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Joseph Bearse

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Barnstable, Plymouth Colony
Death: January 27, 1728 (77)
Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts
Place of Burial: Yarmouth Port, Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. Augustine Bearse and Mary Bearse
Husband of Martha Taylor and Martha Bearse
Father of Benjamin Bearse; Joseph Bearse; Priscilla Bearse; Ebenezer Bearse; John Bearce and 2 others
Brother of Mary Hallett; Martha Bearse; Priscilla Hall; Sarah Hamblin; Abigail Nichols and 5 others
Half brother of Elizabeth Hall

Occupation: Wampanoag
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Joseph Bearse

Joseph Bearse

Capt. Joseph Barss

Recruited to Fight in The Great Swamp Fight - 1/2 blood Wampanoag Indian from his mother- December-1675-Served Under Captain John Gorham which he died in the return trip-( Later Known as Sons John Gorhams Rangers) Forced March Afoot-Light Horse Infantry-Deep Snow- Plymouth to Rhode Island-Used Mixed Native Blood Wampanoags Soldiers /and Pure Blood Native Americans against their Enemies the Narragansett. The Only Battle I'm Told Joseph Would Ever Fight in- Known to Me and Others Then As "THE GREAT SWAMP FIGHT" Hand to Hand Close Combat until Night Fall - Then The fort was torched- in high winds. The rest is recorded in History. . Joseph Bearce Sr. was born on 25 January 1651 in Barnstable, Massachusetts (Barnstable). 1652 per some. He was baptized on 25 January 1651 in Barnstable, Massachusetts (Barnstable). He served in the military in 1675/6 in King Phillip's War. Joseph Admitted as townsman. on 5 May 1677 in Barnstable, Massachusetts (Barnstable). He died in 1695 at the age of 44 in Barnstable, Massachusetts (Barnstable). Died 27 Jan 1728 per Ancestral File. He "Joseph Bearce became a praying Indian.". Joseph was 1/2 Wampanoag/Narragansett Indian from mother. "Joseph Bearse, son of Austin and Mary, born Barnstable 1652, 1/2 blood Wampanoag Indian, married 1676 his wife, Martha Taylor 1/4 blood Wampanoag Indian"

Joseph Bearce Sr. and Martha Taylor were married on 3 December 1676 in Barnstable, Massachusetts (Barnstable). Martha Taylor, daughter of Richard Taylor and Ruth Whelden, was born on 18 December 1650 in Yarmouth, Massachusetts (Barnstable). She died on 27 January 1727/8 at the age of 77. She was 1/4 Wampanoag Indian from mother. "Joseph Bearse, son of Austin and Mary, born Barnstable 1652, 1/2 blood Wampanoag Indian, married 1676 his wife, Martha Taylor 1/4 blood Wampanoag Indian, daughter of Richard Taylor the tailor, Yarmouth 1639, born in Europe. He (Richard Taylor) was three times the age of his wife, Ruth Wheldon 1/2 blood Wampanoag Indian, born at Yarmouth, daughter of Gabriel Wheldon and his wife Margaret, a full blood Wampanoag Indian.

“The pilgrims didn’t know it, but they were moving into a cemetery,” About 1614, a series of three epidemics, inadvertently introduced through contact with Europeans, began to sweep through the Indian villages in Massachusetts. At least ten Wampanoag villages were abandoned because there were no survivors. The Wampanoag population decreased from 12,000 to 5,000.

Note: It is not known what the actual disease was that caused this epidemic. Various writers have suggested bubonic plague, smallpox, and hepatitis A. There is strong evidence supporting all of these theories. It is estimated that by 1619, 75% of the Native population of New England had died as a result of this epidemic.

When Squanto returned from England with captain Thomas Dermer in 1619, he searched for the Wampanoag of his village, but found that they had all died in the epidemic.

By the end of the wars the Wampanoag were nearly exterminated: only 400 survived.

When the Mayflower pilgrims and the Wampanoag sat down for the first Thanksgiving in 1621, it wasn’t actually that big of a deal. Likely, it was just a routine English harvest celebration. More significant—and less remembered—was the peace treaty that the parties established seven months earlier, which lasted for 50 years. (See also: National Geographic Kids: First Thanksgiving.)

“There’s in fact very little historical record of the first Thanksgiving, which is why Thanksgiving wasn’t really celebrated as a holiday until the 19th century,” says Charles C. Mann, author of 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus. “To historians, it seems kind of funny that the celebration … now seems more important than the treaty itself.”

President Abraham Lincoln established Thanksgiving as a national holiday during the Civil War, and the feast has since become an American tradition. Yet the story of the Wampanoag and the pilgrims who first broke bread is not commonly known. (See also: Talking Turkey: Facts about Thanksgiving's Big Bird.)

Here’s a little background about the much-mythologized meal.

1. It wasn’t actually a “Thanksgiving.”

In 1841, Boston publisher Alexander Young printed a book containing a letter by pilgrim Edward Winslow, which described the feast:

“[O]ur harvest being gotten in, our governor sent four men on fowling, that so we might after a more special manner rejoice together … [There were] many of the Indians coming amongst us, and among the rest their greatest King Massasoit, with some ninety men, whom for three days we entertained and feasted.” (See also: National Geographic Kids: First Thanksgiving.)

Pilgrims land An engraving depicts the Mayflower pilgrims landing at Plymouth Rock in 1620. In reality, the pilgrims never wrote of any such rock. The first written mention of Plymouth Rock was in 1835.

Among 17th-century pilgrims, a “Thanksgiving” was actually a period of prayerful fasting, and Winslow did not use the word anywhere in his letter. But when Young published the letter, he called it the “first Thanksgiving” in a footnote, and the name stuck.

Edward Winslow Pilgrim Edward Winslow visits Massasoit, the Sachem (or leader) of the Wampanoag Confederacy.

2. A year before the first Thanksgiving, the pilgrims raided Native American graves.

When the pilgrims arrived in Cape Cod, they were incredibly unprepared. “They were under the persistent belief that because New England is south of the Netherlands and southern England, it would therefore be warmer,” says Mann. “Then they showed up six weeks before winter with practically no food.”

In a desperate state, the pilgrims robbed corn from Native Americans graves and storehouses soon after they arrived; but because of their overall lack of preparation, half of them still died within their first year. To learn how to farm sustainably, they eventually required help from Tisquantum, an English-speaking Native American who had been staying with the Wampanoag. (See also: Cranberries, a Native American Superfood.)

3. The pilgrims could only settle at Plymouth because thousands of Native Americans, including many Wampanoag, had been killed by disease.

If the pilgrims had arrived in Cape Cod three years earlier, they might not have found those abandoned graves and storehouses … in fact, they might not have had space to land.

Europeans who sailed to New England in the early to mid-1610s found flourishing communities along the coast, and little room for themselves to settle. But by 1620, when the Mayflower arrived, the area looked abandoned.

“A couple of years before, there’d been an epidemic that wiped out most of the coastal population of New England, and Plymouth was on top of a village that had been deserted by disease,” says Mann.

“The pilgrims didn’t know it, but they were moving into a cemetery,” he adds.

CULTURE & HISTORY

This is what happens when the migrant caravan comes to town

4. The peace that led to the first Thanksgiving was driven by trade and tribal rivalries.

Before the Wampanoag suffered losses from disease, they had driven Europeans like John Smith away. “Now,” says Mann, “the Wampanoag [were] much weaker because of the disease, and they’re much weaker than their hated adversaries, the Narragansett.”

Ann McMullen, curator at the National Museum of the American Indian, says that the Wampanoag weren’t necessarily looking to make alliances against the Narragansett; but “because the Wampanoag were in a slightly weakened position,” they realized that an alliance with the pilgrims “could fortify their strength.”

The Europeans were valuable trading partners for the Wampanoag and other Native Americans in the area because they traded steel knives and axes for beaver pelts—something that, in the beaver-rich New England area, the Wampanoag considered essentially worthless.

“It’s a little like somebody comes to your door, and says I’ll give you gold if you give me a rock,” Mann says. “The Wampanoag thought: if we tie ourselves to these guys, everybody else will be hesitant to attack us, because they could drive away these people who are willing to pay gold for rocks.

When the pilgrims arrived in Cape Cod, they were incredibly unprepared. “They were under the persistent belief that because New England is south of the Netherlands and southern England, it would therefore be warmer,” says Mann. “Then they showed up six weeks before winter with practically no food.”

In a desperate state, the pilgrims robbed corn from Native Americans graves and storehouses soon after they arrived; but because of their overall lack of preparation, half of them still died within their first year. To learn how to farm sustainably, they eventually required help from Tisquantum, an English-speaking Native American who had been staying with the Wampanoag. (See also: Cranberries, a Native American Superfood.)

3. The pilgrims could only settle at Plymouth because thousands of Native Americans, including many Wampanoag, had been killed by disease.

If the pilgrims had arrived in Cape Cod three years earlier, they might not have found those abandoned graves and storehouses … in fact, they might not have had space to land.


GEDCOM Source

@R1050710867@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source

1,60525::91382853

GEDCOM Source

@R1050710867@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source

1,60525::91382853

GEDCOM Source

@R1050710867@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source

1,60525::91382853

GEDCOM Source

@R1050710867@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source

1,60525::91382853


GEDCOM Note

About Joseph Bearse, Wampanoag Joseph Bearse, Sr.

Captain Joseph Bearse Barss, Jr.

Recruited to Fight in The Great Swamp Fight - 1/2 blood Wampanoag Indian from his mother- December-1675-Served Under Captain John Gorham which he died in the return trip-( Later Known as Sons John Gorhams Rangers) Forced March Afoot-Light Horse Infantry-Deep Snow- Plymouth to Rhode Island-Used Mixed Native Blood Wampanoags Soldiers /and Pure Blood Native Americans against their Enemies the Narragansett. The Only Battle I'm Told Joseph Would Ever Fight in- Known to Me and Others Then As "THE GREAT SWAMP FIGHT" Hand to Hand Close Combat until Night Fall - Then The fort was torched- in high winds. The rest is recorded in History. . Joseph Bearce Sr. was born on 25 January 1651 in Barnstable, Massachusetts (Barnstable). 1652 per some. He was baptized on 25 January 1651 in Barnstable, Massachusetts (Barnstable). He served in the military in 1675/6 in King Phillip's War. Joseph Admitted as townsman. on 5 May 1677 in Barnstable, Massachusetts (Barnstable). He died in 1695 at the age of 44 in Barnstable, Massachusetts (Barnstable). Died 27 Jan 1728 per Ancestral File. He "Joseph Bearce became a praying Indian.". Joseph was 1/2 Wampanoag/Narragansett Indian from mother. "Joseph Bearse, son of Austin and Mary, born Barnstable 1652, 1/2 blood Wampanoag Indian, married 1676 his wife, Martha Taylor 1/4 blood Wampanoag Indian"

Joseph Bearce Sr. and Martha Taylor were married on 3 December 1676 in Barnstable, Massachusetts (Barnstable). Martha Taylor, daughter of Richard Taylor and Ruth Whelden, was born on 18 December 1650 in Yarmouth, Massachusetts (Barnstable). She died on 27 January 1727/8 at the age of 77. She was 1/4 Wampanoag Indian from mother. "Joseph Bearse, son of Austin and Mary, born Barnstable 1652, 1/2 blood Wampanoag Indian, married 1676 his wife, Martha Taylor 1/4 blood Wampanoag Indian, daughter of Richard Taylor the tailor, Yarmouth 1639, born in Europe. He (Richard Taylor) was three times the age of his wife, Ruth Wheldon 1/2 blood Wampanoag Indian, born at Yarmouth, daughter of Gabriel Wheldon and his wife Margaret, a full blood Wampanoag Indian.

“The pilgrims didn’t know it, but they were moving into a cemetery,” About 1614, a series of three epidemics, inadvertently introduced through contact with Europeans, began to sweep through the Indian villages in Massachusetts. At least ten Wampanoag villages were abandoned because there were no survivors. The Wampanoag population decreased from 12,000 to 5,000.

Note: It is not known what the actual disease was that caused this epidemic. Various writers have suggested bubonic plague, smallpox, and hepatitis A. There is strong evidence supporting all of these theories. It is estimated that by 1619, 75% of the Native population of New England had died as a result of this epidemic.

When Squanto returned from England with captain Thomas Dermer in 1619, he searched for the Wampanoag of his village, but found that they had all died in the epidemic.

By the end of the wars the Wampanoag were nearly exterminated: only 400 survived.

When the Mayflower pilgrims and the Wampanoag sat down for the first Thanksgiving in 1621, it wasn’t actually that big of a deal. Likely, it was just a routine English harvest celebration. More significant—and less remembered—was the peace treaty that the parties established seven months earlier, which lasted for 50 years. (See also: National Geographic Kids: First Thanksgiving.)

“There’s in fact very little historical record of the first Thanksgiving, which is why Thanksgiving wasn’t really celebrated as a holiday until the 19th century,” says Charles C. Mann, author of 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus. “To historians, it seems kind of funny that the celebration … now seems more important than the treaty itself.”

President Abraham Lincoln established Thanksgiving as a national holiday during the Civil War, and the feast has since become an American tradition. Yet the story of the Wampanoag and the pilgrims who first broke bread is not commonly known. (See also: Talking Turkey: Facts about Thanksgiving's Big Bird.)

Here’s a little background about the much-mythologized meal.

1. It wasn’t actually a “Thanksgiving.”

In 1841, Boston publisher Alexander Young printed a book containing a letter by pilgrim Edward Winslow, which described the feast:

“[O]ur harvest being gotten in, our governor sent four men on fowling, that so we might after a more special manner rejoice together … [There were] many of the Indians coming amongst us, and among the rest their greatest King Massasoit, with some ninety men, whom for three days we entertained and feasted.” (See also: National Geographic Kids: First Thanksgiving.)

Pilgrims land An engraving depicts the Mayflower pilgrims landing at Plymouth Rock in 1620. In reality, the pilgrims never wrote of any such rock. The first written mention of Plymouth Rock was in 1835.

Among 17th-century pilgrims, a “Thanksgiving” was actually a period of prayerful fasting, and Winslow did not use the word anywhere in his letter. But when Young published the letter, he called it the “first Thanksgiving” in a footnote, and the name stuck.

Edward Winslow Pilgrim Edward Winslow visits Massasoit, the Sachem (or leader) of the Wampanoag Confederacy.

2. A year before the first Thanksgiving, the pilgrims raided Native American graves.

When the pilgrims arrived in Cape Cod, they were incredibly unprepared. “They were under the persistent belief that because New England is south of the Netherlands and southern England, it would therefore be warmer,” says Mann. “Then they showed up six weeks before winter with practically no food.”

In a desperate state, the pilgrims robbed corn from Native Americans graves and storehouses soon after they arrived; but because of their overall lack of preparation, half of them still died within their first year. To learn how to farm sustainably, they eventually required help from Tisquantum, an English-speaking Native American who had been staying with the Wampanoag. (See also: Cranberries, a Native American Superfood.)

3. The pilgrims could only settle at Plymouth because thousands of Native Americans, including many Wampanoag, had been killed by disease.

If the pilgrims had arrived in Cape Cod three years earlier, they might not have found those abandoned graves and storehouses … in fact, they might not have had space to land.

Europeans who sailed to New England in the early to mid-1610s found flourishing communities along the coast, and little room for themselves to settle. But by 1620, when the Mayflower arrived, the area looked abandoned.

“A couple of years before, there’d been an epidemic that wiped out most of the coastal population of New England, and Plymouth was on top of a village that had been deserted by disease,” says Mann.

“The pilgrims didn’t know it, but they were moving into a cemetery,” he adds.

CULTURE & HISTORY

This is what happens when the migrant caravan comes to town

4. The peace that led to the first Thanksgiving was driven by trade and tribal rivalries.

Before the Wampanoag suffered losses from disease, they had driven Europeans like John Smith away. “Now,” says Mann, “the Wampanoag [were] much weaker because of the disease, and they’re much weaker than their hated adversaries, the Narragansett.”

Ann McMullen, curator at the National Museum of the American Indian, says that the Wampanoag weren’t necessarily looking to make alliances against the Narragansett; but “because the Wampanoag were in a slightly weakened position,” they realized that an alliance with the pilgrims “could fortify their strength.”

The Europeans were valuable trading partners for the Wampanoag and other Native Americans in the area because they traded steel knives and axes for beaver pelts—something that, in the beaver-rich New England area, the Wampanoag considered essentially worthless.

“It’s a little like somebody comes to your door, and says I’ll give you gold if you give me a rock,” Mann says. “The Wampanoag thought: if we tie ourselves to these guys, everybody else will be hesitant to attack us, because they could drive away these people who are willing to pay gold for rocks.

When the pilgrims arrived in Cape Cod, they were incredibly unprepared. “They were under the persistent belief that because New England is south of the Netherlands and southern England, it would therefore be warmer,” says Mann. “Then they showed up six weeks before winter with practically no food.”

In a desperate state, the pilgrims robbed corn from Native Americans graves and storehouses soon after they arrived; but because of their overall lack of preparation, half of them still died within their first year. To learn how to farm sustainably, they eventually required help from Tisquantum, an English-speaking Native American who had been staying with the Wampanoag. (See also: Cranberries, a Native American Superfood.)

3. The pilgrims could only settle at Plymouth because thousands of Native Americans, including many Wampanoag, had been killed by disease.

If the pilgrims had arrived in Cape Cod three years earlier, they might not have found those abandoned graves and storehouses … in fact, they might not have had space to land.

GEDCOM Source @R1050710867@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source 1,60525::91382853

GEDCOM Source @R1050710867@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source 1,60525::91382853

GEDCOM Source @R1050710867@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source 1,60525::91382853

GEDCOM Source @R1050710867@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source 1,60525::91382853


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Joseph Bearse's Timeline

1651
January 25, 1651
Barnstable, Plymouth Colony
January 25, 1651
Barnstable, Plymouth Colony, British Colonial America
1652
September 7, 1652
Age 1
Barnstable,Barnstable,MA
September 7, 1652
Age 1
Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts
1679
February 21, 1679
Barnstable, Plymouth Colony
1682
June 21, 1682
Barnstable, Cape Cod, Plymouth Colony
1683
December 31, 1683
Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA
1685
January 20, 1685
Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States