Kavadh II, king of the Sasanian Empire

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Kavadh

Birthdate:
Death: Died in Ctesiphon, Persia
Cause of death: died from plague
Immediate Family:

Son of Khosrau II "the Victorious", King of Persia and Flavia Miriamne
Husband of Anzoy
Father of Yazdegrid Sassanid Emperor of Persia; shahanshah artashektr III -sassanid persia 25; Ardashir III, king of the Sasanian Empire; <private> Sasanian King and <private>
Brother of Shahrijar, Prince of Sasanian Persia
Half brother of Khusrau; <private> Sasanian King; Javanshir / Juvansher; <private> Sasanian queen (26th Sassanian King); Buran dukht 26th Sassanid Monarch, Queen of Persia and 7 others

Occupation: Roi, de Perse
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Kavadh II, king of the Sasanian Empire

Kavadh II (Shiroe, or Siroes), twenty-third Sassanid King of Persia, son of Khosrau II (590–628), was raised to the throne in opposition to his father in February 628, after the great victories of the Emperor Heraclius (610–641). He put his father and eighteen brothers to death, began negotiations with Heraclius, but died after a reign of a few months.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kavadh_II for more information.


Reign February 25, 628 – 6 September 628 Predecessor Khosrau II Successor Ardashir III Born 590 Died 6 September 628 Ctesiphon Spouse Anzoy the Roman Issue Ardashir III House House of Sasan Father Khosrau II Mother Maria Religion Zoroastrianism

Kavadh II was the son of Khosrau II, the king of the Sasanian Empire, and Maria, daughter of Maurice, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Kavadh was later imprisoned by his father who wanted to ensure his succession to his favorite son Mardanshah, the son of his favorite wife, Shirin. His father's reputation had been ruined during the last phase of the Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628.

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Shērōē (also spelled Shīrūya, شیرویه), better known by his dynastic name of Kavadh II (New Persian: قباد‎‎ Qobād or Qabād), was king of the Sasanian Empire briefly in 628. He was the son of Khosrau II (590–628). He became king after orchestrating a coup d'état against his father.

[...After the imprison­ment of Ḵosrow II (590-628) in 628 his son and successor Šērōya (Kavād II, r. 628) appointed his chief secretary to investigate his father’s crimes]...

[Shiruya, king of the Persians, died after reigning for nine months. Then his son Artashir [IE, 628-629] ruled for two years. And then Shahrvaraz killed him and ruled, keeping friendship with Heraclius. However, Kardarigan also had some partisans and tore the Persian monarchy apart. Heraclius aided Xorean (Shahrvaraz) and Kardarigan was killed. Xorean ruled for a year, and he too was slain [g302]. Khosrov's daughter Boran (Param) ruled for a few days and then died. Then her sister Zarmanduxt ruled. Following her there ruled Shahrori, Daburan Khosrov, Peroz, Zruanduxt, Ormazd — all relatives of the Persian king and all of them dying within two years. ]

Kavadh II was the son of Khosrau II, the king of the Sasanian Empire, and Maria, daughter of Maurice, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Kavadh was later imprisoned by his father who wanted to ensure his succession to his favorite son Mardanshah, the son of his favorite wife, Shirin. His father's reputation had been ruined during the last phase of the Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628.

In 627, the Sasanian general Rhahzadh was slain and Dastgerd, the king's favorite residence, had been sacked by Heraclius, who was advancing towards Ctesiphon. In 628, Kavadh was released by the feudal families of the Sasanian Empire, which included: The Ispahbudhan spahbed (army chief) Farrukh Hormizd and his two sons Rostam Farrokhzad and Farrukhzad. Shahrbaraz of Mihran family, the Armenian faction represented by Varaztirots II Bagratuni and finally the Kanarang.[1]

On 25 February, Kavadh, along with Aspad Gushnasp, captured Ctesiphon and imprisoned Khosrau II. Kavadh II then proclaimed himself as king of the Sasanian Empire, and ordered the execution of all his brother and half-brothers, which included Mardanshah, the favorite son of Khosrau II. Three days later, he ordered Mihr Hormozd to execute his father. However, after the execution of his father, Kavadh had Mihr Hormizd killed.[2]

With the agreement of the Persian nobles, Kavadh then made peace with the Byzantine emperor Heraclius, which enabled the Byzantines to regain all their lost territories, their captured soldiers, a war indemnity, along with the True Cross and other relics that were lost in Jerusalem in 614.[3][4]

Kavadh also appointed Varaztirots II Bagratuni as Marzban of Persian Armenia, and appointed Ishoyahb II as the new patriarch of the Church of the East.[5] Kavadh II later died from plague after a few months' reign on 6 September 628. He was succeeded by his eight-year-old son Ardashir III.

Reign February 25, 628 – 6 September 628 Predecessor Khosrau II Successor Ardashir III Born 590 Died 6 September 628 Ctesiphon Spouse Anzoy the Roman Issue Ardashir III House House of Sasan Father Khosrau II Mother Maria Religion Zoroastrianism

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