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Książe Polski Casimir I the Restorer Karol Karol (Piast Dynasty), Duke

Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Karol (Piast Dynasty), książę, German: Kasimir I. Karl „der Erneuerer“ Karol (Piast Dynasty), Herzog, Czech: Kazimír I. Obnovitel Karol (Piast Dynasty), kníže, Russian: Казимир I Karol (Piast Dynasty), князь
Also Known As: "Казимир I Восстановитель"
Birthdate: (42)
Birthplace: Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
Death: November 28, 1058 (42)
Poznań, Wielkopolskie, Poland
Place of Burial: Poznań, Poznań County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland
Immediate Family:

Son of król Polski Mieszko II Lambert, Duke; King of Poland Mieszko II Lambert; Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia and Richeza Ezzonen Von Lotharingia
Husband of Maria Dobroniega of Kiev
Father of Bolesław II the Generous, King of Poland; król Polski Bolesław Smiały; Książe Polski Władysław I Herman Piast, Duke; Mieszko Kazimierzowic; Otton Kazimierzowic and 3 others
Brother of Gertrude; Richeza-Adelaide, Queen of Hungary; Bolesław the Forgotten, Duke of Poland and Gertrude of Poland

Occupation: Karol
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Książe Polski Casimir I the Restorer Karol Karol, Duke

http://www.halat.pl/poland1.html

http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027277&tree=LEO

Kazimierz I Karol Odnowiciel (ur. 25 lipca 1016, zm. 28 listopada 1058[1] w Poznaniu) – książę z dynastii Piastów, władca Polski w latach 1034-1058 (z przerwami), syn Mieszka II i Rychezy. Po śmierci ojca, w 1034 objął władzę w zniszczonym kryzysem lat poprzednich państwie. Próbował wzmocnić władzę monarszą, co spotkało się ze sprzeciwem możnowładztwa. Książę został wygnany na Węgry, skąd wyjechał później do Niemiec. W kraju zapanowała anarchia. Brak centralnej władzy spowodował samowolę, a nawet tworzenie przez możnych własnych państewek wewnątrz granic państwa (Masław na Mazowszu). Doszło do reakcji pogańskiej i powstania ludowego, a w 1038(?) najazdu księcia Czech Brzetysława. Dopiero w 1039, a być może 1040 Kazimierz powrócił do kraju, przystępując do odbudowy zniszczonej organizacji państwowej i kościelnej. W polityce zagranicznej oparł się na sojuszu z Rusią. W 1047 ostatecznie pokonał Masława i przywrócił polskie panowanie na Mazowszu. Przeniósł z Gniezna do Krakowa główny ośrodek władzy państwowej i odnowił tamtejsze biskupstwo. Ufundował opactwo benedyktynów w Tyńcu (1044). Zbrojnie opanował też zagarnięty przez Czechów Śląsk (1050), jednak na zjeździe w Kwedlinburgu w 1054 zgodził się płacić za niego Czechom coroczny trybut. http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazimierz_Odnowiciel

Ka´simir I (po. Kazimierz I), 1016-58, hertig av Polen från 1034, son till Mieszko II. K. avsattes 1037 av upproriska adelsmän men lyckades med tysk och kievrysk hjälp återta både tronen och tidigare förlorade territorier i bl.a. Schlesien, vilket gav honom tillnamnet "Restaurator / Förnyaren" (po. Odnowiciel).


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_I_the_Restorer

Casimir I the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel; 25 July 1016 – 28 November 1058), was a Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de facto monarch of the entire country. He is known as the Restorer mostly because he managed to reunite all parts of the Polish Kingdom after a period of turmoil. He reinstated Masovia, Silesia and Pomerania into his realm. Son of Mieszko II Lambert and Richensa of Lotharingia, Casimir failed to crown himself the King of Poland, mainly because of internal and external threats to his rule.

Relatively little is known of Casimir's early life. Born to Mieszko II of Poland and Richensa of Lotharingia, the granddaughter of Emperor Otto II, he must have spent his childhood at the royal court of Poland in Gniezno. Casimir seems to have been destined for the cloth as he was sent away to monastery in 1026. He left the church, however, in 1031.

[edit] Circumstances of Casimir's flight from Poland

Casimir's father Mieszko II was crowned the king of Poland in 1025 after the death of Boleslaw I Chrobry. However, powerful magnates feared a strong central government reminiscent of Boleslaw's rule. This situation led to considerable friction between crown and nobility. Taking advantage of the king's precarious situation, Mieszko's brothers Bezprym and Otton turned against him and allied themselves with Emperor Conrad II whose forces attacked the country, regaining Lusatia. Years of chaos and conflict followed, during which Mieszko II died (A.D. 1034) in suspicious circumstances after he was forced to abdicate. Following his fathers death Casimir attempted to seize the throne in 1034. This precipitated a Barons rebellion, which coupled with the so called "Pagan Reaction" of the commoners forced Casimir to flee to Saxony (A.D. 1034). Casimir returned to Poland and in 1038, once again, tried to regain power with the aide of his influential mother. This also failed and Casimir had to flee to the Kingdom of Hungary where he was imprisoned by Stephen I.

[edit] Interregnum

The central parts of Poland were controlled by Bezprym. The central district of Wielkopolska revolted against the nobles and catholic clergy in a mass rebellion.pagan revival ensued there for some years. The district of Masovia seceded and a local landlord named Miecław formed a state of his own there. A similar situation took place in Pomerania. Taking advantage of the chaos and his neighbour's weakness, Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia, invaded and revaged the country. After a short struggle Bretislaus I gained control of Silesia, took Małopolska along with Cracow and severely pillaged Greater Poland, burning Gniezno to the ground and looting the relics of Saint Adalbert. Greater Poland was in fact razed so completely that it ceased to function as a primary power base of the Polish kingdom.

[edit] Restoration

The following year the new Holy Roman Emperor, Henry III, allied himself with the exiled Polish ruler against the Bohemians. Casimir was given a troop of 1,000 heavy footmen and a significant amount of gold to restore his power in the country. Casimir also signed an alliance with Yaroslav I the Wise, the Prince of Kievan Rus'. The alliance was sealed by Casimir's marriage with Yaroslav's sister, Maria Dobronega. With such support Casimir returned to Poland and managed to retake most of his domain. In 1041, the defeated Bretislaus signed a treaty at Regensburg in which he renounced his claims to all Polish lands except for Silesia, which was to be incorporated into the Crown of Bohemia. It was Casimir's success in strengthening royal power and ending internal strife that earned him the epithet of "the Restorer".

The treaty gained Casimir a period of peace at the southern border and the capital of Poland was moved to Kraków, the only major Polish city relatively untouched by the wars. It is probable that the Holy Roman Emperor was happy with the balance of power restored in the region and forced Casimir not to crown himself the king of Poland. In 1046 Emperor Henry held royal and imperial courts at Merseburg and Meissen, at which he ended the strife among the Dux Bomeraniorum (Duke of Pomerania), Duke Bretislaus of Bohemia, and Poland's Casimir I. In 1047 Casimir, aided by his Kievan ally, started a war against Masovia and seized the land. It is probable that he also defeated Miecław's allies from Pomerania and attached Gdańsk to Poland. This secured his power in central Poland. Three years later, against the will of the emperor, Casimir seized Bohemian-controlled Silesia, thus securing most of his father's domain. In 1054 in Quedlinburg the Emperor ruled that Silesia was to remain in Poland in exchange for a yearly tribute of 117 kilograms of silver and 7 kg of gold.

At that time Casimir focused on internal matters. Conflicted with the Emperor in the Silesian case, he supported the Papacy in the Investiture Controversy and gained the support of the church. To strengthen his rule he re-created the bishopric in Kraków and Wrocław and erected the new Wawel Cathedral. During Casimir's rule heraldry was introduced in Poland and, unlike his predecessors, he promoted landed gentry over the drużyna as his base of power. One of his reforms was the introduction, to Poland, of a key element of feudalism: the granting of fiefdoms to his retinue of warriors, thus gradually transforming them into medieval knights.


Född 1016, död 1058. furste. restaurator

eftertrodde fadern 1034, förjagades av stormonnen 1037 menb Oterinsattes av tyske kejsaren 1041, förde en kraftfull politik och erövrade Masovien Ot Polen.

Gift 1041 med Maria Dobronega av Kiev, född 1010, död 1087.

Barn: Vladislav I Herman av Polen, född 1043, död 1102


Another name for Casimir was Kazimierz I.


Google:aner til storfyrste


Casimir I the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel; 25 July 1016 – 28 November 1058), was a Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de facto monarch of the entire country. He is known as the Restorer mostly because he managed to reunite all parts of the Polish Kingdom after a period of turmoil. He reinstated Masovia, Silesia and Pomerania into his realm. Son of Mieszko II Lambert and Richensa of Lotharingia, Casimir failed to crown himself the King of Poland, mainly because of internal and external threats to his rule.
Casimir I of Poland From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Casimir I the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel; 25 July 1016 – 28 November 1058), was a Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de facto monarch of the entire country. He is known as the Restorer mostly because he managed to reunite all parts of Poland after a period of turmoil and attached Masovia, Silesia and Pomerania. Son of Mieszko II Lambert and Richensa of Lotharingia, Casimir failed to crown himself the King of Poland, mainly because of internal and external threats to his rule. [edit]Biography

Relatively little is known of Casimir's early life. Born to Mieszko II of Poland and Richensa of Lotharingia, the granddaughter of Emperor Otto II, he must have spent his childhood at the royal court of Poland in Gniezno. Mieszko II was crowned the king of Poland in 1025 after his father's death. The many landlords, however, feared the single rule of the monarch. This situation led to conflicts in the country, in which Mieszko's brothers turned against him and the Emperor Conrad II's forces attacked the country, regaining Lusatia. Years of chaos and conflict followed, during which Mieszko died (1034) in suspicious circumstances after his forced abdication and a brief restoration. After the death of her husband, Richensa probably tried to seize the power in the country and secure the crown for her son. However, she failed and Casimir had to flee to the Kingdom of Hungary while the central parts of Poland were controlled by Bezprym. The region of Greater Poland revolted against the nobles and clergy and a mass pagan revival ensued there. Also the land of Masovia seceded and a local landlord named Miecław formed a state of his own there. A similar situation happened in Pomerania, where the power was held by a local independend dynasty loosely related to the Piasts. Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia, observing the period of turmoil in Poland, took advantage of his neighbour's weakness and invaded the country. After a short struggle he regained control of Silesia and Lesser Poland and severely pillaged Greater Poland, burning Gniezno to the ground and looting the relics of Saint Adalbert. The following year the new Holy Roman Emperor, Henry III, allied himself with the exiled Polish ruler against the Bohemians. Casimir was given a troop of 1,000 heavy footmen and a significant amount of gold to restore his power in the country. Casimir also signed an alliance with Yaroslav I the Wise, the Prince of Kievan Rus'. The alliance was sealed by Casimir's marriage with Yaroslav's sister, Maria Dobronega. With such support Casimir returned to Poland and managed to retake most of his domain. In 1041, the defeated Bretislaus signed a treaty at Regensburg in which he renounced his claims to all Polish lands except for Silesia, which was to be incorporated into the Crown of Bohemia. It was Casimir's success in strengthening royal power and ending internal strife that earned him the epithet of "the Restorer".

The treaty gained Casimir a period of peace at the southern border and the capital of Poland was moved to Kraków, the only major Polish city relatively untouched by the wars. It is probable that the Holy Roman Emperor was happy with the balance of power restored in the region and forced Casimir not to crown himself the king of Poland. In 1046 Emperor Henry held royal and imperial courts at Merseburg and Meissen, at which he ended the strife among the Dux Bomeraniorum (Duke of Pomerania), Duke Bretislaus of Bohemia, and Poland's Casimir I. In 1047 Casimir, aided by his Kievan ally, started a war against Masovia and seized the land. It is probable that he also defeated Miecław's allies from Pomerania and attached Gdańsk to Poland. This secured his power in central Poland. Three years later, against the will of the emperor, Casimir seized Bohemian-controlled Silesia, thus securing most of his father's domain. In 1054 in Quedlinburg the Emperor ruled that Silesia was to remain in Poland in exchange for a yearly tribute of 117 kilograms of silver and 7 kg of gold. At that time Casimir focused on internal matters. Conflicted with the Emperor in the Silesian case, he supported the Papacy in the Investiture Controversy and gained the support of the church. To strengthen his rule he re-created the bishopric in Kraków and Wrocław and erected the new Wawel Cathedral. During Casimir's rule heraldry was introduced in Poland and, unlike his predecessors, he promoted landed gentry over the drużyna as his base of power. One of his reforms was the introduction, to Poland, of a key element of feudalism: the granting of fiefdoms to his retinue of warriors, thus gradually transforming them into medieval knights.


Biografi Furste, restaurator. Born 1016. Died 1058. Efterträdde fadern 1034, förjagades av stormännen 1037 men återinsattes av tyske kejsaren 1041, förde en kraftfull politik och erövrade Masovien åt Polen.

Källa: http://www.charlamov.com/gen/


Casimir I , c.1015–1058, duke of Poland (c.1040–1058), son of Mieszko II. He succeeded in reuniting the central Polish lands under the hegemony of the Holy Roman Empire, but he was never crowned king. He is also called Casimir the Restorer. His son and successor was Boleslaus II.


Casimir married Dobroniega, Of Kiev, daughter of St. Valdamir I 'the Great' Svyatoslavich, Grand Duke Of Kiev and Malfreda Of Bohemia. (Dobroniega, Of Kiev was born about 1015.)


Wikipedia: Kasimir I, född 1016, död 1058, var en polsk regent, son till Mieczislav II.

Kasimir var 1034, vid faderns död, ännu omyndig och måste 1037 fly till främmande land undan följderna av det missnöje hans redan tidigare fördrivna moder och förmynderska, Richeza (Rixa) av Lotharingien, uppväckt genom sin förkärlek för tyskar.

Efter några år vann han med kejsar Henrik III:s understöd herravälde i sitt rike samt förmälde sig 1043 med Dobrogneva (även kallad Maria), en syster till kievske storfursten Jaroslav. Med dennes bistånd återförde han det från riket avfallna Masovien till lydnad.

1054 förskaffade han Polen besittningen av Breslau och andra delar av Schlesien, dock mot en årlig tribut till bömiska kronan. Kasimir, som vinnlade sig om kristendomens befästande i Polen, efterträddes av sin äldste son, Boleslav II.

   Small Sketch of Owl.png Denna artikel är helt eller delvis baserad på material från Nordisk familjebok, 1904–1926. 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_I_the_Restorer


Casimir I the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel; 25 July 1016 – 28 November 1058), was a Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de facto monarch of the entire country. He is known as the Restorer mostly because he managed to reunite all parts of the Polish Kingdom after a period of turmoil. He reinstated Masovia, Silesia and Pomerania into his realm. Son of Mieszko II Lambert and Richensa of Lotharingia, Casimir failed to crown himself the King of Poland, mainly because of internal and external threats to his rule.
Zakonnik w klasztorze polskim w latach 1026-34. Książę polski od 1039r.
http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I3957&tree=Nixon

http://www.geneajourney.com/poland.html


Kazimierz I Odnowiciel

inaczej - Kazimierz Karol Mnich tytuł - król Polski, zakonnik w klasztorze polskim 1026-34 r., książę polski 1039 r. urodzony - 25.07.1016 r. zmarł - 28.11.1058 r. dynastia - Piastowie herb - Orzeł Piastowski

         	

Rodzice :

 ojciec	- 	Mieszko II Lambert	     
 matka	- 	Ryksa	     

Rodzina


1 . żona - Dobronega Maria od : 1041/42 r. (inne źródła : 1038 r.) Potomstwo z tego związku 1 . syn - Bolesław II Śmiały 2 . syn - Władysław I Herman 3 . córka - Świętosława 4 . syn - Mieszko 5 . syn - Otto


О Казимир I Karol, князе (русский)

http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027277&tree=LEO

Kazimierz I Karol Odnowiciel (ur. 25 lipca 1016, zm. 28 listopada 1058[1] w Poznaniu) – książę z dynastii Piastów, władca Polski w latach 1034-1058 (z przerwami), syn Mieszka II i Rychezy. Po śmierci ojca, w 1034 objął władzę w zniszczonym kryzysem lat poprzednich państwie. Próbował wzmocnić władzę monarszą, co spotkało się ze sprzeciwem możnowładztwa. Książę został wygnany na Węgry, skąd wyjechał później do Niemiec. W kraju zapanowała anarchia. Brak centralnej władzy spowodował samowolę, a nawet tworzenie przez możnych własnych państewek wewnątrz granic państwa (Masław na Mazowszu). Doszło do reakcji pogańskiej i powstania ludowego, a w 1038(?) najazdu księcia Czech Brzetysława. Dopiero w 1039, a być może 1040 Kazimierz powrócił do kraju, przystępując do odbudowy zniszczonej organizacji państwowej i kościelnej. W polityce zagranicznej oparł się na sojuszu z Rusią. W 1047 ostatecznie pokonał Masława i przywrócił polskie panowanie na Mazowszu. Przeniósł z Gniezna do Krakowa główny ośrodek władzy państwowej i odnowił tamtejsze biskupstwo. Ufundował opactwo benedyktynów w Tyńcu (1044). Zbrojnie opanował też zagarnięty przez Czechów Śląsk (1050), jednak na zjeździe w Kwedlinburgu w 1054 zgodził się płacić za niego Czechom coroczny trybut. http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazimierz_Odnowiciel

Ka´simir I (po. Kazimierz I), 1016-58, hertig av Polen från 1034, son till Mieszko II. K. avsattes 1037 av upproriska adelsmän men lyckades med tysk och kievrysk hjälp återta både tronen och tidigare förlorade territorier i bl.a. Schlesien, vilket gav honom tillnamnet "Restaurator / Förnyaren" (po. Odnowiciel).


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_I_the_Restorer

Casimir I the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel; 25 July 1016 – 28 November 1058), was a Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de facto monarch of the entire country. He is known as the Restorer mostly because he managed to reunite all parts of the Polish Kingdom after a period of turmoil. He reinstated Masovia, Silesia and Pomerania into his realm. Son of Mieszko II Lambert and Richensa of Lotharingia, Casimir failed to crown himself the King of Poland, mainly because of internal and external threats to his rule.

Relatively little is known of Casimir's early life. Born to Mieszko II of Poland and Richensa of Lotharingia, the granddaughter of Emperor Otto II, he must have spent his childhood at the royal court of Poland in Gniezno. Casimir seems to have been destined for the cloth as he was sent away to monastery in 1026. He left the church, however, in 1031.

[edit] Circumstances of Casimir's flight from Poland

Casimir's father Mieszko II was crowned the king of Poland in 1025 after the death of Boleslaw I Chrobry. However, powerful magnates feared a strong central government reminiscent of Boleslaw's rule. This situation led to considerable friction between crown and nobility. Taking advantage of the king's precarious situation, Mieszko's brothers Bezprym and Otton turned against him and allied themselves with Emperor Conrad II whose forces attacked the country, regaining Lusatia. Years of chaos and conflict followed, during which Mieszko II died (A.D. 1034) in suspicious circumstances after he was forced to abdicate. Following his fathers death Casimir attempted to seize the throne in 1034. This precipitated a Barons rebellion, which coupled with the so called "Pagan Reaction" of the commoners forced Casimir to flee to Saxony (A.D. 1034). Casimir returned to Poland and in 1038, once again, tried to regain power with the aide of his influential mother. This also failed and Casimir had to flee to the Kingdom of Hungary where he was imprisoned by Stephen I.

[edit] Interregnum

The central parts of Poland were controlled by Bezprym. The central district of Wielkopolska revolted against the nobles and catholic clergy in a mass rebellion.pagan revival ensued there for some years. The district of Masovia seceded and a local landlord named Miecław formed a state of his own there. A similar situation took place in Pomerania. Taking advantage of the chaos and his neighbour's weakness, Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia, invaded and revaged the country. After a short struggle Bretislaus I gained control of Silesia, took Małopolska along with Cracow and severely pillaged Greater Poland, burning Gniezno to the ground and looting the relics of Saint Adalbert. Greater Poland was in fact razed so completely that it ceased to function as a primary power base of the Polish kingdom.

[edit] Restoration

The following year the new Holy Roman Emperor, Henry III, allied himself with the exiled Polish ruler against the Bohemians. Casimir was given a troop of 1,000 heavy footmen and a significant amount of gold to restore his power in the country. Casimir also signed an alliance with Yaroslav I the Wise, the Prince of Kievan Rus'. The alliance was sealed by Casimir's marriage with Yaroslav's sister, Maria Dobronega. With such support Casimir returned to Poland and managed to retake most of his domain. In 1041, the defeated Bretislaus signed a treaty at Regensburg in which he renounced his claims to all Polish lands except for Silesia, which was to be incorporated into the Crown of Bohemia. It was Casimir's success in strengthening royal power and ending internal strife that earned him the epithet of "the Restorer".

The treaty gained Casimir a period of peace at the southern border and the capital of Poland was moved to Kraków, the only major Polish city relatively untouched by the wars. It is probable that the Holy Roman Emperor was happy with the balance of power restored in the region and forced Casimir not to crown himself the king of Poland. In 1046 Emperor Henry held royal and imperial courts at Merseburg and Meissen, at which he ended the strife among the Dux Bomeraniorum (Duke of Pomerania), Duke Bretislaus of Bohemia, and Poland's Casimir I. In 1047 Casimir, aided by his Kievan ally, started a war against Masovia and seized the land. It is probable that he also defeated Miecław's allies from Pomerania and attached Gdańsk to Poland. This secured his power in central Poland. Three years later, against the will of the emperor, Casimir seized Bohemian-controlled Silesia, thus securing most of his father's domain. In 1054 in Quedlinburg the Emperor ruled that Silesia was to remain in Poland in exchange for a yearly tribute of 117 kilograms of silver and 7 kg of gold.

At that time Casimir focused on internal matters. Conflicted with the Emperor in the Silesian case, he supported the Papacy in the Investiture Controversy and gained the support of the church. To strengthen his rule he re-created the bishopric in Kraków and Wrocław and erected the new Wawel Cathedral. During Casimir's rule heraldry was introduced in Poland and, unlike his predecessors, he promoted landed gentry over the drużyna as his base of power. One of his reforms was the introduction, to Poland, of a key element of feudalism: the granting of fiefdoms to his retinue of warriors, thus gradually transforming them into medieval knights.


Född 1016, död 1058. furste. restaurator

eftertrodde fadern 1034, förjagades av stormonnen 1037 menb Oterinsattes av tyske kejsaren 1041, förde en kraftfull politik och erövrade Masovien Ot Polen.

Gift 1041 med Maria Dobronega av Kiev, född 1010, död 1087.

Barn: Vladislav I Herman av Polen, född 1043, död 1102


Another name for Casimir was Kazimierz I.


Google:aner til storfyrste


Casimir I the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel; 25 July 1016 – 28 November 1058), was a Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de facto monarch of the entire country. He is known as the Restorer mostly because he managed to reunite all parts of the Polish Kingdom after a period of turmoil. He reinstated Masovia, Silesia and Pomerania into his realm. Son of Mieszko II Lambert and Richensa of Lotharingia, Casimir failed to crown himself the King of Poland, mainly because of internal and external threats to his rule.
Casimir I of Poland From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Casimir I the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel; 25 July 1016 – 28 November 1058), was a Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de facto monarch of the entire country. He is known as the Restorer mostly because he managed to reunite all parts of Poland after a period of turmoil and attached Masovia, Silesia and Pomerania. Son of Mieszko II Lambert and Richensa of Lotharingia, Casimir failed to crown himself the King of Poland, mainly because of internal and external threats to his rule. [edit]Biography

Relatively little is known of Casimir's early life. Born to Mieszko II of Poland and Richensa of Lotharingia, the granddaughter of Emperor Otto II, he must have spent his childhood at the royal court of Poland in Gniezno. Mieszko II was crowned the king of Poland in 1025 after his father's death. The many landlords, however, feared the single rule of the monarch. This situation led to conflicts in the country, in which Mieszko's brothers turned against him and the Emperor Conrad II's forces attacked the country, regaining Lusatia. Years of chaos and conflict followed, during which Mieszko died (1034) in suspicious circumstances after his forced abdication and a brief restoration. After the death of her husband, Richensa probably tried to seize the power in the country and secure the crown for her son. However, she failed and Casimir had to flee to the Kingdom of Hungary while the central parts of Poland were controlled by Bezprym. The region of Greater Poland revolted against the nobles and clergy and a mass pagan revival ensued there. Also the land of Masovia seceded and a local landlord named Miecław formed a state of his own there. A similar situation happened in Pomerania, where the power was held by a local independend dynasty loosely related to the Piasts. Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia, observing the period of turmoil in Poland, took advantage of his neighbour's weakness and invaded the country. After a short struggle he regained control of Silesia and Lesser Poland and severely pillaged Greater Poland, burning Gniezno to the ground and looting the relics of Saint Adalbert. The following year the new Holy Roman Emperor, Henry III, allied himself with the exiled Polish ruler against the Bohemians. Casimir was given a troop of 1,000 heavy footmen and a significant amount of gold to restore his power in the country. Casimir also signed an alliance with Yaroslav I the Wise, the Prince of Kievan Rus'. The alliance was sealed by Casimir's marriage with Yaroslav's sister, Maria Dobronega. With such support Casimir returned to Poland and managed to retake most of his domain. In 1041, the defeated Bretislaus signed a treaty at Regensburg in which he renounced his claims to all Polish lands except for Silesia, which was to be incorporated into the Crown of Bohemia. It was Casimir's success in strengthening royal power and ending internal strife that earned him the epithet of "the Restorer".

The treaty gained Casimir a period of peace at the southern border and the capital of Poland was moved to Kraków, the only major Polish city relatively untouched by the wars. It is probable that the Holy Roman Emperor was happy with the balance of power restored in the region and forced Casimir not to crown himself the king of Poland. In 1046 Emperor Henry held royal and imperial courts at Merseburg and Meissen, at which he ended the strife among the Dux Bomeraniorum (Duke of Pomerania), Duke Bretislaus of Bohemia, and Poland's Casimir I. In 1047 Casimir, aided by his Kievan ally, started a war against Masovia and seized the land. It is probable that he also defeated Miecław's allies from Pomerania and attached Gdańsk to Poland. This secured his power in central Poland. Three years later, against the will of the emperor, Casimir seized Bohemian-controlled Silesia, thus securing most of his father's domain. In 1054 in Quedlinburg the Emperor ruled that Silesia was to remain in Poland in exchange for a yearly tribute of 117 kilograms of silver and 7 kg of gold. At that time Casimir focused on internal matters. Conflicted with the Emperor in the Silesian case, he supported the Papacy in the Investiture Controversy and gained the support of the church. To strengthen his rule he re-created the bishopric in Kraków and Wrocław and erected the new Wawel Cathedral. During Casimir's rule heraldry was introduced in Poland and, unlike his predecessors, he promoted landed gentry over the drużyna as his base of power. One of his reforms was the introduction, to Poland, of a key element of feudalism: the granting of fiefdoms to his retinue of warriors, thus gradually transforming them into medieval knights.


Biografi Furste, restaurator. Born 1016. Died 1058. Efterträdde fadern 1034, förjagades av stormännen 1037 men återinsattes av tyske kejsaren 1041, förde en kraftfull politik och erövrade Masovien åt Polen.

Källa: http://www.charlamov.com/gen/


Casimir I , c.1015–1058, duke of Poland (c.1040–1058), son of Mieszko II. He succeeded in reuniting the central Polish lands under the hegemony of the Holy Roman Empire, but he was never crowned king. He is also called Casimir the Restorer. His son and successor was Boleslaus II.


Casimir married Dobroniega, Of Kiev, daughter of St. Valdamir I 'the Great' Svyatoslavich, Grand Duke Of Kiev and Malfreda Of Bohemia. (Dobroniega, Of Kiev was born about 1015.)


Wikipedia: Kasimir I, född 1016, död 1058, var en polsk regent, son till Mieczislav II.

Kasimir var 1034, vid faderns död, ännu omyndig och måste 1037 fly till främmande land undan följderna av det missnöje hans redan tidigare fördrivna moder och förmynderska, Richeza (Rixa) av Lotharingien, uppväckt genom sin förkärlek för tyskar.

Efter några år vann han med kejsar Henrik III:s understöd herravälde i sitt rike samt förmälde sig 1043 med Dobrogneva (även kallad Maria), en syster till kievske storfursten Jaroslav. Med dennes bistånd återförde han det från riket avfallna Masovien till lydnad.

1054 förskaffade han Polen besittningen av Breslau och andra delar av Schlesien, dock mot en årlig tribut till bömiska kronan. Kasimir, som vinnlade sig om kristendomens befästande i Polen, efterträddes av sin äldste son, Boleslav II.

   Small Sketch of Owl.png Denna artikel är helt eller delvis baserad på material från Nordisk familjebok, 1904–1926. 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_I_the_Restorer


Casimir I the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel; 25 July 1016 – 28 November 1058), was a Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de facto monarch of the entire country. He is known as the Restorer mostly because he managed to reunite all parts of the Polish Kingdom after a period of turmoil. He reinstated Masovia, Silesia and Pomerania into his realm. Son of Mieszko II Lambert and Richensa of Lotharingia, Casimir failed to crown himself the King of Poland, mainly because of internal and external threats to his rule.
Zakonnik w klasztorze polskim w latach 1026-34. Książę polski od 1039r.
http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I3957&tree=Nixon

http://www.geneajourney.com/poland.html


Kazimierz I Odnowiciel

inaczej - Kazimierz Karol Mnich tytuł - król Polski, zakonnik w klasztorze polskim 1026-34 r., książę polski 1039 r. urodzony - 25.07.1016 r. zmarł - 28.11.1058 r. dynastia - Piastowie herb - Orzeł Piastowski

         	

Rodzice :

 ojciec	- 	Mieszko II Lambert	     
 matka	- 	Ryksa	     

Rodzina


1 . żona - Dobronega Maria od : 1041/42 r. (inne źródła : 1038 r.) Potomstwo z tego związku 1 . syn - Bolesław II Śmiały 2 . syn - Władysław I Herman 3 . córka - Świętosława 4 . syn - Mieszko 5 . syn - Otto


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Książe Polski Casimir I the Restorer Karol Karol, Duke's Timeline

1016
July 25, 1016
Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
1042
1042
Age 25
1042
Age 25
Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
1043
1043
Age 26
Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
1045
April 16, 1045
Age 28
Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
1046
1046
Age 29
Schweinfurt Baveria
1047
1047
Age 30
Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
1048
1048
Age 31
1058
November 28, 1058
Age 42
Poznań, Wielkopolskie, Poland