death in 1217 of “Isabel comitissa Gloucestriæ”[577]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Johannam comitissam Gloucestriæ” died “paucos dies” after her marriage to “Hubertus de Burgo justiciarius Angliæ” and was buried “apud Cantuarium”[578].

Betrothed (early 1193) to ALIX de France, daughter of LOUIS VII King of France & his second wife Infanta doña Constanza de Castilla ([4 Oct] 1160-after 1200). Kerrebrouck states that Richard I King of England arranged the betrothal of Alix, to whom he had earlier been betrothed himself, to his younger brother John in early 1193[579], but the primary source which confirms this information has not been identified. She returned to France in Aug 1195.

m secondly (Bordeaux Cathedral 24 Aug 1200) as her first husband, ISABELLE d’Angoulême, daughter of AYMAR “Taillefer” Comte d’Angoulême & his wife Alix de Courtenay ([1187]-Fontevrault Abbey 31 May 1246, bur Fontevrault Abbey). The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage "IX Kal Sep" [1200] of King John and "Isabellam filiam Engolisimi comitis" and their coronation together "VIII Id Oct" in London[580]. Matthew Paris records that the king "consilio regis Francorum" married “Isabel filiam comitis Engolismi...Hugo cognomento Brunus comes Marchiæ” in 1200 and her consecration as queen “dominica proxima ante festum Sancti Dionisii apud Westmonasterium” [8 Oct], in a later passage specifying that King John arrived at Dover from France “VIII Id Oct” before their joint coronation at Westminster[581]. She succeeded her father in 1202 as Ctss d’Angoulême, but was not formally recognised as such until Nov 1206. She married secondly (10 Mar/22 May 1220) Hugues [XI] de Lusignan Comte de la Marche. Her origin is confirmed in the charter dated 1224 under which "Ugo de Leziniaco comes Marchiæ et Engolismæ et Ysabella uxor eius…regina Angliæ" confirmed rights granted by "bonæ memoriæ Ademaro comite Engolismæ patre eiusdem dominæ Ysabellæ" to Vindelle[582]. Matthew Paris records her death, when he specifies that she was the wife of Hugues Comte de la Marche[583].

Mistress (1): --- de Warenne, daughter of HAMELIN d´Anjou Earl of Surrey & his [second] wife Isabel de Warenne of Surrey (-[killed 1200]). According to Given-Wilson & Curteis[584], one of the mistresses of King John was the "sister of William de Warenne" but the authors do not specify which sister she was. The Chronicle of Robert of Gloucester names "Richard fiz le rei…Ion" and "the erles daughter of Wareine" his mother[585]. The Annales Cestrienses record in 1200 that “W. de Waren meunch fil Regis” was killed[586]. Christie suggests that one possibility is that “meunch” in this source may represent a contraction of “mater Richardi”, another possibility being that it represents “avunculus” and that the entry refers to the death of William de Warenne (although if that is correct, the date makes little sense)[587].

Mistress (2): CLEMENTIA, daughter of ---. The Annals of Tewkesbury names “reginæ Clemenciæ” as the mother of “domina Johanna Walliæ, uxor Lewelini, filia regis Johannis” when recording her daughter´s death[588]. Weir names “Henry Pinel” as Clementia´s husband[589]. The primary source which confirms this information has not been identified. The suspicion is that it relates to a possible identification of Clementia herself as “Clementia wife of Henry Pinel” but that there is no basis for saying definitively that the husband of King John´s mistress was Henry Pinel.

Mistress (3): HAWISE, daughter of ---. Given-Wilson & Curteis name “Hawise” as the mother of King John´s son Oliver, adding that “she had some claim to land in Kent and it is possible that she was a Tracy”[590]. The primary source which confirms this information has not been identified.

Mistress (4): SUSANNA, daughter of ---. Given-Wilson & Curteis record that she was given a "tunic and super-tunic" in 1213[591]. The primary source which confirms her name and relationship with King John has not yet been identified.

Mistresses (5) - (12): ---. The names of the other mistresses of King John are not known. King John & his second wife had five children:

1. HENRY (Winchester Castle 1 Oct 1207-Palace of Westminster 16 Nov 1272, bur Westminster Abbey). Matthew Paris records that "Isabel Anglorum regina" gave birth “in die sancti Remigii” 1207 to “Johanni regi filium suum primogenitum...Henricus”[592]. He succeeded his father 28 Oct 1216 as HENRY III King of England.


2. RICHARD (Winchester Castle 5 Jan 1209-Berkhamstead Castle, Herts 2 Apr 1272, bur Hayles Abbey, Gloucestershire). The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the birth in 1209 of "Ricardus secundus filius regis"[593]. Matthew Paris records that "Isabel Anglorum regina" gave birth in 1208 to “Johanni regi filium legitimum...Ricardum”[594]. He was designated Comte de Ponthieu before 14 Aug 1225, and created Earl of Cornwall 30 May 1227.

3. JOAN of England (22 Jul 1210-Havering-atte-Bower, Essex 4 Mar 1238, bur Tarrant Crawford Abbey, Dorset[595]). The Annals of Worcester record the birth “die Sanctæ Mariæ Magdalenæ” in 1210 of “regi filia Johanna”[596]. King John confirmed the proposed marriage of "Johannam filiam suam genitam de Ysabell uxore sua, filia com Engolism" to "Hugonis de Lysuinan fil H com Marchie" by charter dated 29 Sep 1214[597]. Matthew Paris records her marriage, specifying that she was the sister of King Henry III[598]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “regi Scotiæ” married “rege…sororem suam” in 1221, specifying that she was eleven years old at the time and had previously been betrothed to “Hugoni Brun”[599]. The marriage contract between “Alexando...Regi Scotiæ” and “Rex...Johannam primogenitam sororem nostram” is dated 15 Jun 1220[600]. The Annales Londonienses record the death in 1238 of "Johanna regina regis Scotiæ, soror regis Anglorum" while on a visit to her brother in England and her burial "IV Non Mar"[601]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “apud Haveringes III Non Mar” of “regina Scotiæ soror regis Angliæ” and her burial “apud Tarentune monialium”[602]. Betrothed (29 Sep 1214) to HUGUES [XI] de Lusignan Comte de la Marche, son of HUGUES [X] "le Brun" Sire de Lusignan, Comte de la Marche & his first wife --- (-1249 after 15 Jan, bur Abbaye de Valence). He succeeded in 1220 as Comte d'Angoulême. m (contract 15 Jun 1220, York Minster 18 or 25 Jun 1221) as his first wife, ALEXANDER II King of Scotland, son of WILLIAM I “the Lion” King of Scotland & his wife Ermengarde de Beaumont (Haddington, East Lothian 24 Aug 1198-Isle of Kerrara, Bay of Oban 6 Jul 1249, bur Melrose Abbey, Roxburghshire).

4. ISABELLA of England (1214-Foggia near Naples 1 Dec 1241, bur Bari). Matthew Paris records her marriage, specifying that she was the sister of King Henry III[603]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Fredericus imperator Alemanniæ” married “Ysabellam filiam Johannis regis Angliæ” in 1235, her dowry being 30,000 marcs of silver[604]. The Annales Erphordenses record the marriage "1235 XVII Kal Aug" at Worms of "sororem Regis Anglie" and the emperor[605]. Her marriage was arranged by her future husband to drive a wedge between England and the Welf faction in Germany, long time allies[606]. She was granted the castle of Monte Sant'Angelo by her husband on her marriage, and crowned empress 20 Jul 1235 at Worms Cathedral. After her marriage, her husband confined her to one of his castles in Sicily where she was guarded by eunuchs. The Annales Londonienses record the death in 1241 of "Isabella imperatrix, soror regis Angliæ"[607]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “circa festum sancti Nicholai” in 1241 of “Johanna imperatrix” and her burial “apud Barensem urbem”[608]. She died in childbirth[609]. m (Betrothed London Feb 1235, Worms Cathedral 15 or 20 Jul 1235) as his third wife, Emperor FRIEDRICH II, son of Emperor HEINRICH VI & his wife Constanza of Sicily (Iesi, Ancona 26 Dec 1194-Castel Fiorentino near Lucera, Foggia 13 Dec 1250, bur 25 Feb 1251 Palermo cathedral). 5. ELEANOR of England (1215-convent of the sisters of St Dominic, near Montargis 13 Apr 1275). The Annals of Dunstable record that “Willelmus Marscallus junior” married “sororem Henrici regis Angliæ” in 1225, recorded as the first event in that year[610]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the marriage in 1224 of “soror regis Henrici” and “juveni Marescallo”[611]. She is recorded as "Pembrocensis comitissa" (not named), sister of Isabella, by Matthew Paris[612]. He names her as daughter of King John in a later passage which records her second marriage with "Simon de Monteforti", specifying that she was "relictam Willelmi Marescalli comitis de Penbrochia"[613]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the marriage “XIX Kal Feb in parvula capella regis apud Westmonasterium” of “soror regis Angliæ uxor quondam junioris Marscalli” and “Symoni de Monteforti”[614]. The Annales Cambriæ record that "Simon de Monteforti" married "Alienoram comitissam Penbrok" in 1238[615]. She became a nun after the death of her first husband, taking a vow of perpetual celibacy. This was not a canonical impediment to her second marriage, her second husband obtaining Papal absolution in Rome for the marriage[616]. She retired once more as a nun at Montargis (a cell of the abbey of Fontevraud) after her second husband was killed[617]. A writ dated 3 Jun "3 Edw I", following the death of "Eleanor countess of Leicester late the wife of William Marescal earl of Pembroke" related to "Kemesing manor...Neubiri manor" held in dower by the deceased from her first husband, adjudged to “Roger le Bygot earl of Norfolk and marshal of England one of the heirs of Walter le Marescal brother and heir of the said William...Roger de Mortuo Mari and Maud his wife, Eudo la Zuche and Milicent his wife, John de Hastingges and Humphrey de Boun heirs of Eva de Breuhus a sister and heir of the said Walter...Agnes de Vescy, Emery de Rupe Cauardi and Maud his wife, William de Mohun, John de Mohun, Agatha de Mortuo Mari and John de Boun heirs of Sibyl de Ferrariis another sister and heir of the said Walter...William de Valencia and Joan his wife an heir of the said Walter”[618]. m firstly (23 Apr 1224) as his second wife, WILLIAM Marshal Earl of Pembroke, son of WILLIAM Marshal Earl of Pembroke & his wife Isabel de Clare Ctss of Pembroke (Normandy [1190]-6 Apr 1231, bur 15 Apr 1231 Temple Church, London). No children. m secondly (King’s Chapel, Palace of Westminster 7 Jan 1238525) SIMON de Montfort, son of SIMON de Montfort Earl of Leicester & his wife Alice de Montmorency (1208-killed in battle Evesham 4 Aug 1265, bur Evesham). He left in England for Rome in 1238, while his wife remained at Kenilworth[619].

King John had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 6. RICHARD FitzJohn [Fitzroy] (-[1245/46]). The Chronicle of Robert of Gloucester names "Richard fiz le rei…Ion" and "the erles daughter of Wareine" his mother[620]. King John granted "terram…Roes de Dover uxorem suam…castro illo de Chilleha" to "Ric filio nostro" by order dated 11 Jul 1214[621]. "William Briwere" was ordered to deliver to "Richard the king´s son all the lands which fell to Rose his wife hereditarily"[622]. He was a captain in King John's army during the baronial revolt. He fought the invasion of Louis de France in 1217[623]. Lord of Chilham, Kent, de iure uxoris. Henry III King of England granted exemptions to "Ricardo filio Regis" in respect of "castrum suum de Chileham" dated 21 Jun 1217[624]. Bracton notes a claim, dated 1227, by "Ricardus filius Reg et Roysia uxor eius" against "Robertum filium Walteri" for land "in Lesnes" of which "Roysia de Douera avia ipsius Roysie" was seised[625]. Henry III King of England granted "to Richard de Dovor his cousin…the custody of the lands which belonged to Geoffrey de Costentyn in Ireland" by charter dated 11 Jun 1244[626]. Matthew Paris records the deaths of "Ricardi filii Rogeri [maybe error for "Regii"] de Chilham, Ricardi de Dover filii eius" among those who died in 1245[627]. m (before 11 Jul 1214) as her first husband, ROHESE de Dover, daughter and heiress of FULBERT de Dover of Chilham, Kent & his wife Isabel Briwere ([1204/05]-[1264/65]). King John granted "terram…Roes de Dover uxorem suam…castro illo de Chilleha" to "Ric filio nostro" by order dated 11 Jul 1214[628]. Bracton records a claim, dated 1230, by "Matillis de Lucy, Ricardus filius Reginaldi [error for "Regis", probably incorrectly extended to Reginaldi from Regi?] et Roysa uxor eius" against "Robertum Yellestede" concerning "terre…in Neutona", which records the claimants´ ancestry "Galfrido…filio et heredi suo…et de predicto Galfrido…Herberto…filio et heredi suo et de predicto Herberto Matillidi et Royse sororibus" and "de predicta Roysa…Foberto filio suo et de predicto Foberto isti Royse…filie et heredi suo"[629]. She married secondly (after 14 Jul 1250) William de Wilton. The Pipe Rolls record in 1258 that "Willelmus de Wilton" married "Roesiam de Douor que fuit uxor Ricardi de Chileham"[630]. A writ following the death of "Richard de Dovor and Rose his wife" names "Richard son of Richard de Dovor, aged 21 on the eve of the Purification" as heir[631]. Richard & his wife had three children

King John had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (2): 7. JOAN (-30 Mar 1237). King John confirmed "castrum de Ellesmara" to "Lewelino principi Norwallie in maritagium cum Johanna filia nostra" by charter dated 16 Apr 1205[642]. Her husband sent her to make peace with the king her father in 1211 when the latter was attacking North Wales. She was legitimated in 1226: Pope Honorius III gave dispensation to “Joan wife of Leuwelin prince of North Wales, daughter of king John declaring her legitimate, but without prejudice to the king or realm of England”, dated 29 Apr 1226[643]. She and her son David did homage to King Henry III in 1229[644]. The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales records that "William Bruse was hanged by Llywelyn son of Iorewerth, having been caught in the chamber of the prince with the princess Jannet, daughter of King John and wife of the prince" in 1230[645]. The Annales Cambriæ record the death in 1237 of "domina Johanna filia regis Angliæ et uxor Lewilini principis Walliæ" and her burial "apud Haber"[646]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “III Kal Apr” in 1236 of “domina Johanna Walliæ, uxor Lewelini, filia regis Johannis et reginæ Clemenciæ”[647]. The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales records that "Dame Joan daughter of king John and the wife of Llywelyn son of Iorwerth" died in Feb 1237 "at the court of Aber and was buried in a new cemetery on the side of the strand which Howel bishop of Llanelwy had consecrated"[648]. m (1205) as his second wife, LLYWELLYN ap Iorwerth Fawr ("the Great") Prince of North Wales, son of IORWERTH Drwyndwyn ("flat nose") Prince of Gwynedd & his wife Marared of Powys ([1173]-1240).

King John had one illegitimate son by Mistress (3):

8. OLIVER (-killed at siege of Damietta 1219, bur Westminster Abbey). The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d´Angleterre names "Oliviers li fils le roi Jehan de bas"[649]. He fought against Louis of France during the latter's invasion in 1216/17. He was granted the castle of Tonge, the manor of Erdington and the estate of Hamedon by his half-brother King Henry III. Henry III King of England granted "terris Petri filii Herberti" to "fratri nostro Olivero filio Regis" dated 20 Mar 1217[650]. He joined the Fifth Crusade in 1218[651]. Matthew Paris records, in 1218, the arrival at Damieta in Egypt of “...Olivero filio regis Angliæ”[652]. The Historia Damiatina by Oliverus Scholasticus records the deaths in 1218 at Damieta of "comes de Marcha et comes de Bar et filius eius, frater Guillelmus de Carnoto magister militiæ templi, Herveus de Virsione, Iterius de Tacci, Oliverus filius regis Anglie"[653].

King John had [eleven] illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:

9. GEOFFREY FitzRoy (-1205). An order of King John dated 14 Oct 1200 names "Gaufr filii nostri"[654]. He held the honour of Perche. He headed a band of mercenaries who were embarking for Poitou from Dartmouth in 1205[655]. King John issued an order dated 26 Apr 1205 to "filius noster Gaufredus et Sauarci de Maloleon et Martin Algeis señ ñr Wascoñ"[656].

10. [OSBERT Giffard . Given-Wilson & Curteis name “Osbert Giffard” as an illegitimate son of King John, adding that he “is easily confused with a contemporary of the same name and goes almost unrecorded”[657]. Wrottesley quotes Sandford´s Genealogical History of the Kings and Queens of England which names “Osbert Giffard another base son of King John, to whom his said father in the 17th year of his reign commanded the Sheriff of Oxfordshire to deliver 20 of land of the estate of Thomas de Arden in that county”[658]. The corresponding document which records the command has not been found (it may be in the Close Rolls for the reign of King John, which have not yet been consulted) so it has not been possible to verify whether it specifies the king´s relationship to Osbert Giffard. Without that document, the proof of Osbert´s existence is therefore sparse. Wrottesley assumes that the following document refers to the king´s illegitimate son: "Osbto Giffard" witnessed the charter dated 4 Jul 1216 under which King John granted land to "Salom fil Lesholm de Dovr"[659]. Numerous other documents from King John´s reign name an Osbert Giffard and there appears to be no basis for assuming that the 4 Jul 1216 refers to a different person who was the king´s son. Matthew Paris records the death in 1245 of "Osberti Giffard", without specifying his parentage[660]. Presumably this entry refers to the other Osbert Giffard (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY).]

11. [GILBERT de Bolum (-after 1245). Matthew Paris records the death in 1245 of "Osberti Giffard, Walteri filii Gilberti de Bolum, fratris eius"[661]. This text suggests that Gilbert de Bolum was the brother of Osbert Giffard. If Osbert´s parentage is correctly stated in the present document, Gilbert could have been another illegitimate son of King John (unless they were uterine brothers only). However, it is possible that this document refers to the other Osbert Giffard who was a member of the main Giffard family (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY).] m ---. The name of Gilbert´s wife is not known. Gilbert & his wife had one child: a) WALTER (-1245). Matthew Paris records the death in 1245 of "Osberti Giffard, Walteri filii Gilberti de Bolum, fratris eius"[662].

12. JOHN (-[1242]). Given-Wilson & Curteis name John as an illegitimate son of King John and add that he was “perhaps a clerk at Lincoln, where he was being supported by the custodians of that see in 1201”[663]. The primary source which confirms this information has not been identified. Weir names him “John FitzJohn or Courcy...a knight” and states that he died in 1242[664]. King John sent "fidelem nostrum Regin de Pontibus" to “abbati Belli Loci fri Alan Martell et Magro Arii” to return “de equis nostris de Ricardo filio nostro et de Johanna filia nostra...cum Andr et Elya de Bello Campo et de filio nostro Johe” by charter dated 19 Jun 1214[665].

13. EUDO FitzRoy (-after 1240). King Henry III granted “ Audebir que fuit Willelmi de Abrincis” to “Eudoni filio regis” dated 21 Apr 1233[666].

14. HENRY Fitzroy (-after 16 Sep 1242). Henry III King of England conscripted "…Henricus filius Regis…" for service "in Wasconiam" dated 17 Mar 1226[667]. He received land in Cornwall and married a minor heiress[668]. "Henry the king´s brother" was granted "land late of Henry de la Vaugoz, a Norman…in the soke of Waltham", dated 16 Jul 1230[669]. King Henry III forgave "Henrico filio Regis" scutage from "honore de Gloucestrie de comitatu Devonensi" held "in dotem Eve uxoris sue", dated 16 Sep 1242[670]. m EVE, daughter of --- (-after 16 Sep 1242). King Henry III forgave "Henrico filio Regis" scutage from "honore de Gloucestrie de comitatu Devonensi" held "in dotem Eve uxoris sue", dated 16 Sep 1242[671].

15. BARTHOLOMEW (-after 28 May 1253). Pope Innocent IV granted dispensation to “Bartholomew of the order of Friars Preachers, papal chaplain, brother of King Henry, being an illegitimate son of King John to minister in orders”, dated 28 Dec 1252[672]. Pope Innocent IV appointed “Bartholomew a Friar Preacher, the king´s kinsman to be a papal chaplain”, dated 28 May 1253[673].

16. [RICHARD . Constable of Wallingford Castle 1216. Given-Wilson & Curteis say that he "might possibly have been a different man from the lord of Dover"[674]. On the other hand, he may have been the same person as Richard Earl of Cornwall who was later frequently associated with Wallingford Castle. Henry III King of England issued a notice to "Ricardo filio Regis, fratri suo et Engelardo de Cigony" respecting a grant to "Radulfo Harang" dated 10 May 1217[675]. It is not known whether this entry relates to Richard of Chilham or to this Richard.]

17. [MATILDA (-after 1247, bur Barking). Dugdale´s Monasticon names "Maud natural daughter of King John" was appointed abbess of Barking in 1247[676]. A manuscript (presumably dated to the 15th century) which lists the abbesses of Barking "depuis la fundacion del Hospital de Illeford" names “Matildis filia regis” as successor of “Mabilia de Bosham”[677]. An earlier primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. Abbess of Barking, Essex. A manuscript (presumably dated to the 15th century) records the burials of the abbesses of Barking and includes "Dame Maud la file le Roy John qe gist en la chapele de Salue”[678].]

18. [ISABELLA la Blanche . Given-Wilson & Curteis name “Isabel la Blanche” as a “doubtful” illegitimate child of King John[679]. The primary source which confirms her possiible parentage has not yet been identified.]

19. [--- . Assuming that “nepos” in the source quoted below can be translated as “nephew”, one of Andrew´s parents was an illegitimate child of King John.] m ---. One child:

20. [son . The precise parentage of Roger, named below, has not been traced. It is assumed that “nephew” in the extract quoted below is a translation of “nepos”. Although the imprecision of that term is notorious, the mention of both King Henry and of his brother Richard in order to define the relationship does suggest that one of his parents may have been their sibling, presumably illegitimate, otherwise the mention of both would seem superfluous in the document. As Roger himself is recorded as being illegitimate, it appears more likely that his relationship with the royal family was on his father´s side of the family as the king´s sister having an illegitimate child would surely have been an event of such scandalous proportions at the time as to have justified reporting in chronicles.


a short summary from tudorplace website (since it does give the most "wide" summary I could find);

JOHN I "Lackland" PLANTAGENET (King of England)

Born: 24 Dec 1166, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England

Acceded: 27 May 1199, Westminster Abbey, London, England

Died: 18/9 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire

Buried: Worcester Cathedral

Notes: Signed the Magna Carta at Runnymede, 1215. Reigned 1199-1216. His reign saw renewal of war with Phillip II Augustus of France to whom he has lost several continental possesions including Normandy by 1205. He came into conflict with his Barons and was forced to Sign the Magna Carta. His later repudiation of the charter led to the first barons war 1215-17 during which John died. Burke says he was born in 1160. King of Ireland 1177, Count of Mortain 1189, Earl of Gloucester. It is known that Agatha Ferrers was a mistress of John, but it is only supposition that she is the mother of Joan.

Father: HENRY II PLANTAGENET (King of England)

Mother: Eleanor of Aquitaine

Married 1: Isabella FITZRICHARD (C. Gloucester) 29 Aug 1189, Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire Divorce 1199

Married 2: Isabella of Angoulême (b. 1189 - d. 31 May 1246) (dau. of Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angoulême, and Alice De Courtenay) 24 Jun/Aug 1200, Bordeaux


1. HENRY III PLANTAGENET (King of England)

2. Richard PLANTAGENET (1º E. Cornwall)

3. Joan PLANTAGENET (Queen of Scotland)

4. Isabella PLANTAGENET (Empress of Germany)

5. Eleanor PLANTAGENET (C. Pembroke / C. Leicester)

Associated with: Agatha De FERRERS



Associated with: Clemence DAUNTSEY (wife of Henry Pinel)

Associated with: Suzanne PLANTAGENET


7. Richard FITZJOHN (B. Chilham)

Associated with: Hawise De TRACY



9. Osbert GIFFORD (d. AFT 1216)

10. Geoffrey FITZROY

11. John FITZROY of Courcy (Knight or Clerk of Lincoln) (d. 1242)

12. Eudo FITZROY (d. ABT 1242)


14. Henry FITZROY

15. Richard FITZROY (Constable Wallingford Castle)

16. Matilda PLANTAGENET (Abbess of Barking)

17. Blanche (Isabella) PLANTAGENET


Wikipedia Links:

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other links:


Citations / Sources:

[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, editor, DeBretts Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 147th year (London, U.K.: Odhams Press, 1949), page 20 . Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1949.

[S7] #44 Histoire de la maison royale de France anciens barons du royaume: et des grands officiers de la couronne (1726, reprint 1967-1968), Saint-Marie, Anselme de, (3rd edition. 9 volumes. 1726. Reprint Paris: Editions du Palais Royal, 1967-1968), FHL book 944 D5a; FHL microfilms 532,231-532,239., vol. 1 p. 474, vol. 6 p. 77.

[S8] Les Capétiens, 987-1328 (2000), Van Kerrebrouck, Patrick, (Villeneuve-d'Ascq [France]: P. Van Kerrebrouck, 2000), FHL book 929.244 C171v., p. 453.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 65-66, 71. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S13] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700: the Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 3 line 1:26.

[S17] Plantagenet Ancestry, 2011 ed., Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor, 2nd edition, 2011.), vol. 1 p. 23, 25.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 15, 17.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 195.

[S32] #150 [1879-1967] A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, Together with Memoirs of the Privy Councillors and Knights (1879-1967), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (London: Harrison, 1879-1967), FHL book 942 D22bup., 1949 ed. preface p. ccliii.

[S37] #93 [Book version] The Dictionary of National Biography: from the Earliest Times to 1900 (1885-1900, reprint 1993), Stephen, Leslie, (22 volumes. 1885-1900. Reprint, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993), FHL book 920.042 D561n., vol. 29 p. 402-416.

[S39] Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets (filmed 1996), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Department. Medieval Family History Unit, (Manuscript. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1996), FHL film 1553977-1553985..

[S40] Handbook of British Chronology (1986), Fryde, E. B., editor, (Royal Historical Society guides and handbooks, no. 2. London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 1986), FHL book 942 C4rg no. 2., p. 37.

[S54] #21 The complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, Cokayne, George Edward, (Gloucester [England] : Alan Sutton Pub. Ltd., 1987), 942 D22cok., vol. 3 p. 29, 430.

[S69] #2251 The Royal Bastards of Medieval England (1984), Given-Wilson, Chris and Alice Curteis, (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984), FHL book 942 D5g., p. 127.

[S70] The Henry Project, Baldwin, Stewart, (,

[S71] Domesday Descendants, Keats-Rohan, K.S.B., (The Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 2002), 942 D3kk., p. 231.

[S81] #125 The Royal Daughters of England and Their Representatives (1910-1911), Lane, Henry Murray, (2 voulmes. London: Constable and Co., 1910-1911), FHL microfilm 88,003., p. 58, 158.

[S84] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1001 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, Md. 21202, copyright 2004), p. xxviii.

[S96] Henry II (1973), Warren, Wilfred Lewis, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973), JWML book DA206 W37 1973., p. 137.

[S266] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 106 line 117:27, p. 134 line 153:28.

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxviii.

[S347] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 279 PLANTAGENET:16.

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John Lackland, King of England's Timeline

December 24, 1166
Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England

Born at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, John was the fifth son and last of eight children born to Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Some authors, noting Henry's stay at Woodstock, near Oxford, with Eleanor in March 1166, assert that John was born in that year, and not 1167.[4][5]

John was a younger maternal half-brother of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France, his mother's children by her first marriage to Louis VII of France, which was later annulled. He was a younger brother of William, Count of Poitiers; Henry the Young King; Matilda, Duchess of Saxony; Richard I of England; Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany; Leonora, Queen of Castile; and Joan, Queen of Sicily

March 31, 1167
Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
March 31, 1167
Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
March 31, 1167
Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
March 31, 1167
Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
Age 13
Age 19
Chilham Castle, Kent, England