Justinian Snow

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Justinian Snow

Birthdate: (61)
Birthplace: Brookehouse, Chedulton, Staffordshire, England
Death: March 21, 1639 (61)
Brookehouse, Chedulton, Staffordshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Marmaduke Snowe and Judith Hill
Husband of Abell
Father of Justinian Snowe

Occupation: One of the founders of Maryland and Lord Baltimore's factor in the Indian trading.
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Justinian Snow

Name: John Justinian Snowe, . Sex: M Birth: ABT. 1578 in Brookehouse, Chedulton, Staffordshire, England Death: 1631 in England Reference Number: 11826 Note:


One of the founders of Maryland and Lord Baltimore's factor in the Indian trading.


1. Maryland State Archives

Judicial and Testamentary Business of the Provincial Court, 1637-1650

Volume 4, Page 56

56 Court and Testamentary Business, 1639.

Liber Z. of the said Justinian wch shalbe in his hands vnad

ministred at that time; that then this Recognisance to

be void or els to stand in full force. And a further con

dition of this Recognisance is that the goods of the said

Justinian be recovered by vertue of the said Admraon;

or els the Recognisance to be void

Recognit coram me Maraduke Snow

John Lewger Secretary Giles Brent

This Recognisance is cancelled

John Lewger Secretary

2. Name: John or Justinian Snow Sex: M Note:

   Source: William and Mary College Quarterly - Washington and his
   The Gerrard Family. - Among the neighbors of the Washingtons non were
   more conspicuous than Dr. Thomas Gerrard. His first wife, Susanna, was
   the daughter of Justinian Snow, one of the founders of Maryland and Lord
   Baltimore's factor in the Indian trade. Abel Snow, a clerk in the
   chancery office, London, and Marmaduke Snow were two other brothers. Dr.
   Gerrard was for a long time councillor, but was finally banished from
   Maryland for taking part in the resurrection of Josiah Fendall in 1659. 

Marriage 1 Eydreth (Judith) Hill


  1. Has Children Susanna Snow

the said marmaduke made oath to the purpose above men

tioned in the Commission of Admraon. and had the Admraon

grantcd to him./.

p. Cecilius &c to or beloved Thomas Gerard surgeon. whereas

we have by Or Commission to yor brother in law marmaduke

Snow appointed him to be AdriTrator of the goods & chattells

of his brother Justinian Snow late of St maries planter deceased;

said marmaduke is since (as we are informed) become non

compos mentis, & in great danger of death by a violent sick

nes; so that he cannot make an Inventary of the goods & doe

other things wch are necessary to be forthwith done for the pre

serving & disposing of the said goods; therefore we reposing

especiall trust & confidence in your faithfulnes & prudence,

doe hereby revoke and annull the foresaid irés of Admraon

granted to marmaduke Snow; and in steed thereof, doe hereby

appoint you to be Admrator & doe committ vnto you the

Admraon of all the rights debts goods and chattells, within

this province wch were the said Justinian's at the time of his

death, either vpon the maine sea coming hether or vpon the

land within Or said Province. Charging you by vertue of yot

oath made vnto vs in this behalfe that as soone as conveniently

you may, you cause a just & true appraisemt of all his said

goods to be made by 2 indrent men, and that you make a true

& pfect Inventary of all his said rights debts goods and

chattells; by the discretion of the said two indrent men & the

same with the appraisemt deliver to Or Secretary, within one

moneth after the date thereof (except further time be given) and

that you will and truely pay all the iust debts of the said

Justinian within this Province according to the exigence of the

law in this behalfe & that you make and exhibite to or said

Secretary a faithfull and just accompt of yor said Admraon

when you shalbe therevnto called by or said Secretary. This

Commission to endure till a will of the said Justinian be proved

& no longer. Given at St maries this 24th Aprill 1639.

An Archives of Maryland electronic publication.

For information contact mdlegal@mdarchives.state.md.us.

©Copyright July 31, 2003 Maryland State Archives

Father: Marmaduke Snowe , . b: ABT. 1552 in England

Mother: Judith Hill , .

Marriage 1 Judith Erdythe Smith , . b: in Worcestershire, England

Married: 1605 in Staffordshire, England


Susannah Snowe , . b: ABT. 1610 in Brookehouse, Staffordshire, England 
Abel Snowe b: ABT. 1612 in England 
Justinian Snowe b: ABT. 1614 in England 
Marmaduke Snowe b: ABT. 1616 in England 
Albion Snowe b: ABT. 1618 
Egerton Snowe b: ABT. 1620

Name: John Gerard , . Sex: M Birth: ABT. 1585 in New Hall, Ashton-in-Makefield, Lancaster, England Death: AFT. 1641 in St. Clement's Manor, MD Reference Number: 11735 Note:



John Gerard of the Newall in Ashton-in-Makerfield, gent., living at Warrington in 1641. Married Isabel, at Winwich, February 16, 1607/8.


Marmaduke Gerard of Warrington

William Gerard

Frances Gerard

Richard Gerard

Thomas Gerard of the Newhall

  • *******************

Name: Thomas Gerard , . Sex: M Birth: ABT. 1540 in Ashton, Lancashire, England Death: 11 JAN 1627/28 in Winwick, Lancashire, England Reference Number: 11734 Note:



Thomas Gerard of the Newhall in Ashton-in-Makerfield, Lancashire, gentleman, died 19 December 1628-12 January 1629. Buried at Winwick. Married Jaine, who signed a deed with him in 1586.


John Gerard of the Newhall

Joseph Gerard

Marye Gerard

Anne Gerard

Jaine Gerard


The following text was provided by Patricia L. M. Stanley, 10505 N. Fores Ave., Kansas City, MO 64155, in January, 1994:

Gerrard- Ellyson

The surname Gerrard is also spelt Gerard and Girard and was originally FitzGerald. The arms of the principal branch of the family are : Argent, a salties, glues, and the crest: A lion, rampant ermins crowned or, and the motto: En Dieu Est Mon Esperance. The linage of the family of Bryn County,England based on Burk's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage is as follows:

William FitzGerald of Carrun Castle, county Pembroke, eldest son of Gerald FitzWalter, constable of Penbroke castle and brother of Maurice FitzGerald, Lor of Maynooth. He went to Ireland with Strongbow in 1171, but died in England in 1173;

Leaving with other issue, Otho, ancestor of the Carew family and: William FitzWilliam FitzGerald, his youngest son, who was Justice in Eyre, for the county of Chester, and had: William, Lord of a Moiety of Kingsley, county Chester, in right of his wife, Emma, second daughter and co-heir of Richard de Kingsley, Chief Forester of Delamere. He died before 1259,leaving a son:

William Gerrard of Kingsley, died before 1316 having by his wife, Margaret, his son and heir:

William Garrard of Kingsley and Cantenhall living in 1330, who married Matilda, daughter of Henry de Glasshowse of Kingsley and died before 1352. They had:

William Gerrard of Kingsley, born about 1322, who married Joan, the daughter of heir of Peter de Bryn and had:

Sir Peter Gerard of Kingsley and Byrn, who died before 1380, having had:

Thomas of whom presently, and John the ancestor of Gerard of Ince and Macclesfield. His eldest son was:

Sir Thomas Gerard of Kingsley and Bryn, Knight, who died March 27th 1415-16, leaving issue:

John Gerard of Kingsley [d.April 10th 1431] who married Alice, daughter of Sir John le Boteler, and had:

Sir Peter Gerard of Kingsley and Bryn, who married Isabella Strangeways, and had:

Sir Thomas Gerard of Kingsley and Bryn, who married Douce, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Assheton of Ashton-under-Lyne,and had:

Peter Gerard, who married [1481] Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Stanley of Hooton, Cheshire. He died June 19th 1485. They had:

Sir Thomas Gerard, of Kingsley and Bryn, who married Margaret, the daughter of Sir Edmund Trafford of Trafford, and widow of Nicholas Longfored and Sir John Port, and had:

Sir Thomas Gerard, of Kingsley and Bryn, who married Jane, the daughter of Sir Peter Legh of Haydock and had:

Sir Thomas Gerard of Kingsley and Bryn, who being accused of a design to deliver Mary, Queen of Scots, out of her confinement, was committed to the tower, and was forced to give his estate of Bromley to his kinsman, Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Attorney General and mortgage many others before he could obtain his liberty. He married Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of Sir John Port, Knight of Etwall, co. Derby. He died in September 1601. He was survived by his son:

Sir Thomas Gerard, born 1560, was created a Baronet on the first day of the institution of the order, May 22, 1611, and received back the fee which he had given for the dignity in consideration of the sufferings of his father on behalf of Queen Mary. He married first, Cecily, daughter of Sir Walter Maney, Knight, and had:

Sir Thomas Gerard, Second Baronet of Bryn, who married Frances, daughter of Sir Richard Molyneux, First Baronet of Sefton, and sister of 1st Viscount Molyneux, and had:

John, Peter and Gilbert, who are said to have died unmarried [see William Playfair], Frances,who became a Nun. William, the 3rd Baronet, who married Elizabeth,daughter of Sir Cuthbert Clifton, Knight, Thomas (below), Richard [1612-1686], Anne,who married 1st Cox and 2nd Thomas Green, who came on the Ark and Dove to Maryland in 1634 and was governor of the province. He was married three times, first to Elizabeth, sister of Leonard Calvert, 2nd to Anne, and 3rd to the widow, Winifred Seyborne.

Father: William Gerard , . b: ABT. 1518 in Ashton, Lancashire, England

Mother: Constance Rowson , . b: BEF. 1537

Marriage 1 Jane (Gerard)? , . b: ABT. 1542 in Garswood, England


John Gerard , . b: ABT. 1585 in New Hall, Ashton-in-Makefield, Lancaster, England
  • ***********

Name: Sir Thomas Gerard of Bryn Sex: M Birth: 1560 Death: 1621 Reference Number: 11716 Note:


Sir Thomas Gerard of Bryn, born 1560 and buried 16 February 1620-1, was knighted in 18 April 1603, created a baronet 22 May 1611 by James I, free of charge, in recognition of his father's services to Mary Stuart and had only one son, Thomas. He was married three times. First to Cecily Maney, mother of his children and daughter of Sir Walter Maney; secondly, Mary Hawes, daughter of Sir Thomas Hawes, and widow of John Smythe; and thirdly to Mary Browne, daughter of William Browne, widow of William Downer, Esq. Sir 'Thomas and another brother Alexander b. 1561 matriculated from Brasenose College to Oxford on the same date, 20 July 1578. Sir Thomas received his M.A. at Cambridge in 1612 (on the King's visit) as "Jarrard."

In his will, Sir Thomas mentions his only son Thomas; also Thomas of Rainhill and his younger brother John; Thomas of Newhall; and his Grandsons Thomas and John; Peter Legh (Lee) son of Peter Legh and Margaret Gerrard; Richard Molyneux (Mullins); and Miles Gerrard, His daughter. Frances, married Ralph Standish after her father's death. Thomas of Newhall moved his family to Maryland in 1650.

Some uncertainty remains on whose son Thomas of Newhall was, however, Ralph Gerrard of Newhall was present at an inquisition into the death of a friend which also named Miles Gerrard of Ince, as present and there was an inventory filed in York Co., Virginia for a Ralph Gerrard in 1637. When William Jennings died in 1687, he mentions a son John, a daughter Ann Lathum; and son-in-law Ralph Gerrard and a granddaughter Mary Gerrard.

Parish records of St. Nicholas in Liverpool also show a James and Obedience (granddaughter of Peter Harrison) Gerard of Newhall, near Wigan. Obedience was buried 6 October 1683 and a daughter Elizabeth was buried 14 April 1683. Not knowing Thomas' exact birthdate prevents positive identification among numerous births of sons named Thomas. In the Parish of Wigan alone, Thomas, son of Thomas was christened 24 May 1590; Thomas, son of Thomas was christened 25 April 1614; Thomas, son of Thomas of Ince was christened 25 June 1617. Not all of the Parish records have been preserved so there could be many more. Accounts in the U.S. have attributed Dr. Thomas Gerard's birth at various dates ranging from 1608 to 1614. Historians have been unable to pinpoint the location of Newhall, other than it was near Wigan.

That Thomas could well afford to provide for his nephews is certain. At his death his only son and heir received the following property: "capital messuage (house) called 1e Bryn'; also Manor of Ashton in Makerfield and 130 messuages, 60 cottages, 2 windmills, 4 watermills, 1300 acres of land; 300 acres of meadow; 3000 acres of pasture; 100 acres of wood and underwood; 20 acres of land covered by water; 40 acres of moor and moss; 300 acres of marsh and 40 shillings rent in Bryn and Ashton in Makerfield; also Manor of Windle and 70 messuages, 40 cottages, 70 acres of land; 100 acres of meadow; 1000 acres of pasture; 20 acres of wood and underwood; 300 acres of moor, moss, and marsh; and 10 shillings of rent in Windle; also 30 acres of land, meadow, and pasture in Ince, 5 messuages; 5 gardens; 5 orchards; and 5 acres of land,"


Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown


Thomas Gerard , . b: 1586 in England

Family of John Snowe

1. JOHN1 SNOWE1 was born in Brookehouse,Chedulton,England. He married UNKNOWN.


Children of JOHN SNOWE and UNKNOWN are:

             i.   ABEL SNOWE.
             ii.   JUSTINIAN SNOWE, b. Abt. 1578.
            iii.   MARMADUKE SNOWE.
            iv.   SUSANNAH SNOWE, b. Abt. 1610; d. 1666, St. Clement's, Maryland; m. DR. THOMAS GERARD, September 21, 1629, England; b. December 10, 1608, New Hall,Lancashire,England; d. Bef. December 1673, Westmoreland,Virginia.
Name: Marmaduke Snow Given Name: Marmaduke Surname: Snow Sex: M Death: After 1659 Reference Number: 1980 Change Date: 30 Nov 2004 at 12:18 Note: Returned to England as a consequence of sickness and was li ving in County Strafford at Fenny Hill in 1658. (The Founde rs of Maryland).

Father: Justinian Snow b: 1578 in England

Mother: Edith Abell b: Bef 22 Dec 1583 in Worverley, Worcester, Eng

Name: Marmaduke Snow Sex: M Change Date: 30 MAR 2009 Birth: ABT 1608 in England Residence: BET JAN 1637 AND FEB 1637 St. Mary's County, Maryland Event: Anecdote 24 APR 1639 Maryland Death: ABT 1675 in Charles County, Maryland Event: Inventory 06 DEC 1675 Charles County, Maryalnd Event: Anecdote ABT FEB 1639 1

Father: John Snow b: ABT 1578 in Brookehouse, Chedulton, England

Mother: Eydreth (Judith) Hill


Title: Beginnings of Maryland, 1631-1639

Abbrev: Beginnings of Maryland

Author: Bernard C. Steiner, Ph.D.

Publication: Johns Hopkins University Press

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Justinian Snow's Timeline

Brookehouse, Chedulton, Staffordshire, England
March 21, 1639
Age 61
Brookehouse, Chedulton, Staffordshire, England