José Gabriel de Silva-Bazán y Waldstein, X. marqués de Santa Cruz

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José Gabriel de Silva-Bazán y Waldstein, X Marqués de Santa Cruz

Also Known As: "VII Marqués de Arcicollar", "XII Marqués del Viso", "VII Marqués de Bayona", "IX Marqués de Villasor", "Conde de Monte Santo y Conde de Pie de Concha"
Birthdate: (67)
Birthplace: Madrid, Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain
Death: November 4, 1839 (67)
Madrid, Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain
Immediate Family:

Son of José Joaquín de Silva Bazán y Sarmiento, marqués de Santa Cruz y del Viso and Marie-Anne von Waldstein
Husband of Joaquina Maria Téllez-Girón y Alfonso Pimentel, I marquesa de Osilo
Father of María Joaquina del Pilar de Silva-Bazán y Téllez-Girón; José de Silva y Téllez Girón, marqués del Viso; Inés Francisca de Silva-Bazán y Téllez-Girón; Fernanda María de Silva-Bazán y Téllez-Girón; Francisco de Silva-Bazán y Téllez-Girón, XI. marqués de Santa Cruz de Mudela and 2 others
Brother of Juan de Silva y Waldstein; Pedro de Silva y Waldstein and Maria Ana Teresa de Silva
Half brother of Francisco de Silva Bazán, Marqués del Viso y VII Marqués de Cadreita

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About José Gabriel de Silva-Bazán y Waldstein, X. marqués de Santa Cruz

  • Jose Gabriel de Silva-Bazán and Waldstein (Madrid, 1772 - ibid. November 4, 1839),X Marquis of Santa Cruz de Mudela, grandee of Spain, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Knight of the Order of Carlos III , Commander of the Order of Calatrava, was a noble, political, military and diplomatic Spanish. It was also chamberlain, chamberlain of the King of Spain, the first director of the Prado Museum and perpetual president of the Royal Spanish Academy.
  • Born in Madrid in 1772 the son of José Joaquín de Silva-Bazán, IX Marquis of Santa Cruz de Mudela, and his second wife, Anna Maria Countess of Waldstein. It was perpetual governor of the fortresses of Gibraltar and Fiñana, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, a gentleman and chamberlain of Ferdinand VII of Spain, a member of the Council of Regency during the minority of Isabel II of Spain, Ambassador to Paris, envoy extraordinary in London to attend the coronation of William IV of the United Kingdom, senator of the kingdom and director perpetual Royal Spanish Academy. In addition, he held the marquisates Villasor Arcicóllar Bayonne, and the counties of Montesanto and Pie de Concha, being twice Grandee of Spain, second class.
  • His father persuaded the King Charles IV of Spain to keep the paintings "obscene" in a quiet room and not burned, as was the will of Charles III. He was brother of the Prince of Anglona, ​​and together they collaborated with Carlos IV in creating a picture gallery, thwarted by the onset of the Spanish War of Independence. Under the reign of Ferdinand VII of Spain was resumed, but it was his wife Isabel de Braganza who gave further impetus to this. During his tenure as head of the gallery, between 1817 and 1820 decrees were published, the most outstanding of them:
  • "1. ° Continue to invest in repairs of the Museum's 24 000 reais a month of secret pocket of VM complete and without discount. 2. º continue paying for the Treasury of the Rl. House of the translation costs of the pictures. 3 º. Consider the Gallery under the Rl. Palace. 4. º Do not exempt the first painter to the obligation to restore and conserve paintings. 5. ° Let it available to the two assistants that gave the effect, paying them as heretofore, the salaries and expenses of composure by the treasury of the Rl. House. 6. Fourth and last to be regarded as servants of the R. House concierge and porters from the gallery, paying for the same Treasury to each of these when they appointed him 400 ducats annually and 800, prorated since his appointment, and also paid on the amount of that extraordinary expenses that occur before the V °. B º. appropriate. "
  • At the beginning of the Liberal Triennium leaves for the Directorate of Museum, two years later, and as a staunch liberal, to be appointed by the Government and Lord Steward Sommelier King Acting Corps in order to have it more secure. After the failure of this political movement is stopped in this place called the Palatine and the Decree of Andújar, you remove the key from Gentleman.
  • After the death of Fernando VII, Marquis also helped to resolve the conflict raised in El Prado, for the paintings and the collection would go to her daughters the Princesses Elizabeth and Luisa Fernanda. Besides he collaborated Jose Rafael Fernandez de Hijar, director of the Prado also around that time.

Marriage and descendants

  • He married in 1801 Maria Joaquina Téllez-Girón and Alfonso Pimentel, Princess and Countess of Osilo Anglona, ​​daughter of Pedro de Alcantara Tellez-Giron and Pacheco, IX Duke of Osuna, taking by ===children:===
  • Fernanda Silva-Bazán and Tellez-Giron, who married Andres de Arteaga y Carvajal, Marquis of Valmediano VII.
  • Francisco de Borja de Silva-Bazán and Tellez-Giron, XI marquis of Santa Cruz del Viso, married to María de la Encarnación Fernández de Córdoba and Alvarez of Asturias, daughter of the sixth Duke of Arion.
  • Maria Josefa de Silva-Bazán and Tellez-Giron, Countess of Osilo III, married to Manuel de Carvajal, lord of Pleiades, and later with Fabian Gutierrez Lasso de la Vega.
  • Juan Evangelista de Silva-Bazán and Tellez-Giron, Marquis of Arcicóllar, married Lucie de Borchgrave d'Altena.
  • Joaquina Silva-Bazán and Tellez Giron, married to Pedro de Alcantara and Palafox Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Medina Sidonia XVII.
  • Francisca Inés de Silva-Bazán and Tellez-Giron, portrayed by Madrazo and married to Nicolas Osorio and Zayas, seventeenth Duke of Alburquerque
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José Gabriel de Silva-Bazán y Waldstein, X. marqués de Santa Cruz's Timeline

March 18, 1772
Madrid, Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain
September 15, 1803
Age 31
January 21, 1806
Age 33
May 30, 1808
Age 36
Madrid, Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain
October 31, 1815
Age 43
Madrid, Community of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
December 2, 1826
Age 54
Madrid, Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain
November 4, 1839
Age 67
Madrid, Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain