Joseph William Smith, convict "Neptune" 1790

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Joseph William Smith, convict "Neptune" 1790

Birthplace: London, UK
Death: Died in St Albans, NSW, Australia
Place of Burial: St Albans, NSW, Australia
Immediate Family:

Husband of Mary Aboriginal Smith and Margaret Mary Smith, convict "Mary Ann" 1791
Father of Elizabeth Bailey; Joseph Smith; William Smith; Sarah Smith; Elizabeth Smith and 4 others

Managed by: Private User
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About Joseph William Smith, convict "Neptune" 1790

Convict transported on the 2nd Fleet in 1790 aged 14 years. Had a 7 year sentence.

JOSEPH SMITH was indicted for stealing, on the 1st of April , two linen shirts, value 3 s. two linen neck handkerchiefs, value 6 d. three pair of cotton stockings, value 1 s. one linen waistcoat, value 1 s. the property of Elizabeth Landame .

The prisoner was taken with the things upon him. GUILTY . Transported for seven years . Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM

Joseph Smith, one of 1063 convicts transported on the ship Neptune, December 1789. Sentence details: Convicted at Middlesex Gaol Delivery for a term of 7 years. Vessel: Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize.

Smith, Joseph, 55, free by servitude, Neptune, 1790, Protestant, farmer Lower Portland Head, 301 acres, 205 acres cleared 205 acres cultivated, 7 horses, 204 horned cattle

Smith, Margaret, 54, Mary Ann, 1791, 7 years, Protestant Date of Departure: December 1789. Place of Arrival: New South Wales.

extract from the book 'William Baker, Gentleman', which states: ...the transport Mary Ann...sailed from England 16th February 1791 and arrived Port Jackson 9th July 1791, having on board 150 female convicts of whom 9 died on the passage. Of those who survived, one Margaret Holmes was later to become the wife of Joseph Smith and to officially bear him three children, two of whom were to marry children of William Baker.

Joseph Smith was born circa 1774 and was tried at Middlessex at the April 1788 sessions being charged with the theft of two shirst, two neck hankerchiefs, a linen waistcoat and three pairs of stockings. Arrived Neptune 28 June 1790.

He married fellow convict Margaret Raycroft/Raycraft and had three children.

Both Joseph and Margaret were buried on their farm on the McDonald River.

Joseph decided to try at return to England and along with 6 other convicts stowed away on the Admiral Barrington but they were discovered and of loaded on Norfolk Island where Joseph was to spend 3 years working as the Governors gardiner. He returned to Australia on the Reliance.

Joseph and Margaret gave an interview with Caroline Chisholm which was initially produced in a book called Three States of a Nation. It was copied and reissued in a book on the Second Fleet by Michael Flynn.

Children Joseph Mary Ann William

Mary Ann married William Baker the son of fellow Neptune convict William Baker while her brother William married his daughter Elizabeth Baker

Mary Ann was to be widowed in her early forties and went on to raise her family alone and to die at the ripe old age of 100 just days short of her 101 st birthday and at that time was the only Australian Centenarian and was reputed to be the last surving child of a Neptune convict.

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Joseph William Smith, convict "Neptune" 1790's Timeline

London, UK
Age 23
Macdonald River
Age 26
Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
April 15, 1804
Age 28
Richmond, New South Wales, Australia
January 2, 1809
Age 33
Richmond, New South Wales, Australia
September 1, 1811
Age 35
New South Wales, Australia
Age 35
NSW, Australia
Age 35
New South Wales, Australia
Age 37
Richmond, New South Wales, Australia