Kamehameha the Great, king of Hawai'i

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Records for Kalani Paiea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiikui Kamehameha o Iolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kunuiakea Kamehameha

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King Kalani Paiea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiikui Kamehameha o Iolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kunuiakea Kamehameha

Also Known As: "Mo'i Kamehameha I 'a Keoua", "Paiea"
Birthdate: (63)
Birthplace: Kokoiki, Hawi
Death: May 08, 1819 (63)
Halawa, North Kohala, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii
Immediate Family:

Son of Chief Keoua-kalanikupuapa'ikalani-nui "Keoua Nui" and Chiefess Kekuiapoiwa of the Kohala District
Husband of Kauhilanimaka; Kauilanimaka; Hikawainui II; Ka'ahumanu, Queen; Namahana Pi'ia "Lydia" and 9 others
Partner of High Chiefess Keoua-wahine
Father of Kahiwa Kanekapoli; Awiliawilinui A Keawe II; Victoria Kamehamalu, Princess; Princess Kaahumanu II; Princess Elizabeth Kinau Kaahamanu and 16 others
Brother of Kealiimaikai; Kalani'nui'malokuloku'...; Ku'ho'oheihei'pau and Keliimalokulokuloku-Kepookalani Kalanikupuapaikalaninui
Half brother of Kulanihiwa; Prince Kalokuokamaile; Mo'i Kamehameha I 'a Keoua; Kalani'kupule Kalanikupule and Koalaukani (a.k.a. Koholokalani)

Occupation: King of the Island of Hawaii, King of the Hawaiian Islands, Ruler of Hawaiian Islands
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Kamehameha the Great, king of Hawai'i

Kamehameha I (ca. 1758 – May 8, 1819), also known as Kamehameha the Great, conquered the Hawaiian Islands and formally established the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi in 1810. By developing alliances with the major Pacific colonial powers, Kamehameha preserved Hawaiʻi's independence under his rule. Kamehameha is remembered for the Kanawai Mamalahoe, the "Law of the Splintered Paddle", which protects human rights of non-combatants in times of battle. Kamehameha's full Hawaiian name is Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

Legendary birth---

Although there is some debate as to the precise year of his birth, Hawaiian legends claimed that a great king would one day unite the islands, and that the sign of his birth would be a comet. Halley's comet was visible from Hawaiʻi in 1758 and it is likely Kamehameha was born shortly after its appearance. Other accounts state that he was born in November 1737.

He was known as Paiea, which means "hard-shelled crab". His father by blood was Chief Keōua Nui. His mother was Chiefess Kekuʻiapoiwa of the Kohala district on the island of Hawaiʻi. In ancient Hawaiian culture it was common for royalty to mentor or "adopt" other children, so they can have another honorary parent. The ruler of the adjacent island of Maui, Kahekili II took Kamehameha into his court.

His father Keōua was the grandson of Keaweikekahialiʻiokamoku, who had once ruled a large portion of the island of Hawaiʻi. When Keaweikekahialiʻiokamoku died, war broke out over succession between his sons, Kalani Kama Keʻeaumoku Nui and Kalaninuiʻamamao, and a rival chief, Alapaʻinuiakauaua. Alapaʻi emerged victorious over the two brothers, and their orphan sons (including Kamehameha's father) were absorbed into his clan. He may also be the son of the chief of Maui named Kahikili.

When Kamehameha (Paiea) was born, Alapaʻi ordered the child killed. One of his priests (kahuna) had warned him that a fiery light in the sky would signal the birth of a "killer of chiefs". Alapaʻi, nervous at the thought of this child eventually usurping his rule, decided to take no chances. Paiʻea's parents, however, had anticipated this. As soon as he was born, he was given into the care of Naeʻole, another noble from Kohala, and disappeared from sight. Naeʻole raised Paiʻea for the first few years of his life. Five years after his birth, Alapaʻi, perhaps remorseful of his actions, invited the child back to live with his family. There under the guidance of his kahu (teacher), Kekuhaupiʻo, he learned the ways of court diplomacy and war. Kekuhaupiʻo remained a faithful and trusted advisor to Paiʻea until the accidental death of the loyal kahu during a sham battle.

Another story says the name Paiʻea was given to Kamehameha after he first distinguished himself as a warrior in a battles between Maui and Hawaiʻi island in 1775–1779.

Paiʻea is said to have had a dour disposition, and acquired the name he is best known for today: Kamehameha, from the Hawaiian language for "the lonely one".

More: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamehameha_I


And then, there is the story of an "own true" father that is NOT.... the one we all know was officially Kamehameha I's father for most of his life.

I will leave it to others to tell this story.  

Will return soon with information and reference thereof, and if no one has told the story by then, I just might venture into such waters.../ /


Purportedly: Kahekili (II) (Kahekilinuiahumanu III) (Mo'i, Ruler of Maui) was born in 1737. He died in Jul 1794.

		mated with sister, Ku (Kuhooheiheipahu, Kauwahine, Ku-wahine, Ku-ali'i I).

Source: Dean Kekoolani's much respected database. Check it out for the "own true" line for Kamehameha I. Lptm


I suspect there are others who also are reluctant to speak of this other father, because there is some controversy over whether the reported story is true or not. Lptm

The point I make: Only God knows Absolute Truth, but is that going to stop us from researching and hypothesizing? I think....NOT!

Genealogical research is so very fascinating especially when investigating Oral Family History clues, questions and hypotheses still being discussed by descendants today at various gatherings. So maybe we should begin checking out the second, less accepted genealogy for Kamehameha I as well?

Just an idea..../ / Lptm


The reason I bring this up is because I know how the Kanaka valued having more than one father. For aspiring, ambitious and rising-in-renown ali'i, like Kamehameha I.... it could have been a "plus," had he known earlier...perhaps?

I know that being hanai ('d) for the ali'i was usual, so two fathers or two sets of parents...were common.

Yet I also wonder if hanai was sometimes effected to prevent sibling rivalry that might lead to one brother attacking the other for his position in the kingdom. The story of Kiha-a-Piilani and his older brother comes to mind. In my opinion...such fraternal conflicts are regrettable.

How ironic that Kamehameha might have been sent to another Kingdom to ensure the safety of his purported Maui Kingdom brother, Kalanikupule,..... only to end up sacrificing him anyway on O'ahu. Might the ali'i have said, "That the Gods had Spoken?"

Sometimes I feel so sad at how much sibling rivalry and killing took place in ancient times.

That is why I am so reluctant to enter rivalries today between one cousin camp and another. I cannot stand the thought that I might find myself a part of one group and seriously endangering another group over rank, genealogical claims, reclamation of the aina, and so forth. Lptm


April 25, 2017...Tuesday...8:51 am: Mahalo for sending me a repetitive reminder to re-examine this page once more. Yes, I am of the opinion....pending future research....that 1856 is a better birth date than 1836 or 1841. Yet, we are not privileged with Absolute Knowledge, so all we can do is keep researching. And my opinions and beliefs are no better than ancient ohana cousins above. Is why I love these opportunities for us to coordinate our information on the same website. Thank you. Geni.com Lptm

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Kamehameha the Great, king of Hawai'i's Timeline

Age 9
Wai'ohukini, Kau, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii, USA
Age 14
Halawa, Kohala, Hawaii, Hawaii, USA
Age 24
Kaunalahelahe, Island og Molokai, Hawaii, USA
Age 40
Age 42
Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii, United States
Age 46
Hilo, HI, United States
Age 46
Kawaihae, Hawaii, United States
Age 46
Hilo, Hawaii, HI, United States