Joseph W. Byrns, Sr., 46th Speaker of the US House

Is your surname Byrns?

Research the Byrns family

Joseph W. Byrns, Sr., 46th Speaker of the US House's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Joseph Wellington "Jo" Byrns, Sr.

Birthplace: Cedar Hill, TN, United States
Death: June 04, 1936 (66)
Washington, DC, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of James Henry Byrns and Mary Emily Byrns
Husband of Julia Byrns
Father of Joseph W. Byrns, Jr., US Congress
Brother of Mai Wilson; Sara Byrns and Annie Byrns

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Joseph W. Byrns, Sr., 46th Speaker of the US House,_Sr.

Joseph Wellington "Jo" Byrns, Sr. (July 20, 1869 – June 4, 1936) was a U.S. politician. He served as a 14-term Democratic Congressman from Tennessee.


Byrns was born in Cedar Hill, Robertson County, Tennessee, son of James Henry Byrns and Mary Emily Jackson. He was named for a maternal uncle, Joseph William Green Jackson who died in the Civil War. A graduate of public schools, he displayed a strong early interest in politics and was elected to the Tennessee House of Representatives in 1894 and reelected in 1896 and 1898. In 1900 he was elected to the Tennessee State Senate.

In 1902 he ran for district attorney of Davidson County, Tennessee but was defeated — his only unsuccessful political race in 18 efforts. In 1908, Byrns received the Democratic nomination for U.S. Representative and was elected in November of that year to a term beginning March 4, 1909. He served in the House for the rest of his life.

Byrns was widely respected and his influence grew as his seniority did. He was chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee from 1928 to 1935. In 1931 he was appointed chairman of the powerful House Appropriations Committee and in 1933 became House Majority Leader. In 1935 he became Speaker of the House. He was awarded the 1935-36 "Amazing Eyebrows" Cup by The New York Times.

Byrns was Speaker when he died in Washington, D.C., and had been planning to run for reelection. His funeral, attended by President Roosevelt and other dignitaries, was held in the United States Capitol. He was interred at Mount Olivet Cemetery in Nashville. His son Jo Byrns, Jr. later served a single term in the House but never achieved the popularity of Jo, Sr.

Byrns was also an active Civitan.

view all

Joseph W. Byrns, Sr., 46th Speaker of the US House's Timeline

July 20, 1869
Cedar Hill, TN, United States
Davidson County, Tennessee
June 4, 1936
Age 66
Washington, DC, United States