Jonathan Jackson

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Jonathan Jackson

Birthdate: (66)
Birthplace: Newton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Death: March 5, 1810 (66)
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Edward Jackson and Dorothy Jackson
Husband of Hannah Jackson and Sarah Barnard
Father of Edward Jackson; Henry Jackson; Hon. Charles Jackson; Hannah Gardner Lowell; Dr. James Jackson, Sr. and 2 others
Brother of Mary May Wendell

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Jonathan Jackson

My Heritage sites claim he was also married to a Sarah Barnard, though I haven't seen proof of this elsewhere

Jonathan Jackson (June 4, 1743– March 5, 1810) was an American merchant from Newburyport, Massachusetts. He was a delegate for Massachusetts in the Continental Congress.

Private life

Jonathan was born in 1743 at Boston, Massachusetts. He was the son of Edward Jackson (1708-1757) and Dorothy Quincy Jackson. He graduated from Harvard in 1761 then moved to Newburyport to take up a mercantile career.

Jackson first served as an apprentice to another merchant, Patrick Tracy. By 1765 he had entered business on his own as a shipper and importer. He became very prosperous and in 1772 he married his mentor's daughter, Hannah Tracy. Shortly after he went into a partnership with his wife's brothers, John and Nathaniel Tracy. Jonathan and Hannah's family included nine children. Their daughter, Hannah, married the manufacturer Francis Cabot Lowell, who went into business with their son, Patrick Tracy Jackson. Their son Charles Jackson went on to serve on the Massachusetts Supreme Court. The firm of Jackson, Tracy, & Tracy failed during the revolution. So, after 1782, Jonathan took a series of salaried jobs.

In 1780 Jackson joined John Hancock and other community leaders in the founding of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Revolutionary Years

Despite his dependence on foreign trade, Jackson became a supporter of the American Revolution. He converted some of his merchant ships to privateers. In 1775 he was elected to the revolutionary Massachusetts Provincial Congress. He became a member of the state's Committee of Correspondence and headed the Essex County Committee of Safety.

Jackson was elected to Massachusetts's House of Representatives in 1777. He attended the state's Constitutional Convention in 1779. Then in 1782, Massachusetts sent him as one of their delegates to the Continental Congress. But, by this time his financial reverses made him take a job, although he did serve one term in the Massachusetts's state Senate in 1789.

Later career

Eventually Jackson was able to combine his need for employment with his desire for public service. In this period, elected positions generally had no pay. He served as the first U.S. Marshall for the district of Massachusetts (1789-1791), then as a federal Supervisor of Revenue from 1792 until 1801.

Jackson served as Treasurer for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 1802 to 1806 and as treasurer of Harvard University. He was president of the Boston Bank, which later became the First National Bank of Boston. When he died in 1810 at Boston, he was buried in the Old Granary Cemetery there.

Jackson's great-grandsons included Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. who served on the U.S. Supreme Court. In the 2004 elections, both George W. Bush and John Kerry published a genealogy in which they claimed Jackson as an ancestor, though neither were even related.

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Jonathan Jackson's Timeline

June 4, 1743
Newton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Age 24
January 12, 1774
Age 30
Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
May 31, 1775
Age 31
Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
July 2, 1776
Age 33
Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
October 3, 1777
Age 34
Newburyport, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
August 14, 1780
Age 37
Newburyport, MA, USA
October 3, 1783
Age 40
Newburyport, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
March 5, 1810
Age 66
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States