Countess Julie Therese Salome von Battenberg

Is your surname von Battenberg?

Research the von Battenberg family

Countess Julie Therese Salome von Battenberg's Geni Profile

Records for Julie von Battenberg

8,462 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Countess Julie Therese Salome von Battenberg (Hauke h. Bosak)

Polish: Julia Teresa Salomea Hauke h. Bosak
Also Known As: "Юлия фон Хауке", "Gräfin Julia von Hauke", "Countess Haucke", "Prinzessin von Battenberg"
Birthdate: (69)
Birthplace: Warszawa, Mazowieckie, Poland
Death: September 19, 1895 (69)
Schloss Heiligenberg, Seeheim-Jugenheim, Darmstadt, Hessen und bei Rhein, Germany
Place of Burial: Darmstadt, Hessen und bei Rhein, Deutschland(DKR)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Graf Hans Johann Moritz von Hauke and Gräfin Sophie von Haucke
Wife of Prince Alexander Ludwig Georg Friedrich Emil von Hessen-Darmstadt und bei Rhein
Mother of Princess Marie von Erbach-Schönberg; Louis Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven; Alexander I, Prince of Bulgaria; Prince Henry of Battenberg and Prince Francis Joseph of Battenberg
Sister of Maurycy Napoleon Kazimierz Hauke h. Bosak; Emilia Hauke; Leopold Hauke h. Bosak; Władysław Leopold Maurycy Hauke h. Bosak; Maurice Leopold Józef Hauke h. Bosak and 5 others

Occupation: Stammmutter des Hauses Battenberg
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Countess Julie Therese Salome von Battenberg


Julia, Princess of Battenberg was the wife of Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine, the mother of Alexander, Prince of Bulgaria, and ancestress to the current generations of the British and Spanish royal families.

Julie (or Julia) Therese Salomea Hauke was born in Warsaw (Congress Poland), then ruled in personal union by the Tsar of Imperial Russia. She was the daughter of Count John Maurice Hauke, a German soldier, and his wife Sophie (née Lafontaine). Julie was rumored to be of Jewish descent.

Julia's father had fought in Napoleon's Polish Legions in Austria, Italy, Germany and the Peninsular War. After his service in the Polish army since 1790 and the army of the Duchy of Warsaw from 1809 to 1814, he entered the ranks of the army of Congress Poland, became a full-fledged general in 1828 and was awarded a Polish title of nobility. Recognizing his abilities, Tsar Nicholas I appointed him Deputy Minister of War of Congress Poland and elevated him and his family in 1829 to the rank of counts, automatically making Julia a countess. In the November Uprising of 1830 led by rebelling army cadets, Grand Duke Constantine, Poland's de facto viceroy, managed to escape, but Julia's father was shot dead by the cadets on a Warsaw street. Her mother died of shock shortly afterwards, and their children were made wards of the Tsar.

Julia served as lady-in-waiting to Tsesarevna Marie Alexandrovna, wife of the future Tsar Alexander II and sister of Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine. She met Prince Alexander while performing her duties at court in St. Petersburg. The Tsar did not approve of any liaison between his son's brother-in-law and a parvenu, and so the two arranged to leave the St. Petersburg court. By the time Julia and Alexander were able to marry, she was six months pregnant with their first child, Marie. They were married on 28 October 1851 in Breslau in Prussian Silesia (present-day Wrocław, Republic of Poland).

Julia was considered to be of insufficient rank to have any of her children qualify for the succession to the throne of Hesse and by Rhine (Hesse-Darmstadt); hence the marriage was considered morganatic. Her husband's brother, Grand Duke Louis III of Hesse-Darmstadt, created her Countess of Battenberg in 1851, with the style of Illustrious Highness (Erlaucht), and in 1858 further elevated her to Princess of Battenberg with the style of Serene Highness (Durchlaucht). The children of Julia and Alexander were also elevated to princes and princesses and addressed as Serene Highness. Thus, Battenberg became the name of a morganatic branch of the Grand Ducal Family of Hesse. Julia converted from Roman Catholicism to Lutheranism on 12 May 1875. She died at Heiligenberg Castle, near Jugenheim, Hesse, aged sixty-nine, on 19 September 1895.

There were five children of the marriage, all princes and princesses of Battenberg: Marie (1852–1923), married in 1871 Gustav, Count of Erbach-Schönberg (d. 1908), with issue. Ludwig (Louis) (1854–1921), created first Marquess of Milford Haven in 1917, married in 1884 Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine (1863–1950), with issue (including Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark, Queen Louise of Sweden, and the 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma). In 1917, he and his children gave up their German titles and took the surname Mountbatten. Alexander (1857–1893), created Reigning Prince of Bulgaria in 1879, abdicated in Bulgaria and created Count of Hartenau, married morganatically in 1889 Johanna Loisinger (1865–1951), with issue. Heinrich (Henry) (1858–1896), married in 1885 Beatrice, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland (1857–1944), with issue (including Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg later Queen of Spain). His children resided in the UK and became lords and ladies with the surname Mountbatten in 1917 (see "Name change" below). His eldest son was created the first Marquess of Carisbrooke in 1917. Franz Joseph (1861–1924), married in 1897 Anna Princess Petrovich-Niegosh of Montenegro (1874–1971), with no issue.

Julia's eldest son, Ludwig (Louis) of Battenberg, became a British subject, and during World War I, due to anti-German sentiment prevalent at the time, anglicised his name to Mountbatten (a literal translation of the German Battenberg), as did his nephews, the sons of Prince Henry and Princess Beatrice. The members of this branch of the family also renounced all German titles and were granted peerages by their cousin King George V of the United Kingdom: Prince Louis became the 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, while Prince Alexander, Prince Henry's eldest son, became the 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke.

view all

Countess Julie Therese Salome von Battenberg's Timeline

November 12, 1825
Warszawa, Mazowieckie, Poland
July 15, 1852
Age 26
Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
May 24, 1854
Age 28
Graz, Steiermark, Austria
April 5, 1857
Age 31
Verona, Province of Verona, Veneto, Italy
October 5, 1858
Age 32
Milan, Italy
September 24, 1861
Age 35
Padua, Padua, Itly
September 19, 1895
Age 69
Seeheim-Jugenheim, Darmstadt, Hessen und bei Rhein, Germany
September 22, 1895
Age 69
Darmstadt, Hessen und bei Rhein, Deutschland(DKR)
Germany - Princess of Battenberg