Judith of Poland

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About Judith of Poland


Judith of Poland (Polish: Judyta Bolesławówna, Hungarian: Judit lengyel hercegnő, German: Judith von Polen; b. ca. 1130/35 - d. 8 July 1171/75), was a Polish princess member of the House of Piast and by marriage Margravine of Brandenburg.

She was the daughter of Bolesław III Wrymouth, Duke of Poland, by his second wife Salomea, daughter of Henry, Count of Berg.

Early years

Judith was one of the youngest children of her parents; her date of birth remains unknown. According to Polish medieval chronicles, she was sent to Hungary as a bride of the son of King Béla II.[1] According to the Annales Cracovienses Compilati, this event took place in 1136; since it can be assumed that the Polish princess was younger that her betrothed, and also are known the birth dates of the youngest children of Bolesław III (Agnes in 1137 and Casimir in 1138), Judith in consecuence could born between 1130 and 1135.

The marriage never took place: by 1146, the engagement was broken with the consent of both parties and Judith return to Poland.[2] The reason for this maybe was the wedding of Mieszko (Judith's brother) with the Hungarian princess Elisabeth (daughter of King Béla II), who secured sufficiently the Polish-Hungarian alliance.[3]

[edit] Margravine of Brandenburg

In Kruszwica on 6 January 1148 Judith married with Otto, eldest son of Albert the Bear, the first Margrave of Brandenburg. This union was contracted in connection with the Ascanian efforts to support the Junior Dukes in opposition to King Conrad III of Germany, who supported the deposed High Duke Władysław II as legal ruler of Poland.[4] During her marriage, she bore her husband two sons, Otto (who later succeeded his father as Margrave of Brandenburg) in 1149, and Henry (who inherited the Counties of Tangermünde and Gardelegen) in 1150.[5]

Nothing is known about the political role that Judith had to play in Germany. After his father's death in 1170, Otto became in the second Margrave of Brandenburg and Judith in the Margravine consort.[6]

[edit] Death and Aftermaths

Like her birth date, Judith's date of death remains unknown. Only the day, 8 July, is known thanks to the Regesta Historia Brandenburgensis, who records the death in "VIII Id Jul" of "Juditha marchionissa gemma Polonorum".[7] By contrast, the year of death can be determined only through indirect sources. In documents from 1170 Judith is named as a living person, but by chronicles from 1177 her husband Otto I was already married with his second wife, Ada of Holland. On this basis, it is assumed that Judith had died between 1171 and 1175. She was buried in the Brandenburg Cathedral.

Judith's oldest son, Otto II, inherited the Margraviate of Brandenburg after the death of his father in 1184. He never married or had children; because his brother Henry died before him (in 1192) also without issue, afte Otto II's death in 1205 Brandenburg was inherited by his younger half-brother Albert II, son of Otto I and Ada.


Judith von Polen (polnisch Judyta Bolesławówna; * um 1132; † 8. Juli 1172/1174) war durch Heirat Kronprinzessin von Ungarn und Markgräfin von Brandenburg.

Leben [Bearbeiten]

Judith wurde als Tochter des polnischen Herzogs Bolesław III. Schiefmund und dessen zweiter Gemahlin Gräfin Salome von Berg-Schelklingen geboren.

In erster Ehe wurde sie mit dem späteren ungarischen König Ladislaus II. vermählt, aus der früh geschiedenen Ehe ging nur eine Tochter hervor.

Daraufhin heiratete sie Markgraf Otto I. von Brandenburg und gebar ihm drei Söhne.

Über ihr Leben ist nicht sehr viel überliefert, auch ihr genaues Sterbedatum und der Ort der Bestattung sind nicht bekannt.

Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

Aus der Ehe mit König Ladislaus II.:

   * Maria von Ungarn, ∞ um 1167 Niccolo Michieli, ein venezianischer Patrizier, Gouverneur von Arbe

Aus der Ehe mit Markgraf Otto I.:

   * Otto II., Markgraf von Brandenburg
   * Heinrich, Graf von Gardelegen
   * Albrecht II., Markgraf von Brandenburg

Normdaten: Personennamendatei (PND): 138773467

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Judith of Poland's Timeline

Age 15
Age 19
Brandenburg, Deutschland(HRR)
Age 41
Age 41
Tangermuende, Germany
Brandenburg Cathedral