Cynfarch Oer ap Meirchion Gul, King of North Rheged

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Cynfarch Oer ap Meirchion Gul, King of North Rheged

Also Known As: "Cunomarcus or Cynfarch ap Meirchion"
Birthplace: Cymmer, Neath Port Talbot, Wales
Death: Cymmer, Neath Port Talbot, Wales
Immediate Family:

Son of Meirchion Gul ap Gwrast Lledlwy and Essylt verch Culwynedd
Father of Anarawn Bishop of Llydaw; Llewelyn ap Cynvarch; Arawn ap Cynfarch, King North of the Salway; Urien ap Cynfarch, Brenin Rhegid; Enynny verch Cynfarch, of the Northern Britons and 4 others
Brother of Elidyr Llydanwyn ap Meirchion, Brenin Rheged and Idno ap Meircion Gul

Occupation: [ Cymri ], prince of the North Britons in Cumbria
Managed by: Charles Arthur Chester
Last Updated:

About Cynfarch Oer ap Meirchion Gul, King of North Rheged

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Rethinking the Gwent Pedigrees; (Steven Ferry, April 10, 2017.)

  • Cynfarch "Oer" ap Meirchion "Gul"

born about 0570? Wales


  • Meirchion "Gul" ap Gwrgust

born about 0450? Wales




  • Elidir "Lydanwyn" ap Meirchion "Gul" born about 0510? Wales


  • Nyfain verch Brychan

born about 0570 Wales


  • Enynny verch Cynfarch "Oer" born about 0600? Wales
  • Urien "Rheged" ap Cynfarch "Oer" born about 0491 South Reged, Britain

biographical and/or anecdotal:

notes or source:

Notes: HRM King Cynfarch Oer ('Cynfarch the Dismal', also known as Cunomarcus or Cynfarch ap Meirchion) was probably a 6th-century king of the Sub-Roman realm of Rheged, believed to be located in north-west England and south-west Scotland. Next to nothing is known about HRM King Cynfarch. He appears in the Old Welsh pedigrees of the Brythonic 'Men of the North' as the son of the equally obscure Meirchion Gul (Marcianus, the Lean) and father of the slightly better documented HRM King Urien Rheged. His name was well remembered however and his family were known as the 'Cynferchyn' in his honour. His unflattering epithet Oer probably means '(the) Unwelcoming' (literally 'cold'). It is assumed that HRM King Cynfarch ruled in Rheged before HRM King Urien. Hence, the apparent 'Rheged' placename at Dunragit near Stranraer and tales of March ap Meirchion (or Cun-march ap Meirchion) in the same area. He may also have been a participant in the Battle of Arfderydd in 573 A. D. Source: