Prince Christoph II Radvila

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Prince Christoph II Radvila

Lithuanian: kunigaikšts Kristupas II Radvila h. Trimitai, Polish: ks. Krzysztof II Radziwiłł h. Trąby
Birthdate: (55)
Birthplace: Biržai, Biržai District Municipality, Panevėžys County, Lithuania
Death: September 19, 1640 (55)
Svedasai, Lithuania
Immediate Family:

Son of Prince Christoph "The Thunderbolt" Radvila and Katarzyna Radziwiłł
Husband of Anna Radvila
Father of Prince Ianus II Radvila; Princess Catherine Hlebovich and Princess Elizabeth Radvila
Brother of Elżbieta Sapieha
Half brother of Jan Radziwiłł h. Trąby, książę; Jerzy ks. Olelkowicz-Słucki h. Pogoń Litewska; Aleksandras Olelkaitis-Sluckis h. Lietuvos vytis and Jonas Simonas Olelkaitis-Sluckis h. Lietuvos vytis

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About Prince Christoph II Radvila

The 16th century Polish Nobility

Born 22 March 1585; Biržai, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; Died 19 November 1640 (aged 55); Świadość, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; Religion Calvinist; Spouse(s) Anna Kiszka; Children with Anna Kiszka:; Janusz Radziwiłł; Katarzyna Radziwiłł; Parents Krzysztof Mikołaj "the Thunderbolt" Radziwiłł; Katarzyna Ostrogska;

Prince Krzysztof Radziwiłł (English: Christopher Radvila, Lithuanian: Kristupas Radvila) (1585, Biržai – 1640) was a Polish-Lithuanian noble (szlachcic), and a notable magnate, politician and military commander of his epoch. Sometimes referred to as Krzysztof Radziwiłł II, to distinguish him from his father, Krzysztof Mikołaj 'Piorun' Radziwłł.

A proud magnate, sensitive to the point of ancestral honour and heritage, convinced of his vocation to play a leading role in the country. He was a successful military leader, but selfishness and pride divided his supporters and weakened his significance in the politics. As the leader of the Lithuanian Calvinists, he was often threatened and disliked by the zealous and ultra-Catholic King of Poland, Sigismund III Vasa.[1]

Biography[edit] Owner of Biržai, he was Field Hetman of Lithuania from 1615, Castellan of Vilnius from 1633, Voivode of Vilnius Voivodeship from 1633,.[2] Great Lithuanian Hetman from 1635,.[2] starost of Mahilyow, Bystrzyca,[3] Žiežmariai and Seje. In 1632 he served as Marshal of the Sejm.[2]

He successfully fought in Polish Livonia against Sweden from 1600s to 1617. He took part in the campaign against the Swedes in the Baltic region in 1621–1622 (Polish-Swedish War), where he agreed to a controversial truce (as he had no permission to negotiate it from the king or the Sejm).[2] Important commander of Lithuanian forces during the Smolensk War, where he was instrumental in obtaining the capitulation of the Russian army in the relief of Smolensk.[2] Afterwards, in 1635, he retired from his military career, concentrating on administering his estates. A Calvinist, he was a great protector of Protestants in Lithuania.

He was an opponent of Catholic king Sigismund III Vasa, but a supporter of his more tolerant son, Władysław IV.[2] An advocate of Władysław's marriage to a Protestant princess, he distanced himself from the king after Władysław declined this marriage proposal. He opposed an alliance between the Commonwealth and the Habsburgs. On his lands in Kėdainiai he founded a major Calvinist cultural and religious centre,.[2] which flourished till the 19th century as a center of the Polish Reformed Church. His large horse stables were famous throughout Europe.''''

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Prince Christoph II Radvila's Timeline

March 22, 1585
Biržai, Biržai District Municipality, Panevėžys County, Lithuania
December 12, 1612
Age 27
Biržai, Biržai district municipality, Panevėžys County, Lithuania
December 1614
Age 29
Jašiūnai, Šalčininkai District Municipality, Vilnius County, Lithuania
Age 36
September 19, 1640
Age 55
Svedasai, Lithuania