John Petre, 1st Baron Petre

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John Petre, 1st Baron Petre

Birthdate: (63)
Birthplace: Essex, England
Death: October 12, 1613 (63)
Writtle, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir William Petre, MP and Anne Petre
Husband of Mary (Waldegrave) Petre
Father of William Petre, 2nd Baron Petre; Thomas Petre; Ann Petre; Edward Petre; Robert Petre and 8 others
Brother of Thomasine Greville; Catherine Petre; Edward Petre; William Petre; Anne Petre and 1 other
Half brother of Catherine Baker; Bryal Scott; Margaret Scott; Henry Scott; Anne Tyrrell and 2 others

Managed by: Private User
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About John Petre, 1st Baron Petre

Family and Education

b. 20 Dec. 1549, 3rd but 1st surv. s. of Sir William Petre by his 2nd w. educ. M. Temple 1567. m. 1570, Mary, da. of Sir Edward Waldegrave†, of Borley, surv. s. inc. William. suc. fa. 1573. Kntd. 1576; cr. Baron Petre 1603. d. 11 Oct. 1613.


History of Parliament Online



  • A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and ... by John Burke
  • Pg.264
  • SIR WILLIAM PETRE, of Tor Brian, Devonshire, secretary of state to HENRY VIII. married, for his second wife, Anne, daughter of Sir William Browne, lord mayor of London in 1514, and was father of
  • SIR JOHN PETRE, who was elevated In the peerage as Lord Petre, Baron of Writtle, in 1603. His Iordship married Mary, daughter of Sir Edward Waldegrave, knt. of Barclay, in Essex, and was s. at his decease in 1637 by his son,
  • WILLIAM, second Lord Petre, of Writtle, who married Catherine, second daughter of Edward, fourth Earl of Worcester, and had
    • I. ROBERT, third Lord Petre.
    • II. William, ancestor of the Petres of Bellhouse.
    • lII. Thomas.
    • IV. JOHN, of whom presently.
    • V. Henry.
    • VI. George
    • I. Elizabeth, m. to William Sheldon, esq. of Beoley, in Worcestershire.
    • II. Mary, m. to John, Lord Teynham.
    • III. Catherine, m. to John Carrel, of Harting, in Sussex.
  • The fourth son,
  • THE HON. JOHN PETRE, waa of Fidlers, in Essex. He married thrice. By his first wife, Elizabeth (who d. in 1658), daughter of Thomas Pordage, esq. of Radmersham, he left, at his decease in 1696, a son and successor,
  • JOHN PETRE, esq. of Fidlers, who married Mary, daughter of Sir Francis Mannock, bart of Gifford's Hall, and was father of
  • JOSEPH PETRE, esq. of Fidlers, who m. Catherine, daughter of Sir William Andrews, bart. of Hildersham, in the county of Cambridge, and left at his decease, in 1721, a son and heir,
  • JOHN PETRE, esq. of Fidlers, who m. Anne, daughter of Sir Robert Throckmorton, bart of Weston, and had (with other issue, who d. s. p.) a daughter, MARY, who married FRANCIS CANNING, esq. of Foxcote, and was ultimately sole heir to the family of Petre of Fidlers.



Thomas Dykewood known as Dyckwoods Peters the younger married Martha Treffry 1594 of Place: Fowey in UK.

The following extract from the will of Thomas Peters is given by Mr. Thurstan C. Peter in his Churches of My lor and Mabe.

" In the name of the everlasting God, Amen, the twenty-sixth of October one thousand six hundred and fifty-four. I Thomas Peters Preacher of the Gospeil of Jesus Christ for twentie yeares at Myloure in Cornwall though with little success in soules being in good and perfect memory (blessed be my Lord Jesus) though having some of deathes sentences upon my body. Doe hereby constitute this my last Will and Testament as foUoweth ; Item I bequeath my eternal soule unto the bosome of the Lord Jesus Christ my never fayleing Advocate and Redeemer who hath opened a fountaine of his bloued to washe it from all sinne and uncleanness .... And my body to be interred over against my studdy window neare the brow of the hill neare the pathway to the diall."

He died soon after, and his tombstone, with name and date, is still in good preservation and clear, but several lines of verse, or text, are illegible. Mr. Thurstan Peter further adds : " Thomas Peters was apparently a member of a F'owey family of that name, to which the more celebrated Hugh Peters, Cromwell's chaplain, was related," and adds the following note, "Though related to the family, Hugh's name was not originally I'cters, which name he assumed, he was the son of Thomas Dirkwood, by his wife, Martha, formerly Trcffry. The Fowcy Parish Register con- tains an entry, ' Hugh, son of Thomas Dirkwood, was baptized the 27th June, 1598,' and in the margin some later hand has written ' Otherwise Hugh Peters, chaplain and adviser to Oliver Cromwell, beheaded by Charles II on Tower Hill,'"


  • Day Month 24-Jun
  • Year 1594
  • Parish Or Reg District Fowey
  • Groom Fn Thomas
  • Groom Sn DICKWOODE
  • Groom Age
  • Groom Residence
  • Groom Condition
  • Groom Rank Profession
  • Groom Signed / Marked (S/M)
  • Groom Father Name
  • Groom Father Rank Profession
  • Bride Fn Martha
  • Bride Sn TREFFRY
  • Bride Age
  • Bride Residence
  • Bride Condition
  • Bride Rank Profession
  • Bride Signed / Marked (S/M)
  • Bride Father Name
  • Bride Father Rank Profession
  • Banns / Licence (B/L)
  • Witness Fn1
  • Witness Sn1
  • Witness Fn2
  • Witness Sn2
  • Other Information
  • Transcriber Notes src: Phillimore
  • Transcriber Mary Gill Lyle

Biographical notes

From page 1 of Hugh Peter: Preacher, Patriot, Philanthropist, Fourth Pastor of the First ... By Eleanor Bradley Peters

"I Was the son of considerable parents, from Fowey in Cornwall, my father a merchant, his ancestors driven thence from Antwerp for religion, I mean the reformed; my mother of the same town of a very ancient family, the name Treffrey of Place or the place in that town of which I would not boast." Thus writes Hugh Dirkwood, otherwise Hugh Peter. He was baptized in the parish of St. Ewe, in Fowey, the entry in the parish record reading thus: "Anno RR. Elizabeth '41-Hugh the son of Thomas Dirkwood, baptized 7th June 1598," and the accompanying note:

"Otherwise Hugh Peters, Chaplain and adviser to Oliver Cromwell; beheaded by Charles II, on Tower Hill. J. J. T."*

He was the third child and second son of Thomas Dirkwood and Martha Treffrey, she being a descendant of Sir John Treffrey who, in the 14th century, defended Fowey against the French. Why and when Thoma Dirkwood changed his name to Peter no one knows; but

  • Error: he was banged, drawn and quartered at Charing Cross. The initials are supposed to he those of the Rev. Justin Treffrey, and the date 1668-16*8.

the time was evidently between 1599 and 1610; perhaps about the period that Martha Treffrey's sister, Deborah, marries Henry Peter,* M. P. for Fowey, who descended from a sister of the Sir William Peter, famous as having been "secretary and of the Privy Council to four kings and queens of this realm, and seven times ambassador abroad in foreign lands." He was also appointed one of the trustees for the young king, in the will of Henry VIII.

Whatever the exact status of the Dirkwoods towards the Peters it is certain that Hugh Peter assumed not only the name but the coat of arms of that family. Perhaps Henry Peter, M. P. for Fowey, is the uncle he mentions in the sketch of his life in the Last Legacy. f

"TheseJ lived in very great abundance; their Losses at Sea grew very great; in the midst of which Losses, my elder Brother being at Oxford, I was sent to Cambridge, and that Estate I had by an Uncle, I left with my Mother, and lived at the University, and a little from thence, about eight years; took my degree of Master of Arts, where I spent some years vainly enough, being but 14 years old when thither I came; my Tutor died, and I was expos'd to my shifts." ....

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John Petre, 1st Baron Petre's Timeline

December 20, 1549
Essex, England
June 24, 1575
Age 25
West Horndon, Essex, England
Age 31
October 12, 1613
Age 63
Writtle, England