Lt. Col. Henry Gooch

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Lt. Col. Henry Gooch's Geni Profile

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Henry Gooch

Also Known As: "gooch", "gough", "gouch"
Birthplace: Alvingham, Lincolnshire, England
Death: Died in Jamestown City County, Virginia
Immediate Family:

Son of Matthew Gooch, II and Alice Gooche [Goche]
Husband of Millicent Gooch; Millicent Gooch and Jane Gooch
Father of James Gooch; Rowland Gooch; Henry Gooch; Jane Peake; Jane Gooch and 1 other
Brother of Barnabe Goche; Alice Belfield; Mary Buller; John Gooch, I; Anne Dugdale and 10 others

Occupation: Planter/civil soldier, Lueit. Col. Bacon's Rebellion
Managed by: Bruce Ralph Gross
Last Updated:

About Lt. Col. Henry Gooch

Birth: 22 JUN 1619 in Alvingham, Lincolnshire, England

Note: Lt. Col. Henry GOOCH (b. - 22 Jun 1619 in England & d. - Abt 1678 in New Kent County, Virginia), son of William & Elizabeth (BASPOOLE) GOOCH.

It appears that he married a lady named Millicent (KINSEY) GOOCH shortly after his arrival in America. They had one son, and they named him William. Henry's wife Millicent died between 1655 & 1660. He married again, some time around 1660, to a lady named Jane (JONES) GOOCH. They had five children; Henry, Rowland, James, and Elizabeth. He purchased land in York County, Virginia around 1650, possibly in partnership with his brother, William, and several others. He was a Planter and citizen soldier. He served as High Sheriff of York County, Virginia for many years. In times of crisis, he served as an officer in the British Army to command militia troops. He participated in early colonial wars against the Indians. He fought at Bacon's Rebellion. He achieved rank of Lt. Colonel in the British Army's Virginia Militia.

ALT Death: 15 JAN 1683 in Pamulkey Valley,York County, Virginia

Lt.Col. Henry Gooch of New Kent

Most Gooch genealogies trace their roots to Henry Gooch, but they have not done this by research, but by pure speculation. Lt. Col. Henry Gooch is probably one of the few early Gooch men that one can document a male heir. It is established by record that he was in Virginia by 1656 when he is appointed Justice of the Peace for York County, a position of high rank. Many quote a source that Henry Gooch served as the administrator for Maj. William Gooch's estate and show this as proof of a family connection to the Gooches of Suffolk, England. This is wholly undocumented and I have found no such record or any link to Maj. William Gooch. Even Hening, the Virginia historian, calls Henry the "supervisor" for Maj. William's estate, again no source is quoted and it is not believed to be true. Another undocumented piece of information that is often quoted is that Henry married Jane Jones, daughter of Rev. Rowland Jones. There is very little evidence of this beyond Jane naming of a son "Henry Gooch" in her will. Though there is no doubt Jane married a "Gooch", it is not clear which Gooch she married, though no doubt she had some connection to Henry as reflected in the naming pattern of her children.

Despite the speculation on Henry and his connections to the various Gooch families, it is quite clear that Henry did marry and have issue. His wife is well documented as the widow Millicent Goodwin Kinsey. Millicent is the sister to Maj. James Goodwin the Speaker to the House of Burgess; they were probably from a Middlesex County, England family. Millicent had married Robert Kinsey, whose death and subsequent transfer of property to Henry Gooch provides us with the best documentation on Millicent. York deeds record Henry Gooch transferring Kinsey's property to a merchant Jonathan Newal in March of 1664. One of these deed states that the property belonged to Robert Kinsay late of York county which was purchased by Henry Gooch who married Millicent the relict of Robert Kinsey [ref: York DB, pg. 46-7, 1664]. By Millicent, Henry had one son William. It is difficult to positively identify this William Gooch in any existing documents, but due to his parents' relative high social standings, it is a good guess he is the same William Gooch "of King & Queen Co." who is found as a surveyor for Col. William Claiborne in Essex County, VA and is probably the same William who married Ursula Claiborne, granddaughter of the Secretary of State Col. William Claiborne. There is another William Gooch about the same age, who is the son of John Gough and had married Alice Thacker of Middlesex Co., VA. This William served in the House of Burgess and died about 1699/1701 leaving his widow in King & Queen County. One of these William Gooches may also be the "son-in-law" (or step-son) mentioned by Jane Jones Gooch of King & Queen County in her will found among the papers of King William County in 1701; or could this be one more William Gooch to confuse us all?

Lt. Col. Henry Gooch is by all evidence of the surviving records, a man of high status in the Virginia Colony. After being appointed a Justice in 1656 he is found on the Governor's Counsel in 1657, than serves as Commissioner of York County in 1658 and by 1662 is found as High Sheriff of York County. Surviving patents show that Henry Gooch and William Pullam obtain 2500 acres along the Chickahominy River and it is known that Henry had a plantation on the Pamunkey River. In 1676, Henry's fortunes take a turn. In the famous Bacon Rebellion of that year, Gooch found himself confronted by the rebel Maj. Whaley and apparently joined them, though apparently reluctantly. Henry was brought into court in 1677 and fined 6,000 lb. of pork for his participation (some accounts say tobacco, rather than pork). The records of the Rebellion are the last we hear of Henry Gooch. Many suspect that Millicent died and Henry took a second wife Jane Jones, who in her will names a "son-in-law" William; son-in-law being a term used at that time for "step-son". Knowing that Henry had a son William it is quite possible she is his second wife.

Lt. Col. Henry Gooch, born 22 Jun 1619, was in Virginia before 1656 when he was appointed Justice of the Peace for York County, on the Governor's Counsel in 1657, Commissioner of York County in 1658 and before 1662 was Sheriff of York Co. He sided with Bacon in Bacon's rebellion of 1676, and at its conclusion, was fined "six thousand pounds of neate porke" and pardoned. He was lucky to escape with his life, as about 23 of Bacon's con-conspirators were hanged. Henry Gooch and his wife Millicent, widow of possibly Robert Kinsey, had a son William. Lt Col Henry Gooch died 15 Jan 1683, age: 63. William Gooch, son of Lt Col Henry Gooch, married Ursula Claiborne, daughter of William Claiborne.

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Lt. Col. Henry Gooch's Timeline

June 22, 1619
Alvingham, Lincolnshire, England
Age 48
Richmond County, Virginia Colony
Age 49
New Kent County, Virginia Colony
Age 51
New Kent, Hanover, Virginia, USA
Age 53
New Kent, Virginia, USA
Age 55
Kent, , Virginia, USA
Age 55
York, Virginia, USA
January 1677
Age 57
Jamestown City County, Virginia