Josephus of Judea (uncle of Herod the Great)

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Josephus, of Judea

Also Known As: "uncle of Herod the Great", "Iosephus (Ἰώσηπ(π)ος; Iṓsēp(p)os", "Ιώσηφ(ος); Iṓsēph(os)"
Death: -36 (Executed by King Herod The Great)
Immediate Family:

Son of Antipas I, Governor of Idumaea and NN .
Husband of Salome daughter of Antipater II
Brother of Antipater II 'the Idumaean', Procurator of Judaea and Phallion, of Idumaea

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About Josephus of Judea (uncle of Herod the Great)

‘..three men named Joseph, one the brother of Antipatros, and so Herod’s uncle, who became Salome’s husband, the second a son of Antipatros, and so Herod’s brother, and the third the son of Herod’s brother Joseph, who married Olympias, daughter of Herod and Malthace the Samaritan.’ from 'Jews, Idumaeans, and ancient Arabs: relations of the Jews in Eretz-Israel with the nations of the frontier and the desert during the Hellenistic and Roman era (332 BCE-70 CE)' by Aryeh Kasher


Wagner, Sir Anthony Richard; ‘Pedigree and Progress: Essays in the Genealogical Interpretation of History’ says that the Uncle Joseph who was Salome's husband died in 36BCE,but makes him the father of the Joseph who marries Herod's daughter by Malthace, called Olympias. Other sources make this Joseph the son of Herod & Salome's brother, Joseph, who died in 38BCE.


Iosephus (Ἰώσηπ(π)ος; Iṓsēp(p)os, Ιώσηφ(ος); Iṓsēph(os)). From Hebrew yosep yosipyah ‘may God add (further children)’, a prevalent Jewish name in memory of the biblical patriarch Joseph (Gen. 35; 37-50), e.g. in the Herodian family. [1] Uncle and brother-in-law of Herod [1] the Gr. Uncle and brother-in-law of Herod [1] the Great (Jos. Ant. Iud. 15,65; 81).


extract from SALOME by Tal Ilan

Salome, King Herod’s sister's... date of birth is unknown. Her first mention, in 30 b.c.e., is already associated with her spying on Herod’s Hasmonean wife Mariamme and plotting to remove her (Josephus, Ant. 15:80–81). This event is also associated with Salome’s first marriage to her uncle, a certain Joseph (Ant. 15:65). While inciting Herod against his wife, she accused her husband of seducing Mariamme. Herod was persuaded and Joseph was executed.


extract from MARIAMNE in Wikipedia

[The historian] Josephus writes that it was because of Mariamne's vehement insistence that Herod made her brother Aristobulos a High Priest. Aristobulos, who was not even eighteen years old, drowned within a year of his appointment; Alexandra, his mother, blamed Herod. Alexandra wrote to Cleopatra, begging her assistance in avenging the boy's murder. Cleopatra in turn urged Marc Antony to punish Herod for the crime, and Antony sent for him to make his defense.

Herod left his young wife in the care of his uncle Joseph, along with the instructions that if Antony should kill him, Joseph should kill Mariamne. Herod believed his wife to be so beautiful that she would become engaged to another man after his death and that his great love for Mariamne prevented him from enduring a separation from her, even in death. Joseph became familiar with the queen and eventually divulged this information to her and the other women of the household, which did not have the hoped-for effect of proving Herod's devotion to his wife. Rumors soon circulated that Herod had been killed by Antony, and Alexandra persuaded Joseph to take Mariamne and her to the Roman legions for protection. However, Herod was released by Antony and returned home, only to be informed of Alexandra's plan by his mother and sister, Salome. Salome also accused Mariamne of committing adultery with Joseph, a charge which Herod initially dismissed after discussing it with his wife. After Herod forgave her, Mariamne inquired about the order given to Joseph to kill her should Herod be killed, and Herod then became convinced of her infidelity, saying that Joseph would only have confided that to her were the two of them intimate. He gave orders for Joseph to be executed and for Alexandra to be confined, but Herod did not punish his wife. .

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