Lord Edward Herbert Gascoyne-Cecil, KCMG, DSO

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About Lord Edward Herbert Gascoyne-Cecil, KCMG, DSO

Lord Edward Herbert (Gascoyne-)Cecil KCMG DSO (12 July 1867 – 13 December 1918) was a distinguished and highly-decorated soldier. As colonial administrator in Egypt and advisor to the Liberal government he helped to implement Army reforms.

  • Fourth son of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury and Georgina Charlotte.
  • Second Lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards in 1887.
  • Served for four years in the regiment before being promoted first lieutenant and appointed to the staff of Field Marshal Garnet Wolseley.
  • Dongola Expedition in 1896 he served with distinction:
  • mentioned in despatches he was a Brevet Major,
  • 4th Class Medjidie, Khedive' Medal for service in Egypt and Sudan, with two clasps.
  • Appointed a special missionary adviser to King Menelik of Abyssinia in 1897.
  • Nile Expedition (that culminated at Omdurman) in 1898 - mentioned in despatches at the battle of Atbara. For his part in the re-capture of Khartoum he was mentioned in despatches and two clasps.
  • Aide de camp to Lord Kitchener in the Egyptian campaign of 1896, the battle of Omdurman.
  • Second Boer War he was mentioned in despatches, made Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, awarded Queen's Medal, with two clasps.
  • Agent-General to the Government of Sudan and Director of Intelligence at Cairo for two years.

Returning to Britain the new Liberal Government appointed Lord Edward Cecil to be Under-Secretary of War in 1906. He was Under-Secretary of Finance from 1907 until 1913, and Financial Advisor to War Office from 1912 until the end of the Great War. In 1915 he was awarded Grand Cordon Order of the Nile.

His book The Leisure of an Egyptian Official, published posthumously in 1921, gives a detailed account of his role and interactions with the Egyptian politicians in nominal control of the country.

He married Violet Georgina Maxse, second daughter of Admiral Frederick Augustus Maxse, a son of Baron Berkeley on 18 June 1894. Lady Cecil was appointed Grand Dame of the Order of St John, and Chevalier Legion d'Honneur. Her second husband was First and last Viscount Milner, KG, GCB, GCMG, PC (died 13 May 1925.). They had two children:

  • George Edward Gascoyne-Cecil born on 9 September 1895. He was a Lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards, and was killed in action on 1 September 1914 on the Western Front.
  • Helen Mary Gascoyne-Cecil was born on 11 May 1901. She was an author. She married the 2nd Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, and died in 1979.

Some sources give Packington Hall, Warwickshire as his birth pace

  • Military service: 1887 - Grenadier Guards
  • Military service: 1896 - *fought in the **Dongaola Expedition
  • Military service: 1897 - *Special Missionto King Menelik of Abyssinnia
  • Military award: 1898 - Distinguished Companion, Service award
  • Military service: 1898 - *fought in the **Nile Expedition
  • Military service: Between 1899 and 1901 - *Boer War
  • Military service: Between 1904 and 1906 - Agent General to the Sudan & Director of Intelligence in Cairo
  • Military service: 1906 - Under-Secretary of War - Egypt
  • Military service: Between 1907 and 1913 - Under-Secretary of Finance of Egypt
  • Military service: Between 1912 and 1918 - Financial Advisor to Egypt
  • Military award: 1915 - Grand Cordon, Order of the Nile - Egypt
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