Lieut.-Gen. James John Macleod Innes VC CB

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James John Macleod Innes

Birthdate: (77)
Birthplace: Bhagalpur, Bihar, India
Death: December 13, 1907 (77)
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom
Place of Burial: Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Dr James Innes and Jane Alicia Macleod
Husband of Lucy Jane Innes (Macpherson)
Father of Hugh MacLeod Innes; Arthur Donald Innes and Alicia Sibilla Innes

Occupation: Military engineer - Bengal Engineers
Managed by: Alisdair James Smyth
Last Updated:

About Lieut.-Gen. James John Macleod Innes VC CB

Biographical Summary

"Lieutenant General James John McLeod Innes VC CB (5 February 1830 – 13 December 1907) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Born in British India to Scottish parents Innes was educated privately, at Edinburgh University and Addiscombe where he was awarded the Pollock Medal and was commissioned into the Bengal Engineers in 1848.

Innes was 28 years old, and a lieutenant in the Bengal Engineers, Bengal Army during the Indian Mutiny on 23 February 1858 at Sultanpore, India where he was awarded Victoria Cross for the following deed:

Bengal Engineers, Lieutenant John James M'Leod Innes

Date of Act of Bravery, 23rd February, 1858

At the action at Sultanpore, Lieutenant Innes, far in advance of the leading skirmishers, was the first to secure a gun which the enemy were abandoning. Retiring from this, they rallied round another gun further back, from which the shot would, in another instant) have ploughed through our advancing columns, when Lieutenant Innes rode up, unsupported, shot the gunner who was about to apply the match, and, remaining undaunted at his post, the mark for a hundred matchlock men, who were sheltered in some adjoining huts, kept the Artillerymen at bay, until assistance reached him. (Letter from Major-General Thomas Harte Franks, K.C.B., of 12th March, 1858.)

He also Mentioned in Despatches three times for his work in the Mutiny.

He later joined the Royal Engineers and achieved the rank of lieutenant general. After he retired he wrote several books. His Victoria Cross is displayed in the Royal Engineers Museum at Chatham, England."

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'James John McLeod Innes', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 10 October 2012, 07:03 UTC, <> [accessed 21 April 2013]

Dictionary of Indian Biography by Charles Buckland


Lt- General : born Feb. 5, 1830 : son of Siurgeon James Innes, H.E.I.C.S. : educated at Edinburgh University and Addiscombe : joined Bengal Engineers, 1848 : P.W.D. 1851 : served through the mutiny : in the defence of Lucknow Residency, 1857 : at siege of Lucknow, 1858, and actions of Chanda, Amirpur and Sultanpur : severely wounded : gained the V.C. for gallantry in capturing, and holding singlehanded, a gun which was being trained on an advancing column : Brevet-Major : Panjab Irrigation works : Accountant-General, P.W.D. India, 1870- 80 : Inspr-General of Military Works, India : retired as General, 1886 : author of Lucknow and Oudh in the Mutiny, The Sepoy Revolt, 1897 ; Sir Henry Lawrence (Rulers of India series), 1898 ; Life of Sir lames Browne, K.C.S.I., R.E.

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Lieut.-Gen. James John Macleod Innes VC CB's Timeline

February 5, 1830
Bhagalpur, Bihar, India
Age 27
Age 33
Age 43
Norwood, North Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
December 13, 1907
Age 77
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom