John S. Service

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John Stewart Service

Death: 1999 (90)
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Roy Service and Grace Josephine Service
Brother of Robert Kennedy Service

Managed by: Private User
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About John S. Service

John Stewart Service (3 August 1909 - 3 February 1999) was an American diplomat who served in the Foreign Service in China prior to and during World War II. Considered one of the State Department's "China Hands," he was an important member of the Dixie Mission to Yan'an. Service correctly predicted that the Communists would defeat the Nationalists in a civil war, but he and other diplomats were blamed for the "loss" of China in the domestic political turmoil following the 1949 Communist triumph in China. During World War II, Service was arrested in the Amerasia Affair in 1945. A grand jury indicted him for espionage, but the charges were dropped and a later grand jury failed to indict him. In 1950 U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy launched an attack against Service, which led to investigations of the reports Service wrote while stationed in China. Secretary of State Dean Acheson fired Service, but in 1957 the U.S. Supreme Court ordered his reinstatement in a unanimous decision, finding that Acheson's action had been illegal because "it violated Regulations of the Department of State which were binding on the Secretary.".

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John S. Service's Timeline

Age 90