Lt. Col. Richard Clough Anderson

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Richard Clough Anderson

Birthplace: Goldmine Plantation, Hanover County, Province of Virginia
Death: Died in Soldier's Retreat, Jefferson County, Kentucky, United States
Place of Burial: Soldier's Retreat, Jefferson County, Kentucky, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Thomas Anderson and Elizabeth Anderson
Husband of Catherine Anderson; Elizabeth Anderson and Sarah Anderson
Father of Rep Richard Clough Anderson, Jr; Frances Marshall Anderson; Mariah W Latham; Larz Anderson; Brevet Maj. General Robert Anderson (USA) and 6 others
Brother of Judith Clough Shelton; Robert Anderson; Ann New; Matthew Anderson; Cecelia Anderson and 6 others

Managed by: Marsha Gail Veazey
Last Updated:

About Lt. Col. Richard Clough Anderson

A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA with the rank of LIEUTENANT COLONEL. DAR Ancestor # A002496

Birth: Jan. 12, 1750 Hanover County, USA Death: Oct. 16, 1826 Louisville Jefferson County Kentucky, USA

Revolutionary War Continental Army Officer. A charter member of Society of the Cincinnati, for officers of the Continental Army, he was wounded in the battles of Trenton and Savannah, He arrived in Louisville in 1784, and created the family plantation, "Soldier's Retreat". He was the father of Robert Anderson, Union Army commander of Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor at the outbreak of the Civil War. (bio by: Mike Maloney)

Family links:

 Elizabeth Clark Anderson (1768 - 1795)*
 Sarah Marshall Anderson (1779 - 1854)*

 Richard Clough Anderson (1788 - 1826)*
 Frances Marshall Anderson (1800 - 1802)*
 Robert Anderson (1805 - 1871)*
 Hugh Ray Anderson (1811 - 1812)*
 Charles Anderson (1814 - 1895)*
 Lucelia Poindexter Anderson (1817 - 1820)*
 Matthew Marshall Anderson (1819 - 1820)*
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Burial: Anderson Family Cemetery Louisville Jefferson County Kentucky, USA

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Maintained by: Find A Grave Originally Created by: Mike Maloney Record added: Nov 19, 2002 Find A Grave Memorial# 6940202

Colonel Richard Anderson, Sr. was an aide to the Marquis de Lafayette during the American Revolution.

He entered the Revolutionary army, the head of a company, at the beginning of the war, and served in Colonel Parker's regiment, during the winter campaigns of 1776-7, in New Jersey, being at Trenton and Princeton.

As a captain in the 5th Virginia continentals, he led the advance of the Americans at the battle of Trenton (24 December 1776), crossing the Delaware River in the first boat.

He participated in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown in 1777, and the next year was commissioned a major. He was also in the battle of Monmouth.

His regiment went south in the summer of 1779 and he was wounded in the assault made on Savannah from which he never entirely recovered. Parker, the colonel of the regiment, was killed at the siege of Charleston. Samuel Hopkins succeeded him as colonel, and Major Anderson was promoted to be lieutenant-colonel. This is the same Samuel Hopkins who subsequently conducted two expeditions against the Indians northwest of the Ohio river.

Colonel Anderson was taken prisoner at Charleston, but finally succeeded in securing an exchange and served until the close of the war.

He was appointed principal surveyor of the lands granted by the state of Virginia to the soldiers of the continental line by the act of December, 1783. He opened his headquarters at Louisville, Kentucky, in July, 1784, and was a representative from Jefferson county to the conventions at Danville in 1784 and 1788. 

Colonel Anderson was twice married. His first wife, Elizabeth Clark, died in 1795, having been the mother of four children; a son, named after his father, and three daughters, Ann, Cecelia and Elizabeth.

The second wife was Sarah Marshall, also of the Clark family, (NOTE: A descendant of the daughter of Jonathan Clark, Senior, who married Torquil McLeod.) and they had seven sons and five daughters, viz.: Fanny, Larz, Robert, William, Mary, Louisa, John R., Hugh, Charles, Lucelia, Matthew, and Sarah.

Colonel Anderson died October 16, 1826, at soldiers' Retreat, Jefferson county, Kentucky.

Richard Clough Anderson, Junior, the son of the first marriage, was born in 1788, and was a member of congress from Kentucky from 1817 to 1821. After that he represented the United States as minister to Colombia, in which country he lost his wife, who was his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Owen and Ann Clark Gwathmey, and it is notable that Elizabeth, his sister, married his wife's brother, Isaac R. Gwathmey. The next year after his wife's death, which was in 1825, he died of yellow fever, on his way to Panama, as a representative of the United States to a congress of American nations. He is represented as a gentleman of fine ability and unblemished character.

Of the children of the second marriage Major Robert Anderson was the renowned hero of Fort Sumter in the Civil War, whose history is so generally known that it need not be repeated here, and Larz and Charles were prominent citizens and politicians in Ohio, the latter being lieutenant-governor of that state in 1864 and subsequently governor by reason of the death of Governor Brough. (NOTE: Governor Charles Anderson here referred to subsequently removed to Kentucky and died at his residence there a short time before the publication of this volume, and a letter written by him to the author in relation to this sketch, his daughter Katherine states, was the last he ever wrote. In fact they were all people of high standing, as were also the children of the first marriage.)"

Descendants of Elizabeth Clark and Richard Clough Anderson, Sr.:

Richard Clough Anderson, Jr. (married Elizabeth Gwathmey, no family); Elizabeth; Cecilia; Ann (married John Logan).

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Lt. Col. Richard Clough Anderson's Timeline

January 12, 1750
Hanover County, Province of Virginia
August 4, 1788
Age 38
near Louisville, Jefferson Co, KY, USA
September 1, 1798
Age 48
Soldier's Retreat, near Louisville, Jefferson Co, KY, USA
October 29, 1800
Age 50
near Louisville, Jefferson Co, KY, USA
April 9, 1803
Age 53
January 14, 1805
Age 55
Louisville, Jefferson, Kentucky, United States
Age 56
June 1, 1814
Age 64
Age 67
Jefferson Co, KY, USA