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John Lyman

Birthdate: (71)
Birthplace: Navestock, Essex, England, (Present UK)
Death: April 15, 1587 (67-75)
Navestock, Essex, England, (Present UK)
Place of Burial: Navestock, Essex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Lyman and Alicia Lyman (Hyde)
Husband of Margaret Lyman
Father of Henry Lyman, II

Managed by: Stanley Welsh Duke, Jr.
Last Updated:

About John Lyman

John was "a gentleman, eldest son, and heir." He also possessed lands at Ovyngton, Asshe, and Beauchamp St. Paul, County Essex, and Clare and Hylton, County Suffolk which he sold. He was a contributor toward the carrying on of the war. Henry VIII had possession at that time of Navistoke and Ongar estates.

SURNAMES as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them.

It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) it became general practice amongst all people.

LYMAN is a form of the name Lamont. They were an important family in Argyllshire in the early 13th century. The name was derived from the Old Norman 'logmaor' meaning a lawman, a laywer.

The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Leman (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. William Lemmon was documented in 1275, County Worcestershire. Henry Lemman, 1327, County Sussex. William Lemmon was a writer in Edinburgh in 1686, and another William was recorded in Newmill, Scotland in 1796.

At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour.

The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.

It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.

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John Lyman's Timeline

Navestock, Essex, England, (Present UK)
Age 36
Navistoke, Essex, England
April 15, 1587
Age 71
Navestock, Essex, England, (Present UK)
May 23, 1970
Age 71
May 23, 1970
Age 71
June 17, 1970
Age 71
June 17, 1970
Age 71
August 14, 1997
Age 71
August 13, 1998
Age 71