Joseph-Ozanie, Nadeau

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Joseph-Ozanie Ossany (Ozanie) Nadaud / Nadeau dit Lavigne, dit Lavigne

Also Known As: "Joseph-Ozanie Nadaud dit Lavigne", "Joseph-Ozanie Nadeau dit Lavigne", "dit Lavigne"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Guenouillac, Confolens, Angoumois, France
Death: Died in Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada
Place of Burial: St-Famille, I.O., Quebec, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of Macià Nadeau and Jeanne Nadeau
Husband of Marguerite Nadeau and Marguerite Abraham
Father of Jean Baptiste Nadeau; Marie Nadeau; Jean Baptiste Nadeau; Adrien Nadeau; Denis-Antoine Nadeau and 2 others

Occupation: Arrived 1660, Wheelwright
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Joseph-Ozanie, Nadeau

Joseph-Ozanie Nadaud dit-LaVigne (also Osanny)

First Nadeau to arrive in New France (Québec) (from France).

b Genouillac Confolens, Angoulême France (somewhat competing locations)
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genouillac,_Creuse
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confolens
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angoul%C3%AAme (old capital of Angoumois http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angoumois )
  • 1660 - Most likely arrived in the summer of 1660 engaged in service to the French government for 36 months of service.
  • 1662 - He was Confirmed in the Catholic Church at Château-Richer (pre-New France) on April 11, 1662.

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~girouard/1662.htm person #3 of 47 Joseph Osany Nado, d'Angoulesme ( Angoulême, a commune in southwestern France. It is the capital of the Charente department, in Poitou-Charentes. Based on a plateau overlooking a meander of the Charente River, the city is nicknamed the "balcony of the southwest" )

  • 1663 - On February 3, 1663 he received from Charles de Lauzon 3 arpents of land facing St-Famille Parish on the Île d'Orleans, in the Charny-Lirec sub-fief.
  • 1666 - It is noted in the 1666 Census that he owned 7 arpents of land, and was 29 years old.
  • Contrat de mariage entre Ozanie-Joseph Nadeau dit Lavigne et Marguerite Abraham le 6 nov 1665 par notaire Duquet.

The surname "Nadeau" comes from the name Nadel or Natal, which takes its roots in the Latin adjective "nataslis," meaning "Nativity" - or Christmas.

dit LaVigne In the earliest documents of Trois-Rivieres, dating back to 1651, Nicolas Rivard was referred to with the title "Sieur de la Vigne". Nicolas, oldest son of Pierre Rivard, was the first of the family to arrive in New France in 1648. Nicolas' mother, Jeanne Mullard, owned a small piece of land in Tourouvre, named "Clos de La Vigne". This LaVigne location exits in Tourouvre to this day, where one of our cousins visited and kindly provided us with a picture of a local road sign. Nicolas' oldest son Nicolas and youngest son Antoine also used the dit name LaVigne, but the dit name was not routinely used after the first three generations. While most families in this line retained Rivard, we have recently discoverd numerous families in Quebec that dropped Rivard and kept Lavigne as the surname. Many of the Lavigne families were from the Nicolet area.

Quick background of Quebec (from Wikipedia)

 1608 founded by Samuel de Champlain
 1627 after meeting with Samuel de Champlain, Cardinal Richelieu granted a charter to the Company of One Hundred Associates (or Company of One Hundred Associates). This gave the company control over the booming fur trade and land rights across the territory in exchange for the company supporting and expanding settlement in New France
 19 July 1629, with Quebec completely out of supplies and no hope of relief, Champlain surrendered Quebec to the Kirkes without a fight.
 1632 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye that Quebec and all other captured French possessions in North America were returned to New France. Champlain was restored as de facto governor but died three years later.
 1640 only 300 settlers
 1641 On the verge of bankruptcy, the company lost its fur trade monopoly
 1662 finally dissolved
 1663 The establishment of the Conseil souverain, political restructuring which turned New France into a province of France, ended the period of company rule and marked a new beginning in the colonization effort.
 1666 Census of New France including Ile d'Orleans shows
  • Ozani Joseph Nadoue (Nadeau) 29 habittant
  • Margueritte Abraham 21 sa femme

& total census 538 families, 3215 total population including: [http://www.cangenealogy.com/armstrong/qcstats.htm]

Localities    Fami-  Popu-    Sexes     Married       Widowed    Child. & Unmarred
.                  lies   lation  M    F    M   F Total   M  F Total  M    F   Total
. Isle d'Orléans       96   452    291  161  93  84  177   2  -   2    196   77  273

Founding families of Ile d'Orleans - 300 families [http://tourisme.iledorleans.com/en/ile-d-orleans/founding-families-of-ile-d-orleans/] Nadeau-dit-Lavigne, Ozanie-Joseph around 1663


Name: Ozanie-Joseph NADEAU

Name: Ozanie-Joseph Nadeau\Lavigne

Source: Dictionnaire Genealogique Des Familles Du Quebec [http://bibnum2.banq.qc.ca/bna/dicoGenealogie/] Nadeau dit Lavinge, Joseph-Osanny b1637; s 12 Feb 1677, a Ste Famille

  • spouse: Abraham, Marguerite b 1645
  • Marie 1667 May 1
  • Jean 1669 Apr 22 m Anne Casse
  • Adrian b 1672 Mar 13, d 1672 Mar 15
  • Denis b 1673 Jun 18 a Quebec, m1 1695 Nov 9 Elizabeth Le Roy
  • Catherine b 1676 Jun 14 m Jean Roy

Birth: ABT 1640 _SDATE: 1 JUL 1640 Death: Y

Married: 6 NOV 1665 in Ile d' Orleans, Montmorency, P. Q.

Children:

  • Jean-Baptiste NADEAU b: 16 APR 1669 in Ste. Famille, Ile d' Orleans, P. Q.
  • Denis NADEAU b: 25 MAY 1673 in Ste. Famille, Ile d' Orleans, P. Q.
  • Catherine NADEAU b: AFT 1665
  • Francois NADEAU b: AFT 1665

Joseph Ozanie Nadeau est né en 1637 à Grenouillac, départment de la Charante, à une trentaine de milles de la ville d'Angoulème, en France. C'est un petit village de quelques familles et qui n'a pas beaucoup changé depuis. L'église construite au XIième siècle, son vieux baptistère de l'époque, la douzaine de maisons aux murs épais comme des forteresses construite sur la pente des collines de terre rouge, tout y est encore comme au jour ou J.O. les a laissés vers 1664 ou 1665. Le premier document que nous avons de lui est son mariage avec Marguerite Abraham le 6 novembre 1665 à Québec. On remarque au bas du document la signature des personnages les plus éminents de la Capitale: Courcelle de Rémy (le gouverneur), Prouville Tracy (le Vice-Roi), Tallon (le plus célèbre Indendant de la Nouvelle-France), M.D. de Boullogne (veuve de l'ancien gouverneur). Il semble donc qu'il fut un colon très considéré, peut-être un soldat) [peut-être plus à faire avec Marguerite - fille du roi] Peu de temps après son mariage, il acheta une terre à Ste-Famille dans l'Ile d'Orléans; cette île offrait plus de sécurité contre les Iroquois. Au baptême de Denis, baptisé à Québec parce qu'il n'y avait pas encore de prêtre à Ste-Famille, le prêtre qui fit le baptême écrira: "fils Dozanie Joseph Nado habitant lisle Dorléans" (remarques l'orthographe de l'époque), et le terme habitant déseignait le terme fermier d'aujourd'hui. Lors de l'inventaire de ses biens après sa mort, le Notaire Royal Pierre Duquet rédige son rapport et on y lit cette phrase: "...faict Inventaire et description de tous les biens meubles bestiaux vaisselle derniers..." Ozannie mourut le 12 février 1677 à l'âge de 40 ans, laissant sa veuve avec trois orphelins: Jean, 8 ans, Denis 4 ans et Catherine 8 mois. Il fut inhumé à Ste-Famille. Marguerite se maria en secondes noces à Guillaume Chartier le 26 janvier 1678 et le beau père s'engagea a prendre les trois orphelins et de les faire vivre jusqu'à l'âge de 15 ans.


According to Lavigne, Ozanie came from Genouillac. Confolends, Anguleme, Angoulois (Charente). [Other sources say "Angoulême, Charente, Poitou-Charentes, France"]

He appears as 29 years old in the 1666 Census and 30 years old in the 1667 Census. He is in the country from 1661 because he is among the confirmed of Chateau-Richer on April 11, 1662. February 3rd, 1663, Mr. Lauzon granted him land in Ste-Famille. His property is inventoried April 5th, 1678 by the notary Duquet.

OCCUPATION: Joseph was a builder of wagons and a wheelwright.

ORIGIN: According to Bernard Nadeau, Joseph Osanny Nadeau arrive in Canada in 1662 as a contract laborer (engagé) possibly aboard le Sacrifice d'Abraham. Joseph was born in Genouillac in the diocese of Angouleme, the ancient province of Angoumois, today the Department of Charente and Charente Maritime, in France. Angouleme is located 440 kilometers south west of Paris. Also on web on Programme de Recherche en Demographie Historique on University of Montreal web site

http://www.warrenclan.org/nadeau.html

Other sources:

http://homepage.mac.com/robertyandow/ps09/ps09_486.html

http://www.royandboucher.com/genealogy/descendtext.php?personID=I790&tree=T0001

http://www.royandboucher.com/genealogy/histories/joseph_ossany_nadeau.php

     This article written by Ken Roy, was initially published in the St John Valley Times in 1998 as part of the Nadeau Family Reunion..

All the Nadeau names that I ran across while doing genealogical research in the Madawaska Territory are descendants of Joseph Ossany Nadeau. The following information is from my notes on my maternal ancestral line, the Joseph Ossany Nadeau family. Some of the historical information was extracted from the Canuck Odyssey by Bernard Nadeau.

Joseph Ossany Nadeau, son of Marc Nadeau (Macia Nadot) and Jeanne Despins (Janne Despiera), was born in 1637 in Genouillac, in the ancient province of Angoumois, France which today has become the Department of Charente and Charente Maritime, located some 440 km southwest of Paris.

Genouillac, the government seat of the ancient province of Angoumois, presently known as Charente in central western France, has a population of 1016 with an area of 1459 hectares. St Martial, the village church dates back to 564 A.D. It was rebuilt in 1481 on its original foundation. Joseph was born in 1637 and baptized at St Martial.

Joseph was in his early 20's when he decided to come to New France. We can only speculate on what motivated him to leave France for the New World. However, we do know that he had to hike 80 miles from Genouillac to the port of La Rochelle. This probably would have taken him several days with minimal baggage. Once at La Rochelle, he most likely signed on as an engagé, a contract laborer, for a term of 2 to 3 years. According to Bernard Nadeau, Joseph was a builder of wagons and a wheelwright when he came to Quebec. He became a farmer a few years after his arrival.

It is not known exactly when Joseph arrived but quite possibly he might have come on the Le Sacrifice d'Abraham, a 200-ton vessel in 1659. After a brief stay in Quebec, Joseph went to the hamlet of Chateau Richer on the North shore of the St Lawrence, some 12 miles east on the road to St Anne de Beaupre. On 11 April 1662, Joseph was confirmed at Chateau Richer, Province of Québec, by Bishop Laval of Quebec. Joseph may have enlisted in the militia at Chateau Richer for the defense of the colony against the Iroquois Indians at that time. In all likelihood his period of indenture servitude was over.

Joseph made friends with Sir Charles de Lauzon Charny, the third son of Sir Charles de Lauzon, Lord of Charny and Lirec, the Governor of Canada since the 14th of October 1651. Young Lord Charny arrived in 1652 and was made grand master of the Waters and Forest of New France. He received land fiefs of Charny and Lirec on the Island of Orleans. On 3 Feb 1663, Lord Charny granted a concession of land of 3 acres to Joseph. His neighbors were Jean Moreau dit LaGrange and Robert Laberge. The first Nadeau land holding in North America was located at lot numbers 224 and 226 on the present survey map on the north side to the west of the church of Ste Famille.

Ste Famille was the first parish established on the island in 1661. There were fewer than 100 people living on the island at that time. After arriving on the island, Joseph cleared land and built a 20 feet by 15 feet cabin. One can read Willa Cather’s Shadow on the Rock for a flavor of what life might have been like in those early Quebec days.

Marguerite Abraham was born in Paris on 3 Jan 1647, the daughter of Godgrand Abraham and Denise Fleury of the Parish of St Eustache where she was christened on 5 Jan 1647. She was likely a poor city-bred girl born of working class people in less than elegant quarters. According to Bernard Nadeau, she was a talented seamstress, healthy and a good housekeeper prior to departure from France.

Marguerite was one of the filles du roi, or King's daughters who were women recruited in France to emigrate to New France. She departed from Dieppe in Normandy on the Saint Jean Baptiste de Dieppe in June 1665, a merchant ship carrying 130 soldiers and 81 future brides. This ship commanded by Captain Pierre Fillye arrived in Quebec, on 2 Oct 1665, where bachelors and others were there to greet them. The filles du roi were given a 100 pounds, ten as a recruitment fee, 30 for wearing apparel and 60 for the crossing the Atlantic.

Within weeks of her arrival, Marguerite married Joseph and became the fountainhead of the majority of the Nadeau's in North America. On 6 Nov 1665, Joseph Ozanny Nadot and Marguerite Abraham signed a marriage contract in front of Pierre Duquet, the Royal Notary. Marguerite brought the 100 pounds she received from the king as the dowry to her marriage. Joseph brought 200 pounds to the community property. Several important witnesses are listed on the marriage contract -- Alexandre de Prouville, Marquis de Tracy, commander in chief of the troops; Daniel Remy, Sieur de Courcelle, Governor; Jean Tallon, Intendant of New France; Marie-Barbe de Boullongne, widow of Louis d’Ailleboust, chaperon of the daughters of the king; Jacques Leprou, weaver; Boismorice; Nicolas Durand; Estienne Banchaud and Louis Levasseur, resident of Château-Richer.

Newly married, they received livestock and staples from the royal government. In mid November 1665, they traveled to Ste Famille on the Ile d'Orleans, labeled as the cradle of French Canadian civilization in North America.

In 1667, the first Nadeau family in the New World, moved to the parish of St Paul, which later became St Laurent in 1698, at the request of Seigneur François Berthelot. On 2 Jun 1667, Joseph received 7 acres on the river by 40 acres deep on the south shore of the island from Monseigneur de Laval, the Bishop of Quebec. Joseph sold the Ste Famille land on 18 October 1675 to Antoine Dionne. The Nadeau property had 15 or 16 arpents and a shed, the document in notary Pierre Duquet’s files does not mention the existence of a house and a barn.

Joseph Ossany died on 10 February 1677 and was buried at St Paul, l’Ile d’Orleans, Province of Quebec, Canada on 12 February 1677. The parish records for St Paul at the time of Joseph Ossany’s death were maintained at Ste Famille, l’Ile d’Orleans.

Marguerite Abraham remarried after Joseph Osanny's death. On 26 January 1678, she entered into a marriage contract with Guillaume Chartier, son of Oliver Chartier and Marie Cornet. Guillaume was originally from Sainte Marie de La Haie-Fouassiere, in the Diocese of Nantes. It is not known when Marguerite died, however it would have been after her son Denis Nadeau’s marriage in 1695.

http://www.genealogie.org/ancetres/gen0.htm

Joseph-Ozanie Nadeau, fils de Macia et de Jeanne Despins, naquit vers 1637 dans la localité de Genouillac, en Angoumois. Il ne fut pas scolarisé parce qu'il ne savait pas signer.

Joseph-Ozanie Nadeau portait le surnom Lavigne. Joseph-Ozanie vint en Nouvelle-France comme engagé de 36 mois. Il dut arriver à Québec à l'été de 1660 et se mettre à l'emploi d'un colon de la Côte de Beaupré, peut-être à Sainte-Anne du Petit-Cap. En voici les raisons. Le 11 avril 1662, nous le trouvons dans la liste des confirmands de Château-Richer. Il est cité à côté de Sylvain Veau, domestique de Jean Gagnon depuis 1660. L'ancêtre Nadeau vivait donc certainement ici en 1661. Le 14 octobre de l'année 1662, il se présente au même endroit comme parrain du fils de Jean Boutin, dit Larose et de Suzanne Rocheteau, habitants vivant probablement sur le territoire de Sainte-Anne. Le 3 février 1663 il recevait de Charles de Lauson 3 arpents de front de terre à prendre sur le territoire de la paroisse de Sainte-Famille, dans l'arrière-fief Charny-Lirette Ses voisins se nommaient Jean Moreau, dit la Grange et Robert Laberge. Cette ferme se trouve aux numéros 224 à 226 des lots cadastraux actuels, c'est-à-dire de côté nord à l'ouest de l'église Sainte-Famille.

Vendredi 6 novembre 1665, Joseph-Ozanie Nadeau, dit Lavigne, était à Québec, maison du notaire Duquet pour y passer un contrat de mariage avec une fille du roi née à Saint-Eustache de Paris, Marguerite Abraham, baptisée le lundi 5 janvier 1637, fille de Godgaud Abraham et de Denise Fleury. Le couple désire vivre en communauté de biens. Ozanie doue sa bien-aimée du douaire coutumier. Le jour de la bénédiction nuptiale n'a pas été consigné dans les registres. C'est l'abbé Thomas Morel qui officiait les célébrations à l'Ile-d'Orléans, tout en étant le curé à Québec de 1661 à 1671.

La vie du colon Nadeau brille par sa simplicité et sa brièveté. Le 22 juillet 1671, il se rend auprès du notaire Gilles Rageot pour faire authentiquer un don fait aux pauvres de l'Hôtel-Dieu de Québec représentés par Jacques de Latouche. À la fin de l'été 1675, Nadeau décide de se départir de sa terre située du côté nord de l'île. Vendredi 18 octobre, il se présente devant le notaire Pierre Duquet de Québec, en compagnie de l'acheteur Antoine Dionne. La propriété Nadeau possède 15 ou 16 arpents de culture, un hangar, le tout situé entre les voisins Jean Martineau et Philippe Paquet. Dionne promet alors de payer la somme de 800 livres en un ou deux versements, dont un à la Toussaint et l'autre à la Saint-Joseph. En attendant de dégainer son pauvre gousset, l'acquéreur paiera les intérêts annuels au taux du roi. Mgr de Laval, le 2 juin 1667, avait offert à l'ancêtre la possibilité de s'établir plutôt du côté sud de l'île, sur le territoire de Saint-Laurent. Ozanie avait commencé à exploiter ce domaine de 4 arpents de front, dont les titres nous seront connus que le 5 avril 1678. Cependant, le 23 juillet 1671, l'arpenteur Jean Guyon en avait fixé les bornes. Les Nadeau emménagèrent à Saint-Laurent avec leur famille, leurs animaux et leurs biens meubles.

À Saint-Paul de l'Île, mercredi le 10 février 1677, Joseph-Ozanie Nadeau s'enfuit du monde des vivants. Son mari étant décédé, Marguerite fait procédé à l'inventaire de tous les biens. Ils ont eu 5 enfants, dont deux garçons, et une fille qui ont donnés une nombreuse descendance.

Elle contracte de nouveau mariage devant le notaire Pierre Duquet le 26 janvier 1678, avec Guillaume Chartier, et se marie en deuxième noces le 31 du même mois. En 1694 elle demande séparation de corps et de biens. Ils font le partage et elle s'en va vivre à Beaumont chez un des ses fils où elle y décède.

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Joseph-Ozanie, Nadeau's Timeline

1637
January 11, 1637
Guenouillac, Confolens, Angoumois, France
1662
April 11, 1662
Age 25
Chateau-Richer
1662
Age 24
Château-Richer
1667
May 1, 1667
Age 30
Sainte-Famille, Ile d'Orleans, Quebec, Canada
1669
April 16, 1669
Age 32
April 16, 1669
Age 32
Montréal, Communauté-Urbaine-de-Montréal, Canada
1672
March 13, 1672
Age 35
Sainte-Famille, Ile d'Orleans, Quebec, Canada
1673
May 25, 1673
Age 36
Ste-Famille, Île d'Orléans, Montmorency, Québec, Canada
1676
June 4, 1676
Age 39
Ste-Famille, Île d'Orléans, Montmorency, Québec, Canada