Lt. John Baker

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John Baker, of Dover

Birthdate:
Birthplace: England
Death: Died in London, England
Immediate Family:

Husband of Unknown Wife Baker
Father of Sarah Nason

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Lt. John Baker

Disambiguation

There are four different men named John Baker who arrived in New England before 1642 according to Robert Charles Anderson in the Great Migration Begins. Below we look at these men and also another John Baker of Dover who arrived much later. The date given below after each John Baker is the date of their arrival based on the earliest record we have for each respectively. Please note just after 1642 there were many more John Bakers not listed here.

John Baker 1630 Boston, York, Cape Porpus, Maine who died London

John Baker arrived in Charlestown in 1630. He and his wife Charity were admitted to the Church of Boston in late 1631 or early 1632. He was a freeman on 14 May 1634. We later find him in Newbury in 1637, The town of Agamenticus in York, Maine in 1639, Boston in 1641 and Cape Porpus. He is thought to be the same man who was executed in London in 1663 for plotting to kill the King of England [see Hubbard: 419]. From Boston he fled to York in 1639 but returned to Boston and was readmitted to the church 26 Mar 1642. Gov Winthrop wrote that "had excommunicated himself by deserting the church." He was again dismissed to church at York 6 Sep. 1646 as recorded in Boston Church Records [BChR 47]. He had many bitter disputes with the church and a short account was written about him by Gov. Winthrop [WP: 2:35, 4:128]. Based on many accounts we find that he was constantly in conflict with church authorities. He was whipped in 1630 for shooting foul on he Sabbath. In 1653 in York he was found guilty of unauthorized preaching and prophecy. By 15 Dec 1662 he is found in Newgate prison in England as one of Oliver Cromwells "halberdiers" for threatening to kill the King. He is said to have been banished from New England for blasphemy. Rev William Hooke in a letter dated 2 Mar 1662/3 identifies the man in prison as the same man who lived in New England. By August 1663 he was executed at Tyburn. Edward Godfrey, long of Maine and by 1663 of London classified Baker as an extremist.

At York Mr. William Hooke got judgment for £500 against him and was granted John Baker's cattle by the court.. However, according to Edward Godfrey, William Hooke gave the cattle back to John Baker's wife [Goody Baker] and children for their maintenance as John Baker would have nothing to do with them.[MBCR 1:131-32]

He had one known child:

  1. Charity bp Boston 12 Apr 1635, no further record

GDMNH states he is the same man as John Baker of Dover, but Anderson isn't so sure - see below.

John Baker 1639 Dover

Another John Baker arrived 1639 in Dover, New Hampshire. He was on the grand jury in Dover in 1643 and on 10 Sep 1645 he was presented before the court for five offences [NHPP 40:11,17]. Anderson maintains that since John Baker of Dover was on various lists in Dover at the same time that John Baker of York was living in York that they are two different men. Although he concedes he is not certain because being on records in Dover does not necessarily prove that he lived there. He could in fact be the same man. GDMNH maintains this was the same man above who lived in Boston, Newbury and York that later died in London. Both point out that he disappears suddenly from Dover and could very well be the same John Baker of York who died in London.

At Dover John Baker was a lieutenant and deputy to the General Court, He was taxed at Dover as "leftenant Baker" in 1639. In 1642 he was on the grand jury. In 1645 he was fined 5 shillings "for beating Richard Nason [his son-in-law] that he was black and blue and for throwing a fire shovel at his [Nason's] wife." He was fined for drawing his sword and running after Indians. He was fined for threatening William Furber and saying he would kill him. He was fined for trading with Indians on the Sabbath. [NHPP 40:11,17] In 1650/51 he was Deputy from Dover to the General Assembly. It is impossible to say if this is the same man as John Baker of Wells but he certainly shared the same character.

His parents and origins are unknown.

He had one known child:

  1. Sara Baker born say 1620 wife of Richard Nason. [Note Richard Nason was probably born in say 1610 and married by about 1640 (he is John Baker's son-in-law in court records in 1645) so Sarah must have been born by about say 1620].

John Baker 1680 Portsmouth

Another John Baker who arrived by 1680 was a courier in Portsmouth, Hampshire. He married Sarah (Wall) Dew, the widow of Thomas Dew about 1680. He stated that he was supporting her many Dew children. After his death his wife was an inn-holder. His parents and origins are unknown. He died in 1697 and administration of his estate was granted to his only son on 30 Nov 1697. He had only two children, Benjamin and Bethula, according to GDMNH:


  1. Benjamin b 1680 who was a shipwright in 1701 and sold his father's house. He died in 1712 and administration of his estate was given to his only sister.
  2. Bethula bp 13 Jun 1708 who married in 1709 to Benjamin Gatchell also a shipwright.

Take care as Stackpole conflates this man with the man of Dover who has a daughter Sarah in 1620 which is clearly impossible. John Baker of Portsmouth and his children have clear probate records indicating only these two children.

John Baker 1637 Ipswich

A John Baker arrived 1637 in Ipswich from Norwich, England on the John and Dorothy or Rose. See The Essex Antiquarian, Volume 5. edited by Sidney Perley 5:158 and Appleton's Ancestry of Priscilla Baker (1870) for a full account. He was a grocer. He was a freeman on 2 Jun 1641.

John Baker 1640 Charlestown

A John Baker was admitted to the Charlestown Church in 1640 with a wife Sarah (or Rebecca) and had a daughter there soon after. He was also made a freeman on 2 Jun 1641. He was a tailor and sold land in 1650 to Thomas Lynd.

Please see

  • WP: Winthrop Papers, 1498-1654, 6 volumes, various editors (Boston 1925-1992) 2:35, 4:128
  • GDMNH: Sybil Noyes, Charles Thornton Libby and Walter Goodwin Davis, Genealogical Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire (Portland, Maine, 1928-1939; rpt. Balti­more 1972) for John Baker.
  • Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to N.E. 1620-1633,(Boston, MA: NEHGS, 1995) Vol I 72 - 78 for a discussion of the various John Bakers who are often conflated. link subscription required
  • Robert Charles Anderson, The Winthrop Fleet: Massachusetts Bay Company Immigrants to New England, 1629–1630 (Boston, MA: NEHGS, August 2012), 81-87 for John Baker
  • William Hubbard, A General History of New England, From the Discovery to MDCLXXX (Cambridge 1815) 419
  • NHPP: Provincial Papers, Documents and Records Relating to the Province of New Hamp­shire from 1686 to 1722, 40 volumes, Nathaniel Boulton, ed. (Manchester, N.H., 1867-1943) 40:11, 17 link to 40:17
  • Stackpole, Everett S., Old Kittery and Her Families (Lewiston Me.: Lewiston Journal Press, 1903) 625 [this account clearly conflates two different John Bakers so read with caution]. link
  • Torrey 1:70 MARRIAGE: 1679 Portsmouth, Rockingham, New Hampshire, USA; BAKER, John & Sarah (WALL) [DEW], w Thomas; ca 1680, ca 1679; Portsmouth, NH {Kittery 624; GDMNH 73, 195, 715}
  • Torrey 1:69 MARRIAGE: 1633 LOCATION: Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts, United States VOLUME: Volume 1 PAGE: 69 BAKER, John (1595, 1598?-1680+) & Elizabeth ____ (1600-1679±); by 1633; Ipswich/Roxbury {Pope's Pioneers 28; Warner-Harrington 26, 243; Smith-Hale 109-10; Sv. 1:96; Tingley-Meyers 30, 182; Priscilla Baker Anc. 5; Gould 36; Essex Ant. 3:144, 5:158, 6:107;
  • Torrey 1:69: MARRIAGE: 1635 LOCATION: Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States VOLUME: Volume 1 PAGE: 69 BAKER, John & Charity ____; by 1635; Boston/York/Dover, NH {Gen. Bulletin 1:62; Sv. 1:96; GDMNH 73; Kittery 624; Pope's Pioneers 28; Reg. 3:450}
  • Torrey 1:69 MARRIAGE: 1640 LOCATION: Charlestown, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States VOLUME: Volume 1 PAGE: 69 BAKER, John (-1651+) & ?Sarah/?Rebecca? ____; by 1640; Charlestown {Charlestown 47; Sv. 1:96; Pope's Pioneers 28}
  • The Essex Antiquarian, Volume 5. edited by Sidney Perley 5:158
  • Appleton's Ancestry of Priscilla Baker : who lived 1674-1731, and was wife of Isaac Appleton, of Ipewich (1870) link
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Lt. John Baker's Timeline

1592
1592
England
1614
1614
Age 22
UK
1643
1643
Age 51
Dover, Strafford, New Hampshire, United States of America
1663
August 1663
Age 71
London, England
1681
1681
- 1697
Age 71
Portsmouth, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States of America