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About Lady Elizabeth Capell
Lady Elizabeth Percy1
F, #11625, b. 1636, d. 5 February 1717/18
Last Edited=7 Dec 2008
Lady Elizabeth Percy
by Sir Peter Lely, 1653 2 Lady Elizabeth Percy was born in 1636. She was the daughter of Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland and Lady Anne Cecil.1 She married Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex, son of Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Hadham and Elizabeth Morrison, on 19 May 1653.1 She died on 5 February 1717/18.1
As a result of her marriage, Lady Elizabeth Percy was styled as Baroness Capell of Hadham on 19 May 1653. From 19 May 1653, her married name became Capell. As a result of her marriage, Lady Elizabeth Percy was styled as Countess of Essex on 20 August 1661.
Children of Lady Elizabeth Percy and Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex
1.Lt.-Gen. Algernon Capell, 2nd Earl of Essex+1 b. 28 Dec 1670, d. 10 Jan 1710
2.Lady Anne de Vere Capell+1 b. c 1675, d. 14 Oct 1752
Lady Elizabeth Percy, Countess of Essex, Viscountess Malden (1 December 1636- 5 February 1718) was an English noblewoman, being the daughter of Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland . She was the wife of Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex , PC , Lord Lieutenant of Ireland . Lady Elizabeth was the subject of a portrait by court painter Sir Peter Lely.
Lady Elizabeth was born on 1 December 1636 at Petworth Manor, Sussex , England , one of the five daughters of Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland by his first wife Lady Anne Cecil. She had one older surviving sister, Anne who married Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield . Her paternal grandparents were Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland, known by his sobriquet of The Wizard Earl, and Dorothy Devereux , the sister of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex. Dorothy Devereux was also a direct descendant of Mary Boleyn , the sister of Queen consort Anne Boleyn . Elizabeth's maternal grandparents were William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Salisbury and Lady Catherine Howard .
When Elizabeth was just a year old, her mother died; her father married secondly in 1642, Lady Elizabeth Howard . Elizabeth had a younger half-brother from her father's second marriage, Joceline Percy, 11th Earl of Northumberland .
Marriage and children
On 19 May 1653 at Petworth, Lady Elizabeth married Arthur Capell, 2nd Baron Capell of Hadham. On 20 August 1661, he was created Viscount Malden and the first Earl of Essex by King Charles II of England ; Elizabeth was henceforth styled as the Countess of Essex. The marriage produced one surviving son and a daughter:
Algernon Capell, 2nd Earl of Essex (28 December 1670- 10 January 1710), married Mary Bentinck, by whom he had one son William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex who in his turn married Lady Jane Hyde, by whom he had issue.
Anne de Vere Capell (1675- 14 October 1752), married on 25 July 1688, Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle , by whom she had two sons and four daughters.
Elizabeth had five other sons who all died in early infancy. In 1672, Elizabeth's husband was made a Privy Counsellor , and appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was dedicated to stamping out English corruption in Ireland; one of his many acts was to prevent Phoenix Park in Dublin from being granted to King Charles's former mistress Barbara Villiers who had been promised the Park as well as the fertile lands surrounding it as a gift from the king. In point of fact, it was due to the Earl of Essex that Phoenix Park continues to exist in the 21st century.
In 1677, the Essexes returned to England; in 1679, the Earl was appointed First Lord of the Treasury. He was implicated in the Rye House Plot in June 1683 and sent to the Tower of London . It was there on 13 July 1683 that he committed suicide by cutting his own throat, leaving Elizabeth a widow at the age of forty-six. She never remarried.
She died on 5 February 1718, and was buried in Watford , Hertfordshire.
Elizabeth Percy was the subject of a portrait by the celebrated court painter, Sir Peter Lely. It was painted in 1653, the year of her marriage, when she was sixteen years old.
Lady Elizabeth Capell's Timeline
December 1, 1636
September 1, 1663
Malden, Essex, , England
December 28, 1670
Essex, England, United Kingdom
February 5, 1718
Watford, Hertfordshire, England/Watford, England