Historical records matching Judge Jonathan Corwin, Salem Witch Trials
About Judge Jonathan Corwin, Salem Witch Trials
Jonathan Corwin - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jonathan Corwin (December 10, 1640 – June 9, 1718) was a wealthy New England merchant, and a judge in the Salem, Massachusetts area who was involved in the Salem Witch Trials. He married Elizabeth Gibbs, widow of Robert Gibbs, in 1675 and had ten children. One of them was George Corwin who after his studies at Harvard became minister at the First Church in Salem. Corwin served as a representative for Salem in the Massachusetts legislature. He was also appointed to the Superior Court of Massachusetts.
1. Salem witchcraft trials involvement
2. Notable events
3. The Corwin house
4. References and notes
5. External links
Salem witchcraft trials involvement
As a magistrate, Jonathan Corwin dealt with petty crimes and minor charges such as drunkenness and burglary. He was called to investigate the widespread accusations of witchcraft in Salem in 1692 and was appointed to be a judge on the Court of Oyer and Terminer after another judge Nathaniel Saltonstall had resigned in protest over the first hanging, the verdict of which had been based on so-called spectral evidence. Spectral evidence was judged to be a legitimate means of identifying a witch as many people believed that the Devil could not assume an innocent person's shape.
Corwin signed several arrest warrants and transcribed a few of the hearings but scarcity of records from the 1692 events makes it impossible to determine Judge Corwin’s overall import in the trials as well as his attitude towards spectral evidence.
The court of Oyer and Terminer, established by Sir William Phips, convicted nineteen of witchcraft and sentenced them to the gallows.
March 1, 1692 - Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne examined Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborne.
May 27, 1692 - Gov. Phips establishes a Court of Oyer and Terminer to investigate the allegations of witchcraft. Lieutenant Gov. William Stoughton, Nathaniel Saltonstall, Bartholomew Gedney, Peter Sergeant, Samuel Sewall, Wait Still Winthrop, John Richards, John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin are its members. 
The Corwin house
Corwin's house is the only remaining structure in Salem with direct ties to the Salem witchcraft trials of 1692. His home is now a museum that focuses on seventeenth-century furnishings, architecture, and lifestyle. 
References and notes
About the Salem Witch Trials
From wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salem_witch_trials
The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings before local magistrates followed by county court Trial (law). Trials to prosecute people accused of witchcraft in the counties of Essex County, Massachusetts, Essex, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, Suffolk, and Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Middlesex in Province of Massachusetts Bay Colonial Massachusetts, between February 1692 and May 1693.
Despite being generally known as the Salem, Massachusetts, Salem Witch Trials, the preliminary hearings in 1692 were conducted in a variety of towns across the province: Danvers, Massachusetts, Salem Village, Ipswich, Massachusetts, Ipswich, Andover, Massachusetts, Andover and Salem Town. The best-known trials were conducted by the Court of Oyer and Terminer in 1692 in Salem Town.
Over 150 people were arrested and imprisoned, with even more accused but not formally pursued by the authorities. At least five more of the accused died in prison. All twenty-six who went to trial before this court were convicted. The four sessions of the Superior Court of Judicature in 1693, held in Salem Village, but also in Ipswich, Massachusetts|Ipswich, Boston, and Charlestown, Boston, produced only three convictions in the thirty-one witchcraft trials it conducted. The two courts convicted twenty-nine people of the capital felony of witchcraft. Nineteen of the accused, fourteen women and five men, were hanged. One man, Giles Corey, refused to enter a plea and was crushed to death under heavy stones in an attempt to force him to do so.
The episode is one the most famous cases of mass hysteria, and has been used in political rhetoric and popular literature as a vivid cautionary tale about the dangers of isolationism, religious extremism, false accusations, lapses in due process, and governmental intrusion on individual liberties.
List of people of the Salem Witch Trials:
The accused Found guilty and executed:
Bridget Bishop (June 10, 1692)
Rebecca (Towne) Nurse (July 19, 1692)
Sarah (Solart) Good (July 19, 1692)
Elizabeth (Jackson) Howe (July 19, 1692)
Sarah (Averill) Wildes (July 19, 1692)
Susannah (North) Martin (July 19, 1692)
George Burroughs (August 19, 1692)
Martha (Allen) Carrier (August 19, 1692)
George Jacobs, Sr. (August 19, 1692)
John Proctor (August 19, 1692)
John Willard (August 19, 1692)
Martha Corey (September 22, 1692)
Mary (Towne) Eastey (September 22, 1692)
Alice Parker (September 22, 1692)
Mary (Ayer) Parker (September 22, 1692)
Ann Pudeator (September 22, 1692)
Margaret (Stevenson) Scott (September 22, 1692)
Wilmot Redd (September 22, 1692)
Samuel Wardwell Sr. (September 22, 1692)
Brett Vickerman (September 12, 1693)
Found guilty and pardoned:
Elizabeth (Bassett) Proctor - pregnant
Abigail (Dane) Faulkner Sr. - pregnant
Sarah (Hooper) Wardwell
Elizabeth Johnson Jr.
Found guilty and escaped:
Mary (Perkins) Bradbury
Pled guilty and pardoned:
Ann (Alcock) Foster -- died in custody, December 1692
Mary (Foster) Lacey Sr.
Rebecca (Blake) Eames
Mary (Clements) Osgood
Refused to enter a plea and pressed to death:
Found not guilty:
Abigail (Wheeler) Barker
William Barker, Jr.
Mary Bridges, Jr.
Mary (Tyler) Bridges, Sr.
Sarah (Smith) Buckley
Sarah (Aslebee) Cole
Lydia Dustin -- died in custody after trial
Eunice (Potter) Frye
Sarah Hawkes, Jr.
Rebecca (Andrews) Jacobs
Elizabeth (Dane) Johnson, Sr.
Mary Lacey, Jr.
Mary (Osgood) Marston
Mary (Harrington) Taylor
Mary (Allen) Toothaker
Mary (Lovett) Tyler
Mary (Buckley) Witheridge
Arrested, but never tried - Died in custody:
Sarah (Warren) Osborne
Edward Bishop Jr.
Sarah (Wilds) Bishop
William Barker Sr.
Katherine (Schneider) Cary
Mary (Hollingsworth) English
Indicted by a grand jury, but never tried:
William Barker Sr.
Not indicted by a grand jury:
Sarah (Towne) Cloyce
Mary (Hollingsworth) English
Phoebe Wildes (Day)
Released on bond:
Thomas Carrier Jr.
Abigail Faulkner Jr.
Sarah (Lord) Wilson
Evaded arrest, never tried:
George Jacobs Jr.
Named, but no arrest warrant issued:
Anne (Wood) Bradstreet
John Busse -- minister in Wells, Maine
Francis Dane -- minister in Andover, Massachusetts
Sarah (Noyes) Hale -- wife of Rev. John Hale, minister in Beverly, Massachusetts
James How -- husband of Elizabeth (Jackson) How
Mary (Spencer) Phips -- wife of Massachusetts Governor William Phips
Sarah (Clapp) Swift
Margaret (Webb) Thatcher -- mother-in-law of magistrate Jonathan Corwin
Magistrates of the Court of Oyer and Terminer, 1692
William Stoughton, Chief Magistrate
Justices of the Superior Court of Judicature, 1693:
William Stoughton, Chief Justice
Cotton Mather, Boston
Increase Mather, Boston
John Hale, Beverly
Nicholas Noyes, Salem
Samuel Parris, Salem Village
Francis Dane, Andover
Samuel Willard, Groton, Boston
Capt. Thomas Fisk, Sr., Foreman
Capt. Thomas Fisk, Jr.
Thomas Pearly, Sr.
Henry Herrick, Jr.
Public figures and politicians:
William Phips -- Governor
Accusers - "The Afflicted Girls:"
Ann Putnam, Jr.
Elizabeth (Betty) Hubbard
Physician Who Diagnosed "Bewitchment:"
Ann (Carr) Putnam Sr.
Birth: November 14, 1640
Death: July 25, 1718
Jurist. He was a judge in the infamous Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692, assisting in conducting examinations of many of those accused of witchcraft, which helped create a hysteria in the coastal Massachusetts town. As a result of the witchcraft trials, 20 people from in and around Salem Village (now Danvers), Massachusetts, were hanged, and several other died in jail awaiting trial. (bio by: M.J. Beard)
Burial: Broad Street Cemetery, Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: M.J. Beard
Record added: Nov 28, 2005
Find A Grave Memorial# 12540466
John Corwin [1638-1683] m.1665 Margaret Winthrop [ -1697]
John; s/o George Corwin & Elizabeth Waite; born 25 July 1638 in England; married Margaret Winthrop; a merchant; a freeman in 1665; a representative in 1679; died 12 Jul, 1683
Margaret, d/o of Gov. John Winthrop of Connecticut, USA; died 28 Sep, 1697 in Boston
From The Early Germans for New Jersey, Corwin, Hunterdon, nd Warren Counties:
Children: George, Elisabeth, Lucy, Hannah, Samuel