Juan II el Grande, rey de Aragón

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Juan II 'el Grande' de Castilla y León, rey de Aragón

Spanish: Juan II de Aragón y II de Navarra, rey de Aragón
别名字号 "el Grande", "John II Of Aragon", ""el Grande""
出生地 Medina del Campo, Castille and Leon, Spain
逝世 卒于 in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
葬于 Tarragona, España

Fernando I el Justo, rey de AragónDª. Leonor la Ricahembra, condesa de Albuquerque之子
N.N.; Blanca I, reina de NavarraJuana Enríquez, Reina consorte de Navarra y Aragón的丈夫
Catalina Álvarez de Ansa的伴侣
Alfonso de Aragón, I duque de Villahermosa; Fernando de Aragón, gran maestro de la Orden de San Juan; Alfonso de Aragón; Enrique de Aragón, obispo de Cefalú; Juan de Aragón, arzobispo de Zaragoza另外12个之父
María de Castilla y León, reina consorte de Castilla; Isabela de Aragón, Condesa de Urgel; Enrique de Trastámara (infante de Aragón), Duque de Villena; Leonor de Aragão, rainha consorte de Portugal; Pedro de Aragón, conde de Alburquerque另外2个的兄弟
Eleanor De Castile的异母(或异父)兄弟

Occupation: m. 4-1-1444; d. 1-19-1478/1479, King of Aragon and Navarra
管理员 Flemming Allan Funch

About Juan II el Grande, rey de Aragón



Juan II de Aragón, el Grande (Medina del Campo, Castilla, 29 de junio de 1398 - Barcelona; 20 de enero de 1479) fue duque de Peñafiel, rey de Navarra (1425 - 1479) y rey de Aragón, de Cerdeña y de Sicilia (1458 - 1479), hijo de Fernando I de Antequera y de Leonor Urraca de Castilla, condesa de Alburquerque. Juan II se destaca como uno de los monarcas más longevos y memorables del siglo XV.

John II the Great (June 29, 1397 – January 20, 1479) was the King of Aragon (1458–1479) and a King of Navarre (1425–1479). He was the son of Ferdinand I and his wife Eleanor of Alburquerque. John is regarded as one of the most memorable and most unscrupulous kings of the 15th century.

In his youth he was one of the infantes (princes) of Aragon who took part in the dissensions of Castile during the minority and reign of John II. Till middle life he was also lieutenant-general in Aragon for his brother and predecessor Alfonso V, whose reign was mainly spent in Italy. In his old age he was engaged in incessant conflicts with his Aragonese and Catalan subjects, with Louis XI of France, and in preparing the way for the marriage of his son Ferdinand with Isabella of Castile which brought about the union of the crowns of Aragon and Castile, that was to create the Kingdom of Spain. His trouble with his subjects were closely connected with the tragic dissension in his own family.

John was first married to the Queen Blanche of Navarre of the house of Évreux. By right of Blanche he became king of Navarre, and on her death in 1441 he was left in possession of the kingdom for his lifetime. But a son, Charles, given the title "Prince of Viana" as heir of Navarre, had been born of the marriage. John quickly came to regard his son with jealousy. After his second marriage, to Juana Enríquez, this grew into absolute hatred and was encouraged by Juana. John tried to deprive his son of his constitutional right to act as lieutenant-general of Aragon during his father's absence. Charles's cause was taken up by the Aragonese, and the king's attempt to make his second wife lieutenant-general was set aside.

There followed a long conflict, with alternations of success and defeat, ending only with the death of the prince of Viana, perhaps by poison given him by his stepmother, in 1461. The Catalans, who had adopted the cause of Charles and who had grievances of their own, called in a succession of foreign pretenders. King John spent his last years contending with these. He was forced to pawn Roussillon, his possession on the north-east of the Pyrenees, to King Louis XI of France, who refused to part with it.

In his old age John was blinded by cataracts, but recovered his eyesight by the operation of couching conducted by his physician Abiathar Crescas, a Jew. The Catalan revolt was pacified in 1472, but John carried on a war, in which he was generally unfortunate, with his neighbour the French king till his death in 1479. He was succeeded by Ferdinand, his son by his second marriage, who was already associated with his wife Isabella as joint sovereign of Castile.

[edit] Children

From his first marriage to Blanche of Navarre:

   * Carlos of Viana (1421-1461)
   * Juana of Aragon (1423-1425)
   * Blanca of Navarre (1420-1464) married Henry IV of Castile. The marriage was never consummated. After 13 years of marriage, Henry sought and obtained a divorce. Blanca was sent home, where her family imprisoned her, and she was later killed by poison.
   * Eleanor, Queen of Navarre

From his second marriage to Juana Enríquez:

   * Fernando II of Aragon
   * Infanta Juana of Aragon (1454-1517). Married Ferdinand I of Naples.


Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre John II (Catalan: Joan II, Aragonese: Chuan II and Basque: Joanes II), called the Great (el Gran) or the Faithless (el Sense Fe) (29 June 1398 – 20 January 1479), was the King of Navarre through his wife (jure uxoris) from 1425 and the King of Aragon in his own right from 1458 until his death. He was the son of Ferdinand I and his wife Eleanor of Alburquerque. More: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_II_of_Aragon_and_Navarre


Juan II el Grande, rey de Aragón的年谱

Medina del Campo, Castille and Leon, Spain
Peñafiel, Valladolid, Castille and Leon, Spain
Olite, Navarre, Navarre, Spain
Olite, Navarra, Navarra, Spain