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Josephine Baker's Geni Profile

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Freda Josephine McDonald

Also Known As: "Black Venus", "Tumpie (family nickname)", "Black Pearl", "Creole Goddess"
Birthdate: (68)
Birthplace: St Louis, MO, United States
Death: April 12, 1975 (68)
Paris, Île-de-France, France (cerebral hemorrhage)
Place of Burial: Cimetière de Monaco
Immediate Family:

Daughter of German employer and Carrie McDonald, (adopted)
Wife of Jean Lion; Guiseppe "Count Pepito de Abatino" Abatino and Jo Bouillon
Ex-wife of Willie Wells; William Howard Baker and Robert Brady
Partner of Frida Kahlo
Half sister of Margaret Wallace; Willie Mae Martin and Richard Martin

Occupation: American-born dancer, singer, and actress
Managed by: Ric Dickinson
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Josephine Baker

Josephine Baker (June 3, 1906 – April 12, 1975) was an American-born dancer, singer, and actress. Nicknamed the "Bronze Venus", the "Black Pearl", and even the "Créole Goddess" in anglophone nations, in France, Josephine has always been known simply as "La Baker". Baker was the first African American female to star in a major motion picture and to integrate an American concert hall, and to become a world-famous entertainer. She is also noted for her contributions to the Civil Rights Movement in the United States (she was offered the unofficial leadership of the movement by Coretta Scott King in 1968 following Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination, but turned it down), for assisting the French Resistance during World War II and for being the first American-born woman to receive the French military honor, the Croix de guerre. She was a spy for the French Resistance undercover and smuggled military secrets into Portugal from France hidden in invisible ink on her sheet music.

See also

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Josephine Baker's Timeline

June 3, 1906
St Louis, MO, United States
April 12, 1975
Age 68
Paris, Île-de-France, France