Konwatsiasiaienni (Molly)

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Molly Brant

Also Known As: "Degonwadonti means Several Against One "Molly"", "Mary Brant", "Konwatsi'tsiaienni", "and Degonwadonti"
Birthdate: (60)
Birthplace: Canajoharie, Montgomery County, New York, United States
Death: April 16, 1796 (56-64)
Upper Canada, Kingston, Frontenac County, Ontario, Canada
Place of Burial: [The exact location of her grave is unknown.], Kingston, Frontenac County, Ontario, Canada
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Peter Brant and Margaret Brant
Partner of Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet
Mother of George Jacob "Tekahionwake" (BIG GEORGE) Johnson; Peter Warren Johnson; Elizabeth Brant Kerr; Magdalene Helena Ferguson; Margaret Farley and 4 others
Sister of Peter(?) Brant; Jacob Brant; Christina Brant and Chief Joseph Brant, Thayendanegea of the Six Nations
Half sister of Jacomine Lucas and Lea Lucas ?

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Konwatsiasiaienni (Molly)

Her marriage was a native ceremony.

Who was Molly Brant? She was an extraordinary woman! This presentation is dedicated to another extraordinary woman, one who often inspired me to look at Molly Brant in a different light, and was always helpful with research that was undertaken on this subject: Dr. Shirley Spragge (August 11th, 1995).

A very general history of the life of Molly Brant can be found in a number of books and journal articles written about her. There also exists archival material in the form of letters and journals providing information on specific events in which she was involved. Unfortunately, this provides little detail regarding her life prior to the American Revolutionary War, and even less regarding her later years in Kingston. While the majority of this presentation is based on a variety of secondary sources, more recent primary archival research is credited to Gretchen Green from the College of William and Mary and our own Earl Moorhead.

This presentation is an attempt to paint a picture of a generally unrecognized Canadian Heroine, an attempt to provide insight into what her life might have been like: the changes in lifestyle she had to adapt to, the monumental tasks that she undertook; the hardships that she bore. Can we possibly begin to understand what it would have been like to be a Native woman in North America during the eighteenth century?

Who was Molly Brant, also known as Koñwatsi-tsiaiéñni? This is a question asked all too frequently when the name is mentioned. She is most often recognized in reference to her brother, Joseph Brant, leader of the Mohawk people and founder of Brantford. She was, however, famous in her own right.

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Life in the Mohawk Valley

It is generally accepted that Molly was born in 1736, possibly in the Ohio Valley (Wilson, 1976:55; Graymont, 1979:416) where her family lived for some time. Her parents seem to have been Margaret and Peter, who were from Canajoharie, the upper Mohawk village. They were registered in the chapel at Fort Hunter, the lower village, as Protestant Christians. Peter died while the family was living on the Ohio River, so Margaret and her two children, Molly and Joseph, returned to Canajoharie. Margaret then married Nickus Brant, who may have been part Dutch. Some scholars have suggested that the use of Nickus Brant's surname indicates some non-Native ancestry (Green, 1989:236).

There continues to exist a great deal of confusion as to the identity of Joseph Brant's father. Assuming that Molly and Joseph had the same father, confusion also arises in recognizing Molly's father. If we consider traditional Iroquois society, however, the identity of the father is insignificant in comparison to that of the mother. Iroquois clans are matrilineal, meaning that kinship is based on the maternal or female line. Each member of the Iroquois League, which includes the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk and Tuscarora, have their own clans. The Mohawk have only three: turtle, bear, and wolf. Each clan owns a number of personal names, which are passed on when a child is born. The child receives a name belonging to the mother's clan. In Molly's time, when a chief died, the clan mother, in consultation with other women in the clan, would choose the man who would assume the appropriate name and become the successor to the deceased chief. The clan mother would often choose a man of her lineage and of that of the deceased chief (Tooker, 1978:424; Graymont,1976:31; Thomas, 1989:143). With traditional European societies being patrilineal, it is easy to see why earlier historians have dwelt upon seeking out the identity of the father.

Multifarious Mohawk Chiefs have been suggested as either grandfather or father to both Molly and Joseph Brant. Names mentioned include Sagayean Qua Tra Ton, Sa Ga Yeath Qua Pieth Tow of the bear clan (grandfather, Fenton, 1978:310), and Tee Yee Neen Ho Ga Row (Theyanoguen) or King Hendrick of the wolf clan (grandfather, Fenton & Tooker, 1978:474; Graymont, 1979:416). There is no known proof of any of these relationships, and certainly no league chief or sachem status was bestowed upon Joseph. As a note of interest, the latter two visited the Court of Queen Anne in London in 1710. Their petitions, which were presented to the Queen, resulted in the construction of Fort Hunter and the Mohawk chapel at Fort Hunter. In addition, a presentation of a gift of silver communion plate was made by Queen Anne to the Mohawk people (Fenton & Tooker, 1978).

Nickus Brant, Molly's step father, owned a substantial frame house, lived and dressed in the European style, and, interestingly enough, included William Johnson as a close personal friend (Green, 1989:236). Although not much is known of Molly's life at Canajoharie during the 1740s and 1750s, from her infancy through her teenage years and into her early twenties, it is likely that she lived in Nickus Brant's house. She was well educated in the European ways of life, with her formal education likely taking place in an English mission school, as she learned to speak and write English well (Wilson, 1976:55; Graymont, 1979:416). It is also likely that she met William Johnson on more than one occasion through this period.

Molly Brant's political activity began when she was 18 years old. In 1754-1755 she accompanied a delegation of Mohawk elders to Philadelphia to discuss fraudulent land transactions (Green, 1989:237; Graymont, 1979:416). This trip may have been part of her training in the Iroquois tradition, for she was to become a clan matron (Thomas, 1989:143; Graymont, 1976:31). The Mohawk women not only chose the chief, they also held economic power, controlling the use of agricultural land; they therefore controlled the food supply, which provided them with the ability to veto warriors decisions. They were thus also able to apply themselves in a political role (Green, 1089:236).

William Johnson was tremendously successful in carving himself a niche in eighteenth century North America. He acquired vast amounts of land in the Mohawk Valley, was a successful colonial trader, and adapted well to Native ways. Johnson was eventually appointed Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the province of New York, and was knighted for his efforts during the French and Indian War, 1755-1760. It was at the start of this war, under Johnson's orders, that Fort William Henry was constructed at the southern tip of Lake George, becoming the northernmost British outpost in the interior of Colonial America. The fort also became the scene of one of the most famous and brutal massacres in North American history, immortalised in James Fenimore Cooper's epic The Last of the Mohicans (Starbuck, 1991:8-11). It was at the end of this war that Molly Brant and William Johnson began their official association.

William Johnson had previously co-habited with a German woman named Catherine Weissenberg. Although he had hired her as a housekeeper at Fort Johnson, they had three children: Nancy, Mary (Polly), and John were all christened at Fort Hunter, under Weissenberg's name only. Although Johnson regarded Weissenberg, who had been an indentured servant, as beneath his social status, he did regard these three children as legitimate offspring (Green, 1989:237). Catherine Weissenberg died in 1759 (Graymont, 1979:417) the same year that Molly gave birth to her and Sir William's first child.

The so-called "marriage" of Sir William Johnson and Molly Brant probably took place solely as an act of consummation. At a time when the presence of illegitimate children was perfectly acceptable, in fact even expected of those who could provide for them, attempts should not be made to try to prove that a traditional legal European marriage took place. The fact that Sir William was not legally married to any other at this time should be some indication as to his feelings towards Molly and their children. At the time of the birth of their first son Molly was about 23, while Sir William was 44 years old. They had seven more children who survived infancy (Wilson, 1976:56; Green, 1989:246; Graymont, 1979:417). The family lived first at Fort Johnson, where Molly was Mistress, from 1759 to 1763 and then, after it was built, at Johnson Hall from 1763 to 1774 (Johnson Hall State Historic Site; Wilson, 1976:56).

It is clear from contemporary records that, for Molly Brant, life at Johnson Hall was far from uncivilized. Her settled and civilised existence contradicted the general view of Natives held by Europeans at the time, a view that perceived Natives as an inferior race and led to their commonly being referred to as savages. Johnson Hall was even more elegant than Fort Johnson, and it was larger. The two-storied, Georgian, white-frame façade was 55 feet long, with four large rooms on the ground floor, a centre hall, and a great staircase. There were two fireplaces, as many windows in the rear of the house as in the front, and a large cellar beneath the entire structure. A single door served as the front entrance, and a similar door at the other end of the hall led to a formal garden. The house was flanked by two fully armed stone blockhouses (Thomas, 1986:67,1989:143).

While Molly Brant had grown up in a Mohawk Village, she was exposed at an early age to European influences through her step-father, Nickus Brant, through William Johnson, and likely through others. As well, aspects of her traditional Mohawk upbringing served her well in her role as Sir William's consort. Iroquois women in their own society enjoyed more power and higher status than did white women in their society (Graymont, 1976: 31). Molly was obviously able to successfully transfer both power and status to her position, as she apparently dominated the Johnson household. There are numerous references to her purchasing orders, and to her general control over the estate. It has also been suggested that she took responsibility for the daily affairs of the Indian Department when Sir William was away. Although she was entirely capable, Molly did no housework, as that was the task of the indentured servants and black slaves who worked on the estate and surrounding farm (Green, 1989:237).

It is somewhat puzzling to see a prominent, capable woman deviating from the traditions that provided her power and influence. Surely she would have recognized that the acculturation of Mohawk traditions to those of the Europeans would eventually cause the Mohawk to loose both economic power and political influence in their society (Green, 1989:236). She was, however, obviously happy with her position in both Mohawk and Colonial society; her influence among the Mohawk people benefitted Sir William in his position as Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and it is certain that his position enabled her to maintain her power and influence (Wilson, 1976:56; Thomas, 1989:143; Green, 1989:238; Graymont, 1979:417, 1976:31).

A valuable glimpse into the daily routine at Johnson Hall is provided by Judge Thomas Jones, who describes "a kind of open house" always full of Indians and travellers:

“"from all parts of America, from Europe, and from the West Indies. . . . The gentlemen and ladies breakfasted in their respective rooms, and, at their option, had either tea, coffee, or chocolate, or if an old rugged veteran wanted a beef-steak, a mug of ale, a glass of brandy, or some grog, he called for it, and it always was at his service. The freer people made, the more happy was Sir William. After breakfast, while Sir William was about his business, his guests entertained themselves as they pleased. Some rode out, some went out with guns, some with fishing-tackle, some sauntered about the town, some played cards, some backgammon, some billiards, some pennies, and some even at nine-pins. Thus was each day spent until the hour of four, when the bell punctually rang for dinner, and all assembled. He had besides his own family, seldom less than ten, sometimes thirty. All were welcome. All sat down together. All was good cheer, mirth, and festivity. Sometimes seven, eight, or ten, of the Indian Sachems joined the festive board. His dinners were plentiful. They consisted, however, of the produce of his estate, or what was procured from the woods and rivers, such as venison, bear, and fish of every kind, with wild turkeys, partridges, grouse, and quails in abundance. No jellies, creams, ragouts, or sillibubs graced his table. His liquors were Madeira, ale, strong beer, cider, and punch. Each guest chose what he liked, and drank as he pleased. The company, or at least a part of them, seldom broke up before three in the morning. Every one, however, Sir William included, retired when he pleased. There was no restraint."”


Such prolific activity would have kept Molly and her large staff of slaves and servants extremely busy. This circumstance would certainly have provided justification of her title as 'housekeeper,' or manager of the household affairs, a term often used by Sir William in reference to Molly (Thomas, 1989:142; Graymont, 1979:417, 1976:31). Again, we must consider this terminology in the context of the period in which it was used. Molly was, in fact, the chatelaine of Fort Johnson and later Johnson Hall: a role of great importance and responsibility throughout history, not merely that of a "cleaning lady"!

Another contemporary visitor to Johnson Hall, an English woman, described Molly Brant: "Her features are fine and beautiful; her complexion clear and olive-tinted . . . She was quiet in demeanour, on occasion, and possessed of a calm dignity that bespoke a native pride and consciousness of power. She seldom imposed herself into the picture, but no one was in her presence without being aware of her." (Wilson, 1976:56; Johnson Hall State Historic Site). It would appear that Molly played the perfect hostess, exactly what Sir William required, but certainly not feckless.

Molly Brant was also known as an expert herbalist, bringing her healing abilities to the household. The large herb garden at Johnson Hall is testimony to her interest in what was a life-long pursuit (Johnson Hall State Historic Site). She was, however, unableto prevent one untimely death. Suddenly, in July 1774, at the age of 59, Sir William Johnson died (Wilson, 1976:56; Thomas, 1989:143; Green, 1989:239; Graymont, 1979:417).

Neither the emotional nor the political turmoil in Molly Brant's life at this time can be gauged. It can be assumed that she took this in stride, moving her family of eight children, who ranged in age from infancy to 15 years, to Canajoharie (Thomas, 1989:143, 1986:66; Graymont, 1979:417). It is probable that a number of the servants and slaves from Johnson Hall went with Molly and her family, since Sir William provided generously for them all in his will: a lot in the Kingsland Patent, a black female slave, and £200, New York currency (Graymont, 1979:417; Green, 1989:237; Thomas, 1989:143). Molly wasted no time in reestablishing her influence among the Mohawk, for she established a trading business immediately (1979:417; Johnson Hall State Historic Site).

The American Revolutionary War, or War of Independence, brought about fundamental changes in the lives of Molly Brant and her family members. During the initial stages of the war, most of the Six Nations of the Iroquois remained neutral; some, however, took sides immediately. Joseph Brant did his utmost to persuade the Six Nations to break their treaty of neutrality with the Americans, which they finally did in 1777 (Graymont, 1976: 25). Apart from the British regulars, there were also provincial regiments, one of which was directed by Sir John Johnson, King's Royal Regiment of New York (Fryer, 1980:63). Through the early part of the war, Molly sheltered and fed loyalists, and sent arms and ammunition to those who were fighting for the King. She is also said to have conveyed intelligence to the British military which resulted in the successful route of American forces at Oriskany in 1777 (Graymont, 1976:26; Green 1989:239-40). Such actions, along with the advancing patriots, ultimately left her no choice but to flee, as many others had done before her. She left the Mohawk Valley with her family, two male slaves and two female servants in 1777, and went to Fort Niagara. Her younger children were then sent to school in Montreal (Johnson Hall State Historic Site).

Throughout the war Molly Brant made several trips back and forth between Niagara, Montreal, and Carleton Island. The Mohawk from the upper village of Canajoharie took refuge at Fort Niagara, while those from the lower village travelled to Montreal (Tooker, 1976:11) and Lachine (Boyce, 1967:19-21). Fort Haldimand was built at the southwest corner of Carleton Island in 1778 (Cruikshank, 1984:148). Now, more than ever, Molly was expected to use her influence over the Mohawk warriors. She was an intelligent woman, and she used the colonial adminstration to increase her own political power and to promote the interests of her people. The government similarly used her as an instrument of political control (Green, 1989:240). In describing a large Iroquois force that had gathered at Carleton Island, the commander of the fort indicated that "their uncommon good behaviour [was] in great measure to be ascribed to Miss Molly Brant's influence over them, which [was] far superior to that of all their Chiefs put together" (Wilson, 1976:56; Johnson Hall State Historic Site). Throughout the war, Molly continued to use her influence to steady the warriors, bolster their morale, and strengthen their loyalty to the King (Graymont, 1976:31).

As the war continued, native, loyalist, and patriot settlements were attacked and burned. Thousands of destitute Iroquois made their way to Fort Niagara, suffering from starvation and illness. Compounding the situation, the winter of 1779-1780 was one of the most severe on record (Petrie, 1978:38). Support for the American cause from France, Spain, and the Netherlands, and underestimation by the British of the Americans' determination to gain independence, ultimately decided the outcome of the war. The surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781 ended the war and forced England to recognise the independence of the Thirteen Colonies (Petrie, 1978:39).

After the war, no provision was made for the Iroquois in the Treaty of Paris of 1783: they were left to conduct their own negotiations (Tooker, 1976:12; Petrie, 1978:39; Quinn, 1980:77). It is known that Joseph Brant petitioned Governor Haldimand on behalf of the Iroquois; it has also been suggested that Molly used her influence on behalf of her people at this time (Green, 1989:241). Eventually, land on the Bay of Quinte was granted to the Iroquois; not all were satisfied, however, and additional lands on the Grand River were requested (Wilson, 1976:57; Petrie, 1978:39-43). The Mohawk who had travelled to Montreal during the war settled on the Bay of Quinte, where they were led by John Deserontyou, while those who had been refugees at Fort Niagara went with Joseph Brant to the Grand River (Tooker, 1976:12).

Molly Brant settled at neither place. It was decided in 1783 that the site of the old French fort at Cataraqui, originally selected for the Iroquois, would be a good place for the settlement of the other Loyalists. Arrangements were made for the movement of troops, equipment, and even buildings from Carleton Island, located on the American side of the new border. It was at this time that Molly decided to settle at Cataraqui (Quinn, 1980:78-9; Green, 1989:241). She received a substantial military pension for her service to the King during the war, an amount of £100 (Green, 1989:241; Thomas 1989:146; Graymont, 1979:418). It has been suggested that Molly may not have been welcome at Tyendinaga, on the Bay of Quinte, due to animosity between her brother and John Deserontyou; her brother's presence at the Grand River, however, and that of her son George, do not suggest antagonism. As well, Molly's relationship with Reverend John Stuart, who had been with the Mohawk at Fort Hunter (Boyce, 1967:22) and had later settled in Cataraqui, may have influenced her decision. Perhaps the best explanation, however, is the strong traditional Iroquois mother-daughter bond (Green, 1989:241): three of her daughters settled on land that was to become Kingston.

In a letter dated September 10, 1783, from Major Mathews to Governor Haldimand, no objection is voiced to Molly Brant's request to have a house built for her (Cruikshank, 1984:108). Molly lived in the barracks until the house was complete. In a letter dated October 15, 1783, Major Ross wrote to Major Mathews: "I hear that Joseph Brant is exceedingly surprised that no house is as yet built for Miss Molly. I will write to him by the first opportunity that it shall be done as soon as possible" (Cruikshank, 1984:110). As the correspondence continues through this early period of settlement, we learn that a house is also built for Joseph at Cataraqui: (Haldimand to Ross, November 1783) "As it is natural to suppose that Joseph Brant would wish to have a Home contiguous to His sister for the purpose of leaving His family under Her protection when called abroad by War, or Business, I would have a comfortable House built for him as near as possible (but distinct from) to Molly's - it will give them both Satisfaction, and they can be gratified without any very great Expence, as there are so many Workmen employed;" (Ross to Mathews, February 1784) "Captn Brant who is the bearer of this letter seems highly pleased with the favor shewn him by His Excellency in Causing a house to be built for him at Cataraqui which together with Miss Mollys is in great forwardness and to flatter him Still more Some little alteration has been made agreeable to his Wishes;" finally (Ross to Mathews, June 1784) "Captain Brants House 40 foot in front by 30 in depth and one storey and a half complete. Miss Molly Brants House nearly Complete" (Cruikshank, 1984:113, 119, 121).

Unlike the other Loyalists, Molly did not have to draw for lots. The property that she was assigned was Farm Lot A in Kingston Township, along the northern limit of the town. It was only 116 acres instead of the standard 200 acres because it was encroached upon by the Clergy Reserve (Bazely, 1989:4). She was however, as dispossessed as the rest of them: it is probable that she would have arrived with very few personal items. There are indications of her being sent a "Trunk of Presents" by Colonel Daniel Claus, Sir William's son-in-law, as well as being given money by her brother and Governor Haldimand, in addition to another trunk (Gundy, 1953:101).

Historical records and recent writings present Molly Brant as a strong individual who retained her native heritage throughout her life, often to the disdain of her European contemporaries. Molly is a controversial figure because she was both pro-British and pro-Iroquois. She insisted on speaking Mohawk, she dressed in Mohawk style throughout her life, and she encouraged her children to do the same. She argued on behalf of the Iroquois before, during, and after the American Revolution. She sheltered and fed her people. She complained when she thought the government was ignoring the Iroquois (Green, 1989:241). Did Molly Brant disappear into a life of obscurity, no longer intervening on behalf of her people? After the war, the prominent female presence in the public sphere of Iroquois society had been greatly reduced. For Molly's daughters, this circumstance encouraged acculturation, but Molly could rely on her past performance and recognition to maintain respect from the Europeans among whom she now lived (Green, 1989:242). At the age of 47, after a long and difficult war, it is possible to believe that she was exhausted; the few historical references to her life at Cataraqui, however, indicate that, at least to some extent, she maintained her quiet dominance.

In 1785, Molly travelled to Schenectady in the Mohawk Valley, apparently to sign legal documents. It is reported that the Americans wanted her and her family to return, and went so far as to offer financial compensation. The response, the one to be expected from Molly Brant, was that she rejected the offer "with the utmost contempt" (Graymont, 1979:418; Thomas:1989:147).

The position of minister in Kingston, held by Reverend John Stuart, had for years been supported by the government. In 1791, it was suggested by the Society for the Propogation of the Gospel that the churchwardens in Kingston should support their own minister. The churchwardens then ordered the erection of a church, built in 1792, for which Molly Brant was the only female benefactor, contributing £1.00 (Preston, 1959:lxii, 296). Some time after the construction of the church, an account by an anonymous traveller mentions her: "in the Church at Kingston we saw an Indian woman, who sat in an honourable place among the English. She appeared very devout during Divine Service and very attentive to the Sermon" (Lamontagne,1959:23).

In 1794 Molly made a trip to Niagara and returned on board the Mississauga with Mrs. Simcoe. Molly was ill at the time, and Mrs. Simcoe indicates in her diary that Molly wanted to go home. Mrs. Simcoe also indicates that Molly "speaks English well and is a civil and very sensible old woman" (Graymont, 1979:418; Thomas, 1989:147). In 1795, Governor Simcoe became ill and was confined to his room for more than a month. According to Mrs. Simcoe, there was only a horse doctor to take care of him; Molly, however, "prescribed a root . . . which really relieved his Cough in a very short time" (Thomas, 1989:147; Graymont, 1979:418).

On April 16, 1796, at the age of about 60, Molly Brant, a true Canadian Heroine, died. She was laid to rest in the burial ground of St. George's Church, located at what was to become the corner of Queen Street and Montreal Street, where St. Paul's Church now stands. Sadly, the exact location of her plot is unknown.

After Molly's death, the Brant farm remained in the family: it was passed on to her daughter, Magdalene Ferguson, and then to another daughter, Margaret Farley. By this time, 1829, the land ownership was being questioned, and the Board of Ordnance attempted to dispossess Margaret several times. Upon Margaret's death, sometime between 1844 and 1846, the property was passed on to her widowed daughter-in-law, Jemima Farley. Jemima maintained the homestead from 1847 to 1874 on behalf of her son and daughter, who were the heirs and great grandchildren of Molly Brant. Jemima Farley is presumed to have been deceased by 1875, marking the end of the Brant ownership of Farm Lot A (Bazely, 1991:17). According to the Assessment Rolls, by 1892 neither of the two Brant homes were standing (Bazely, 1989:13).


http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=erikj&id=I28510

ID: I28510

Name: Molly BRANT

Name: Degonwadonti

Name: Mary BRANT

Sex: F

Change Date: 22 Sep 2005 1 2

Birth: 1736 in Canajoharie, New York

Death: 16 APR 1796 in Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Burial: 16 APR 1796 Ontario, Canada

Event: Mohawk Nation/Tribe

Event: Wolf Clan

Father: Peter b: ABT 1707

Mother: Margaret b: ABT 1715 in New York

Marriage 1 William JOHNSON b: 1715 in Ireland

Children

Peter Warren JOHNSON b: SEP 1759
Elizabeth Brant JOHNSON b: ABT 1761
Magdalene JOHNSON b: ABT 1763 in Montgomery, New York
Margaret JOHNSON b: 1765
George Jacob JOHNSON b: BET 1758 AND 1767
Mary JOHNSON b: ABT 1769
Susannah JOHNSON b: ABT 1771
Anne JOHNSON b: 14 FEB 1773

Sources:

Abbrev: Joseph Brant

Title: Isabel Thompson Kelsay, Joseph Brant

1743-1807, Man of Two Worlds (Syracuse University Press, 1984.)

1743-1807, Man of Two Worlds (Syracuse University Press, 1984.)

1743-1807, Man of Two Worlds (Syracuse University Press, 1984.).

Page: Page 366.

Abbrev: Encyclopedia of the Haudenosaunee

Title: Bruce Elliott Johansen & Barbara Alice Mann, editors, Encyclopedia of t he Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy) (Greenwood Press, Westport, Con necticut & London, 2000.) he Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy) (Greenwood Press, Westport, Con necticut & London, 2000.) he Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy) (Greenwood Press, Westport, Con necticut & London, 2000.).

Page: Pages 32 & 33.


Known as Tekonwatonti

view all 14

Konwatsiasiaienni (Molly)'s Timeline

1736
April 13, 1736
1736
Canajoharie, Montgomery County, New York, United States
1758
July 16, 1758
Age 22
Ohio, United States
1759
September 1759
Age 23
Johnstown, New York, United States
1761
1761
Age 25
Fort Johnson, Mohawk, New York, United States
1763
1763
Age 27
1765
1765
Age 29
1769
1769
Age 33
1772
1772
Age 36