Josué, 3rd Grail Keeper
|Also Known As:||"Josué", "Joshua"|
Son of Bron(s) "the Fisher King" (Fictitious Person) and Enygeus / Anna (Fictional)
|Managed by:||Anne Brannen|
About Josué, 3rd Grail Keeper (Fictional)
Josué or Joshua. "The son of Brons and Enygeus, brother of Alan and nephew of Joseph of Arimathea. He married the daughter of King Kalapes of Terre Foraine, later inheriting that kingdom. He succeeded Alan as the Grail Keeper, following the normal line of descent from the Fisher Kings." (Mike Dixon-Kennedy, Arthurian Myth and Legend: an A-Z of People and Places (London: Brockhampton, 1998), 165)
His name is a form of Joshua. In L'Estoire del Saint Graal, Pelles, maternal grandfather of Galahad, is said to be the son of Pelleham, the Maimed King, son of Lambar, son of Manaal, son of Catheloys, son of Aminadap, son of Josue, son of Bron, whose wife was Enygeus, sister of Joseph of Arimathea.
Josephes, Bishop of Sarras (Sarrazl Sahr-Azzah; Saraz), son of Joseph of Arimathea and first Grail Keeper. He said said to have been a son of St. Joseph of Arimathea, but his existence is entirely legendary. He appears for the first time in the 13th century Grail romances. L'Estoire del Saint Graal describes his consecration as Bishop of Sarras (1:36).
Josephus, also called Josephe or Josephes, is the son of Joseph of Arimathea and an early keeper of the Holy Grail in some tellings of the Arthurian legend. He makes appearances in the Quest del Saint Graal section of the Lancelot-Grail cycle, but his story is fully told in the Estoire del Saint Grail (History of the Holy Grail), a prequel section written somewhat later. In the Estoire he is invested as bishop by an apparition of Jesus with the implication that he was the first to receive his orders. Josephus is considered the primary holy man of the group, which is in contrast with the Lancelot-Grail's major source, Robert de Boron's Joseph d'Arimathie, in which his father is the undisputed leader. This is likely due to the authors' assertion that various great families are descended from Joseph; his virtuous son remains chaste and has no children.
When Joseph's followers reach Britain Josephus becomes the island's spiritual leader while his brother Galahad (ancestor to the more famous knight Galahad) takes charge of the secular duties. Before he dies Josephus passes the Grail to his nephew Alan and announces the quest for the object that will eventually preoccupy King Arthur and his court.
Josephus was not a popular character with later authors. This is partially due to confusion between his and his father's names, which occurs even in some manuscripts of the Lancelot-Grail. Most subsequent writers preferred Joseph's earlier role as Britain's first evangelizer, and some, for instance Thomas Malory, apply some of Josephus' actions from the Estoire to Joseph.
^ Lacy, Norris J. (editor). Lancelot-Grail: The Old French Arthurian Vulgate and Post-Vulgate Cycles in Translation, volumes I and IV.
Fictional Character: "Quando Maria Madalena morreu, em 63 d.C., seu filho Josefes já era bispo de Saraz. Em Morte d'Arthur, de Malory, Saraz(Sarras) é apresentado como o reino do Rei Evelake, mencionado na história do Galahad, filho de Lancelot". Pag. 141 de "A Linhagem do Santo Graal", de Laurence Gardner.