Lady Anne Spencer, Duchess of Hamilton

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Anne Spencer

Birthdate: (24)
Birthplace: Chiswick, Middlesex, England
Death: July 2, 1690 (24)
Kinneil House, Bo'ness, West Lothian, Scotland (Died as a result of complications in childbirth.)
Place of Burial: Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland and Anne Spencer, Countess of Sunderland
Wife of Lt. Gen. James Douglas-Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton
Mother of Unknown Daughter Hamilton and Unknown Daughter Hamilton
Sister of Robert Spencer; Henry Spencer; Elizabeth Spencer; Mary Spencer; Isabella Spencer and 1 other

Occupation: Lady
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Lady Anne Spencer, Duchess of Hamilton

From Darryl Lundy's Peerage page on Anne Spencer:

Lady Anne Spencer [1]

  • F, #105967,
  • b. 24 June 1666,
  • d. 2 July 1690
  • Last Edited=14 May 2009
  • Consanguinity Index=0.03%

Lady Anne Spencer was born on 24 June 1666 however Blood Royal states 1667, and the 1666 date seems unlikely given the May 1666 birthdate for her brother, Robert.[3] She was the daughter of Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland and Lady Anne Digby.[1]

She was baptised in June 1667 at Brington, Northamptonshire, England.[3]

She married Lt.-Gen. James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton, son of William Douglas-Hamilton, 1st Earl of Selkirk and Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton, on 5 January 1686/87.[3]

She died on 2 July 1690 at age 24 without male issue.[3] She was buried at Hamilton, Scotland.[3]

Evelyn describes her in 1688 as "a young lady of admirable accomplishments and virtue."[3]


  • 1. [S10] John Pearson, Blood Royal: The Story of the Spencers and the Royals (London, U.K.: HarperCollins, 1999), endpiece. Hereinafter cited as Blood Royal.
  • 2. [S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
  • 3. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume VI, page 268. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.,+Scotland&source=bl&ots=D58VaIFSey&sig=5BHvjbbqcQhYRaFc1DtnaQU4r14&hl=es-419&sa=X&ei=XExuT7KiKpDNtgfgv5yaBg&ved=0CEwQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=Keiniol%2C%20Scotland&f=false

His Grace had to his first Wife, Lady Anne Spencer, Daughter to Robert Earl of Sunderland, by whom he had two Daughters, Lady Anne, and Lady Mary, that died young; and this Lady deceasing, at his Grace's House of Keinoil in Scotland, was buried at Hamilton.

Ben M. Angel notes: According to Gardner Hamilton, descendant, Keinoil is the original Gaelic spelling of Kinneil House. Although the town name is in proper English "Borrowstounness," in proper Scottish "Burghstounness," and in Scottish Gaelic "Ceann Fhàil", Bo'ness is the preferred spelling of the town name.

From the English Wikipedia page on Kinneil House:

The Arbour Room was redecorated c.1620 for James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton and his wife Ann Cunningham and the "shakefork" of Cunningham heraldry can still be seen. This painting was almost certainly the work of Valentine Jenkins, Englishman and burgess of Glasgow, and painter of the Chapel Royal at Stirling Castle.[19] When Anne died in 1644, she left Kinneil with its new tapestries and the furnishings she had made to her son, James, 1st Duke of Hamilton. She had laboured make the coal mines and salt pans profitable and urged him to employ faithful servants and never put it out of his own hand.[20] As a tradition recorded by Maria Edgeworth, and still current, it is said that in 1651, during the war of three kingdoms, the house was occupied by Cromwell's officer, Colonel Robert Lilburne, and his wife Alice fell from the roof.[21]

The main house was rebuilt by William Douglas, 3rd Duke of Hamilton in 1677 with a uniform facade and a pair of stone staircases at the ends. He sent his plans to help William Douglas, 1st Duke of Queensberry with his building works, which included Drumlanrig Castle in Dumfriesshire and Queensberry House in Edinburgh.[22] An inventory of 1688 gives the names of rooms in the now gutted main house. The front door opened into a Laich Hall, and a grand stair to the south led to the dining room above. The same arrangement can still be seen at the contemporary Argyll's Lodging, Stirling.[23]

But family use of the house declined, as income from the mines and port increased. In the late 18th century, Dr John Roebuck, founder of the Carron Iron Works lived at Kinneil House,[1] during which time the engineer James Watt worked at perfecting his steam engine, in a cottage adjacent to the house.[24] Between 1809 and 1828 the 9th Duke gave the philosopher Dugald Stewart use of the house.[1]

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Lady Anne Spencer, Duchess of Hamilton's Timeline

June 24, 1666
Chiswick, Middlesex, England
June 1667
Great Brington, Northamptonshire, England
Age 22
July 2, 1690
Age 24
Bo'ness, West Lothian, Scotland
Age 23
Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdom