Joseph Henderson, I

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Joseph Henderson, I

Also Known As: "I"
Birthplace: Monrovia, Orange County, Virginia, USA
Death: Died in Wilkes County, GA
Place of Burial: Rayle, Wilkes County, GA
Immediate Family:

Son of John I Henderson, I and Sarah Henderson
Husband of Adelphia Henderson
Father of Nancy Anne Bankston; Isabella Adelphia Poteet; Sarah Henderson; Isabella Graves Henderson; Mary Miller and 3 others
Brother of Samuel Henderson; Elizabeth Montague; Ann Linney; Isabelle Thompson; Hanner Richards and 4 others

Managed by: Stephen Daniel Harper
Last Updated:

About Joseph Henderson, I

DAR Ancestor #: A054755

During Revolutionary War, served as horseman and wagon guard in South Carolina troops under Col. Thos. Sumpter. Participated in battles at Orangeburg, Stono and Briar Creek. Owned 6 slaves in 1794. Given land grant in Wilkes County, GA, in recognition of military service. Described by others as "wore knee breeches, silver buckles on his shoes, and powdered hair and was of the Virginia gentry class." Charter member of the Sardis Baptist Church near Rayle, GA, where he and his wife were buried.


  • JOSEPH I. HENDERSON was born 1737 in Caswell Co.,NC, and died 1809 in Wilkes Co., GA. He married (1) LUCINDA LEE, daughter of JAMES LEE and ANNE HERNDON. She was born Abt. 1740 in St. Georges Co.,VA, and died 1769 in NC. [N.B. DISPROVEN. Old error. ] He married (2) ADELPHIA LEE Abt. 1770, daughter of JAMES LEE and ANNE HERNDON. She was born 1748 in Spotsylvania Co.,VA., Baptism: December 25, 1808, Sardis Baptist Church, Wilkes Co.,GA and died June 13, 1813 in Wilkes Co., GA. (1)

From application of William Ewing Cooper, Jr. To Alabama Society, Sons of American Revolution, April 1951: "Served as Private in Captain John Ashly's Company, 3rd Virginia Regiment during theyear 1777, Colonel George Weedon, commanding. He also served with the Militia of N.C. and was paid by that State for Sundries furnished the Militias of N.C., Va., and S.C."



The following information is from

1776: Signed a petition for the formation of Caswell Co.,NC. from Orange Co.

   He was said to have worn knee breeches, silver buckles on his shoes and powdered hair as one of the Virginia gentry. (Patrick Stevens Homepage, FTM)
   1789: Bought land from Samuel Henderson in Wilkes Co.; Recorded 2 June,1789
   1794: Owned 6 slaves. Shown on Tax list (SOME EARLY TAX RECORDS OF GEORGIA, by Ruth Blair, pg.296.)
   After the Rev. War, he was known as Captain Joseph Henderson. He is listed with DAR as a Patriot, having performed Patriotic Service.GEORGIA REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIERS, VOL.II, p.725, #114.
   Served as horseman and wagon guard in the SC Troops under Col. Thos. Sumpter at Orangeburg & Stono.
   He was given a land grant as a Rev. soldier in Wilkes Co.,GA in 1784.
   1803: Sold, for $400.00 to Griffin Smith, 200 acres granted to Samuel Henderson and conveyed by him to Joseph Henderson Oct.25, 1789. (McCall-Tidwell and Allied Families)
   Charter members of Sardis Baptist Church in Wilkes Co. Delphia joined Sardis Baptist Church in 1808 by papers. She was received by baptism on Dec. 25, 1808.
   1816 Rueben Stozier 1828
   LIST OF MEMBERS: (Joined)
   1788-1803 Henderson, Joseph; Anders, Mary
   1808 Henderson, Delphia; Henderson, Peggy; Stozier, Phereby
   1809 Henderson, Polley; Strozier, Reuben
   1820 Lea, Hannah; Strozier, Reuben
   1827 Henderson, Mary
   "The years listed above are when the person named joined the church. Joseph Henderson was a charter member. He and Adelphia are both buried in the church cemetery. The church history states that a church annex was built over the cemetery in the late 1800's. The occasion of the printing of the church history is in the Washington-Wilkes County, Ga. public library
   June 6, 1785: William Toombs to Joseph Henderson, 200 acres orig. grant 1785 to said Toombs June 6, 1785. Benkamin Catchings, JP; James Samson, Alex Brown, Test.
   1799: Joseph and Delphia entered into a bond with Major Henderson to attend to the business of the plantation and to care for them for their natural lives in exchange for $5000.00. Joseph assigned 4 negroes, a mare and 2 colts for $5.00 to Major and his heirs. (Recorded 17 July, 1799)
   Aug. 1, 1801: "Wilkes Co. Papers 1773-1833"
   Recorded Book II, folio 181, 28 July, 1806:
   Richard Runnels, Division of negroes:
   Division of slaves 1 Aug. 1801, signed by heirs of Rich'd Runnels: A. Burroughs, Rich'd Petett (mark), Joshua Callaway, Joseph Henderson, Polly Runnels (mark), Thomas Matthews, Dorothy Runnels, Thomas Reynolds, Joseph Henderson
   Before John Graham, JP.
   "Early Records of Wilkes County, GA," by Grace Gillam Davidson; pub.1932 by Rev. Silas Emmett Lucas, Jr.;Vidalia,GA
   VOL. II, on page 86 appears this note from the County Records:
   SAMUEL HENDERSON, Planter, of CASWELL COUNTY, North Carolina to JOSEPH HENDERSON, of Wilkes County, GA, 200 acres adjoining said JOSEPH; original grant of 1785 to said SAMUEL HENDERSON. Deed dated October 25, 1789. WILLIAM MORGAN, J.P. Wits: ANNIE MORGAN and one JOSHUA CALLAWAY.
   This item means that not only JOSEPH and RICHARD, sons of the first JOHN HENDERSON of ORANGE COUNTY, Virginia, migrated to GEORGIA, but that SAMUEL HENDERSON, of CASWELL COUNTY, patented lands in Wilkes County after the revolution, which he later sold to his brother, JOSEPH. It is clear that SAMUEL never lived in Georgia, but remained in Caswell County, North Carolina, where he died in 1819.
   To dispel any doubt about the JOSEPH HENDERSON of WILKES COUNTY, Georgia, being the son of JOHN HENDERSON and SARAH BROCKMAN of Orange County, and the brother of SAMUEL HENDERSON, of Caswell County, N. C. we append the two items from the records of LOUISA COONTY, Virginia, below:
   D. B. H. p. 90: JOSEPH HENDERSON, of Wilkes County, GA to WILLIAM LINNEY (m. ANN HENDERSON) "my trusted friend" of Louisa County, VA is given power of attorney, to obtain slaves, etc in Louisa Co. VA that may be coming to him. August, 1784. JOHN WHITE and THOMAS MANN, witnesses.
   VOL. I, Page 166:
   Nancy Lee, lunatic, Jonathon Lee appointed guardian in place of Joseph Henderson and Christopher Irwin resigned, Thomas Lee and Richard Dukins, Security.
   Aug. 7, 1806. Page 143 Ann Lee, petition that Aquilla Burroughs and Joseph Henderson attend court and render an account as exr's of William Lee, dec'd.
   Page 152---Jan. 5, 1807. Thomas Lee same petition.
   Page 157--March 3, 1807. Excrs. made returns and gave surety.
   Page 179 - The Early Records of Georgia, Volume I, Wilkes County - Page 145
   It appearing that Aquilla Burroughs and Joseph Henderson, Sr. Excrs of William Lea, dec'd, had applied for leave to sell 150 acres on Kettle creek, Joseph Henderson, surviving Excr granted permission.
   Page 165 - The Early Records of Georgia, Volume I, Wilkes County - Page 143
   Aug. 7, 1806. Ann Lee, petition that Aquilla Burroughs and Joseph Henderson attend court and render an account as Excrs of William Lee, dec'd.
   Page 152--Jan. 5, 1807. Thomas Lee same petition.
   Page 157--Mar. 3, 1807. Excrs made returns and gave security.
   Page 18--Nancy Lee, lunatic, Jonathan Lee appointed guardian in place of Joseph Henderson and Christopher Irwin resigned, Thomas Lee and Richard Dukins, Security.
   Page 169 - The Early Records of Georgia, Volume I, Wilkes County Page 89--Aug. 6, 1804.
   George Runnals appointed guardian of George Washington Runnals orphan of Phebe Runnals. Richard Sappington and Joseph Henderson, Security.
   Page 145 - The Early Records of Georgia, Volume I, Wilkes County - Page 142
   Petition of Mary Morgan, Admx. of Luke John Morgan, dec'd. to sell 287 1/2 acres in Washington Co. original grant to said Luke. Petition of Thomas Reynolds and Joseph Henderson, Admrs of Richard Reynolds, dec'd to sell 175 acres on Clarks creek.
   Petition of John Griffin, Atty for Excrs of Humphrey Graves, dec'd to sell real estate, affidavit of Joshua Graves one of the legatees that it had been advertised.
   Page 141 - The Early Records of Georgia, Volume I, Wilkes County Page 31
   Aquilla Burroughs and Joseph Henderson, Admrs of William Lea. Wylie Pope, guardian of Henry, Joel, Rebeckah, Richard and Winnefred Aycock and Winnefred Pope.
   Page 138 - The Early Records of Georgia, Volume I, Wilkes County Page 59
   Sept. 6, 1800. Richard Reynolds, dec'd. Thomas Reynolds and Joseph Henderson, Jr., appointed temporary Admrs.
   The Early Records of Georgia, Volume I, Wilkes County Page 60-61
   LEA, WILLIAM. To wife Nancy for life or widowhood, the plantation whereon I now live, all the furniture within the walls, stock, etc., and slaves Ben. Jude, Jenney and Osborn. To son Thomas slave Hannah.
   To son John slave Daniel. To son Jonathan slave Dinah. To dau. Nancy for life slaves George, Milly and Elix, the still, 100 acres of land, etc., at her death the land to be given to my son Solomon, the negroes and stock to Nancy's five children (not named).
   To grandchildren William and Sarah Ropers slave Jenny at the death of my wife, when they come of age. To grandau. Susannah Lea slave Osborn at wife's death. œ30 to be divided among the heirs of my dau. Rosanna Gean at wife's death. Aquilla Burroughs, John Lea, and Joseph Henderson, Excrs.
   Signed Jan. 9, 1794. Probated May 3, 1794. Spencer Runnels, Geo. Griggs, John Henderson, Test.
   LEA, WILLIAM dec'd. est. Return of Jos. Henderson, excr Mar. 7, 1809. "In the lifetime of Aquilla Burroughs, (the other excr.), and after the death of Nancy Lea the wid of the testator, towit on 28th, day of Jan. 1809 a certain negro woman and her two children which by the will belonged to the wid for life, final division to two grandchildren, were exposed to public sale, Richard Peteet became the purchaser.
   He paid half the price to Aquilla Burroughs before his death and the other half belongs to said Richard as a legatec. Returns Mar. 1810 expenses to courts of Jackson and Clark counties for the est. Legacies paid Jonathan and Nancy Lea.
   Receipt of Nancy Lee Jan. 1, 1811, for her part of the land. Receipts of Philip and Wm. Jane or Janes (Gean?) Dec. 1811.....Jan. 1812 for their legacies in full.
   Amounts received for Solomon, Nancy and Noah Lee and Southey Littleton. Receipt of John Dyson, C. C. O. for pay for Noah Lee's bond as admr on est of Wm. Lee dec'd, Dec. 19, 1823.
   Returns 1825 Paid Solomon Lee a certain slave, his distributive share. Paid Mathias Mauck certain slaves in right of his wife Frances Mauck under the will of her grandfather Wm. Lea, dec'd.
   Letters dismissory granted Noah Lee Feb. 6, 1827. Wilkes Co. Inferior Court July 1799. A. Burroughs and Jos. Henderson, excrs. vs Thos. Lee. Thos. Lee on Jan. 1, 1793 was indebted to Wm. Lee for L30, and whereas Wm. Lee in his time before Jan. 1, 1793 paid one Frederick Sims in his life time L10.
   Said Thos. is possessed of a tract of land whereon he lives bought from said Wm. Lee in his life time and not paid for. Thomas ordered to appear at next term of court. July Term. 1799.
   Page 66--WILLIAMSON, MICAJAH, Esqr., to Jos. Henderson, planter, 200 acres formerly the property of Daniel Phillips, adj. the land where said Henderson now lives. Sept. 6, 1784. John Dardin, Israel Miller, Test.
   Page 238 - The Early Records of Georgia, Volume I, Wilkes County 
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Joseph Henderson, I's Timeline

Monrovia, Orange County, Virginia, USA
Age 21
North Carolina, United States
Age 21
Province of North Carolina
Age 23
Orange, Virginia, USA
December 21, 1763
Age 26
Orange, North Carolina
Age 31
Age 33
Age 38
Wilkes County, Georgia, United States
Age 72
Wilkes County, GA