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Joseph Dudley

Birthplace: Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
Death: Died in Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
Place of Burial: Eliot Burying Ground Roxbury Suffolk County Massachusetts, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Gov. Thomas Dudley and Katherine Allin
Husband of Rebecca Dudley
Father of Thomas Dudley; Edward Dudley; Hon. Paul Dudley; Samuel Dudley; John Dudley and 6 others
Brother of Deborah Wade and Paul Dudley
Half brother of Thomas Dudley; Rev. Samuel Dudley; Anne Dudley Bradstreet, 1st American poet; Patience Denison; John Dudley and 7 others

Occupation: Governor of Massachusetts
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Joseph Dudley

Descendants of Joseph Dudley, who married Rebecca Tyng:

(all can be found by Wikipedia search)

Paul Dudley

Robert Charles Winthrop

John Kerry

Louis Auchincloss

Burr Steers

Charles William Eliot

Samuel Eliot Morison

John P. Marquand

Joseph Dudley (September 23, 1647 - April 2, 1720), colonial governor of Massachusetts from 1702 to 1715, was born and died in Roxbury, Massachusetts. He was the son of the second governor of Massachusetts, Thomas Dudley.

He graduated from Harvard College in 1665, became a member of the general court, and in 1682 was sent by Massachusetts to London to prevent the threatened revocation of her charter by Charles II. There, with an eye to his personal advancement, he secretly advised the king to annul the charter; this was done, and Dudley, by royal appointment, became president of the provisional council.

With the advent of the new governor, Sir Edmund Andros, Dudley became a judge of the superior court and censor of the press. Upon the deposition of Andros, Dudley was imprisoned and sent with him to England, but was soon set free. In 1691-1692, he was chief-justice of New York, from wiki


Birth: unk

Death: 1720


Burial: Eliot Burying Grd, W Roxbury, Suffolk Co, MA, USA


DUDLEY, Joseph [1647-1720]-Eng colonial admin, Gov of MA Bay Colony

Dudley, Joseph, gov of MA, b Roxbury, MA Sep 23 1647; son of Gov Thomas Dudley, graduated from Harvard in 1665, taking 2nd degree in 1668. He was made freeman 1672; was deputy, 1673-75; was engaged in battle w/Narragansetts 1675, & was commissioner w/Edward Hutchinson & others who made treaty w/Indians, Jul 15 1675. He was assistant, 1676-85, & 1682 was sent as agent to Eng to obtain renewal of old charter, but was unsuccessful in his quest. 1685 he was commissioned president of part of New Eng included in MA Bay, NH, ME & King's Province. Dec 1686, he was placed at head of council of Sir Edmund Andros, newly appointed gov of New Eng. When superior court was established Mar 1687, he was made chief justice & held office for yr, when he was superseded by John Palmer & forced to accept subordinate place on bench. 1689 he went 2nd time to Eng, having been arrested w/Andros & sent thither w/him. 1690 he returned, having been appointed chief justice of NY. 1693 he went 3rd time to Eng & rec'd commission from King William as Lt-Gov of Isle of Wight, where he continued 8 yrs. He was mbr of House of Commons for borough of Newton up to death of King William. He rec'd from King William his commission as gov of province of MA which was renewed by Queen Anne, & he arrived in Boston, Jun 11 1702 & continued in gov't till Nov 1715. He m 1669 Rebecca, dtr of Edward Tyng, Esq, early magistrate of MA, & of their 13 children, 7 lived to maturity. He d Roxbury, MA, Apr 2 1720. Detested by colonials for his association w/Andros administrations.

JOSEPH, Roxbury, son of Gov Thomas. freeman 1672, rep 1673-5, ar co 1677, Assist 1676-85, Pres of Cols of MA & NH 1686, had visit Eng in 1682, was of Andros's council & made Chief Just of unconstitutional Sup Crt; aft being long imprisoned here, went in Feb 1690 to Eng but came back same yr w/commission as Chief Just of MA & was asst Dep Gov of Isle of Wight under Lord Cutts, as Hutch II 86 shows, 8 yrs & came home 1702, w/commission as Gov which place he served until Nov 1715, d 2 Apr 1720. Of character of so distinguished politician lineaments will borrow colors from artist's pencil; yet that of Hutch II 213, 214, shows honorable impartiality, especially when we reflect how he must have known hatred of his relatives, the Mathers. Something darker is portrait in Bancroft, III 100, but he may have mistaken secret feeling of Dudley's heart, & fell into wonderful error, when he closed relation w/sad retribute: "His grave is among strangers," for all Roxbury could testify his final resting place is close to that of his father & he was buried in his native town, where he passed last 18 yrs of his life. In later editions historian struck out clause of malediction. His will of 27 Oct 1719, mentions only 2 sons & bequeathes "his body to be buried with his father" His wife Rebecca, dtr of Edward Tyng, had Thomas, b 26 Feb 1670, ch next day, H C 1685, d young; Edward, 4 Sep 1671; Joseph, 8, ch 9 Nov 1673; Paul, 3, ch 5 Sep 1675, H C 1690 (much distinguished man, Chief Just. of Prov FRS m 15 Sep 1703, Lucy Wainwright), & d 21 Jan 1751; Samuel, 7 Sep 1677; John, 28 Feb ch 2 Mar 1679; Rebecca, 16, ch. 22 May 1681, m 15 Sep 1702, Samuel Sewall; Catharine, 7 Jan 1683, d same day; Ann, 27, ch 31 Aug 1684, m 16 Dec 1707, John Winthrop; William, 20, ch 24 Oct 1686, H C 1704 (eminate speaker of house, mbr of his majesty's council, father of Thomas, H C 1750, & of Joseph, H C 1751); Daniel, 4 Feb 1689; Catharine, again, 5 Jan 1690, m 20 Apr 1714, William Dummer; & Mary, 2 Nov 1692, m 1 Jan 1713, Francis Wainwright, & next, Joseph Atkins, & d 19 Nov 1774; & widow of Gov d 21 Sep 1722, age 71. 1 of most curious combinations in New Eng Hist is detailed in his correspondence w/Increase & Cotton Mather, 1708 (See MA Hist Coll III 126-137). Both display much shrewdness & more malignity.

Petition for compensation resulting from executions during Salem Witch Trials. Decree for compensation signed by Gov Joseph Dudley:


(Account of Isaac Easty -- Case of Mary Easty)

Topsfield Septemb'r 8 th. 1710

Isaac Esty of Topsfield in the county of Essex in N.E. having been sorely exercis'd through the holy & awful providence of God depriving him of his beloved wife Mary Esty who suffered death in the year 1692 & under the fearfull odium of one of the worst of crimes that can be laid to the charge of mankind, as if she had been guilty of witchcraft a peice of wickedness witch I beleeve she did hate with perfect hatered & by all that ever I could see by her never could see any thing by her that should give me any reason in the lest to think her guilty of anything of that nature but am firmly persuaded that she was innocent of it as any to such a shameful death-Upon consideration of a notification from the Honored Generall Court desiring my self & others under the like circumstances to give some account of what my Estate was damnify'd by reason of such a hellish molestation do hereby declare which may also be seen by comparing papers & records that my wife was near upon 5 months imprisioned all which time I provided maintenance for her at my own cost & charge, went constantly twice aweek to provide for her what she needed 3 weeks of this 5 months she was in prision at Boston & I was constrained to be at the charge of transporting her to & fro. So that I can not but think my charge in time and money might amount to 20 pounds besides my trouble & sorrow of heart in being deprived of her after such a manner which this world can never make me any compensation for.

I order and appoint my son Jacob Esty to carry this to the Honored Committee.

Isaac Esty sen'r

aged about 82 years

Appointed by the Honored Generall Court & are to meet at Salem Sept 12 1710 Dated this 8th of Sept. 1710

(Reverse) Mary Easty of Topsfield Condem'd & Executed

(Account of WIlliam Good - Cases of Sarah Good and Dorcas Good)

To The Honourable Committee

The humble representation of Will'm. Good of the Damage sustained by him in the year 1692. by reason of the sufferings of his family upon the account of supposed Witchcraft

1 My wife Sarah Good was In prision about four months & then Executed.

2 a sucking child dyed in prison before the Mothers Execution.

3 a child of 4 or 5 years old was in prison 7 or 8 months and being chain'd in the dungeon was so hardly used and terrifyed that she hath ever since been very chargeable haveing little or no reason to govern herself. - And I leave it up to the Honourable Court to Judge what damage I have sustained by such a destruction of my poor family- And so rest

Your Honours humble servant

William Good

Salem Sept. 13 1710

[And in another hand:] 30 lbs. proposed for to be allowed

(Governor Dudley's Order for Payment)

By his Excellency the Governor

Whereas the Generall Assembly in their last session accepted the report of their comitte appointed to consider of the Damages sustained by Sundry persons prosecuted for Witchcraft in the year 1692 viz't

To lb. s. d.

lb. s. d. 

Elizabeth How 12 0 0

John Procter and Wife 150 0 0

George Jacobs 79 0 0

Sar[a]h Wild 14 0 0

Mary Easty 20 0 0

Mary Bradbury 20 0 0

George Burroughs 50 0 0

Abigail Faulkner 20 0 0

Giles cory & wife 21 0 0

Anne Foster 6 10 0

Rebeccah Nurse 25 0 0

Rebeccah Eames 10 0 0

John Willard 20 0 0

Dorcas Hoar 21 17 0

Sarah Good 30 0 0

Mary Post 8 14 0

Martha Carrier 7 6 0

Mary Lacey 8 10 0

Samuel Wardwell & wife 36 15 0

                                                                                              578      12     0 

The whole amounting unto Five hundred seventy eight poundes and twelve shillings.

I doe by and with the advice and consent of Maj'tys council hereby order you to pay the sum above of five hundred seventy eight poundes & Twelve shillings to Stephen Sewall Esq'r. who together witht the gentelmen of the committe that Estimated and Reported the said damages are desired & directed to distribute the same in proportion as above to such of the said persons as are Living. and to those that legally represent them that are dead according as the law directs & for which this shall be your Warrant.

Given under my hand at BoSton the 17th day of December 1711

J. Dudley

(Reverse) Allowance to persons who were prosecuted for witchcraft

[To Mr Treasurer Taylor By order of the Governor & Council Isa Addington Secrty.]

Joseph Dudley (23 September 1647 – 2 April 1720) was an English colonial administrator. A native of Roxbury, Massachusetts and the son of one of its founders, Dudley had a leading role in the administration of the Dominion of New England (1686–1689), overthrown in the 1689 Boston revolt, and served briefly on the council of the Province of New York. In New York, he oversaw the trial that convicted Jacob Leisler, the ringleader of Leisler's Rebellion. He spent eight years in the 1690s as lieutenant governor of the Isle of Wight, including one year as a Member of Parliament. In 1702 he was appointed governor of the provinces of Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire, posts he held until 1715.

His rule of Massachusetts was characterized by hostility and tension, with political enemies opposing his attempts to gain a regular salary, and regularly making complaints about his official and private actions. Most of his tenure was dominated by Queen Anne's War, in which the two provinces were on the front lines with New France and suffered from a series of major and minor French and Indian raids. He orchestrated an unsuccessful attempt to capture the Acadian capital of Port Royal in 1707, raised provincial militia forces for its successful capture in 1710, and directed an unsuccessful expedition against Quebec in 1711.

Dudley's governorship institutionalized a pattern of hostility toward royal governance in Massachusetts, most frequently over the issue of the salaries of crown officials. The colonial legislature routinely challenged or disputed the prerogatives of the governor. While this hostility affected most of the governors of Massachusetts up to the American Revolutionary War and the end of British rule, his rule of New Hampshire was comparatively uncontroversial.


Joseph Dudley (1647-1720)

President, Dominion of New England 1686, 1702-1715

In May of 1686, the Massachusetts Bay Colony came to an end, as Joseph Dudley became President of New England under a commission of King James II. He established his authority later in New Hampshire and the King's Province (part of today's Rhode Island), maintaining this position until Sir Edmund Andros arrived to become the Royal Governor of the New England Dominion. Dudley continued on as a member of Governor Andros' council.

The Dominion was short-lived and both Andros and Dudley were sent back to England during its "Glorious Revolution" to answer for their actions. Dudley served the crown in New York and returned to England to become the Governor of the Isle of Wight. Years later in 1702, Dudley was again commissioned to govern Massachusetts and New Hampshire.

Though it was sixteen years later, Massachusetts colonists remembered Dudley's support of the popularly hated Governor Andros. Governor Dudley began his administration in an air of mistrust, which he did little to overcome in the following years. He set about purging old political foes and by the end of his service in 1715, he had fostered a legacy of resentment and suspicion, which permanently attached itself to the Royal Governorship. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Joseph Dudley studied theology and graduated from Harvard College in 1665. However, he did not pursue the ministry, instead followed a political career instead. Marston writes that "his subsequent official career was the most brillant that had been witnessed in the new world." Most of his children predeceased him as his will of 27 Oct 1719 mentions only two sons and bequeaths his body to be buried with his father. 1 Birth: 23 SEP 1647 in Roxbury, Suffolk, MA Death: 1720

Father: Thomas DUDLEY b: 12 OCT 1576 in Yardley Hastings, Northamptonshire, England Mother: Katherine DEIGHTON b: ABT JAN 1614 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dudley, Joseph, 1647– 1720, colonial governor of Massachusetts, b. Roxbury, Mass.; son of Thomas Dudley. In 1682 he was one of the agents sent to England to protest against the threatened loss of the Massachusetts charter. Having found favor in England, Dudley was appointed head of the temporary government in the colony until Sir Edmund Andros arrived (1686) a few months later as governor of all of New England. Under Andros he held several prominent positions, but with Andros's fall (1689) Dudley was sent to England to answer charges brought against him by the colonists. Acquitted of the charges, he was appointed chief of the council of New York (1690– 92) and acted as chief justice during the trial of Jacob Leisler. Back in England again, he was elected to Parliament (1701), but soon returned as governor of Massachusetts (1702– 15). Dudley raised and directed military expeditions against Canada, but his administration was marked by dissension because of his earlier unpopularity in the colony and his uncompromising attitude.

See biography by E. Kimball (1911).

His son, Paul Dudley, 1675– 1751, b. Roxbury, Mass., rose to considerable prominence as a jurist in spite of his father's unpopularity and the hostility of the Mather faction. He was chief justice of Massachusetts (1745– 51) and was well known as a naturalist. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dudley, Joseph, governor of Massachusetts, was born at Roxbury, Mass., Sept. 23, 1647; son of Governor Thomas Dudley. He was graduated from Harvard in 1665, taking his second degree in 1668. He was made freeman in 1672; was deputy, 1673-75; was engaged in the battle with the Narragansetts in 1675, and was a commissioner with Edward Hutchinson and others who made the treaty with the Indians, July 15, 1675. He was an assistant, 1676-85, and in 1682 was sent as an agent to England to obtain a renewal of the old charter, but was unsuccessful in his quest. In 1685 he was commissioned president of the part of New England included in Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Maine and King's Province. In December, 1686, he was placed at the head of the council of Sir Edmund Andros, the newly appointed governor of New England. When the superior court was established in March, 1687, he was made chief justice and held the office for a year, when he was superseded by John Palmer and forced to accept a subordinate place on the bench. In 1689 he went a second time to England, having been arrested with Andros and sent thither with him. In 1690 he returned, having been appointed chief justice of New York. In 1693 he went a third time to England and received a commission from King William as lieutenant-governor of the Isle of Wight, where he continued eight years. He was a member of the House of commons for the borough of Newton up to the time of the death of King William. He received from King William his commission as governor of the province of Massachusetts which was renewed by Queen Anne, and he arrived in Boston, June 11, 1702, and continued in the government till November, 1715. He was married in 1669 to Rebecca, daughter of Edward Tyng, Esq., an early magistrate of Massachusetts, and of their thirteen children, seven lived to maturity. He died in Roxbury, Mass., April 2, 1720. [BDNA]

Birth: Sep. 23, 1647 Roxbury Suffolk County Massachusetts, USA Death: Apr. 2, 1720 Roxbury Suffolk County Massachusetts, USA

Graduate of Harvard Class of 1665 President of the Dominion of New England 1686 Governor of Province of Massachusetts Bay 1702-1715

"Boston, On Saturday the 2d Currant; dyed the very Honourable JOSEPH DUDLEY, Esq; at his Seat in Roxbury, in the 73d Year of his Age, being born, September 23d 1647; and on Friday the 8th Currant he was Iterred in the Sepulchre of his Father with all the Honour and Respect his Country was capable of doing him; there being Two Regiments of Foot with Two Troops of Horse in Arms; and while the Funeral was passing, the Guns at His Majesty's Castle Willima were fired; and on the Occasion all the Bells of the Town of Boston were Tolled.

There attended at the Funeral the Members of His Majesty's Council, in Boston, and the Neighbouring Towns; a great Number of Justices of the Peace, Ministers, Gentlemen, Merchants and others.

The late Governour Dudly was the Son of the Honourable Thomas Dudley, Esq; (for many Years Governour of New England) and the Son of his Old Age, being born after his Father was 70 Years Old. --During his Childhood, he was under the care of his Excellent Mother, and the Reverend Mr. Allen the Minister of Dedham, who Marryed her. In his Youth he was Educated at the Free-School in Cambridge, under the Famous Master Corlet; from thence he went to College in Cambridge, and there took his Degrees in the Presidentship of Mr. Charles Chauncey --The first of his Publick appearance for his Countrey's Service, was in the Narraganset Indian War, Anno 1675. --The Year after he was Chosen a Magistrate of the Massachusetts Colony --In 1682 he went for England with John Richards, Esq; in an Agency for his Country, --In 1686 the Government of the Massachusetts Colony being changed to a President and Council, he has a Commission to Command in chief; and after the Arrival of Sir Edmund Androes in the Government of New England, New York, &c. he continued President of the Council and Chief Justice. In the Winter 1689 he went a second time for England; and in 1690 returned with a Commission of Chief Justice for New York. In 1693 he went a third time for England, and in the Winter of that Year, he received a Commission from King William, appointing him Lieutenant Governour of the Isle of Wight, where he continued Eight Years. While in England, he had the Honour to serve as a Member of the House of Commons for the Borough of Newton on the Isle of Wight, in the last Parliament of King William, from whom he first received his Commission for his Government; but staying in England till His Majesty's Death, he was obliged to get his Commission renewed from Queen Anne, with which he Arrived at Boston the 11th of June 1702; and was received with great Respect and Affection; and continued in the Government until November 1715, saving an Intermission of about 7 Weeks, that the Government dev[?]lv'd upon His Majesty's Council.

He was a Man of rare Endowments and shining Accomplishments, a singular Honour to his County, and in many Respects the Glory of it; He was early its Darling, always its Ornament, and his Age its Crown: The Scholar, the Divine, the Philosopher and the Lawyer, all me in him: --He was visibly form'd for Government; and under his Administration (by God Almighty's Blessing) We enjoyed great quietness, and were sfely sterr'd thro' a long and difficult, Indian and French War.

His Country have once and again thankfully acknowledge his Abilities and Fidelity in their Addresses to the Throne. --He truly Honour'd and Lov'd the Religion, Learning and Verture of New England; and was himself a worthy Patron and Example of the all, --Nor did so bright a Soul, dwell in a less amiable Body, being a very Comely Person, of a Noble Aspect, and a graceful Mien, having a Gravity of a Judge, and the Goodness of a Father, --In a word, he was a [?] Gentleman, of a most polite Address; and had uncommon Elegancies and Charms in his Conversation.

'Tis said a Funeral Sermon will be Preach'd for him at the Publick Lecture in Boston the next Thursday."

Boston News-Letter, Boston MA, 4 Apr - 11 Apr 1720, issue 834, page 2.

Family links:

 Thomas Dudley (1576 - 1653)
 Katherine Deighton Hagborne Dudley Allin (1614 - 1671)

 Rebecca Tyng Dudley (1651 - 1722)*

 Paul Dudley (1675 - 1751)*
 Rebecca Dudley Sewall (1681 - 1761)*
 Ann Dudley Winthrop (1684 - 1776)*
 William Dudley (1686 - 1743)*
 Mary Dudley Atkins (1692 - 1774)*

 Thomas Dudley (1605 - ____)**
 Samuel Dudley (1608 - 1683)**
 Anne Dudley Bradstreet (1612 - 1672)**
 Patience Dudley Denison (1612 - 1690)**
 Patience Dudley Denison (1616 - 1690)**
 Mercy Dudley Woodbridge (1621 - 1691)**
 Deborah Dudley Wade (1644 - ____)*
 Joseph Dudley (1647 - 1720)
 Paul Dudley (1650 - ____)*
  • Calculated relationship
    • Half-sibling

Burial: Eliot Burying Ground Roxbury Suffolk County Massachusetts, USA

Created by: Darlina Shaw Record added: Jul 05, 2009 Find A Grave Memorial# 39085215

view all 21

Joseph Dudley's Timeline

September 23, 1647
Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
September 8, 1650
Age 2
Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts
February 26, 1670
Age 22
Roxbury, MA
September 4, 1671
Age 23
Roxbury, MA
September 3, 1675
Age 27
Roxbury, MA
September 1677
Age 29
February 28, 1679
Age 31
May 15, 1681
Age 33
Roxbury, MA
August 27, 1684
Age 36
Roxbury, Boston, Massachussetts