Ludovico I di Borbone Parma, re di Etruria

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Ludovico Filiberto di Borbone Parma, Re di Etruria.

Birthdate: (29)
Birthplace: Piacenza, Emilia Romagna, Italia
Death: May 27, 1803 (29)
Firenze, Toscana, Italia
Place of Burial: Escorial
Immediate Family:

Son of Ferdinando I di Borbone, duca di Parma and Maria Amalia d'Asburgo, duchessa di Parma
Husband of Maria Luisa di Spagna, Regina d'Etruria
Father of Carlo II, Re d'Etruria and Maria Luisa Carlota di Borbone-Parma, Kronprinzessin von Sachseness of Saxony
Brother of Carolina di Borbone-Parma; Maria Antonia Gioseffaeppa Walburga Anna Luisa Vicenza Margherita Caterina di Bourbon-Parma, Princepissa de Parma; Princess Charlotte Maria of Parma; Filippo Maria di Borbone, principe di Parma; Antonie Luisa di Borbone, Principessa di Parma and 3 others

Occupation: King of Etruria (28.7.1801-1803), he assumed this title in his father's lifetime, cr Infant of Spain 30.11.1795; Parma itself was conquered by Napoleon, and after Waterloo it was given to Napoleon's widow, to revert to the Bourbons on her death, which did
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About Ludovico I di Borbone Parma, re di Etruria

Golden Fleece - Knights: Spanish Branch

  • Ludovico I di Borbone Parma - Wikipedia - English
  • Louis I of Etruria
  • King of Etruria
  • Reign 1801–1803
  • Successor Charles
  • Father - Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
  • Mother - Maria Amalia of Austria
  • Born -5 July 1773, Piacenza
  • Died - 27 May 1803 (aged 29), Florence
  • Louis (5 July 1773 – 27 May 1803) was the first of only two Kings of Etruria.
  • Louis was the son of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma and Maria Amalia of Austria, the second surviving daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • While Louis was staying in Spain, the Duchy of Parma had been occupied by French troops in 1796. Napoleon Bonaparte, who had conquered most of Italy and wanted to gain Spain as an ally against England, proposed to compensate the House of Bourbon for their loss of the Duchy of Parma with the Kingdom of Etruria, a new state that he created from the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. This was agreed upon in the Treaty of Aranjuez.
  • Louis had to receive his investiture from Napoleon in Paris, before taking possession of Etruria. Louis, his wife and his son travelled incognito through France under the name of the Count of Livorno. Having been invested as King in Paris, Louis and his family arrived at his new capital Florence in August 1801.
  • In 1802, both Louis and his pregnant wife travelled to Spain to attend the double-wedding of Maria Luisa's brother Ferdinand and her youngest sister Maria Isabel. Offshore at Barcelona, Maria Louisa gave birth to her daughter Marie Louise Charlotte. The couple returned in December of that year, after having been notified of the death of Louis's father.
  • Back in Etruria, Louis's health worsened, and in May 1803, he died at the age of thirty, possibly due to an epileptic crisis.
  • He was succeeded by his son, Charles Louis as King Louis II of Etruria, under the regency of his mother Maria Louisa.

Marriage and issue

  • In 1795, Louis came to the Spanish court to finish his education and also to marry one of the daughters of King Charles IV of Spain. On 25 August 1795, he married his first cousin Maria Louisa of Spain at Madrid and was made an Infante of Spain.
  • The marriage between the two different personalities turned out to be happy, though it was clouded by Louis's ill health: He was frail, suffering chest problems, and since a childhood accident when he hit his head on a marble table, suffered from symptoms that have been identified as epileptic fits. As the years went on, his health deteriorated, and he grew to be increasingly dependent on his wife. The young couple remained in Spain during the early years of their marriage.

The couple had two children:

  • Charles Louis Ferdinand (1799–1883)
  • Maria Luisa Carlota, Crown Princess of Saxony (1802–1857), married to Crown Prince Maximilian of Saxony, widower of her aunt Caroline, as his second wife and remained childless.

[edit] Ancestry [show]Ancestors of Louis I of Etruria [edit] Titles, styles, honours and arms [edit] Titles and styles

   5 July 1773 – 21 March 1801 His Royal Highness the Prince of Piacenza
   21 March 1801 – 27 May 1803 His Majesty the King of Etruria

External links

Media related to Louis of Etruria at Wikimedia Commons

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Ludovico I di Borbone Parma, re di Etruria's Timeline

July 5, 1773
- March 21, 1801
Parma, Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
August 5, 1773
Piacenza, Emilia Romagna, Italia
December 12, 1773
Piacenza, Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
December 22, 1799
Age 26
Madrid, Comunidad de Madrid, España
March 21, 1801
- May 27, 1803
Age 27
Florence, Florence, Tuscany, Italy
October 2, 1802
Age 29
Barcelona, CT, Spain
May 27, 1803
Age 29
Firenze, Toscana, Italia
Age 29