Louis III / IV, king of East Francia

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Ludwig "das Kind" von Kärnten, König des Ostfrankenreiches

Also Known As: "Ludovico il Bambino", "Louis the Child"
Birthdate: (18)
Birthplace: Altötting, Bavaria
Death: September 24, 911 (14-22)
Frankfurt am Main, Tyskland
Place of Burial: monastery of Saint Emmeram in Regensburg, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Arnulf, Emperor of the West and Oda of Bavaria
Husband of Uknf
Brother of Bertha of Bavaria
Half brother of Glismut - Glismode von Kärnten; Zwentibold, king of Lorraine; Ratold von Kärnten, King of Italy and Otto de Sajonia Hedwige

Occupation: Rey de Francia Oriental y de Lotaringia, Re
Managed by: Douglas John Nimmo
Last Updated:

About Louis III / IV, king of East Francia

Louis the Child

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Louis the Child (893 – 20/24 September 911), sometimes called Louis IV or Louis III,[1] was the last Carolingian ruler of East Francia.

He was the only legitimate son of the Emperor Arnulf and his wife, Ota, a member of the Conradine Dynasty. He was born in September or October 893, in Altötting, Bavaria. He succeeded his father as king upon the latter's death in 899, when he was only six. During his reign, the country was ravaged by Magyar raids.

Louis was crowned in Forchheim on 4 February 900. This is the earliest German royal coronation about which records are known to exist. Louis was of a weak personal constitution, often sick, and with his young age, the reins of government were entirely in the hands of others, the nobles and bishops. Indeed, the coronation was probably a result of the fact that there was little Louis could gain at the expense of the nobles. Louis also inherited Lotharingia with the death of his elder illegitimate half-brother, Zwentibold, in 900.

The most influential of Louis's councillors were Hatto I, Archbishop of Mainz, and Solomon III, Bishop of Constance. It was these two who assured that the royal court decided in favour of the Conradines against the Babenbergers in the matter of the Duchy of Franconia. They appointed Louis's nephew, Conrad, as duke. In 903 Louis promulgated the first customs regulations in the German part of Europe.

Louis himself tried to take some military control as he grew older, but he had little success against the Magyars. His army was destroyed at the Pressburg in 907 and it was in this state of defeat that Louis died, at Frankfurt am Main, on 20 or 24 September 911, only eighteen years of age. Louis was buried in the monastery of Saint Emmeram in Regensburg, where his father lay. His death brought an end to the eastern branch of the Carolingian dynasty. The vacuum left in the Carolingian east was eventually filled by the family of Henry the Fowler, a cousin, and heralded the beginning of the Ottonian dynasty. Firstly, however, the dukes of East Francia assembled to elect Conrad of Franconia king, as opposed to the reigning king of West Francia, Charles the Simple. The magnates of Lotharingia elected Charles.

[edit]See also

Kings of Germany family tree


^ Louis is commonly numbered as "Louis IV", as he was the fourth king of that name (after Louis the Pious, who ruled all Franks, Louis the German and Louis the Younger). However, some omit Louis the Younger, who never ruled the whole of Germany and was no ancestor of Louis the Child and renumber the latter "Louis III".

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Louis III / IV, king of East Francia's Timeline

September 893
Altötting, Bavaria
Age 5
February 4, 900
- September 24, 911
Age 6
Ratisbona, Baviera, Germany
September 24, 911
Age 18
Frankfurt am Main, Tyskland
Age 17
monastery of Saint Emmeram in Regensburg, Germany