Lawrence Leach

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Lawrence Leach

Also Known As: "birth place may be: Ash", "Somerset", "England", "Laurence Leach", "Lawrence Leach"
Birthplace: Ash, Martok, Somersetshire, England
Death: before June 24, 1662
Salem, Essex, Massachusetts
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Richard Leech, III and Lady Ann Leech (Yates)
Husband of Elizabeth Leach
Father of Robert Leach; Clement Leach; Agnes Leach; Edmund Leach; Roberte Leach and 9 others
Brother of Thomas Leach; William Leech; James Leech; John Leach; Francis Leech and 2 others

Occupation: Farming and Milling, Farmer, miller, iron foundry
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Lawrence Leach

Added by Tony Leach 2016-12-29

There appear to be a number of confusing and erroneous 'sources' of information around the origins of Lawrence Leach (sometimes called Laurence Leech) and his family. Notably there are errors over the number of children he and his wife Elizabeth had, their dates and places of birth, and even the birth places of Lawrence and Elizabeth themselves.

Most of the original information dates from works compiled in the early 1900's or 1800's, and while data for descendants in the USA appear sound, the English origins are not. These compilations did not have the easier access of English parish records that we have today.

An example of this erroneous data is Origins such as Gravesend in Kent, or Ash in Somerset, cannot be supported by parish records. The origins of this list is unclear and not referenced.

A more modern and thorough study using parish records via FamilySeach/IGI is provided by:

Robert F. Henderson and James R. Henderson, "English Origins of Lawrence Leach of Salem Massachusetts," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 162 (2008): 98-100; digital images, American Ancestors (

The other comprehensive and recent source is: Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, 3 vols. (1995, rev 2005), 2: 1161-1164 for Lawrence Leach profile; digital images, American Ancestors (

While these documents are not readily available on the internet currently, a comprehensive summary is provided at:

Origins of Lawrence Leach

Various earlier summary sources place his birth place at Ash in Somerset and then link him to Somerset and Devon Leach families. Given that parish records place his marriage and birth of children at various villages near Reading in Berkshire (Henderson and Henderson, 2008), it would seem more likely that he comes from one of the other 'Ash' villages or hamlets in England - one being a short distance from the Berkshire villages where his children are born, the other nearer to Guildford in Surrey.

Biography - taken from wikitree page

Lawrence Leach was born about 1577 (age given when he made his will, proved 1662).

He married at Hurst, Berkshire, 2 February 1605/6 Elizabeth Mileham.[6] She is thought to have probably been the daughter of "John 'Mylam' of Hurst, plowmaker, who left a will dated 12 Apr 1604," mentioning, among others, a daughter Elizabeth.

Lawrence and Elizabeth emigrated to New England in 1629 or 1630, settling in Salem, Massachusetts. Neither Anderson (1995) nor Henderson and Henderson (2008) name a ship; others claim Lawrence Leach and family immigrated from England to Salem, MA in 1628 on ship Abigail without citation. A common claim is the Talbot.

His brother, John "Leech," was received as an inhabitant of Salem on 23 Jan 1636/7. When this John Leech left a nuncupative will in 1658, he left his estate to John Leach, son of Richard Leach.

He was proposed for a freeman at Salem, in 1630, and was sworn May 18, 1638[citation needed]; was one of the twelve jurymen which in Boston, in 1630, served on the trial of the first capital case that was heard in Massachusetts.[citation needed]

Lawrence Leach died by 25 Jun 1662, when his nuncupative will was probated.

Elizabeth died after 12 Apr 1670.

Children of Lawrence and Elizabeth Leach - again taken from the wikitree page

Various early published accounts associate early New Englanders as the son of Lawrence Leach, several of whom can not be shown to have been his children. These include

  • Giles Leach, married at Weymouth and was an early and worthy settler at Bridgewater. Held any number of town offices; numerous children.
  • Edmund Leach. Described by Fayette Phelps Leach as "in New Haven, Ct., 1647-8."
  • Ambrose Leach, described by Fayette Phelps Leach as "mentioned in 'Pope's Pioneers of Mass., as 'a carpenter Sudbury proprietor; contracted in 1641 to build a bridge over the river' ... Resided at Narragansett, 9 Nov 1663 when he sold land at Boston."
  • James Leach. Described by Fayette Phelps Leach as "weaver at Great Island, Portsmouth, N.H., was probably born at Salem, Mass. His will dated 14 Jan. 1696, was proved 30 Jun, 1697."

Separate from those noted above, Fayette Phelps Leach confused Lawrence's known children Margaret Lech and Robert Leach (and almost certainly John, too) with others of the same name.

Anderson writes:

"In 1924 F. Phelps Leach published a genealogy of this family which claimed ten children for the immigrant [Lawrence Leach of Salem, Massachusetts and some of his Descendants, (East Highgate, Vermont, 1924)]. This author inserted into the family of Lawrence Leach many persons of the same surname from all parts of New England (and even from old England) who could not have been his children. The Robert Leach presented in this volume as son of Lawrence is a chimaera, create by mixing records for Robert Leach of Charlestown and Robert Leach of Manchester, the latter of whom was son of the immigrant.]

The subsequent 2008 Henderson & Henderson research found these children:

  • Agnes Leach, bp Hurst 11 Dc 1608
  • Clement Leach had a daughter Frances bp Sonning 25 Nov 1635. Svage says that Lawrence had a son Clement who lived in England
  • Robert, bp Hurst 6 Mar 1613/4; d. Manchester, MA bef Jun 1675; m. Alice ____ who m2 at Gloucester, MA 29 May 1676 Robert Elwell. Presumably one of the two sons of Lawrence Leach granted land in 1639
  • Henry, bp Sonning 11 Jun 1615
  • John, bp Sonning 29 Sep 1616; d aft 26 Jn 1684/5; presumably the other son granted land in 1639. He married Sarah Conant, b say 1623, dau of Roger and Sarah (Horton) Conant. They had children baptized at Salem from 1648.
  • Richard, bp Sonning 7 Feb 1618/9; d aft 4 Feb 1684/5; m abt 1645 Sarah (Fuller?), dau of widow Ann Fuller.
  • Margaret (twin) bp Sonning 15 Jul 1621
  • Rachel (twin), bp Sonning 15 Jul 1621; d. aft 5 Mar 1682/3; m1 by 1642 John Sibley of Manchester, who d 1661 leaving nine children, the eldest daughter being 19 years old; she m2 after 1661 and by 1670 Thomas Goldthwaite.


Added by Katherine Leach 5/30/14. Source:

Leach family in Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts (1908) · 2013-07-20 14:36:18 GMT+0000 (UTC) · 0 Comments Extract from, William Richard Cutter, _Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts_, vol.1 (1908); digital images, _Internet Archive_ (accessed 2013), 1:364-368, for Leach family.


This ancient family is traced by antiquarians to one John Leach, surveyor to Edward III, of England. His name is believed to have been derived from his calling, and the arms of the family, which bears three crowns, is said to have had its origin in an interesting incident. When the kings of France and Scotland were prisoners of Edward, the three were dined together at the house of John Leach. On leaving the house King Edward gave to his host three crowns, and later, when as a further

mark of the royal esteem a large estate in lands was granted Leach, these emblems (three crowns) were placed on his arms.

(I) The immigrant ancestor of the family in America. Lawrence Leach, came from England and was settled in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1629. He was proposed as freeman 1630, was a member of the first church in Salem before 1636, and that year received a grant of a hundred acres of land from the town. He died in Salem, June 4, 1662. \Vhen he came to this country he was accompanied by his wife Elizabeth and their sons John, Richard and Robert, leaving their eldest son Clement in England. A son Giles was born in Salem. Lawrence Leach held several important offices in Salem and appears to have been a man of influence in the town. It is said that more than ten thousand of his descendants are now living in America, although no definite genealogical effort has been made to trace them, Captain Richard Leach, son of Lawrence, died in 1647, leaving a son John, who inherited his grandfather’s farm on the Rial side.

(II) Robert Leach, of Manchester, Massachusetts, son of Lawrence and Elizabeth Leach, born at Devon, England, 1616, died May 22, 1688, and came to America with his parents and brothers Richard and John in the fleet with Rev. Francis Higginson. They were passengers in the ship “Talbot,” which dropped anchor in Manchester harbor between five and six o’clock, Saturday, June 27, 1629. He was one of the founders of Manchester, settling there 1636; was town clerk until 1648; selectman 1658-61, and again 1680-84. He was the founder of the Manchester branch of the family, and his descendants are very numerous, many of them having been eminent in civil and ecclesiastical affairs. Children: Robert. born 1650; Samuel, born 1655; Sarah, Elizabeth; Mary; Bethiah, and Abigail, married John Day, December 10, 1682, at Manchester. He was a son of Anthony and Susanna Day, of Gloucester. Anthony Day was at Gloucester in 1645. John Day was a soldier in King Philip’s war, and received a grant of land at Kettle Cove for his service. He was born April 28, 1657, and was living in 1715. Robert’s wife Alice married second, Robert Elwell, of Gloucester, by whom she had several daughters. Her will is dated March 27, 1 1.

(III) Samuel Leach, son of Robert and Alice, born at Manchester, Massachusetts, 1655, died October 14, 1696. He was on the committee to distribute the common land 1690; selectman in the town of Manchester in 168182-86-90. In the former year he and his brother Robert petitioned for relief in behalf of that town from the expense of supporting worship, and they came into a church state by themselves in 1716. He was a soldier in King Philip’s war. The following account shows the harsh custom of the times and reveals a source of colonial revenue not open to our country since that day: “Samuel Leach, credited with 2 Indian captives, September 23, 1678, 2 pounds.” He was a farmer, and left an estate of six hundred fifty-nine pounds. His son Richard inherited the homestead, it being that on which Robert settled in 1636. After Richard’s death it was inherited by his son Benjamin, and after his death by his son Benjamin, who in 1790 tore down the original house (built by Robert) and in 1791 erected another a short distance from the place where it had stood. In 1903 this house was moved back to the site of the old one and remodeled by the present owner, Hon. Henry Clay Leach, of Salem, who makes it his summer home. The estate always has been in the possession of one of this line, having been handed down from father to son to the present time. Samuel Leach married first, 1672. Arabella, daughter of John and Arabella Norman, who died in 1681; second, Hannah, daughter of John and Hannah (Norman) Baldwin, niece of his first wife. His children were: Penelope, born September 26, 1678; Catherine, born 1680, married Joseph Allen. 1696; Samuel. born 1682, married Hannah Leach, 1705; Hannah, born August 26. 1686, married Jeremiah Hibbard, 1709 ; Richard, born 1690, married Abigail Woodbury, 1715; Benjamin, born February 14, 1692. John Norman was a son of Richard Norman, who was with Roger Conant at Cape Ann, and had a house at Salem before Governor Endicott came. Richard Norman, Jr., died at Marblehead. and bequeathed his estate to Hannah, second wife of Samuel Leach, 1682.

(IV) Richard Leach, of Manchester, born there May 6, 1690, was a son of Samuel Leach and Hannah Baldwin. He followed the sea part of his life, visiting many parts of the globe, and was present at the taking of Carthagena. Afterward he became a farmer in his native town, and was selectman there in 1719 and 1722. He died there in 1764, and his will was proved April 1, 1765; letters granted to his daughter, Hannah Osment; sureties, Edmund Movey, Jonathan Herrick, Jr., and Ezekiel Knowlton. He married first, at Beverly, November 24, 1715, Abigail, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (West) Woodbury (sometimes written Woodberry), born July 4, 1692, died May 1, 1751. Joseph Woodbury settled in Manchester in 1684, died 1714, son of Nicholas and Anna (Paulsgrave) Woodbury, and grandson of William, brother of John Woodbury. John Woodbury and family and his brother William were among the early settlers of the town of Beverly. Massachusetts, having come from Somersetshire, England. John Woodbury came under the direction of the Dorchester company, which established itself at Cape Ann in 1624. He went to Salem with Conant, Balch and others in 1626, and the next year went to England as an agent for procuring supplies. In 1635 and 1638 he was chosen deputy to the general court, and he also held many other offices of trust. He was an original member of the first church in Salem and he died in 1641.

Richard Leach married second, December 11, 1751, widow Emma Haskell, of Manchester. She died in November 1761, aged seventy-nine years. John Haskell administered, September 13, 1762, on the estate of his mother, Emma Leach. Richard’s children by first marriage were: Elizabeth, born April 25, 1717, died April 3, 1718; Benjamin, born January 13, 1719, died in infancy; Hannah, born 1720, married John Osment, Jr., 1739: Benjamin, born 1723, died 1787, married Emma Knowlton, 1749; Abigail, born May 15, 1726, died unmarried March 1, 1797; Andrew, born 1730, died at London, England, in February, 1750, of small pox: Samuel, born October 19, 1731, married Rebecca Lee, 1756. was slain by the Indians off Labrador, 1758; Richard, born October 9. 1735, married Sarah Morgan, March 2, 1758. In 1758 soon after his marriage. Richard Leach, John Lee, John Day, John Driver and Samuel Morgan went down in one vessel.

(V) Captain Benjamin Leach, of Manchester, born there January 2, 1723, son of Richard and Abigail (Woodbury) Leach, was a shipmaster, and was at Lisbon at the time of the earthquake, where he lost an eye. He died at the island of Jamaica while absent on a voyage in 1769. He married, May 28, 1749, Emma Knowlton, born at Manchester, Massachusetts, in 1724, died 1811, daughter of Ezekiel Knowlton and Emma Foster. (Ezekiel 4, and Sarah Leach, John 3, and Bethiah, Carter, William 2 and Elizabeth, William 1 and Ann Elizabeth Smith). John (3) settled in Manchester in 1684, was selectman there 1700-05-07-08-18: town clerk 1714; representative, 1717. He was a grandson of William (1) and Elizabeth Knowlton of Ipswich, 1640, who came from Chirwick, county of Kent, England. Felt says, “he was the head of a highly respectable family.” Captain Benjamin and Emma (Knowlton) Leach had children: Benjamin, born 1749, married three times; Ruth, born 1751, died unmarried, June 13, 1771; Ezekiel, born 1755, married twice; Andrew, born 1757, married Jennie Samples, 1779

(VI) Captain Benjamin Leach, of Manchester, born there December 27, 1749, was a son of Captain Benjamin and Emma (Knowlton) Leach. During his boyhood his parents lived about a quarter of a mile from the ancestral home (which was then owned by his grandfather, after whose death it was ininherited by his father and after his death by Benjamin, Jr.). On the night of the Lisbon earthquake his father was at Lisbon, where he lost an eye, and the family at home at the same time were gathered around the fireplace. when the house was ‘violently shaken and bricks came tumbling down the chimney to the great alarm of the family in front of the fire. He was a private in Captain Joseph Rea’s company, enlisted July 25, 1776; service three months. three days, in defence of the seacoast; company ordered to serve at the lines at Beverly; discharged October 28, 1776- Being a sailor and thinking he could serve his country better in that capacity, he entered the service on board the schooner “Hawk,” privateer, as master (his brother Ezekiel being lieutenant). She was a well built vessel of seventy-five tons burden, mounting ten carriage guns and eight swivels, was a prime sailor. and had on board every convenience for such a cruise, and was commanded by Captain Jeremiah Hibbert. She sailed in 1777. Benjamin and Ezekiel Leach were captured by the British and spent three years in Dartmoor prison, enduring many hardships. When they returned they were so indignant on account of the hard usage they had received there that they destroyed all the English made furniture in the homestead including some fine old oak furniture brought over by Lawrence Leach and his sons. Benjamin Leach was master of several vessels in foreign trade. He died at Manchester, December 20, 1838. January 1, 1839, administration was granted to his son Benjamin. He married first, December 12, 1773, Elizabeth Samples, born November 14, 1755, died at Manchester, March 27, 1782; married second, September 1, 1784, Sarah Knowlton (7), born June 17, 1763, died September 18, 1798, (daughter of John (6) and Mary Herrick, Ezekiel 5 and Emma Foster, Ezekiel 4 and Sarah Leach, John 3 and Bethia Carter, William 2 and Elizabeth, William 1 and Anne Elizabeth Smith). He married third, March 21, 1799, Betsey Bean, born Feburary 24, 1755, died May 17, 1832. Children by Elizabeth Samples: Elizabeth, born June 4, 1774, married Captain John Lambert; Ruth, born April 17, 1778, married Captain John Allen. Children by Sarah Knowlton: Benjamin, born December 11, 1785, married twice; John. born March 11, 1788, died in November 1788; Sarah, born August 24, 1789, died 1873, married Amos H. Mills, 1813; Mary, born June 18, 1794, died unmarried March 30, 1873; Richard. born September 18, 1798, died at Havana, Cuba, December 14, 1817.

(VII) Captain Benjamin Leach, of Manchester, was born there December 11. 1785, died October 10, 1859, son of Captain Benjamin and Sarah (Knowlton) Leach. From the age of fourteen to forty-five he followed the sea,’beginning as a sailor, later was first mate of a ship under command of Captain Thomas Leach, and finally rose to the command of a vessel. He visited nearly all quarters of the globe. At the time Lord Nelson bombarded Copenhagen he was in that port; was at St Petersburg soon after the murder of Czar Paul, and was shown the room where he died. He devoted the last thirty years of his life to farming. He represented Manchester in the legislature in 1834 and 1835. was justice of the peace from 1834 until his death; one of the selectmen, assessors and overseers of the poor, and town clerk and collector for several years. He had a large general information and tenacious memory. Few men not actually connected with political life understood political history better, or were more thoroughly informed of its general movements. He was a useful and respected citizen and died deeply lamented by all who knew him. At the time of his death he owned and lived on the homestead of his ancestors. He married first, February 21. 1811, Susan Cheever, born February 14, 1785, died June 7, 1829, daughter of Ezekiel (5) and Susan (Butler) Cheever. Ezekiel Cheever was born in 1741, and was a man noted for his integrity, strong religious convictions, remarkable memory and extreme gentleness. “He was wont to restore to their native element any fish that were caught on the hook otherwise than by the mouth, addressing them in this fashion: .You are the victim of an accident; I cannot claim you; go in peace.’ This gentle disciple of Isaac Walton never deviated from a fixed price; an advance in the market made no difference to him. One day as he was returning from ‘fishing, while crossing .Smith’s Point’ a dangerous bull charged upon him with mighty bellowing, whereat Mr. Cheever calmly sat down on his barrow and addressed the angry bovine with such an impressive array of scripture texts that after pawing the earth awhile and sniffing at the barrow the infuriated but perplexed beast withdrew with a crestfallen air.” Ezekiel (5) was son of Rev. Ames Cheever (4), Rev. Ames (3), a graduate of Harvard College, 1707, and Ann Genish, Rev. Samuel (2) and Ruth (Angier) Cheever, (Rev. Samuel a graduate of Harvard College, 1659, and was the first settled minister of Marblehead), Rev. Ezekiel (1) Cheever, the distinguished Latin teacher. Benjamin Leach married second, January 7, 1830, Lucy Story Allen, born January 1, 1797, died March 26, 1889, widow of Nathan Allen, and daughter of Aaron (6) and Sarah (Crafts) Allen, Mamachi (5) and Ruth (Edwards) Allen, Mallaca (4) and Priscilla (Hooper) Allen, Jonathan (3) and Mary (Pierce) Allen, Samuel (2) and Sarah (Tuck) Allen, William (1) and Elizabeth (Bradley) Allen. Five children were born of his first marriage and five of the second. Children of Benjamin Leach: John. born June 24, 1813, married Ann Block, 1843; Benjamin Butler, born November 18, 1815, married Cynthia Hall, June 25, 1848; Susan Cheever, born February 6, 1819: Sarah Maria. born April 10, 1821, died October 6, 1830; Elizabeth C., born January 7, 1825. married John A. Gould, October 5, 1845 ; Richard, born December 31, 1830, married Sarah Moody, October 25, 1855; Henry Clay, born October 9, 1832, married Caroline E. Roberts, 1866; Aaron Allen, born January 26, 1836, died October 7, 1836; Samuel, born August 29, 1837, married Helen F. Wheaton, 1870: Lewis. born December 13, 1839, married Ellen Ward, September 20, 1862.

(VIII) Hon. Henry Clay Leach, of Manchester was born there October 9, 1832, son of Captain Benjamin and Lucy Story (Allen) Leach. His home was in St. Louis, Missouri, from 1855 to 1861, and he spent the summers of 1856 and 1857 in Kansas, aiding in the early contest in that territory for free soil. He was active at the outbreak of the rebellion as a member of a military organization the object of which was to hold Missouri in the Union. In 1863 Mr. Leach removed to Colorado and went into business in Denver. He was elected to the territorial council in 1865, serving two years and was president of the body. This was before the days of the Pacific railroad, and Colorado was separated from the east by six hundred miles of trackless plains. To the north was an unexplored wilderness infested by Indian tribes with whom the pioneers were compelled to carry on a harassing border warfare. In 1865 a constitution was adopted at an irregular election, which was obnoxious to a majority of the. citizens. Mr. Leach and Colonel Samuel Tappan spent the winter in Washington and succeeded by enlisting the interest of Charles Sumner and others in securing the rejection of the bill for the admission of Colorado. The time was one of intense political excitement, not unmingled with personal peril, at times, to the actors. Mob law was often in the ascendant and “Judge Lynch” frequently held court. Things were in a nebulous state, “slow rounding into form.” After Mr. Leach returned east he was in busness in Boston, having his home in Salem, and for a few years he had his summer residence in Manchester at the old homestead on the .plain.’ He died at Salem April 17, 1906. He married, July 30, 1866, Caroline Elizabeth Roberts, at Salem, Massachusetts. She was born December 8, 1835, at Salem, died February 18. 1896, daughter of Captain Nehemiah and Hannah Ward‘ (Osborne) Roberts, who married in March, 1833. He was born in 1800, at Hamilton, was a sea captain, and died off the coast of Africa in 1840. She was born in 1808, and died in 1888. Samuel and Martha (Stone) Roberts married in 1797. She was born in 1774 and died in 1845. He was born in 1768 and died in 1835, son of Joseph and Mercy (Clark) Roberts, who married in 1760. He was a son of David and Elizabeth (Brown) Roberts. David was born in 1704, died 1792, and married, 1729, at Gloucester, later removed to Hamilton. Children: Hallet Groves, born March 11, 1869, died September 18, 1870: Henry Roberts, born September 8. 1871, married Mabel Mann, June 25, 1901; Osborne, born December 13, 1872, married Alice C. Perkins, November 11, 1903; Charlotte Groves, born May 5, 1875, died February 18, 1887.

(IX) Henry Roberts Leach, son of Henry Clay and Caroline Elizabeth (Roberts) Leach, married June 25, 1901, Mabel Mann; children: Henry Groves, born February 17, 1902: Helen, born September 20, 1903; Robert Mann. born November. 1906.

(IX) Osborne Leach, son of Henry Clay Leach and Caroline Elizabeth Roberts, married November 11, 1903, Alice Choate Perkins; children: Harriet Peabody, born December 1, 1904; Anthony Osborne, born April 13, 1905; Lawrence Roberts, born July 21, 1907.

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Lawrence Leach, who probably had lived in Somersetshire. He and wife Elizabeth had sons Robert, John, Ambrose, Richard and Edmund and daughters Margaret and Rachel. His brother, John Leach, also came to New England. It is not clear whether they all came with Lawrence on this crossing of the Abigail; some or all of them may have come at a later date

Read more at Suite101: Passengers on Three Early Ships to New England: Arrivals on the Zouch Phenix, Abigail and Lyon



. Leach, Lawrence {I12163} (b. 1577, d. 25 JUN 1662) Note: Birthdate calculated from "Ages from Court Records, Vol I page 127 Leach, Lawrence age 85 in 1662 EQC 2:428

From the book "Lawrence Leach of Salem, Mass., and some of his Descendants" Vol I by F. Phelps Leach of East Highgate, Vt.

The immigrant ancestor in New England of the family which forms the subject of this article was sent over to Salem by the Mass. Bay Col, in 1629 (Suff., De., I). In Edwin M. Stone's Early history of Beverly, on page 29 I find the following paragraph: "June 24, 1662, Lawrence Leach died, aged 82. He held various offices in Salem. The usefullness of his life gained respect for hismemory." His nunc will probated 25 (4) 1662; bequeathed all to his wife Elizabeth, and administration was granted to her. She died about 1674. When Lawrence Leach was about leaving Old England for New England, Gov. Craddock wrote from Gravesend, England under date of 17 Apr. 1629, a long letter concerning the affairs of the new colony, to Gov. John Endicott of the Mass. Bay Colony, in which letter I find the following parapgraph: "We desire you to take notice of one Lawrence Leach, whom we have found a careful and painful man, and we doubt not, he will continue his diligence. Let him have deserving respect." His life in America would seem to have fully justified the confidence reposed in him by Gov. Craddock, as he was chosen 31 Dec. 1638, one of the seven men to manage the public affairs of Salem; an office which he held for years, and had among his colleagues Gov. John Endicott, William Hawthorne, Roger Conant, John Woodbury and John Balch. He was proposed for a freeman at Salem, in 1630, and was sworn 18 May 1630; was one of the twelve juryman which in Boston, in 1630, served on the trial of the first capital case that was heard in Massachusetts. Lawrence Leach came from England to Salem, Massl, in the "fleet" with Rev. Francis Higginson, the first minister sent out by the Company, to superinted the spiritual affairs of the settlement. "The Talbot", which was probably the first vessel that ever entered Manchester Harbor, dropped anchor there 27 June 1629, and the Rev. Francis Higginson, worte in his journal: "June 27, 1629 - Saturday evening we had a westerly wind which brought us, between five and six o'clock to a fyne and sweet harbor, seven miles from the head of Cape Ann (in this harbor twentie ships may lie and easily ride therein), where there was an island near, whither 4 of our men went with a boat, and brought back ripe strawberries, gooseberries, and sweet single roses. Monday, 29th as we passed along to Naim Keake, it was wonderful to behold so many islands replenished with thicke woods, and high trees, and many fayere green pastures." Lawrence Leach was one fo the founders of the church at Salem, of which he was a prominent menber. He engaged in farming and milling, at Rial-side. His mills were so important that a way was laid out to them, in 1657, from the meeting house at Cape Ann side and other adjacent towns caused roads to be opened to them. (Freeman). He also had an iron foundry, which was the first in the colonies. Pope's "Pioneers of Massachusets says: "Mr. John Leach, brother of Lawrence, was occupied at the iron works."

This Family is said to have descended from John DeLeche, surgeon to King Edward III of England. The coat of arms has upon it three crowns, the significance of which is, that uponone occcasion while the kings of France and Scotland were prisoners of King Edward, the three kings dined at the house of the surgeon, and as a token of the incident, Edward handed Leche three crowns. Afterwards, when the king granted him a large estate, three crown were placed on his arms. The spelling of the surnam has varied at different times and in different branches of the family. Lawrence Leach, the immigrant ancestor in New England, and his descendants at Salem used the form Leach. Record's (the original entries, in the State House at Boston, of the various wars spells the name Leah, Leatch, Leceh, Lech, Leech, Leetch, Lirtch, Lish, and Leach, although they are all descendants of the same Salem Line (see records of Salem, Beverly and Manchester)

from the Book Lawrence Leach of Salem, Mass; and some of his descendants by F Phelps Leach of East Highgate, Vt Page 1 Fort thirty-five years I have devoted much of my leisure time in an endeavor to trace out the descendants of Lawrence Leach, and the Increasin ginterest in American genealoby has induced me to publish my work. In a letter that I receivewd from the State Librarian of a middle west state I find the following paragraph: "The middle west is just awakening to the fact that there is such a thing as ancestry, and is beginning to take an interest in genealogy. For twenty years we have been accumulating such material as our very limited means permit and we have a fair working library of good books." Another State Librarian writes: "The Nebraska and Midwest Genealogical Society has recently been organized, and there is considerable interest shown for genealogical research." A Southern State Librarian writes: "Books of this type are especially welcome as there is so much interest in genealogies and we are called on to do much research work along these lines." Volume I contains the first five generations, (and their children) of the descendants of Lawrence Leach, and I published it to enable his descendants in the various states to trace their line for publication in volume two. I have aimed to avoid all privacies and personalities which might be indelicate in relation to family circles. Every family has two lives, its public and its private one. The one becomes fairly the property of the public, in virtue of its having been conected with events in which every one has a share of interest; but the other belongs exclusively to itself, and its intimate friends, and the public have no more right to discuss or pry into its details than they have into those of any private individual. I have aimed at but two results - fullness and accuracy, but it is hardly to be expected that errors have been wholly avoided; and it is hoped that they are but few, and that they do not impair the usefullness of the work. Due acknowledgment has been made, it is believed of all sources which have been relied upon for information. For the rest, the author desires once for all to express his thanks to all who have kindly aided him by their suggestions and records, which have helped compile the work. My greatest source of information has been the Library of the New England Historical and Genealogical Society. As a Life Member of that Society I have had the use of their grand old Library, at 9 Ashburton Place, Boston, Mass.

I (only entered some of the Lawrence/James/James line)

From the Probate Records of Essex County, Page 338 - 389 Estate of Lawrence Leach of Salem Larance Leach aged 85 years or therabouts beinge parfitt in memory neer a yeare before his death expressed himselfe unto us whose names are heerunder written in the disposing ot that whee had, we beinge urgente with him to make his will his expressions to us was this first he said that he did owe thirtie pounds for the mill and his will was that his wife should pay his debts and when his debts ware paid that shee should take all hee had." John Porter, John Bacheller. Proved in Salem court 25:4:1662 by the witnesses and Elizabeth wife of the deceased appointed administratirx, Essex Co. Quarterly Court Files, vol 8 leaf 33.

Inventory of the estate of Lawrence Leach of Salem, deceased, taken by John Porter and Jacob Barney; His wearing apparell , 3; 2 feather bolsters, 3 feather pillowes, Coverlet, Ruggs, Blanketts, Fether bed & 2 flocke beds, paire of sheetes, pillow beares, small table clotes, single sheet, bedsted and a chest, chaires, barills, a tub & trays, table, a forme, dishes, old brasse kettles, a skillet, a Chafindish & 1 Candlestick, Iron Pots & a skillet, Iron kitle & a morter, a pit, a dripping pan and a frying pan, pewter dishes, a baskett with other Lumber, Cowes, a heyfer & a calfe, small swine, the howse with 2 acres of land with the orchard being parte of the said 2 acres, a mill, 20 acres of land not improved on Ryall side neare John Bacheler, 15 acres of meadow neare John Porters farme bought of Mr. Downing, a Bible with another booke; total 138li 14s 8d. Essex Co. Quarterly Court Files, vol 8 leaf 34

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Larence Leach-Royal Lineage 1000pastlivesadded this on 13 Mar 2009 Posted by: LeeLonee Date: July 01, 2001 at 15:00:04In Reply to: Re: Lawrence Leach & Elizabeth Mileham, 1629 by Megan of 3351 I've enjoyed reading about my ancestors, Lawrence & Elizabeth. I found them 20 years ago. I have quite a bit of info on L. The following is from THREE HUNDRED COLONIAL ANCESTORS AND WAR SERVICE: The Coat of Arms of the family has upon it three crowns, and the significance of these crowns is this: On one occation, about the year 1358, John Leach had the English King, David of Scotland and King John of France, as his guests, and as a token of the incident, on leaving, King Edward handed to Leach 3 crowns. Afterwards, when the King granted him a large landed estate, 3 crowns were placed on his Arms. It also says Lawrence was descended from an ancient family in the west of England, and one of his ancestors was Dr. John Leach, surgeon to King Edward III. On the same page(193)it talkes about being 1 of the 7 chosen men who conducted the public affairs of Salem. It goes on to say he was 1 of the founders of the Mass. Bay Colony. And it mentions he lived on the southerly side of what is now Elliot St., on Rial Side. Do you know more?

Pioneer Lawrence Leach melobutterfly1added this on 14 Dec 2008

Origin: English

Various spellings: Leach, Leech, Leche, Leitch, Leich, Leetch

First found in Cheshire ancient times, possibly before the Norman Conquest And arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D. First Pioneers of the Leach family:

John Leach arrived in the Barbados in 1679; with his servants; Lawrence Leach settled in Salem in 1628Margaret Leach settled in Boston in 1635 Rebecca Leach settled in Virginia in 1639

Lawrence Leach Info 1000pastlivesadded this on 19 Dec 2008 James Leach Info

Added by Ann_Nauth on 19 Dec 2008 The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy: First Families of America By Frederick Adams Virkus, Albert Nelson Marquis Published by A.N. Marquis, 1925 Original from the University of Virginia Digitized May 27, 2008

-Lawrence Leach, from Eng., 1629; founded ch. at Salem; built and operated first Iron foundry In the colonies; m Elizabeth

LAWRENCE LEACH ORIGIN: Unknown MIGRATION: 1629 FIRST RESIDENCE: Salem CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: In the list of Salem Church members compiled late in 1636 [ SChR 5]. FREEMAN: Requested 19 October 1630 and admitted 18 May 1631 [ MBCR 1:80, 366]. EDUCATION: His inventory included "a Bible with another book" valued at 5s. OFFICES: Jury, trial of Walter Palmer in the death of Austin Bratcher, 9 November 1630 [ MBCR 1:81].

Essex grand jury, 25 January 1641 [ EQC 1:33]. Petit jury, 27 December 1642 [ EQC 1:44]. Jury foreman, January 1637/8, March 1638, 30 December 1645 [ EQC 1:7, 89]. Jury, 27 September 1636, 27 December 1636, 28 March 1637, 27 March 1638, 26 June 1638, 25 December 1638, 31 December 1639, 29 December 1640 [ EQC 1:3-5, 7, 8, 10, 14, 24].

Salem selectman 1636-40, 1642 [ STR 1:34, 44, 77, 79, 80, 82-95, 105, 113].

ESTATE: He received one hundred acres in the freeman's land at Salem in 1636 [ STR 1:19, 27]. He was granted three-quarters of an acre of marsh on 25 December 1637, with a household of five [ STR 1:103].

One hundred acres of upland (presumably the same as that noted in the paragraph above) and six acres of marsh were laid out to Lawrence Leach on 17 February 1636[/7] [ STR 1:37]. He was granted ten acres of meadow on 9 December 1639 and fifteen more acres of meadow on 7 May 1638 [ STR 1:93, 96].

On 18 March 1657[/8] Lawrence Leach entered a caution for Richard Leach "who hath given him by his father Larrance Leach his farm on Riall side that joineth to Jacob Barney, both upland and salt marsh, only reserving for his particular use so much as is needful during his & his wife's lifetime" [ ELR 1:37].

On about 7 September 1665, but not brought for acknowledgment until 28 March 1680, Samuel Friend of Manchester sold a mill and mill house at Bass River, with two acres of land and twenty acres a little distance off on Royal's Neck side "there being no bill of sale made till now," the original purchaser being Laurance Leach of Salem "now deceased," and the sale was confirmed to "John Leach, son unto Lawrance Leach aforesaid" [ ELR 5:109-10].

The "nuncupative will of Lawrence Leach of Salem" was proved 25 June 1662: "Larance Leach aged 85 years or thereabouts being perfect in memory near a year before his death expressed himself unto us whose names are hereunder written in the disposing of that which he had, we being urgent with him to make his will his expressions to us was this: First he said that he did owe thirty pounds for the mill and his will was that his wife should pay his debts and when his debts were paid then she should take all he had. John Porter, John Bacheller" [ EQC 2:428; ELR 2:46; EPR 1:388-89].

The inventory of "Lawrence Leach of Salem" [undated] totalled £138 14s. 8d., including real estate valued at £100: "the house, with two acres of land with the orchard, being part of the said two acres," £30; "a mill," £40; "20 acres of land not improved on Ryall side," £10"; and "fifteen acres of meadow bought of Mr. Downing," £20 [ EQC 2:429; EPR 1:389].

On 12 April 1671 Elizabeth Leach Sr. of Salem, widow, deeded the mill or mills with the housing, land & orchard "sold by my son John Leach" to John Dodge of Beverly [ ELR 3:111].

On 22 January 1670[/1] Elizabeth Leach of Salem, widow, executrix to the estate of Laurence Leach, deceased, sold for "£14 to be paid unto my daughter Rachel Golthwright" a share of fifteen acres of meadow in the great fresh meadow, five acres excepted, to Richard Leach of Salem [ ELR 6:44].

BIRTH: About 1583 (estimated by splitting the difference between his age as stated in his nuncupative will and the year of birth that would result from assuming he was twenty-five when he married).

DEATH: By 25 June 1662 (probate of will). MARRIAGE: By 1636 (and by about 1615 if she was the mother of all his children) Elizabeth _____, who survived him. "Elizabeth Leech" was in the list of Salem church members compiled in late 1636 [ SChR 6]. CHILDREN:

i ROBERT, b. about 1615 (deposed aged about 58 years, 1 September 1673 [ EQC 5:215]): one of the two sons of Lawrence Leach granted land in 1639; evidently he who died Manchester, intestate, leaving a relict [perhaps Alice] and two sons before June, 1674 [ EQC 5:364-5].

ii JOHN, b. say 1617, one of the two sons of Lawrence Leach granted land in 1639. There being several men named John Leach, this man's career is presently unclear.

iii RICHARD, b. about 1619 (deposed aged about fifty years, March 1669 [ EQC 4:111]; deposed aged "about sixty-seven years" 4 February 1684/5 [ ELR 9:255]); m. by about 1645 Sarah Fuller, daughter of widow Anne Fuller (in her nuncupative will, probably made early in 1662, "Anne Fuller, widow," bequeathed most of her estate to "her son Richard Leach" and a cow to "John Leach & Sara Leach" [ EPR 1:389]).

iv RACHEL, b. say 1622; m. (1) by about 1642 John Sibley of Manchester, who d. 1661 leaving "9 fatherless children ... the eldest daughter 19 years old" [ EPR 1:348]; m. (2) after 1661 and by 1670 THOMAS GOLDTHWAIT [ ELR 6:44].

ASSOCIATIONS: "John Leech, the brother of Lawrence Leech," was received for an inhabitant by Salem on 23 January 1636/7 [ STR 1:33].

On 27 August 1644 "Richard Leech" was charged with having "received a pig of John Burrage, servant to Jno. Porter and himself, and his uncle Jno. Leech concealed it, not having it cried, until three months later," as a result of which Richard Leach and John Leach were fined twenty shillings apiece [ EQC 1:69].

In his nuncupative will, taken by Elizabeth Buxton and Mary Felton sometime in 1658, John Leach Sr. of Salem gave everything he had to John Leach. "At another time having further conference about the disposing of his estate unto the said John Leach, we told him there were several John Leaches [and] he should do well to express which of them, he said John Leach the son of Richard Leach" [ EPR 1:288].

website w/ info: tm+careful+and+painful+man+and+we+doubt+not+that+he+will+continue&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1& gl=us

1629, June 27- Came to Massachusetts in the fleet with Rev. Francis Higginson.

Settled in Salem, MA. One of the founders of the Church at Salem.

He had the first iron foundry in the colonies.

Sibling: John who worked at the foundry.

LAURENCE Lawrence Leach, born Bet. 1579 - 1580 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Jun 24, 1662 in Beverly, Essex, MA. He was the son of 10240. JOHN Deleche. He married 5121. ELIZABETH Leach Bet. 1604 - 1605 in England.

     5121. ELIZABETH Leach, born Abt. 1585 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Abt. 1674 in Beverly, Essex, MA. 

Notes for LAURENCE Lawrence Leach:

Arrived on ship "Talbot" in Manchester Harbor, MA on 6/27/1 629 with wife Elizabeth and sons: John , Richard and Robert . Gov John Winthrop wrote from Gravesend, England 4/17/162 9 to Gov John Endicott of MA Bay Colony: "We desire you t o take notice of one Lawrence Leach, whom we have found a c areful and painsful man, and we doubt not he will continu e his diligence." He settled in Salem, MA, holding many imp ortant offices. On 12/31/1638 was one of 7 men chosen to ma nage public affairs in Salem, an office he held for many ye ars. He was proposed a freeman in 1630, was a member of th e 1st church in Salem before 1636 and received a grant of 1 00 acres from the town. He had the first iron foundry in Am erica.

Laurence is a descendant of Dr. John Leach, surgeon to Kin g Edward III. On one occasion Dr. John had the English King , Edward III and 2 of his prisoners, King David of Scotlan d and King John of France, as his guest and as a token of t he incident, on leaving, King Edward handed to Leach 3 crow ns. Afterwards, when the King granted him a large estate , 3 crowns were placed on his Coat of Arms.

Laurence engaged in farming and milling at Railside. Thes e mills were so important that roads were laid out to the m from other towns.

Children Ambrose, James, Rachel, and John arrived in Sale m on 9/6/1628 on the ship "Abigail". Margaret arrived in Sa lem in 1635 on ship "Susan & Ellen".


Children of LAURENCE Leach and ELIZABETH Leach are:

		i.	 	Sr Robert Leach85, born 1605 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died May 22, 1688 in Manchester, Essex, MA; married (1) Mary Leach Abt. 1639; died Feb 11, 1657/58; married (2) Alice Alls Abt. 1649; born Abt. 1618 in Massachusetts; died Apr 10, 1691 in Manchester, MA.
	Notes for Sr Robert Leach:

Was a collar maker; in Charleston, 1637; will named 7 child ren of John Foskit, who had married dau Elizabeth.

		ii.	 	Clement John Leach86, born Bet. 1607 - 1608 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died in England.
	Notes for Clement John Leach:

Was married and living in England at the time his parents w ent to America.

	2560	iii.	 	Sr JOHN Leach, born Bet. 1609 - 1611 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Jun 27, 1659 in Salem, Essex, MA; married (1) Sarah Elizabeth Waldron 1642 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; married (2) SARAH Conant 1643 in Salem, Essex, MA.
		iv.	 	Margaret Leach87, born 1613 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Aft. 1635.
	Notes for Margaret Leach:

Was 22 yrs old when she arrived in America on the "Susa n & Ellen".

		v.	 	Ambrose Leach87, born 1616 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Aft. Nov 9, 1663 in Massachusetts.
	Notes for Ambrose Leach:

Was a carpenter; contracted in 1641 to build a bridge ove r the river. Lived in Narraganset on 11/9/1663 when he sol d land in Boston.

		vi.	 	Capt. Richard Leach88, born 1618 in England; died May 9, 1687 in "Rial-Side" Farm, Salem, MA; married Sarah Ann Fuller Bet. 1639 - 1645; born Abt. 1620; died Aft. 1687.
	Notes for Capt. Richard Leach:

Had land grant in 1639 in Salem near bro John; a freeman i n 1665; made Lieut. in 1675, Capt in 1677. Dau Mary accused , but never tried, as a witch in 1692.

		vii.	 	Edmund Leach89, born Abt. 1620 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Aft. 1649.
	Notes for Edmund Leach:

Was in New Haven, CT 1647-1649. Was in Boston in 1651.

		viii.	 	Rachel Leach, born Bet. 1621 - 1624 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died in Y; married (1) Thomas Goldwaight; died in Y; married (2) John Sibley Abt. 1642 in Salem, Essex, MA; died Apr 3, 168390.
		ix.	 	Sr James Leach, born Abt. 1626 in Salem, Essex, MA; died Jun 30, 1697 in Portsmouth, NH; married (1) Jane Turpin Bef. 1642; born Abt. 1625; died in Portsmouth, NH; married (2) Jane Bachelor Aft. 1647; died in Y.
	Notes for Sr James Leach:

Was a weaver at Great Island, Portsmouth; owned island no w called Leach Island; was sworn in as a constable on 6/27/ 1656; was Tythignman in 1678.

		x.	 	Giles Leach91, born 1632 in Salem, Essex, MA; died Aft. 1705 in Bridgewater, Plymouth, MA; married Anne Nokes Feb 20, 1656/57 in Weymouth, Norfolk, MA; born Abt. 1632 in Braintree, Norfolk, MA; died in Y.
	Notes for Giles Leach:

Giles was one of the first inhabitants of Bridgewater, th e first inland town settled in Plymouth Colony. In Bridgewa ter records of 1662 he is listed as a "Goodman" which sugge sts he was a prominent and esteemed member of the Bridgewat er Church and was listed as the head man of the 4th pew, wh ich was among the places of honor of the sanctuary. Place s of distinction were not assigned in those early days to t he undeserving or out of favoritism. He took an active par t in the municipal affairs, and was elected constable on Ma y 27, 1689 and was elected as surveyor of the area severa l times. By virtue of his proprietary right in Bridgewater , he became a large land holder. His residence was in the i mmediate vicinity of Satucket Pond, the haunt of King Phili p and his tribe, and he was on friendly terms with them.

According to The Winthrop Society, Lawrence Leach was among the founders and settlers of the first Puritan settlement, Cape Ann & Naumkeag (now Salem, MA). He is said to have arrived in Salem with John Endecott on the Abigail in 1628/29. Lawrence Leach was said to have owned the first iron foundry in America. He was granted freeman status and awarded land.


The first item below is from Josiah Granville Leach, in a printed slip sent to different members of the family : Lawrence Leach, who. with his wife Elizabeth and sons John, Richard and Robert, came from England to Salem, Mass., in \(i2(j. where lie continued to live until his death in 1062. aped 83 years. From researches made I am led to believe his descendants number over 10,000. One of the most numerous branches of his posterity is that descended from his son Giles Leach, who was bom at Salem, Mass., and married Ann Nokes at Weymouth. 1056, and settled in Bridgewatcr in 1664, where he became entitled by purchase t :> one fifty-sixth share of the thou- sands ot acres of land bought in 1645 of the old Indian chief Massasoit (King Philip's father) by Miles Standish, Samuel Hash and Constant South worth for the use of the fifty-six original proprietors. When Lawrence Leach was about leaving old England for New England, Gov- ernor John Winthrop, who had not then come to America, wrote from Gravesend, England, under date of April 17, 1629. a long letter concerning the new colony to Gov- ernor John Endicott. of Massachusetts Bay Colonv. in which letter lie wrote the following: ' We desire you to take notice of one Lawrence Leach, whom we have found a careful and painsful man and we doubt not he will con- tinue his diligence.' "

His life in America would seem to have fully justified the confidence reposed in him by Governor Winthrop. It is recorded in one of the histories of Massachusetts, a sketch of him which contains the following: " Lawrence Leach held many important offices and the usefulness of his life gained respect for his memory."

Mr. J. G. Leach says, as a matter of further interest: " Let me state that some years ago my cousin, William Sanford Leach, son of Elbridge Gerry Leach, of Boston, made the English ancestry of our family a matter of research, and it is said he traced the family back to John Leach, surgeon to King Edward the Third. My cousin died in the Union army, and the data he made has been lost."

The coat of arms of the family has upon it three crowns, and the significance of these crowns is said to be this: that on one occasion while the kings of France and Scot- land were prisoners of King Edward, the three kings dined at the ho-use of John Leach and, as a token of the incident, on leaving King Edward handed to Leach three crowns. Afterwards, when the king granted him a large landed estate, three crowns were placed on his arms.

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Lawrence Leach's Timeline

Ash, Martok, Somersetshire, England
Age 26
Gravesend, Kent, England
Age 27
Gravesend, Kent, Eng
December 11, 1608
Age 29
Age 31
Gravesend, Kent, Eng
March 6, 1613
Age 34
Hurst, Wokingham, England, United Kingdom
June 11, 1615
Age 36
Berkshire, UK
September 16, 1616
Age 37
Gravesend, Kent , England
Age 37