About Louise Elizabeth d'Orléans
Louise Elizabeth d'Orléans (1)
F, #105794, b. 11 December 1709, d. 16 June 1742
Last Edited=4 Mar 2007
Louise Elizabeth d'Orléans was born on 11 December 1709 at Versailles, Île-de-France, France. (1) She was the daughter of Philippe II d'Orléans, Duc d'Orléans and Françoise Marie de Bourbon. (1), (2) She married Luis I de Borbón, Rey de España, son of Felipe V de Borbón, Rey de España and Maria Luisa Gabriela di Savoia, on 20 January 1722 at Lerma, Spain. (1)
She died on 16 June 1742 at age 32 at Palais de Luxemburg, Paris, France, from dropsy, without issue. (1) She was buried at St. Sepulice, Paris, France. (1)
Louise Elizabeth d'Orléans was also known as Mademoiselle de Montpensier. (1)
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Louise Diane d'Orléans (1)
F, #113747, b. 27 June 1716, d. 26 September 1736
Last Edited=4 Mar 2007
Louise Diane d'Orléans was born on 27 June 1716 at Paris, France. (2)
She was the daughter of Philippe II d'Orléans, Duc d'Orléans and Françoise Marie de Bourbon. (1)
She married Louis François I de Bourbon, Prince de Conti, son of Louis Armand II de Bourbon, Prince de Conti and Louise Elizabeth de Condé, on 22 January 1732 at Versailles, Île-de-France, France. (2)
She died on 26 September 1736 at age 20 at Château d'Issy, Paris, France. (2) She was buried at Church of St. André des Arts, Paris, France. (2)
Louise Diane d'Orléans was also known as Mademoiselle de Chartres as of after 1717. (2)
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Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans
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Queen consort of Spain
Louise Élisabeth by Jean Ranc, 1724
Tenure 15 January, 1724 – 31 August, 1724
Spouse Louis I of Spain
English: Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans
French: Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans
Spanish: Luisa Isabel de Orleans
House House of Bourbon
House of Orléans
Father Philippe d'Orléans
Mother Françoise-Marie de Bourbon
Born 11 December 1709(1709-12-11)
Palace of Versailles, France
Died 16 June 1742 (aged 32)
Luxembourg Palace, Paris, France
Burial Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris, France
Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans (11 December 1709 – 16 June 1742) was Queen Consort of Spain as the wife of Louis I. In her adopted country, she was known as Luisa Isabel de Orléans. Hers was one of the shortest reigns in European history due to her husband's brief reign and early death.
* 1 Biography
o 1.1 Marriage
* 2 Ancestors
* 3 Titles, styles, honours and arms
o 3.1 Titles and styles
o 3.2 Arms
* 4 References
* 5 Titles
Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans was one of the seven daughters of Philippe d'Orléans and his wife, Françoise-Marie de Bourbon. Her mother was a legitimised daughter of Louis XIV of France and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. She was known as Élisabeth.
As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, Louise Élisabeth was a princesse du sang, but as her mother was illegitimate by birth, although legitimised, Louise Élisabeth, like her siblings, was not a petite-fille de France. Her siblings were:
* Mademoiselle de Valois (17 December 1693 - 17 October 1694)
* Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, Duchess of Berry (20 August 1695 – 21 July 1719)
* Louise Adélaïde d'Orléans, Abbess of Chelles (13 August 1698 – 10 February 1743)
* Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans, Duchess of Modena and Reggio (20 October 1700 – 19 January 1761)
* Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Chartres, later Duke of Orléans (4 August 1703 – 4 February 1752)
* Philippine Élisabeth d'Orléans, Mademoiselle de Beaujolais (18 December 1714 - 21 May 1734)
* Louise Diane d'Orléans, Princess of Conti (27 June 1716 - 26 September 1736)
She was born at the Palace of Versailles, and was her parents' fourth surviving daughter (the first, Mademoiselle de Valois died a year after birth). Prior to her marriage, she was known as Mademoiselle de Montpensier. She grew up among one brother and five sisters. Because no one was much interested in her as a child, Louise Élisabeth received a poor education and seemed destined for marriage to some obscure German or Italian prince. Like her younger sister, Louise Diane, she had a convent education. She was very close to her brother, Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Chartres at birth, who, upon the death of their father in 1723, would inherit the title of Duke of Orléans.
Since 1715, her father was de facto ruler of France as the Regent for the child, King Louis XV. In 1718, the War of the Quadruple Alliance broke out between France and Spain. In 1720, King Philip V of Spain wanted to make peace and proposed a double marriage: his three-year old daughter, Infanta Mariana Victoria, would marry the fifteen-year old Louis XV, and his son and heir, Infante Luis Felipe, would marry one of the Regent's daughters.
By that time, Louise Élisabeth and her sister Philippine Élisabeth were the Regent's only unmarried daughters. It was later decided that they would marry two Infantes of Spain. Therefore, in 1721, at the age of twelve, Louise Élisabeth was married by proxy in November, in Paris, Louise Élisabeth and her younger sister left for Madrid. Despite a cold reception from the Spanish royal family, especially by Elisabeth of Parma, the stepmother of her future husband, she married Louis of Spain on 20 January 1722 at Lerma. Her dowry was of 4 million Livres.
Her sister Philippine Élisabeth was later engaged to Infante Carlos of Spain, another heir to the throne of Spain; but the marriage came to nothing and her sister was later sent back to France where she died at the age of nineteen in Paris.
As wife of the heir to the Spanish throne, Louise Élisabeth assumed the title of Princess of Asturias. Despite her rank at court, she was spied upon and accused of all sorts of wrongdoings. Her poor education hindered her ability to deal with the pressures exerted on her, and she reacted by withdrawing emotionally and exhibiting odd behaviour, such as walking around naked and burping and breaking wind in public.
On 15 January 1724, the emotionally unstable Philip V abdicated in favour of his eldest son, who became King Louis. Louise Élisabeth became Queen of Spain, but after only seven months of reign, Louis died of smallpox. Because he died without an heir, his father ascended the throne once again. Louise Élisabeth stayed in Madrid for some time after the death of her husband but the Spanish court was unkind and malicious towards the lonely teenage widow.
After the death of her husband, she returned to France at the request of her mother, the Dowager Duchess of Orléans. She was obliged to live peacefully in Paris, away from the Court of her young cousin Louis XV. As the widow of the King of Spain, she was to receive an annual pension of 600,000 Livres from the state; however, Spain would not pay because her marriage had been annulled.
She discreetly travelled to Paris and resided in the Château de Vincennes and the Palais du Luxembourg, which had been given to her sister by her father, and where she died in 1742, sadly forgotten by everyone. She was buried at the church of Saint-Sulpice in Paris, close to the Luxembourg Palace, where her half-brother Louis Charles de Saint-Albin was a bishop.
Titles and styles
* 11 December, 1709 - 20 January, 1722 Her Serene Highness Mademoiselle de Montpensier
* 20 January, 1722 - 15 January, 1724 Her Royal Highness the Princess of Asturias
* 15 January, 1724 - 6 September, 1724 Her Majesty The Queen of Spain
* 6 September, 1724 - 16 June, 1742 Her Majesty The Dowager Queen of Spain
Louise Élisabeth held the arms of the House of Orléans from which she descended from (R) and the arms of her husband (L) who was the King.
When she moved back to France, Louise Élisabeth was formally known as the Queen-Dowager, Reine douairière d'Espagne. There was even a dispute with her sister, the Duchess of Modena and Reggio, when it came to the Duchess's coach having to let that of the younger Louise Élisabeth past first, a queen having a higher rank than a duchess
1. ^ a b Nouvelle biographie générale
2. ^ Réimpression de l'ancien Moniteur seule histoire authentique et inaltérée
3. ^ 
* Pimodan (comte de), Louise-Élisabeth d'Orléans, reine d'Espagne 1709-1742, 393 p., Plon, Paris, 1928.
This page was last modified on 26 April 2010 at 23:21.